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Journal of Education Finance

Vol. 35 (2009) through current issue

For over three decades the Journal of Education Finance has been recognized as one of the leading journals in the field of the financing of public schools. Each issue brings original research and analysis on issues such as educational fiscal reform, judicial intervention in finance, adequacy and equity of public school funding, school/social agency linkages, taxation, factors affecting employment and salaries, and the economics of human capital development.

Published by: University of Illinois Press


E-ISSN: 1944-6470
Print ISSN: 0098-9495

Editorial Board

Volume 40, Number 3, Winter 2015



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio

Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas

Anne Miller, Edison Learning

Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech

Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison

R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

W. Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio
Wayne State University

Nicola Alexander
University of Minnesota

Katie Baird
University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker
Rutgers University

Oliver Bateman
University of Texas, Arlington

Scott Bauries
University of Kentucky

Iris BenDavid-Hadar
Bar-Ilan University, Israel

Alex J. Bowers
Columbia University

Brian O. Brent
University of Rochester

Dominic Brewer
University of Southern California

Frank Brown
University of North Carolina

Jimmy Byrd
University of North Texas

William Camp
University of North Texas

Stephoni Case
Southern Nazarene University

Stephen Chaikind
Johns Hopkins University

John Connolly
University of Texas at Arlington

Luke Cornelius
University of North Florida

Faith E. Crampton
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

Luciana Dar
University of California Riverside

Thomas Davis
University of Maryland

John Dayton
University of Georgia

Karen J. DeAngelis
University of Rochester

Jennifer Delaney
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

William Doyle
Vanderbilt University

Noah Drezner
Columbia University

Lisa G. Driscoll
University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Carla Edlefson
Ashland University

Carlee Poston Escue Simon
University of Cincinnati

William J. Fowler
George Mason University

Robert Frost
College of the Siskiyous

Brett Geier
Western Michigan University

William Glenn
Virginia Tech

Jason Grissom
Vanderbilt University

William Hartman
Penn State

Nick Hillman
University of Wisconsin–Madison

Marilyn Hirth
Purdue University

Eric Houck
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Luis Huerta
Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley
National Education Association

W. Kyle Ingle
University of Louisville

Teresa S. Jordan
University of Nevada–Las Vegas

Steven Katsinas
University of Alabama

Roger T. Kaufman
Smith College

Christine Kiracofe
University of Northern Illinois

Robert C. Knoeppel
Clemson University

Tammy Kolbe
University of Vermont

Barbara LaCost
University of Nebraska, Lincoln

Dan T. Layzell
Louisiana State University

Jeffrey Maiden
University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen
University of Maryland

Nelda Cambron-McCabe
Miami University, Ohio

Martha M. McCarthy
University of Indiana, Bloomington

Walter W. McMahon
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Pilar Mendoza
University of Florida

Anne Miller
Retired Newark Public Schools

Mary P. McKeown Moak
Moak, Casey and Assoc.

Lynn M. Moak
Moak Consulting

David H. Monk
Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin
Florida Board of Governors

Yas Nakib
The George Washington University

William A. Owings
Old Dominion University

Jerry E. Paquette
University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely
Lincoln Memorial University

Laura Perna
University of Pennsylvania

Marge Plecki
University of Washington

Kenneth E. Redd
National Association of College and University Business Officers

Joseph Robinson
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Gloria Rodriguez
University of California, Davis

Anthony Rolle
University of Houston

Catherine Sielke
University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman
University of Nevada–Reno

Luke Stedrak
Seton Hall University

Katherine Strunk
University of Southern California

Lenford Sutton
Youngstown State

David Tandberg
Florida State University

David C. Thompson
Kansas State University

William Thro
University of Kentucky

Marvin Titus
University of Maryland

Robert K. Toutkoushian
University of Georgia

Tod Treat
Tacoma Community College

Angela Urick
University of Oklahoma

Deborah A. Verstegen
University of Nevada–Reno

Randall S. Vesely
University of Toledo

Andrew F. Wall
University of Rochester

Lewis M. Wasserman
University of Texas at Arlington

Geoffrey Woglom
Amherst College

Craig Wood
University of Florida

Osnat Zaken
Touro College, New York

Volume 40, Number 2, Fall 2014



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio

Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas

Anne Miller, Newark Public Schools

Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech

Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison

R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio, Wayne State University

Nicola Alexander, University of Minnesota

Katie Baird, University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker, Rutgers University

Oliver Bateman, University of Texas, Arlington

Scott Bauries, University of Kentucky

Iris BenDavid-Hadar, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

Alex J. Bowers, Columbia University

Brian O. Brent, University of Rochester

Dominic Brewer, University of Southern California

Frank Brown, University of North Carolina

Jimmy Byrd, University of North Texas

William Camp, University of North Texas

Stephoni Case, Southern Nazarene University

Stephen Chaikind, Johns Hopkins University

John Connolly, University of Texas at Arlington

Luke Cornelius, University of North Florida

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

Luciana Dar, University of California Riverside

Thomas Davis, University of Maryland

John Dayton, University of Georgia

Karen J. DeAngelis, University of Rochester

Jennifer Delaney, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

William Doyle, Vanderbilt University

Noah Drezner, University of Maryland

Lisa G. Driscoll, University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Carla Edlefson, Ashland University

Carlee Poston Escue Simon, University of Cincinnati

William J. Fowler, George Mason University

Robert Frost, College of the Siskiyous

Brett Geier, University of South Florida

William Glenn, Virginia Tech

Jason Grissom, Vanderbilt University

William Hartman, Penn State

Nick Hillman, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Marilyn Hirth, Purdue University

Eric Houck, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Luis Huerta, Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley, National Education Association

W. Kyle Ingle, University of Louisville

Teresa S. Jordan, University of Nevada–Las Vegas

Steven Katsinas, University of Alabama

Roger T. Kaufman, Smith College

Christine Kiracofe, University of Northern Illinois

Robert C. Knoeppel, Clemson University

Tammy Kolbe, University of Vermont

Barbara LaCost, University of Nebraska, Lincoln

Dan T. Layzell, Illinois State University

Jeffrey Maiden, University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen, University of Maryland

Nelda Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio

Martha M. McCarthy, University of Indiana, Bloomington

Walter W. McMahon, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Pilar Mendoza, University of Florida

Anne Miller, Retired Newark Public Schools

Mary P. McKeown Moak, Moak, Casey and Assoc.

Lynn M. Moak, Moak Consulting

David H. Monk, Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin, Florida Board of Governors

Yas Nakib, The George Washington University

William A. Owings, Old Dominion University

Jerry E. Paquette, University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely, Lincoln Memorial University

Laura Perna, University of Pennsylvania

Marge Plecki, University of Washington

Kenneth E. Redd, National Association of College and University Business Officers

Joseph Robinson, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Gloria Rodriguez, University of California, Davis

Anthony Rolle, University of South Florida

Catherine Sielke, University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman, University of Nevada–Reno

Luke Stedrak, Seton Hall

Katherine Strunk, University of Southern California

Lenford Sutton, Youngstown State

David Tandberg, Florida State University

David C. Thompson, Kansas State University

William Thro, University of Kentucky

Marvin Titus, University of Maryland

Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia

Tod Treat, Tacoma Community College

Angela Urick, University of Oklahoma

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada–Reno

Randall S. Vesely, University of Toledo

Andrew F. Wall, University of Rochester

Lewis M. Wasserman, University of Texas at Arlington

Geoffrey Woglom, Amherst College

Craig Wood, University of Florida

Osnat Zaken, Touro College, New York

Volume 40, Number 1, Summer 2014



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University
Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio, Wayne State University
Nicola Alexander, University of Minnesota
Katie Baird, University of Washington, Tacoma
Bruce D. Baker, Rutgers University
Oliver Bateman, University of Texas, Arlington
Scott Bauries, University of Kentucky
Iris BenDavid-Hadar, Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Alex J. Bowers, Columbia University
Brian O. Brent, University of Rochester
Dominic Brewer, University of Southern California
Frank Brown, University of North Carolina
Jimmy Byrd, University of North Texas
William Camp, University of North Texas
Stephoni Case, Southern Nazarene University
Stephen Chaikind, Johns Hopkins University
John Connolly, University of Texas at Arlington
Luke Cornelius, University of North Florida
Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
Luciana Dar, University of California Riverside
Thomas Davis, University of Maryland
John Dayton, University of Georgia
Karen J. DeAngelis, University of Rochester
Jennifer Delaney, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
William Doyle, Vanderbilt University
Noah Drezner, University of Maryland
Lisa G. Driscoll, University of North Carolina, Charlotte
Carla Edlefson, Ashland University
Carlee Poston Escue Simon, University of Cincinnati
William J. Fowler, George Mason University
Robert Frost, College of the Siskiyous
Brett Geier, University of South Florida
William Glenn, Virginia Tech
Jason Grissom, Vanderbilt University
William Hartman, Penn State
Nick Hillman, University of Wisconsin–Madison
Marilyn Hirth, Purdue University
Eric Houck, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Luis Huerta, Columbia University
Richard C. Hunter, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Ed Hurley, National Education Association
W. Kyle Ingle, University of Louisville
Teresa S. Jordan, University of Nevada–Las Vegas
Steven Katsinas, University of Alabama
Roger T. Kaufman, Smith College
Christine Kiracofe, University of Northern Illinois
Robert C. Knoeppel, Clemson University
Tammy Kolbe, University of Vermont
Barbara LaCost, University of Nebraska, Lincoln
Dan T. Layzell, Illinois State University
Jeffrey Maiden, University of Oklahoma
Betty Malen, University of Maryland
Nelda Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Martha M. McCarthy, University of Indiana, Bloomington
Walter W. McMahon, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Pilar Mendoza, University of Florida
Anne Miller, Retired Newark Public Schools
Mary P. McKeown Moak, Moak, Casey and Assoc.
Lynn M. Moak, Moak Consulting
David H. Monk, Pennsylvania State University
Christopher M. Mullin, Florida Board of Governors
Yas Nakib, The George Washington University
William A. Owings, Old Dominion University
Jerry E. Paquette, University of Western Ontario
Gary Peevely, Lincoln Memorial University
Laura Perna, University of Pennsylvania
Marge Plecki, University of Washington
Kenneth E. Redd, National Association of College and University Business Officers
Joseph Robinson, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Gloria Rodriguez, University of California, Davis
Anthony Rolle, University of South Florida
Catherine Sielke, University of Georgia
William E. Sparkman, University of Nevada–Reno
Luke Stedrak, Seton Hall
Katherine Strunk, University of Southern California
Lenford Sutton, Youngstown State
David Tandberg, Florida State University
David C. Thompson, Kansas State University
William Thro, University of Kentucky
Marvin Titus, University of Maryland
Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia
Tod Treat, Tacoma Community College
Angela Urick, University of Oklahoma
Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada–Reno
Randall S. Vesely, University of Toledo
Andrew F. Wall, University of Rochester
Lewis M. Wasserman, University of Texas at Arlington
Geoffrey Woglom, Amherst College
Craig Wood, University of Florida
Osnat Zaken, Touro College, New York

Volume 39, Number 4, Spring 2014



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University
Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio, Wayne State University
Katherine E. Baird, University of Washington, Tacoma
Bruce D. Baker, University of Kansas
Alex J. Bowers, Columbia University
Brian O. Brent, University of Rochester
Dominic Brewer, University of Southern California
Frank Brown, University of North Carolina
William E. Camp, University of North Texas
Stephen Chaikind, John Hopkins University
John Dayton, University of Georgia
Jennifer Delaney, University of Illinois
Lisa G. Driscoll, University of North Carolina
Toni Elitharp, Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia
William J. Fowler, George Mason University
Robert Frost, Oregon State University
Marilyn A. Hirth, Purdue University
Eric A. Houck, University of Georgia
Luis A. Huerta, Columbia University
Richard C. Hunter. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ed Hurley, National Education Association
Teresa S. Jordan, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Roger T. Kaufman, Smith College
Robert C. Knoeppel, Clemson University
Barbara LaCost, University of Nebraska
Daniel T. Layzell, University of Illinois
Jeffrey Maiden, University of Oklahoma
Betty Malen, University of Maryland
Pilar Mendoza, University of Florida, Gainsville
Martha M. McCarthy, Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Mary P. McKeown Moak, MGT of America
Lynn M. Moak, Moak Consulting
David H. Monk, Pennsylvania State University
Christopher M. Mullin, Southern Illinois University
Yasser Nakib, The George Washington University
William A. Owings, Old Dominion University
Jerald E. Paquette, University of Western Ontario
Gary Peevely, Tennessee State University
Laura Perna, University of Pennsylvania
Anthony Rolle, Texas A & M University
Catherine Sielke, University of Georgia
William E. Sparkman, University of Nevada-Reno
Lenford Sutton, Alabama State University
David C. Thompson, Kansas State University
Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia
Randall S. Vesely, Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne
Andrew Wall, University of Rochester, New York
Jian Liang Wang, Western Kentucky University
Lewis M. Wasserman, University of Texas at Arlington
Geoffrey Woglom, Amherst College

Volume 39, Number 3, Winter 2014



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University
Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio, Wayne State University
Katherine E. Baird, University of Washington, Tacoma
Bruce D. Baker, University of Kansas
Alex J. Bowers, Columbia University
Brian O. Brent, University of Rochester
Dominic Brewer, University of Southern California
Frank Brown, University of North Carolina
William E. Camp, University of North Texas
Stephen Chaikind, John Hopkins University
John Dayton, University of Georgia
Jennifer Delaney, University of Illinois
Lisa G. Driscoll, University of North Carolina
Toni Elitharp, Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia
William J. Fowler, George Mason University
Robert Frost, Oregon State University
Marilyn A. Hirth, Purdue University
Eric A. Houck, University of Georgia
Luis A. Huerta, Columbia University
Richard C. Hunter. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ed Hurley, National Education Association
Teresa S. Jordan, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Roger T. Kaufman, Smith College
Robert C. Knoeppel, Clemson University
Barbara LaCost, University of Nebraska
Daniel T. Layzell, University of Illinois
Jeffrey Maiden, University of Oklahoma
Betty Malen, University of Maryland
Pilar Mendoza, University of Florida, Gainsville
Martha M. McCarthy, Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Mary P. McKeown Moak, MGT of America
Lynn M. Moak, Moak Consulting
David H. Monk, Pennsylvania State University
Christopher M. Mullin, Southern Illinois University
Yasser Nakib, The George Washington University
William A. Owings, Old Dominion University
Jerald E. Paquette, University of Western Ontario
Gary Peevely, Tennessee State University
Laura Perna, University of Pennsylvania
Anthony Rolle, Texas A & M University
Catherine Sielke, University of Georgia
William E. Sparkman, University of Nevada-Reno
Lenford Sutton, Alabama State University
David C. Thompson, Kansas State University
Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia
Randall S. Vesely, Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne
Andrew Wall, University of Rochester, New York
Jian Liang Wang, Western Kentucky University
Lewis M. Wasserman, University of Texas at Arlington
Geoffrey Woglom, Amherst College

Volume 39, Number 2, Fall 2013



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University
Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio, Wayne State University
Katherine E. Baird, University of Washington, Tacoma
Bruce D. Baker, University of Kansas
Alex J. Bowers, Columbia University
Brian O. Brent, University of Rochester
Dominic Brewer, University of Southern California
Frank Brown, University of North Carolina
William E. Camp, University of North Texas
Stephen Chaikind, John Hopkins University
John Dayton, University of Georgia
Jennifer Delaney, University of Illinois
Lisa G. Driscoll, University of North Carolina
Toni Elitharp, Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia
William J. Fowler, George Mason University
Robert Frost, Oregon State University
Marilyn A. Hirth, Purdue University
Eric A. Houck, University of Georgia
Luis A. Huerta, Columbia University
Richard C. Hunter. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ed Hurley, National Education Association
Teresa S. Jordan, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Roger T. Kaufman, Smith College
Robert C. Knoeppel, Clemson University
Barbara LaCost, University of Nebraska
Daniel T. Layzell, University of Illinois
Jeffrey Maiden, University of Oklahoma
Betty Malen, University of Maryland
Pilar Mendoza, University of Florida, Gainsville
Martha M. McCarthy, Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Mary P. McKeown Moak, MGT of America
Lynn M. Moak, Moak Consulting
David H. Monk, Pennsylvania State University
Christopher M. Mullin, Southern Illinois University
Yasser Nakib, The George Washington University
William A. Owings, Old Dominion University
Jerald E. Paquette, University of Western Ontario
Gary Peevely, Tennessee State University
Laura Perna, University of Pennsylvania
Anthony Rolle, Texas A & M University
Catherine Sielke, University of Georgia
William E. Sparkman, University of Nevada-Reno
Lenford Sutton, Alabama State University
David C. Thompson, Kansas State University
Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia
Randall S. Vesely, Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne
Andrew Wall, University of Rochester, New York
Jian Liang Wang, Western Kentucky University
Lewis M. Wasserman, University of Texas at Arlington
Geoffrey Woglom, Amherst College

Volume 39, Number 1, Summer 2013



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University
Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio, Wayne State University
Katherine E. Baird, University of Washington, Tacoma
Bruce D. Baker, University of Kansas
Alex J. Bowers, Columbia University
Brian O. Brent, University of Rochester
Dominic Brewer, University of Southern California
Frank Brown, University of North Carolina
William E. Camp, University of North Texas
Stephen Chaikind, John Hopkins University
John Dayton, University of Georgia
Jennifer Delaney, University of Illinois
Lisa G. Driscoll, University of North Carolina
Toni Elitharp, Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia
William J. Fowler, George Mason University
Robert Frost, Oregon State University
Marilyn A. Hirth, Purdue University
Eric A. Houck, University of Georgia
Luis A. Huerta, Columbia University
Richard C. Hunter. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ed Hurley, National Education Association
Teresa S. Jordan, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Roger T. Kaufman, Smith College
Robert C. Knoeppel, Clemson University
Barbara LaCost, University of Nebraska
Daniel T. Layzell, University of Illinois
Jeffrey Maiden, University of Oklahoma
Betty Malen, University of Maryland
Pilar Mendoza, University of Florida, Gainsville
Martha M. McCarthy, Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Mary P. McKeown Moak, MGT of America
Lynn M. Moak, Moak Consulting
David H. Monk, Pennsylvania State University
Christopher M. Mullin, Southern Illinois University
Yasser Nakib, The George Washington University
William A. Owings, Old Dominion University
Jerald E. Paquette, University of Western Ontario
Gary Peevely, Tennessee State University
Laura Perna, University of Pennsylvania
Anthony Rolle, Texas A & M University
Catherine Sielke, University of Georgia
William E. Sparkman, University of Nevada-Reno
Lenford Sutton, Alabama State University
David C. Thompson, Kansas State University
Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia
Randall S. Vesely, Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne
Andrew Wall, University of Rochester, New York
Jian Liang Wang, Western Kentucky University
Lewis M. Wasserman, University of Texas at Arlington
Geoffrey Woglom, Amherst College

Volume 38, Number 4, Spring 2013



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Kate Kemball, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley Kane Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Education Policy Editor

Deborah A. Verstegen, University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander, Virginia Tech

Legislative Editors

David C. Thompson Kansas State University
Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio, Wayne State University
Katherine E. Baird, University of Washington, Tacoma
Bruce D. Baker, University of Kansas
Alex J. Bowers, Columbia University
Brian O. Brent, University of Rochester
Dominic Brewer, University of Southern California
Frank Brown, University of North Carolina
William E. Camp, University of North Texas
Stephen Chaikind, John Hopkins University
John Dayton, University of Georgia
Jennifer Delaney, University of Illinois
Lisa G. Driscoll, University of North Carolina
Toni Elitharp, Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia
William J. Fowler, George Mason University
Robert Frost, Oregon State University
William Glen, Virginia Tech
Carolyn D. Herrington, Florida State University
Marilyn A. Hirth, Purdue University
David S. Honeyman, University of Florida
Eric A. Houck, University of Georgia
Luis A. Huerta, Columbia University
Richard C. Hunter. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ed Hurley, National Education Association
Teresa S. Jordan, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Roger T. Kaufman, Smith College
Robert C. Knoeppel, Clemson University
Barbara LaCost, University of Nebraska
Daniel T. Layzell, University of Illinois
Jeffrey Maiden, University of Oklahoma
Betty Malen, University of Maryland
Martha M. McCarthy, Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Mary P. McKeown Moak, MGT of America
Lynn M. Moak, Moak Consulting
David H. Monk, Pennsylvania State University
Christopher M. Mullin, Southern Illinois University
William A. Owings, Old Dominion University
Jerald E. Paquette, University of Western Ontario
Gary Peevely, Tennessee State University
Laura Perna, University of Pennsylvania
Anthony Rolle, Texas A & M University
Catherine Sielke, University of Georgia
William E. Sparkman, University of Nevada-Reno
Leanna Stiefel, New York University
Lenford Sutton, Alabama State University
David C. Thompson, Kansas State University
Robert K. Toutkoushian, University of Georgia
Randall S. Vesely, Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne
Andrew Wall, University of Rochester, New York
Jian Liang Wang, Western Kentucky University
Lewis M. Wasserman, University of Texas at Arlington
Geoffrey Woglom, Amherst College

Volume 38, Number 3, Winter 2013



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 38, Number 2, Fall 2012



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 38, Number 1, Summer 2012



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 37, Number 4, Spring 2012



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 37, Number 3, Winter 2012



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 37, Number 2, Fall 2011



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 37, Number 1, Summer 2011



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 36, Number 4, Spring 2011



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Technical Editor

Wesley K. Alexander, Education Policy Research, Inc.

Book Review Editor

Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Faith E. Crampton, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Wesley K. Alexander Education Policy Research, Inc.

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Jennifer Delaney University of Illinois

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Toni Elitharp Pulaski County Public Schools, Virginia

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University
Walter W. McMahon University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Laura Perna University of Pennsylvania

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

Catherine Sielke University of Georgia

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Robert K. Toutkoushian University of Georgia

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 36, Number 3, Winter 2011



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Patricia Barron, University of Massachusetts-Lowell
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Book Review Editors

Faith E. Crampton University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Koy M. Floyd Tarleton State University

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Lloyd E. Frohreich University of Wisconsin

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Jewell C. Gould American Federation of Teachers

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

K. Forbis Jordan Arizona State University

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Sandra K. McKinley University of Toledo, Ohio

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 36, Number 2, Fall 2010



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Patricia Barron, University of Massachusetts-Lowell
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Book Review Editors

Faith E. Crampton University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Koy M. Floyd Tarleton State University

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Lloyd E. Frohreich University of Wisconsin

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Jewell C. Gould American Federation of Teachers

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

K. Forbis Jordan Arizona State University

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Sandra K. McKinley University of Toledo, Ohio

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 36, Number 1, Summer 2010



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Patricia Barron, University of Massachusetts-Lowell
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Book Review Editors

Faith E. Crampton University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Koy M. Floyd Tarleton State University

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Lloyd E. Frohreich University of Wisconsin

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Jewell C. Gould American Federation of Teachers

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

K. Forbis Jordan Arizona State University

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Sandra K. McKinley University of Toledo, Ohio

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 35, Number 4, Spring 2010



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Patricia Barron, University of Massachusetts-Lowell
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Book Review Editors

Faith E. Crampton University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Koy M. Floyd Tarleton State University

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Lloyd E. Frohreich University of Wisconsin

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Jewell C. Gould American Federation of Teachers

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

K. Forbis Jordan Arizona State University

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Sandra K. McKinley University of Toledo, Ohio

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 35, Number 3, Winter 2010



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Patricia Barron, University of Massachusetts-Lowell
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Book Review Editors

Faith E. Crampton University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Koy M. Floyd Tarleton State University

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Lloyd E. Frohreich University of Wisconsin

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Jewell C. Gould American Federation of Teachers

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

K. Forbis Jordan Arizona State University

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Sandra K. McKinley University of Toledo, Ohio

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 35, Number 2, Fall 2009



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Patricia Barron, University of Massachusetts-Lowell
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Book Review Editors

Faith E. Crampton University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Koy M. Floyd Tarleton State University

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Lloyd E. Frohreich University of Wisconsin

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Jewell C. Gould American Federation of Teachers

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

K. Forbis Jordan Arizona State University

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Sandra K. McKinley University of Toledo, Ohio

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

Volume 35, Number 1, Summer 2009



Board of Editors

Chair: Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Patricia Barron, University of Massachusetts-Lowell
Nelda H. Cambron-McCabe, Miami University, Ohio
Mary F. Hughes, University of Arkansas
Anne Miller, Edison Learning
Richard G. Salmon, Virginia Tech
Julie K. Underwood, University of Wisconsin-Madison
R. Craig Wood, University of Florida

Editorial Staff

Editor

Kern Alexander, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Assistant Editors

Shari Hall, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Nadia Geagea Pupa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Book Review Editors

Faith E. Crampton University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Stephen Chaikind University of Gallaudet University

Education Policy Editors

Craig E. Richards Columbia University
Deborah A. Verstegen University of Nevada-Reno

Finance Law Editor

M. David Alexander Virginia Tech

Legislative Editor

David C. Thompson Kansas State University

Editorial Advisory Board

Michael Addonizio Wayne State University

Katherine E. Baird University of Washington, Tacoma

Bruce D. Baker University of Kansas

Brian O. Brent University of Rochester

Frank Brown University of North Carolina

William E. Camp University of North Texas

John Dayton University of Georgia

Lisa G. Driscoll University of North Carolina

Koy M. Floyd Tarleton State University

William J. Fowler George Mason University

Lloyd E. Frohreich University of Wisconsin

Robert Frost Oregon State University

William Glen Virginia Tech

Jewell C. Gould American Federation of Teachers

Carolyn D. Herrington Florida State University

Marilyn A. Hirth Purdue University

David S. Honeyman University of Florida

Eric A. Houck University of Georgia

Luis A. Huerta Columbia University

Richard C. Hunter University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ed Hurley National Education Association

K. Forbis Jordan Arizona State University

Teresa S. Jordan University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Roger T. Kaufman Smith College

Richard A. King University of South Florida

Robert C. Knoeppel Clemson University

Barbara LaCost University of Nebraska

Daniel T. Layzell University of Illinois

Jeffrey Maiden University of Oklahoma

Betty Malen University of Maryland

Martha M. McCarthy Indiana University

Mary P. McKeown Moak MGT of America

Sandra K. McKinley University of Toledo, Ohio

Lynn M. Moak Moak Consulting

David H. Monk Pennsylvania State University

Christopher M. Mullin Southern Illinois University

William A. Owings Old Dominion University

Jerald E. Paquette University of Western Ontario

Gary Peevely Tennessee State University

Anthony Rolle Texas A & M University

William E. Sparkman University of Nevada-Reno

Leanna Stiefel New York University

Randall S. Vesely Indiana University, Purdue University at Fort Wayne

Andrew Wall University of Rochester, New York

Jian Liang Wang Western Kentucky University

Geoffrey Woglom Amherst College

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