Journal of College Student Development

Journal of College Student Development
Volume 44, Number 5, September/October 2003


Contents

Articles

    Blimling, Gregory S.
  • Editorial: ACPA and NASPA Consolidation: United We Stand Together ... Divided We Stand Apart
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    Subject Headings:
    • National Association of Student Personnel Administrators (U.S.)
    • American College Personnel Association.
    • Organizational effectiveness.
    Whitt, Elizabeth J.
    Pascarella, Ernest T.
    Nesheim, Becki S. Elkins.
    Marth, Brian P.
    Pierson, Christopher T.
  • Differences Between Women and Men in Objectively Measured Outcomes, and the Factors That Influence Those Outcomes, in the First Three Years of College
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sex differences in education -- United States.
    • Objective tests -- United States.
    • Academic achievement -- United States.
    Abstract:
      We examined the correlation between sex and cognitive outcomes of a national sample of students at four-year institutions. Outcomes data included objective tests and self-reported gains. In the presence of controls for a wide variety of potentially confounding variables, significant differences were found between women and men in outcomes and in factors influencing those outcomes.
    Milem, Jeffrey F.
    Umbach, Paul D.
  • The Influence of Precollege Factors on Students' Predispositions Regarding Diversity Activities in College
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    Subject Headings:
    • Academic achievement -- United States.
    • Multicultural education -- United States.
    • Education, Higher -- Aims and objectives -- United States.
    Abstract:
      This study builds upon earlier research on personality types, educational outcomes of diversity, and school and community desegregation to explore how students' plans for involvement in diversity-related activities in college varied by racial background and personality type and how students' exposure to diversity prior to college affected these plans.
    Inkelas, Karen Kurotsuchi.
  • Caught in the Middle: Understanding Asian Pacific American Perspectives on Affirmative Action Through Blumer's Group Position Theory
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    Subject Headings:
    • Affirmative action programs -- United States.
    • Universities and colleges -- Admission -- Law and legislation -- United States.
    • Asian American college students -- Recruiting.
    Abstract:
      Using a qualitative paradigm, this study examines Asian Pacific American undergraduates' views on affirmative action and their perspectives on U.S. race relations through Herbert Blumer's (1958) theory of group position. Results indicate that Asian Pacific American (APA) students may perceive other minority student applicants as inferior to APA applicants, feel threatened by both majority and minority groups in the college admissions process, and tend to self-marginalize the APA experience in American race relations.
    Schwarze, Nicole J.
    Oliver, J. M.
    Handal, P. J.
  • Binge Eating as Related to Negative Self-Awareness, Depression, and Avoidance Coping in Undergraduates
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    Subject Headings:
    • Compulsive eating -- United States.
    • Depression in women -- United States.
    • Self-perception in women -- United States.
    • Avoidance (Psychology) -- United States.
    • Women college students -- United States -- Psychology.
    Abstract:
      In an investigation of Heatherton and Baumeister's (1991) theory of binge eating, 207 female undergraduate students were grouped as binge eaters (BE) or non-eating-disordered (NED) for analyses. The BE group scored significantly higher than the NED group on avoidance coping and substance use when depression was not controlled; however, after controlling for depression, only substance use remained significant.
    Boatwright, Karyn J.
    Egidio, Rhonda Kaye.
    Kalamazoo College. Women's Leadership Research Team.
  • Psychological Predictors of College Women's Leadership Aspirations
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leadership in women -- United States.
    • Women college students -- United States -- Psychology.
    Abstract:
      In this study we investigated the influence of psychological variables upon female college students' aspirations for leadership positions in their future careers. Data were gathered from 213 undergraduate women (mean age = 19.63) attending a predominantly White, selective liberal arts college in the Midwest.Results demonstrated that connectedness needs, gender role, self-esteem, and fears of negative evaluation accounted for a significant amount of the variance in predicting college women's leadership aspirations. Implications of these findings for improving leadership development initiatives for college women are discussed.
    Meehan, Dawna-Cricket-Martita.
    Negy, Charles.
  • Undergraduate Students' Adaptation to College: Does Being Married Make a Difference?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Married students -- United States.
    • Student adjustment -- United States.
    • Academic achievement -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Increasing numbers of married people matriculate as undergraduate students across the United States; yet few studies have investigated how they fare in their academics and personal relationships as students. In this study, married undergraduate students (n = 79) were compared with single undergraduate students (n = 192) on the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (Baker & Siryk, 1989). The results indicated that married students have moderate difficulties adjusting to the demands of higher education relative to unmarried students. Although social support from families and friends correlated with improved adjustment to college, support from the students' spouses was not associated with improved college adjustment even when the spouse was also a student. Married students reported significantly high levels of marital distress on multiple relationship dimensions. These findings underscore the importance of university counselors being prepared to help couples adapt to these new roles and find constructive ways to manage and decrease stress related to college attendance. Recommendations on how institutions can respond to the unique needs of married undergraduate students are provided.

Research in Brief
John Schuh, Associate Editor

    Sharkin, Bruce S.
    Plageman, Paula M.
    Mangold, Susan L.
  • College Student Response to Peers in Distress: An Exploratory Study
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    Subject Headings:
    • College students -- United States -- Psychology.
    • Distress (Psychology) -- United States.
    • Peer counseling -- United States.

Book Reviews
John Schuh, Associate Editor

    Bullock, Emily E.
    Reardon, Robert C.
  • Academic Disciplines: Holland's Theory and the Study of College Students and Faculty (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smart, John C. Academic disciplines: Holland's theory and the study of college students and faculty.
    • Feldman, Kenneth A., 1937-
    • Ethington, Corinna A., 1944-
    • Education, Higher -- Social aspects.
    Foubert, John.
  • New Faculty: A Practical Guide for Academic Beginners (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lucas, Christopher J. New faculty: a practical guide for academic beginners.
    • Murry, John W.
    • College teachers -- United States.
    Salvador, Susan.
  • Globalizing the Community College: Strategies for Change in the Twenty-First Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Levin, John S. Globalizing the community college: strategies for change in the twenty-first century.
    • Community colleges -- United States.
    Jones, Susan R.
  • Foundations of Student Affairs Practice: How Philosophy, Theory, and Research Strengthen Educational Outcomes (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hamrick, Florence A. (Florence Aileen) Foundations of student affairs practice: how philosophy, theory, and research strengthen educational outcomes.
    • Evans, Nancy J., 1947-
    • Schuh, John H.
    • Student affairs services -- United States.
    Flowers, Lamont A.
  • The Quality and Quantity of Contact: African Americans and Whites on College Campuses (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moore, Robert M., III, ed. Quality and quantity of contact: African Americans and Whites on college campuses.
    • College students -- Social networks -- United States.



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