Based on Chickering's model, differences in self-esteem and identity development among first-generation American (FGA) college students and non first-generation American (NFGA) students were examined. FGAs were the first generation born in the U.S. to one or both parents born and raised in another country. All participants responded to the Erwin Identity Scale and the Index of Self-Esteem. Results indicated that FGAs reported significantly higher self-esteem than the NFGAs. This research adds to the body of knowledge concerning multicultural issues of development in college students. Implications for college counselors and other student affairs professionals are addressed.
Women college students -- Vocational guidance -- United States.
Vocational guidance -- United States.
Decision making -- United States.
Current career literature provides little insight into how women interpret career-relevant experiences, advice, or information, particularly when it is contradictory. This paper uses findings from interviews with 40 college women to provide empirical confirmation for the link between self-authorship and career decision making. Findings underscore the role of inter-connectivity in women's decision making, particularly involving parents, and distinguish ways that this can reflect self-authorship. Self-authorship provides the theoretical framework to understand how students respond to career advice and suggests that students may reject career advice when it requires the cognitive complexity to engage diverse viewpoints. Findings endorse educational activities that require students to juggle competing knowledge claims to make complex decisions.
Comparing the experiences of White and Black graduate students illuminate various social adjustment challenges for White graduate students at historically Black colleges or universities (HBCUs) that are distinct from those challenges experienced by Black students on traditionally White campuses (TWIs). Findings in this exploratory and descriptive study indicate that while Black and White students report no stories of direct racism, there are expressions and concerns related to social exclusion, especially among the minority (Whites). Additionally, student expectations about entering a historically Black environment affect their perceptions about social climate.
College students -- United States -- Social conditions.
United States -- Race relations.
Using a campus climate assessment instrument developed by Rankin (1998), we surveyed students (n = 7,347) from 10 campuses to explore whether students from different racial groups experienced their campus climates differently. Students of color experienced harassment at higher rates than Caucasian students, although female White students reported higher incidence of gender harassment. Further, students of color perceived the climate as more racist and less accepting than did White students, even though White students recognized racial harassment at similar rates as students of color. Implications are offered for understanding campus climates, providing appropriate interventions, and overcoming White privilegeand resistance.
College freshmen -- Substance use -- United States.
Parent and teenager -- United States.
Differences between residential and commuter first-year male college students were examined with respect to students' perceptions of the parent-child relationship and its influence on students' use of alcohol and marijuana. Fifty residential and 57 commuter students completed questionnaires to assess their perceptions of parenting and the frequency of their use of alcohol and marijuana. Differences were identified between the two samples of students with respect to perceived parenting and substance use, and the influence of that parenting. Perceived parental monitoring was related to less frequent alcohol and marijuana use among commuter students, but unrelated to use among residential students.
Rockey, Donald L.
Beason, Kim R.
Howington, Eric B.
Rockey, Christine M.
Gilbert, James D.
College students -- United States -- Social life and customs.
Gambling -- United States.
Greek letter societies -- United States.
This investigation compared the prevalence rates of pathological and problem gambling between Greek-affiliated and non-Greek-affiliated college students. The 954 participants volunteered to take the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS; Lesieur & Blume, 1987), which measures gambling disorders. A statistically significant association was found between problem gambling and male Greek-affiliated students.
Research in Brief
Longerbeam, Susan D.
Sedlacek, William E.
Balón, Daniello G.