Journal of Interdisciplinary History

Journal of Interdisciplinary History 30.1, Summer 1999

Contents

Articles

    Scott, Susan, 1953-
    Duncan, C. J. (Christopher John).
  • Malnutrition, Pregnancy, and Infant Mortality: A Biometric Model
    Subject Headings:
    • Infants -- England, North West -- Mortality -- History.
    • Malnutrition -- England, North West -- History.
    • Pregnancy -- England, North West -- History.
    Abstract:
      Changes with time in endogenous and exogenous infant mortality in a community in preindustrial Northwest England suggest that the population was living under marginal conditions with poor nutritive standards. Overall, farming practices and the quality of the diet did not improve until 1750 when a reduction in infant mortality apparently led to a population boom. Bourgeois-Pichat plots of infant mortality were different in the three social classes that have been identified. The clear breaks in the plots for the elites and tradesmen classes probably reflected the different nutrition of mothers before and during pregnancy, as well as the different infant feeding practices before and after weaning.
    Alborn, Timothy L., 1964-
  • Age and Empire in the Indian Census, 1871-1931
    Subject Headings:
    • India -- Census -- History.
    • Age -- India.
    • Registers of births, etc. -- India.
    Abstract:
      The age returns in the British-administered Census of India between 1871 and 1931 were problematic. Owing to low levels of numeracy and poor records of births and deaths in India, census officials resorted to a number of technical innovations to generate useful statistical regularities out of the imperfect data. In the process, they came to realize that even so putatively a "universal" category as age might be impossible to determine accurately in a culture that lacked certain assumptions about time, and in a state that lacked the resources to tabulate when people began and ended their lives.

Comment and Controversy

    Komlos, John, 1944-
    Heintel, Markus.
  • The Threat of a Malthusian Crisis in the Habsburg Monarchy
    Subject Headings:
    • Malthusianism.
    • Stature -- Austria -- History -- 19th century.
    • Stature -- Hungary -- History -- 19th century.
    Abstract:
      The threat of a Malthusian crisis in the late-eighteenth-century Habsburg monarchy is evident from the decline in physical stature of the male population. This evidence is consistent with diminishing returns to labor on account of the acceleration in population growth, with a concomitant decline in real wages. An alternative hypothesis--that heights decreased, not because nutrient consumption fell, but because work effort, and hence energy expenditures, increased, leaving less calories available for the biological growth process--is found to be unsubstantiated on the basis of the available evidence.

Reviews

    Hamilton, Daniel W.
  • Slavery and the Law (review)
    Subject Headings:
    • Finkelman, Paul, 1949-, ed. Slavery and the law.
    • Slavery -- Law and legislation -- United States -- History.
    Kornblith, Gary John.
  • Steinway & Sons (review)
    Subject Headings:
    • Lieberman, Richard K. Steinway & Sons.
    • Steinway & Sons -- History.



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