Journal of College Student Development

Journal of College Student Development
Volume 47, Number 1, January/February 2006


    Brown, Scott C.
    Greene, Jeffrey A.
  • The Wisdom Development Scale: Translating the Conceptual to the Concrete
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wisdom.
      In a previous study, a conceptual model of wisdom was created (Brown, 2004a) to better understand integrated learning outcomes. The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure this wisdom construct. This article discusses salient aspects of the extant professional literature regarding the measurement of wisdom and details the efforts to develop a valid and reliable Wisdom Development Scale (WDS) through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Six of the seven factors were validated and the scale had acceptable confirmatory factor analysis fit. The article concludes with limitations of the study, implications for future research, and potential applications in higher education.
    Kelly, Bridget Turner.
    Torres, Alina.
  • Campus Safety: Perceptions and Experiences of Women Students
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women college students -- United States -- Attitudes.
    • Universities and colleges -- United States -- Safety measures.
    • College environment -- United States.
      The purpose of this research was to examine the campus experiences of undergraduate and graduate women students at a research university. Although it has been more than 20 years since the term "chilly campus climate" was described in Hall and Sandler's (1984) seminal work, this study found such a climate, in terms of campus safety, still exists for women students. Across race, university classification, and level of involvement, the women students in this study reported a chilly campus climate that served to further perpetuate a culture of fear women students felt for their campus safety.
    Proctor, Briley E.
    Prevatt, Frances F., 1955-
    Adams, Katharine.
    Reaser, Abigail.
    Petscher, Yaacov.
  • Study Skills Profiles of Normal-Achieving and Academically-Struggling College Students
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    Subject Headings:
    • Study skills.
    • College students -- United States.
    • Academic achievement -- United States.
      Profile analysis was used to compare the study skills of academically struggling college students to their normal-achieving counterparts using the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI; Weinstein & Palmer, 2002). Comparisons were made between: (a) students with high versus low GPAs; (b) students with a documented learning disability (LD) versus a non-LD control group; (c) students referred for a psycho-educational evaluation due to academic difficulties versus a control group; and (d) clinic-referred students with LDs versus clinic-referred students without LDs. Overall, the academically struggling groups displayed weaknesses in study skills relative to their comparison groups in five areas. When compared to the normative population of the LASSI, the groups also displayed weaknesses in seven of ten areas assessed.
    Thornton, Courtney H.
    Jaeger, Audrey J.
  • Institutional Culture and Civic Responsibility: An Ethnographic Study
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    Subject Headings:
    • Education, Higher -- Aims and objectives -- Virginia -- Charlottesville.
    • College environment -- Virginia -- Charlottesville.
    • College students -- Virginia -- Charlottesville -- Political activity.
      Student citizenship development is an important goal of higher education that is rarely considered through a cultural lens. This ethnographic study of a research university is an examination of campus ideologies and cultural forms that address five dimensions of civic responsibility. The findings illustrate how the beliefs and cultural equipment specific to a campus can result in a unique institutional approach to the development of student civic responsibility.
    Shivpuri, Smriti.
    Schmitt, Neal.
    Oswald, Frederick L.
    Kim, Brian H.
  • Individual Differences in Academic Growth: Do They Exist, and Can We Predict Them?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic achievement -- Longitudinal studies.
      College admissions tests predict college performance well, particularly first year grade point average (GPA; Kuncel, Hezlett, & Ones, 2001, 2004). However, noncognitive measures may add to the incremental validity of cognitive measures in that they will assess a broader range of college performance dimensions and reduce racial subgroup differences in performance. Beyond predicting first year GPA, no studies, to our knowledge, have addressed patterns of academic growth across time. This paper reports data that demonstrate individual differences in academic growth patterns and variables that predict them. Results indicate that noncognitive predictors add to the prediction of GPA beyond traditional college admissions tests for our sample of freshmen students. Implications for student affairs professionals are discussed.
    Ceja, Miguel.
  • Understanding the Role of Parents and Siblings as Information Sources in the College Choice Process of Chicana Students
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    Subject Headings:
    • College choice -- California -- Los Angeles.
    • Mexican American students -- California -- Los Angeles -- Family relationships.
    • First-generation college students -- California -- Los Angeles.
      Guided by a social capital framework, this qualitative study examined the role of protective agents, namely parents and siblings, during the college choice process of 20 Chicana seniors attending a large urban high school in California. Despite previous research showing that Mexican parents hold a high value toward the importance of an education, this study shows that the role that parents were able to fulfill during the college choice process was greatly limited. The findings of this study also suggest that in many cases, siblings replaced parents as information sources when parents were not able to assist Chicanas with the college application process. These findings raise questions about the college information sources available to Chicanas outside the home, such as schools or community agencies.

Research in Brief
John H. Schuh, associate editor

    Field, Lynda.
    Elliott, Melissa S.
    Korn, Paul R.
  • A Successful Community-Based Intervention for Addressing College Student Depression
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    Subject Headings:
    • College students -- United States -- Psychology.
    • Depression, Mental -- United States.
    • Community psychology.
    Murphy, James G.
    Hoyme, Carmen K.
    Colby, Suzanne M.
    Borsari, Brian.
  • Alcohol Consumption, Alcohol-Related Problems, and Quality of Life Among College Students
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    Subject Headings:
    • College students -- Alcohol use -- United States.
    • Quality of life.

Book Reviews
John H. Schuh, associate editor

    Rhatigan, James J.
  • A History of American Higher Education (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thelin, John R., 1947- History of American higher education.
    • Education, Higher -- United States -- History.
    Eramo, Nicole P.
  • Rethinking Student Affairs Practice (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Love, Patrick. Rethinking student affairs practice.
    • Estanek, Sandra M.
    • Student affairs services -- United States.
    Arminio, Jan L.
  • Institutional Racism in Higher Education (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Law, Ian, ed. Institutional racism in higher education.
    • Phillips, Deborah, 1952 Sept. 27-, ed.
    • Turney, Laura, ed.
    • Discrimination in education -- Great Britain.
    Helfrich, Scott M.
  • College of the Overwhelmed: The Campus Mental Health Crisis and What to Do About It (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kadison, Richard, 1949- College of the overwhelmed: the campus mental health crisis and what to do about it.
    • DiGeronimo, Theresa Foy.
    • College students -- Mental health -- United States.
    McNealy, Tara.
  • The Learning Portfolio: Reflective Practice for Improving Student Learning, and: Portfolio Development and the Assessment of Prior Learning: Perspectives, Models, and Practices (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zubizarreta, John. Learning portfolio: reflective practice for improving student learning.
    • Michelson, Elana, 1949-, ed. Portfolio development and the assessment of prior learning: perspectives, models, and practices.
    • Mandell, Alan, 1950-, ed.
    • Portfolios in education.
    • Portfolios in education -- Case studies.
    Kim, Dongbin, 1967-
    Lee, Jenny J.
  • Refinancing the College Dream: Access, Equal Opportunity, and Justice for Taxpayers (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • St. John, Edward P. Refinancing the college dream: access, equal opportunity, and justice for taxpayers.
    • Asker, Eric H., 1950-
    • Education, Higher -- United States -- Finance.

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