Journal of Early Christian Studies

Journal of Early Christian Studies
Volume 12, Number 1, Spring 2004

CONTENTS

    Steenberg, M. C.
  • Children in Paradise: Adam and Eve as "Infants" in Irenaeus of Lyons
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    Subject Headings:
    • Irenaeus, Saint, Bishop of Lyon. Adversus haereses.
    • Irenaeus, Saint, Bishop of Lyon. Epideixis tou apostolikou kerygmatos.
    • Adam (Biblical figure)
    • Eve (Biblical figure)
    • Man (Christian theology) -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines the notion of Adam and Eve as "children" in the thought of Irenaeus, through an investigation of the language and contextualization of this theme throughout his works. First, the language is probed for its insights into Irenaeus' actual conception of the primal humans, with emphasis on determining the extent to which such language can be taken literally. Second, Irenaeus' conception is examined in light of his views on creation, materiality, and time, extracting thence the means of further clarifying his language of Edenic "childhood." Finally, the problems and strengths of this concept are set out from within the context of Irenaeus' larger anthropology.
    Johnson, Aaron P.
  • Identity, Descent, and Polemic: Ethnic Argumentation in Eusebius' Praeparatio Evangelica
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    Subject Headings:
    • Eusebius, of Caesarea, Bishop of Caesarea, ca. 260-ca. 340. De evangelica praeparatione.
    • Apologetics -- History -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
    Abstract:
      This paper argues that the apologetic methodology of Eusebius' Praeparatio Evangelica is grounded upon a portrayal of the nations of the world (in particular the Greeks) in contradistinction to the Christian nation. I call this methodology "ethnic argumentation." Building upon the insights of recent ethnicity theory, which emphasizes the discursive nature of ethnic identity, I offer a reading of the first six books of the Praeparatio that attempts to appreciate more fully the significance of Eusebius' construction of ethnic identity. In particular, I take Eusebius to be providing a narrative of descent of the Greek nation from those of the Phoenicians and Egyptians, and then to be dealing with particular issues that pertain to this narrative: the opposition to Greek allegorists, the delineation of national character, and (most importantly) Eusebius' preparation for a new national option—Christianity—whose Hebrew ancestors were older and more pious than the ancestors of the other nations.
    Smith, J. Warren.
  • A Just and Reasonable Grief: The Death and Function of a Holy Woman in Gregory of Nyssa's Life of Macrina
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gregory, of Nyssa, Saint, ca. 335-ca. 394. Vita Sanctae Macrinae.
    • Macrina, the Younger, Saint, ca. 330-379 or 380.
    • Grief -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
    • Death -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines the key theological views that governed fourth-century interpretations of "the holy woman" in ascetic communities. Specifically, it looks at Gregory of Nyssa's portrayal of Macrina in De Vita Macrinae as one whose asceticism and virginity allow her to experience proleptically the eschatological communion with Christ. It is Macrina's self-mastery and transcendence of worldly concerns in anticipation of her union with Christ that mediate Christian hope to her community of virgins and so train them in the proper way to live and to face death.
    Hamilton, Louis I.
  • Possidius' Augustine and Post-Augustinian Africa
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    Subject Headings:
    • Possidius, Saint. Sancti Augustini vita.
    • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.
    • Christianity -- Africa, North.
    Abstract:
      Possidius' Vita Augustini was written sometime between 432 and 437 C.E. As an intimate friend and fellow bishop of Augustine, Possidius has provided historians with a wealth of detailed information. The Vita has not been appreciated as a literary piece in its own right with its own specific authorial concerns. The Vita does not fit easily into the style of late antique hagiography known by Augustine and his circle. Rather, the Vita suggests Possidius' response to the unique circumstances of post-Augustinian Africa: the crisis of the Vandal invasions and subsequent rise of Arianism. Possidius provided a model Augustine who, through his monastic and pastoral commitment, combated heresy and helped realize the pax et unitas of the Church. Possidius was willing to break with Augustine's self-portrayal in Confessions and recast the Vita more akin to Augustine's response to the taking of Rome in City of God.

Note

    Heintz, Michael.
  • DESCRIPTION in the Epistle to Diognetus
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    Subject Headings:
    • Epistle to Diognetus.
    • God -- Worship and love -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.

Book Reviews

    Holmes, Michael William.
  • Polycarp and Paul: An Analysis of Their Literary and Theological Relationship in Light of Polycarp's Use of Biblical and Extra-Biblical Literature (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berding, Kenneth. Polycarp and Paul: an analysis of their literary and theological relationship in light of Polycarp's use of biblical and extra-biblical literature.
    • Polycarp, Saint, Bishop of Smyrna. Epistola ad Philippenses.
    Jefford, Clayton N.
  • The Didache: Its Jewish Sources and Its Place in Early Judaism and Christianity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sandt, Hubertus Waltherus Maria van de, 1946- Didache: its Jewish sources and its place in early Judaism and Christianity.
    • Flusser, David, 1917-
    • Didache.
    McGinn, Sheila E.
  • From Prophecy to Preaching: A Search for the Origins of the Christian Homily (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stewart-Sykes, Alistair. From prophecy to preaching: a search for the origins of the Christian homily.
    • Preaching -- History.
    Norris, Frederick W., 1941-
  • Kingdom of Snow: Roman Rule and Greek Culture in Cappadocia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Van Dam, Raymond. Kingdom of snow: Roman rule and Greek culture in Cappadocia.
    • Cappadocia (Turkey) -- History.
    Kennedy, Robert Peter.
  • Augustine's Commentary on Galatians (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Augustine's commentary on Galatians.
    • Plumer, Eric Antone, tr.
    • Bible. N.T. Galatians -- Commentaries.
    Meconi, David Vincent.
  • Augustinus--Leben und Werk: Eine bibliographische Einführung, and: Augustinus begegnen (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Geerlings, Wilhelm. Augustinus--Leben und Werk: eine bibliographische Einführung.
    • Schmidbaur, Hans Christian. Augustinus begegnen.
    • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo -- Bibliography.
    • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.
    Donovan, Mary Ann.
  • The Spirit of Early Christian Thought: Seeking the Face of God (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wilken, Robert Louis, 1936- Spirit of early Christian thought: seeking the face of God.
    • Church history -- Primitive and early church, ca. 30-600.
    Francis, James, 1944-
  • People, Personal Expression, and Social Relations in Late Antiquity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mathisen, Ralph W., 1947- People, personal expression, and social relations in late antiquity.
    • Rome -- Social life and customs.
    Horn, Cornelia B.
  • The Orphans of Byzantium: Child Welfare in the Christian Empire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miller, Timothy S. Orphans of Byzantium: child welfare in the Christian empire.
    • Orphanages -- Byzantine Empire.
    Osiek, Carolyn.
  • La Domus tardoantica: forme e rappresentazioni dello spazio domestico nelle cittá del Mediterraneo (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baldini Lippolis, Isabella. Domus tardoantica: forme e rappresentazioni dello spazio domestico nelle cittá del Mediterraneo.
    • Architecture, Domestic -- Rome -- Catalogs.
    Howard, Nathan.
  • The Rise of Western Christendom: Triumph and Diversity, A.D. 200-1000 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brown, Peter Robert Lamont. Rise of Western Christendom: triumph and diversity, A.D. 200-1000.
    • Church history -- Primitive and early church, ca. 30-600.



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