Irenaeus, Saint, Bishop of Lyon. Adversus haereses.
Irenaeus, Saint, Bishop of Lyon. Epideixis tou apostolikou kerygmatos.
Adam (Biblical figure)
Eve (Biblical figure)
Man (Christian theology) -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
This paper examines the notion of Adam and Eve as "children" in the
thought of Irenaeus, through an investigation of the language and
contextualization of this theme throughout his works. First, the language
is probed for its insights into Irenaeus' actual conception of the primal
humans, with emphasis on determining the extent to which such language
can be taken literally. Second, Irenaeus' conception is examined in light
of his views on creation, materiality, and time, extracting thence the
means of further clarifying his language of Edenic "childhood." Finally,
the problems and strengths of this concept are set out from within the
context of Irenaeus' larger anthropology.
Eusebius, of Caesarea, Bishop of Caesarea, ca. 260-ca. 340. De evangelica praeparatione.
Apologetics -- History -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
This paper argues that the apologetic methodology of Eusebius'
Praeparatio Evangelica is grounded upon a portrayal of the nations
of the world (in particular the Greeks) in contradistinction to the
Christian nation. I call this methodology "ethnic argumentation." Building
upon the insights of recent ethnicity theory, which emphasizes the
discursive nature of ethnic identity, I offer a reading of the first
six books of the Praeparatio that attempts to appreciate more
fully the significance of Eusebius' construction of ethnic identity. In
particular, I take Eusebius to be providing a narrative of descent
of the Greek nation from those of the Phoenicians and Egyptians,
and then to be dealing with particular issues that pertain to this
narrative: the opposition to Greek allegorists, the delineation of
national character, and (most importantly) Eusebius' preparation for
a new national option—Christianity—whose Hebrew ancestors
were older and more pious than the ancestors of the other nations.
Smith, J. Warren.
A Just and Reasonable Grief: The Death and Function of a Holy Woman in Gregory of Nyssa's Life of Macrina [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Gregory, of Nyssa, Saint, ca. 335-ca. 394. Vita Sanctae Macrinae.
Macrina, the Younger, Saint, ca. 330-379 or 380.
Grief -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
Death -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
This paper examines the key theological views that governed fourth-century
interpretations of "the holy woman" in ascetic communities. Specifically,
it looks at Gregory of Nyssa's portrayal of Macrina in De Vita
Macrinae as one whose asceticism and virginity allow her to experience
proleptically the eschatological communion with Christ. It is Macrina's
self-mastery and transcendence of worldly concerns in anticipation of
her union with Christ that mediate Christian hope to her community of
virgins and so train them in the proper way to live and to face death.
Possidius' Vita Augustini was written sometime between 432 and
437 C.E. As an intimate friend and fellow bishop of
Augustine, Possidius has provided historians with a wealth of detailed
information. The Vita has not been appreciated as a literary piece
in its own right with its own specific authorial concerns. The Vita
does not fit easily into the style of late antique hagiography known by
Augustine and his circle. Rather, the Vita suggests Possidius'
response to the unique circumstances of post-Augustinian Africa: the
crisis of the Vandal invasions and subsequent rise of Arianism. Possidius
provided a model Augustine who, through his monastic and pastoral
commitment, combated heresy and helped realize the pax et unitas of
the Church. Possidius was willing to break with Augustine's self-portrayal
in Confessions and recast the Vita more akin to Augustine's
response to the taking of Rome in City of God.