Education, Higher -- Aims and objectives -- United States -- History.
Professional education -- United States -- History.
Education, Humanistic -- United States -- History.
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, a widely circulated Education Gospel has achieved worldwide influence. Communicating the good word about education, the Gospel's essential vision goes something like this: The Knowledge Revolution (or the Information Society, or the Communications Revolution, or the High-Tech revolution) has changed the nature of work, shifting away from occupations rooted in industrial production to occupations associated with knowledge and information. This transformation has both increased the skills required for new occupations and updated the three R's, driving work skills in the direction of "higher-order" skills including communications skills, problem solving, and reasoning-the "skills of the twenty-first century."
Universities and colleges -- United States -- Classification.
College teachers -- United States -- Social conditions.
Universities and colleges -- Sociological aspects.
The prevailing ways of classifying higher education institutions rely upon structural characteristics. In this article, a cultural means of institutional classification is introduced by adopting a perspective that conceptualizes universities and their departments as "social worlds." In the analysis, the social world perspective is grounded by how faculty members conceive of career success and failure in the contexts of their departmental environments. Based on interviews with professors about their careers, a delimited set of social worlds is postulated to compose a cultural system of classifying American academe.
Gay college students -- United States -- Psychology.
Identity (Psychology) in youth -- United States.
This historical, qualitative study traces patterns of identity among male students who were not heterosexual from 1945 to 2000. Six types of identity classifications reflect differences of the senses, lives and sensibilities of the men. The difference between types can be distinguished by examining six component elements of their lives.
Universities and colleges -- United States -- Admission.
Competition (Psychology) in youth -- Canada.
Competition (Psychology) in youth -- United States.
We compare new forms of student competition to enter Canadian versus American higher education. In the U.S., this competition triggers student strategies to enter prestigious institutions, while in Canada it is absorbed across fields of study. We trace these differences to the greater hierarchy in the U.S. system and discuss the possible future course of competition.