Journal of Early Christian Studies

Journal of Early Christian Studies
Volume 10, Number 4, Winter 2002


Contents

Articles

    Buell, Denise Kimber, 1965-
  • Race and Universalism in Early Christianity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Clement, of Alexandria, Saint, ca. 150-ca. 215. Protrepticus.
    • Origen. Contra Celsum.
    • Hermas, 2nd cent. Shepherd.
    • Christianity and other religions -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
    Abstract:
      Through rhetorical analyses of Clement of Alexandria's Protreptikos, Origen's ContraCelsum, and the Shepherd of Hermas, this article demonstrates how some early Christians use ideas about race and ethnicity to make universalizing claims about Christianness by defining Christianity as a race, open to all peoples. In so doing, it challenges prevailing ways of interpreting the meaning and significance of race in early Christian self-definition. Adopting a different approach to reading race and ethnicity in pre-Constantinian Christian texts holds great potential for analyzing the intersecting domains of Christian-imperial, Christian-local, intra-Christian, and Christian-Jewish relations.
    Daley, Brian, 1940-
  • "Heavenly Man" and "Eternal Christ": Apollinarius and Gregory of Nyssa on the Personal Identity of the Savior
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    Subject Headings:
    • Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea, d. ca. 390.
    • Gregory, of Nyssa, Saint, ca. 335-ca. 394.
    • Jesus Christ -- Person and offices -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
    Abstract:
      Although the opposition of the Cappadocian Fathers, on church-political as well as theological grounds, to Apollinarius of Laodicaea and his followers is well known, it is more difficult to see precisely what their objections were to his conception of Christ, particularly since their own christologies seem, in many respects, quite similar to his. This essay argues that Gregory of Nazianzus and particularly Gregory of Nyssa saw in the christology of Apollinarius a soteriology radically different from their own: while he regarded Christ's role as savior as resting on his natural difference from our own fallen constitution, they understood the mystery of salvation as the incipient transformation of all humanity through the communication, by God the Word, of divine virtue and life to a complete and normal human being united personally to himself. This soteriological difference, in turn, had important implications for the differing anthropologies, eschatologies, and conceptions of God that one finds in the works of these authors.
    Layton, Richard.
  • Plagiarism and Lay Patronage of Ascetic Scholarship: Jerome, Ambrose and Rufinus
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jerome, Saint, d. 419 or 20.
    • Ambrose, Saint, Bishop of Milan, d. 397.
    • Rufinus, of Aquileia, 345-410.
    • Plagiarism -- Rome.
    • Authors and patrons -- Rome.
    Abstract:
      Jerome became embroiled in controversy with Ambrose and Rufinus over accusations of plagiarism. This essay aims to delineate a link between the plagiarism dispute and Jerome's ongoing effort to maintain the lay patronage vital to his program of scholarship. Jerome's definition of what constituted plagiarism and whom the offense victimized was determined by the rhetorical conventions of literary patronage. Against the foil of the plagiarist, Jerome promoted frankness and expertise as the chief authorial virtues. By contrast, Rufinus appealed to fidelity, gratitude and discretion, all traditional qualities of the literary protégé. The appeals of both Jerome and Rufinus to the embedded moral codes of patronage betray the subtle shifts in social institutions as well as possibilities for a new configuration of literary relationships in ascetic society. While the exchange of accusations effectively foreclosed reassessment of the meaning of authorial integrity and authenticity, the plagiarism dispute nevertheless reveals the anxieties of both readers and writers in ascetic literary society.

Book Reviews

    Casiday, A. M.
  • Sulla resurrezione: Discorso cristiano del II secolo (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pseudo-Justinus. Sulla resurrezione: discorso cristiano del II secolo.
    • D'Anna, Alberto, ed.
    • Resurrection -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
    Trigg, Joseph Wilson, 1949-
  • Christian Figural Reading and the Fashioning of Identity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dawson, David, 1957- Christian figural reading and the fashioning of identity.
    • Bible -- Criticism, interpretation, etc.
    Moser, Maureen Beyer.
  • Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Origen. Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans.
    • Scheck, Thomas P., 1964-, tr.
    • Bible. N.T. Romans -- Commentaries -- Early works to 1800.
    Bennett, Byard.
  • Homélies sur les Nombres. Vol. 3 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Origen. Homélies sur les nombres. Vol. 3.
    • Doutreleau, Louis, 1909-, ed.
    • Bible. O.T. Numbers -- Commentaries -- Early works to 1800.
    McDonald, William P.
  • Cyril of Jerusalem, Mystagogue: The Authorship of the Mystagogic Catecheses (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Doval, Alexis James, 1953- Cyril of Jerusalem, Mystagogue: the authorship of the Mystagogic catecheses.
    • Cyril, Saint, Bishop of Jerusalem, ca. 315-386.
    Turcescu, Lucian.
  • Lexicon Gregorianum, Wörterbuch zu den Schriften Gregors von Nyssa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mann, Friedhelm, ed. Lexicon Gregorianum, Wörterbuch zu den Schriften Gregors von Nyssa.
    • Gregory, of Nyssa, Saint, ca. 335-ca. 394 -- Dictionaries.
    Sterk, Andrea.
  • Eunomius of Cyzicus and the Nicene Revolution (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vaggione, Richard Paul. Eunomius of Cyzicus and the Nicene Revolution.
    • Eunomius, Bp. of Cyzicus, ca. 335-ca. 394.
    Heintz, Michael.
  • Christian and Pagan in the Roman Empire: The Witness of Tertullian (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tertullian, ca. 160-ca. 230. Christian and Pagan in the Roman Empire: the witness of Tertullian.
    • Sider, Robert D. (Robert Dick), ed.
    • Christianity and other religions -- Roman.
    Djuth, Marianne.
  • For the Joy Set Before Us: Augustine and Self-Denying Love (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schlabach, Gerald. For the joy set before us: Augustine and self-denying love.
    • Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.
    Perdicoyianni, Hélène.
  • Paulinus Noster: Self and Symbols in the Letters of Paulinus of Nola (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conybeare, Catherine. Paulinus Noster: self and symbols in the letters of Paulinus of Nola.
    • Paulinus, of Nola, Saint, ca. 353-431.
    Baechle, Carl F.
  • Reading the Gospels with Gregory the Great: Homilies on the Gospels 21-26 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gregory I, Pope, ca. 540-604. Reading the Gospels with Gregory the Great: homilies on the Gospels 21-26.
    • Bhattacharji, Santha, tr.
    • Eastertide -- Sermons.
    Wansink, Craig S.
  • Rescue for the Dead: The Posthumous Salvation of Non-Christians in Early Christianity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Trumbower, Jeffrey A., 1960- Rescue for the dead: the posthumous salvation of non-Christians in early Christianity.
    • Salvation after death -- History of doctrines -- Early church, ca. 30-600.
    Rosenberg, Harry.
  • Rome in Late Antiquity: Everyday Life, and Urban Change A.D. 312-600, and: Christianity and the Roman Empire: Background Texts (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lançon, Bertrand, 1952- Rome in late antiquity: everyday life, and urban change A.D. 312-600.
    • Nevill, Antonia, tr.
    • Novak, Ralph Martin. Christianity and the Roman Empire: background texts.
    • Rome -- History -- Empire, 284-476.
    • Church history -- Primitive and early church, ca. 30-600 -- Sources.
    Kelly, Joseph F. (Joseph Francis), 1945-
  • Early Christian Ireland, and: Ireland and the Classical World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Charles-Edwards, T. M. Early Christian Ireland.
    • Freeman, Philip, 1961- Ireland and the classical world.
    • Ireland -- Church history.
    • Ireland -- History -- To 1172 -- Sources.
    Brakke, David.
  • From Poimandres to Jacob Böhme: Gnosis, Hermetism, and the Christian Tradition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Broek, R. van den, ed. From Poimandres to Jacob Böhme: gnosis, hermetism, and the Christian tradition.
    • Heertum, Cis van, ed.
    • Böhme, Jakob, 1575-1624.



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