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The Journal of Developing Areas

Vol. 37 (2003) through current issue

The Journal of Developing Areas (JDA) aims to stimulate in-depth and rigorous empirical and theoretical research on all issues pertaining to the process of economic development. It also intends to encourage research on economic, social, urban/regional and inner city problems of the United States and other developed countries.

Published by: Tennessee State University College of Business


E-ISSN: 1548-2278
Print ISSN: 0022-037X

Submission Guidelines

SUBMISSION GUIDELINES: 1. All manuscript submissions shall be made electronically as MSWord files (PDF files are NOT acceptable) to <JDA@tnstate.edu> 2. All submitted papers shall be original, employing mathematical models, rigorous research methodology, and appropriate statistical tests. 3. Interesting nontechnical and small submissions may be considered for Notes. 4. No submission shall be under simultaneous considerations by any other journal or publishing outlet. 5. The length of the article, including abstract, figures, illustrations, tables, mathematical expressions and equations, endnotes, and references shall be preferred NOT to exceed 8,000 words. 6. Manuscripts with more than 4 co-authors may NOT be published. 7. Authors’ names shall be followed by their affiliation and the text of the paper shall be preceded by an abstract of around 150 words along with JEL classifications, keywords, and corresponding author’s email address. The abstract shall clearly highlight the problem(s) dealt with, the methodology, the findings, and the policy implications. 8. All figures, illustrations, tables, mathematical expressions, and equations shall be embodied in the text in a single file. 9. References shall adhere to the following style. a) Journal Article: White, Halbert (1980), A Heteroscadasticity Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroscadasticity, Econometrica, Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 203-23. b) Book Chapter: Balkin, Steven, (1953) “A Grameen Bank Replication: The Full Circle Fund of the Women’s Self Employment Project of Chicago”, in Abu Wahid (ed.) The Grameen Bank: Poverty Relief in Bangladesh, Westview Press, pp. 235-266. c) Book: Keynes, John M. (1936) General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, Macmillan. 10. All manuscripts shall use endnotes instead of footnotes. All endnotes shall be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and NOT Roman throughout the text of the manuscript and be presented at the end. 11. All spellings shall consistently follow the American style, not British.

MANUSCRIPT REVIEW AND PUBLICATION PROCESS: 1. In order to make fast decisions, in most cases, we use single referee. 2. On preliminary review, the author shall be notified within a week or so if his/her paper is accepted for further consideration. 3. Once the review report is available, based on it, either the paper will be rejected right away or will require corrections; revised paper in line with the reviewers’ comments shall be turned in by the respective author(s) electronically as soon as possible. 4. On receipt of the revised version, a final decision shall be made as soon as possible. 5. Should the paper be accepted, the authors shall be asked to pay a flat page charge of $350.00. If any author or his/her institution subscribes the JDA PRINT version or its E-VERSION as a single title, the page charge will be fully waived. If the paper is bigger than 8,000 words, additional page charge may apply. Payments shall be made in checks or money orders in US$ payable to Tennessee State University (The JDA). Wire transfers will also be acceptable. 7. At this stage, the corresponding author shall be required to sign a copyright agreement with the JDA. 8. The final version of the paper shall be resubmitted in accordance with our stylistic guidelines that is to be provided in detail at the time acceptance. 9. On publication, the author(s) shall receive ten copies of the offprint. 10. In order to expedite the publication process, the editor reserves the right to make minor changes on the final manuscript without prior approval of the respective author(s).

CONTACT ADDRESS:
Abu N.M. Wahid, Managing Editor
The JDA, College of Business,
Tennessee State University
330 10th. Ave. North, Suite K 400,
Nashville, TN 37203-3401; USA
Tel: 655-963-7149; Fax: 655-963-7139;
E-mail: JDA@tnstate.edu

Editorial Board

Volume 49, Number 6, 2015 (Special Issue)

MANAGING EDITOR:

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS:

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa

Halis Akder Turkey

Mary Amiti Australia

Kaushik Basu U.S.A.

Timothy Besley England

Guido Cazzavillan Italy

Soumendra Ghosh U.S.A.

Lawrence Goulder U.S.A.

Shreekant Gupta India

Retta Guy U.S.A.

Magda Kandil U.S.A.

Michael Keane U.S.A.

Robert Kunst Austria

Roger Lawrey Australia

Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A.

John Loxley Canada

Francis Lui Hong Kong

Eric Maskin U.S.A.

Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A.

Jihad Nader U.A.E.

Hiroshi Osada Japan

Michael Pakko U.S.A.

Sock-Yong Phang Singapore

Vaman Rao U.S.A.

Clifford Russell U.S.A.

Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria

Ippei Yamazawa Japan

Volume 49, Number 5, 2015 (Special Issue)

MANAGING EDITOR:

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS:

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa

Halis Akder Turkey

Mary Amiti Australia

Kaushik Basu U.S.A.

Timothy Besley England

Guido Cazzavillan Italy

Soumendra Ghosh U.S.A.

Lawrence Goulder U.S.A.

Shreekant Gupta India

Retta Guy U.S.A.

Magda Kandil U.S.A.

Michael Keane U.S.A.

Robert Kunst Austria

Roger Lawrey Australia

Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A.

John Loxley Canada

Francis Lui Hong Kong

Eric Maskin U.S.A.

Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A.

Jihad Nader U.A.E.

Hiroshi Osada Japan

Michael Pakko U.S.A.

Sock-Yong Phang Singapore

Vaman Rao U.S.A.

Clifford Russell U.S.A.

Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria

Ippei Yamazawa Japan

Volume 49, Number 4, Fall 2015

MANAGING EDITOR:

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS:

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa

Halis Akder Turkey

Mary Amiti Australia

Kaushik Basu U.S.A.

Timothy Besley England

Guido Cazzavillan Italy

Lawrence Goulder U.S.A.

Shreekant Gupta India

Retta Guy U.S.A.

Magda Kandil U.S.A.

Michael Keane U.S.A.

Robert Kunst Austria

Roger Lawrey Australia

Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A.

John Loxley Canada

Francis Lui Hong Kong

Eric Maskin U.S.A.

Nelson Modeste U.S.A.

Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A.

Jihad Nader U.A.E.

Hiroshi Osada Japan

Michael Pakko U.S.A.

Sock-Yong Phang Singapore

Vaman Rao U.S.A.

Clifford Russell U.S.A.

Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria

Ippei Yamazawa Japan

Volume 49, Number 3, Summer 2015

MANAGING EDITOR:

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS:

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa

Halis Akder Turkey

Mary Amiti Australia

Kaushik Basu U.S.A.

Timothy Besley England

Guido Cazzavillan Italy

Soumendra Ghosh U.S.A.

Lawrence Goulder U.S.A.

Shreekant Gupta India

Retta Guy U.S.A.

Magda Kandil U.S.A.

Michael Keane U.S.A.

Robert Kunst Austria

Roger Lawrey Australia

Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A.

John Loxley Canada

Francis Lui Hong Kong

Eric Maskin U.S.A.

Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A.

Jihad Nader U.A.E.

Hiroshi Osada Japan

Michael Pakko U.S.A.

Sock-Yong Phang Singapore

Vaman Rao U.S.A.

Clifford Russell U.S.A.

Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria

Ippei Yamazawa Japan

Volume 49, Number 2, Spring 2015

MANAGING EDITOR:

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS:

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa

Halis Akder Turkey

Mary Amiti Australia

Kaushik Basu U.S.A.

Timothy Besley England

Guido Cazzavillan Italy

Soumendra Ghosh U.S.A.

Lawrence Goulder U.S.A.

Shreekant Gupta India

Retta Guy U.S.A.

Magda Kandil U.S.A.

Michael Keane U.S.A.

Robert Kunst Austria

Roger Lawrey Australia

Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A.

John Loxley Canada

Francis Lui Hong Kong

Eric Maskin U.S.A.

Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A.

Jihad Nader U.A.E.

Hiroshi Osada Japan

Michael Pakko U.S.A.

Sock-Yong Phang Singapore

Vaman Rao U.S.A.

Clifford Russell U.S.A.

Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria

Ippei Yamazawa Japan

Volume 49, Number 1, Winter 2015

MANAGING EDITOR:

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS:

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa

Halis Akder Turkey

Mary Amiti Australia

Kaushik Basu U.S.A.

Timothy Besley England

Guido Cazzavillan Italy

Soumendra Ghosh U.S.A.

Lawrence Goulder U.S.A.

Shreekant Gupta India

Retta Guy U.S.A.

Magda Kandil U.S.A.

Michael Keane U.S.A.

Robert Kunst Austria

Roger Lawrey Australia

Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A.

John Loxley Canada

Francis Lui Hong Kong

Eric Maskin U.S.A.

Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A.

Jihad Nader U.A.E.

Hiroshi Osada Japan

Michael Pakko U.S.A.

Sock-Yong Phang Singapore

Vaman Rao U.S.A.

Clifford Russell U.S.A.

Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria

Ippei Yamazawa Japan.

Volume 48, Number 4, Fall 2014

MANAGING EDITOR: Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS: Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa, Halis Akder Turkey, Mary Amiti Australia, Kaushik Basu U.S.A., Timothy Besley England, Guido Cazzavillan Italy, Soumendra Ghosh, U.S.A. Lawrence Goulder U.S.A., Shreekant Gupta India, Retta Guy U.S.A., Magda Kandil U.S.A., Michael Keane U.S.A.,Robert Kunst Austria, Roger Lawrey Australia, Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A., John Loxley Canada, Francis Lui Hong Kong, Eric Maskin U.S.A., Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A., Jihad Nader U.A.E., Hiroshi Osada Japan, Michael Pakko U.S.A.,Sock-Yong Phang Singapore, Vaman Rao U.S.A., Clifford Russell U.S.A., Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria, Ippei Yamazawa Japan.

Volume 48, Number 3, Summer 2014

MANAGING EDITOR: Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University, U.S.A.

EDITORIAL ADVISORS: Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa, Halis Akder Turkey, Mary Amiti Australia, Kaushik Basu U.S.A., Timothy Besley England, Guido Cazzavillan Italy, Soumendra Ghosh, U.S.A. Lawrence Goulder U.S.A., Shreekant Gupta India, Retta Guy U.S.A., Magda Kandil U.S.A., Michael Keane U.S.A.,Robert Kunst Austria, Roger Lawrey Australia, Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A., John Loxley Canada, Francis Lui Hong Kong, Eric Maskin U.S.A., Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A., Jihad Nader U.A.E., Hiroshi Osada Japan, Michael Pakko U.S.A.,Sock-Yong Phang Singapore, Vaman Rao U.S.A., Clifford Russell U.S.A., Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria, Ippei Yamazawa Japan.

Volume 48, Number 2, Spring 2014

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa, Halis Akder Turkey, Mary Amiti Australia, Kaushik Basu U.S.A., Timothy Besley England, Guido Cazzavillan Italy, Soumendra Ghosh, U.S.A. Lawrence Goulder U.S.A., Shreekant Gupta India, Retta Guy U.S.A., Magda Kandil U.S.A., Michael Keane U.S.A.,Robert Kunst Austria, Roger Lawrey Brunei, Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A., John Loxley Canada, Francis Lui Hong Kong, Eric Maskin U.S.A., Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A., Jihad Nader U.A.E., Hiroshi Osada Japan, Michael Pakko U.S.A.,Sock-Yong Phang Singapore, Vaman Rao U.S.A., Clifford Russell U.S.A., Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria, Ippei Yamazawa Japan.

Volume 48, Number 1, Winter 2014

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng South Africa, Halis Akder Turkey, Mary Amiti Australia, Kaushik Basu U.S.A., Timothy Besley England, Guido Cazzavillan Italy, Soumendra Ghosh, U.S.A. Lawrence Goulder U.S.A., Shreekant Gupta India, Retta Guy U.S.A., Magda Kandil U.S.A., Michael Keane U.S.A.,Robert Kunst Austria, Roger Lawrey Brunei, Millicent Lownes-Jackson U.S.A., John Loxley Canada, Francis Lui Hong Kong, Eric Maskin U.S.A., Mohamed Muhsin U.S.A., Jihad Nader U.A.E., Hiroshi Osada Japan, Michael Pakko U.S.A.,Sock-Yong Phang Singapore, Vaman Rao U.S.A., Clifford Russell U.S.A., Adedoyin Soyibo Nigeria, Ippei Yamazawa Japan.

Volume 47, Number 2, Fall 2013

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 47, Number 1, Spring 2013

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 46, Number 2, Fall 2012

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 46, Number 1, Spring 2012

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 45, Single Issue, Fall 2011

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 44, Number 2, Spring 2011

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 44, Number 1, Fall 2010

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 43, Number 2, Spring 2010

Editor

Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

Editorial Advisors

Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
Halis Akder, Turkey
Mary Amiti, Australia
Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
Timothy Besley, England
Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
Shreekant Gupta, India
G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
Galen Hull, U.S.A.
Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
Michael Keane, U.S.A.
Robert Kunst, Austria
Roger Lawrey, Brunei
Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
John Loxley, Canada
Francis Lui, Hong Kong
Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
Hiroshi Osada, Japan
Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 43, Number 1, Fall 2009

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 42, Number 2, Spring 2009

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 42, Number 1, Fall 2008

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 41, Number 2, Spring 2008

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 41, Number 1, Fall 2007

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 40, Number 2, Spring 2007

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 40, Number 1, Fall 2006

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 39, Number 2, Spring 2006

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 39, Number 1, Fall 2005

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 38, Number 2, Spring 2005

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 38, Number 1, Fall 2004

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 37, Number 2, Spring 2004

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

Volume 37, Number 1, Fall 2003

    Editor

    Abu N.M. Wahid, Tennessee State University

    Editorial Advisors

    Fred Ahwireng-Obeng, South Africa
    Halis Akder, Turkey
    Mary Amiti, Australia
    Kaushik Basu, U.S.A.
    Timothy Besley, England
    Guido Cazzavillan, Italy
    Tilden Curry, U.S.A.
    Lawrence Goulder, U.S.A.
    Shreekant Gupta, India
    G. Bruce Hartmann, U.S.A.
    Galen Hull, U.S.A.
    Magda Kandil, U.S.A.
    Michael Keane, U.S.A.
    Robert Kunst, Austria
    Roger Lawrey, Brunei
    Millicent Lownes-Jackson, U.S.A.
    John Loxley, Canada
    Francis Lui, Hong Kong
    Eric Maskin, U.S.A.
    Mohamed Muhsin, U.S.A.
    Jihad Nader, U.A.E.
    Hiroshi Osada, Japan
    Michael Pakko, U.S.A.
    Sock-Yong Phang, Singapore
    Vaman Rao, U.S.A.
    Clifford Russell, U.S.A.
    Adedoyin Soyibo, Nigeria
    Ippei Yamazawa, Japan

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