Journal of Interdisciplinary History

Journal of Interdisciplinary History 30.3, Winter 1999



    Gjerde, Jon, 1953-
    McCants, Anne E. C. (Anne Elizabeth Conger), 1962-
  • Individual Life Chances, 1850-1910: A Norwegian-American Example
    Subject Headings:
    • Norwegian Americans -- Social life and customs.
    • Norwegian Americans -- Social conditions.
    • Norwegian Americans -- Kinship.
      Norwegian-American farm children who came of age during the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Midwest faced an era of declining real wages and increasing land prices. Two data sets constructed from parish records, community genealogies, and the United States federal census illustrate structural inequalities in marital opportunity and length of residence in the natal family, according to the sex and birth order of children. Utilizing time-dependent proportional hazards models, the results indicate that earlier-born sons and daughters were more likely to marry and that daughters tended to leave home earlier than their brothers. The results also indicate that marriage, for sons and daughters alike, was more likely among children who left the rural settlement of their parents.
    Boes, Maria R.
  • Jews in the Criminal-Justice System of Early Modern Germany
    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Germany -- Frankfurt am Main -- History -- 16th century.
    • Jews -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Germany -- Frankfurt am Main -- History -- 17th century.
    • Criminal justice, Administration of -- Germany -- Frankfurt am Main -- History.
      The free imperial city of Frankfurt am Main serves as the basis for a historical probe of whether Jews received differential treatment in the criminal-justice system of early modern Germany. The study proceeds from an analysis of legislative and procedural court practices to the sentencing of Jews, and culminates in an assessment of penal problems.

Research Note

    Lee, Robert.
  • Urban Labor Markets, In-Migration, and Demographic Growth: Bremen, 1815-1914
    Subject Headings:
    • Bremen (Germany) -- Emigration and immigration -- History -- 19th century.
    • Labor market -- Germany -- Bremen -- History -- 19th century.
    • Migrant labor -- Germany -- Bremen -- Social conditions.
      In this study of the port city of Bremen during the nineteenth century, particular emphasis is placed on the impact of changing labor-market conditions on the structure of in-migration and the relative contribution of in-migrants to urban demographic growth. Until the 1880s, the persistence of pre-industrial employment structures limited the opportunities for permanent settlement. Family formation was delayed, and completed family size was smaller than in the case of the native born. Age- and disease-specific mortality data confirm that many in-migrants remained marginal elements within urban society. Only following the onset of industrialization in the late nineteenth century was there a significant improvement in in-migrant mortality. By 1905, the life expectancy of in-migrant men was generally higher than that of their native-born counterparts; the benefits for in-migrant women were even more substantial.

Review Essay

    Allison, Robert J.
  • The Origins of African-American Culture
    Subject Headings:
    • Gomez, Michael Angelo, 1955- Exchanging our country marks: the transformation of African identities in the colonial and antebellum South.
    • Afro-Americans -- Southern States -- Ethnic identity.
      The political, economic, and social structures of West African societies--from Gambia to the Niger Delta--varied considerably during the time of the slave trade. Analysis of the ethnic origins of the Africans brought to America as slaves reveals the continuing influence of these multifarious strains on the formation of African-American culture and identity.


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