The Journal of Cold War Studies

Journal of Cold War Studies
Volume 8, Number 2, Spring 2006

CONTENTS

    Gleijeses, Piero.
  • Moscow’s Proxy? Cuba and Africa 1975-1988
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cuba -- Foreign relations -- Angola.
    • Cuba -- Foreign relations -- Ethiopia.
    • Angola -- Foreign relations -- Cuba.
    • Ethiopia -- Foreign relations -- Cuba.
    • Cuba -- Foreign relations -- 1959-1990.
    Abstract:
      Drawing on thousands of pages of documents from the closed Cuban archives, from U.S. archives, and from the former East German archives, as well as published materials, this article explores the role that Cuba played in Africa after its dramatic dispatch of 36,000 soldiers to Angola in late 1975 and the first few months of 1976. The article focuses on the two most important aspects of Cuba's policy in Africa after 1976: its intervention in Ethiopia in 1977-1978 and its continuing presence in Angola, a presence that continued until 1991. The article analyzes Cuba's motivations, the extent to which Fidel Castro's policy was a function of Soviet demands, and the effect of Cuba's policy in Africa on relations with the United States. The concluding section offers an assessment of the costs and benefits of Cuba's policy in Africa.
    Odom, William E.
  • The Cold War Origins of the U.S. Central Command
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    Subject Headings:
    • United States. Central Command.
    • United States -- Military policy.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1977-1981.
    Abstract:
      During the Carter administration the Middle East and Southwest Asia became a third major theater in the Cold War struggle along with Europe and the Far East. Initially, President Jimmy Carter tried to remove this region from the Cold War competition, but the collapse of the shah's regime in Iran prompted Carter to reverse course and to build a "Persian Gulf security framework" that later allowed the United States to deal with three wars and many smaller clashes. The interagency process implementing this dramatic change was rent with clashes of departmental interests. The State Department and the military services resisted the structural changes they would later need to confront not only the Soviet threat but also intraregional conflicts. Moreover, the Reagan administration, after forcing the Joint Chiefs of Staff to make the Central Command formal, actually slowed the process of its growth, leaving it far from ready to embark on the Gulf War in 1990-1991.
    Brands, Hal.
  • Rethinking Nonproliferation: LBJ, the Gilpatric Committee, and U.S. National Security Policy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nuclear nonproliferation -- Government policy -- United States.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1963-1969.
    • Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973.
    Abstract:
      In late 1964, Lyndon Johnson and National Security Adviser McGeorge Bundy convened an ad hoc group of distinguished citizens to consider the problem of nuclear proliferation. The creation of this group, known as the Gilpatric Committee, signaled Johnson's fear that a number of foreign policy issues related to proliferation had reached a crisis point in 1964. It also signaled his dissatisfaction with existing bureaucratic arrangements to resolve these problems. After several weeks of deliberation, the committee gave Johnson a report that advocated a sharp intensification of U.S. nonproliferation policy. The committee challenged key aspects of the administration's foreign policy and urged the president to rethink the nature of the U.S.-Soviet relationship. Although Johnson shied away from implementing some of the committee's more controversial proposals, the administration eventually embraced the basic philosophy of the report. The Gilpatric Report provided a conceptual foundation for important departures in U.S. foreign relations and national security policy from 1965 until the end of Johnson's presidency.

Review Essay

    Drake, Richard, 1942-
  • The Aldo Moro Murder Case in Retrospect
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    Subject Headings:
    • Flamigni, Sergio, 1925- Tela del ragno: il delitto Moro.
    • Giovagnoli, Agostino, 1952- Caso Moro: una tragedia repubblicana.
    • Satta, Vladimiro. Odissea nel caso Moro: viaggio controcorrente attraverso la documentazione della Commissione stragi.
    • Sciascia, Leonardo. Moro affair.
    • Rabinovitch, Sacha, tr.
    • Moro, Aldo, 1916-1978 -- Kidnapping, 1978.
    • Moro, Aldo, 1916-1978 -- Assasination.
    Abstract:
      On 16 March 1978, the Marxist-Leninist Red Brigades kidnapped Aldo Moro, Italy's paramount political figure of the time. The Italian government steadfastly refused to negotiate with the Red Brigades for Moro's life, and on 9 May the terrorists executed him. Conspiracy theories based on the logic of Cold War politics and involving accusations against subversive elements in the Italian government and the secret services of foreign governments, particularly the United States and Israel, quickly surfaced. These theories gained wide currency among the Italian public despite overwhelming evidence that the Red Brigades bore exclusive responsibility for the crime. This article surveys some of the recent literature on what is still an extremely controversial subject in Italy.

Book Reviews

    Knopf, Jeffrey W.
  • Pivotal Deterrence: Third-Party Statecraft and the Pursuit of Peace (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Crawford, Timothy W. Pivotal deterrence: third-party statecraft and the pursuit of peace.
    • Balance of power.
    Glynn, Patrick.
  • Toward Nuclear Abolition: A History of the World Disarmament Movement 1971 to the Present (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wittner, Lawrence S. Toward nuclear abolition: a history of the world nuclear disarmament movement, 1971 to the present.
    • Nuclear disarmament -- History.
    Lowenthal, Mark M.
  • Lost Crusader: The Secret Wars of CIA Director William Colby, and: Cloak and Dollar: The History of American Secret Intelligence (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Prados, John. Lost crusader: the secret wars of CIA director William Colby.
    • Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri. Cloak and dollar: a history of American secret intelligence.
    • Colby, William Egan, 1920-
    • Intelligence service -- United States -- History.
    Siekmeier, James F.
  • Observing our Hermanos de Armas: U.S. Military Attachés in Guatemala, Cuba, and Bolivia, 1950-1964 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kirkland, Robert O., 1966- Observing our hermanos de armas: U.S. military attaches in Guatemala, Cuba, and Bolivia, 1950-1964.
    • Military attachés -- United States.
    Polmar, Norman.
  • Rising Tide: The Untold Story of the Russian Submarines That Fought the Cold War (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Weir, Gary E. Rising tide: the untold story of the Russian submarines that fought the Cold War.
    • Boyne, Walter J., 1929-
    • Soviet Union. Voenno-Morskoi Flot -- Submarine forces -- History.
    Lerner, Mitchell B., 1968-
  • Flash Point North Korea: The Pueblo and EC-121 Crises (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mobley, Richard A., 1952- Flash Point North Korea: the Pueblo and EC-121 crises.
    • Pueblo Incident, 1968.
    Caldwell, Dan.
  • The Flawed Architect: Henry Kissinger and American Foreign Policy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hanhimaki, Jussi M., 1965- Flawed architect: Henry Kissinger and American foreign policy.
    • Kissinger, Henry, 1923-
    Bockman, Johanna.
  • Mandarins of the Future: Modernization Theory in Cold War America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gilman, Nils, 1971- Mandarins of the future: modernization theory in Cold War America.
    • United States -- Intellectual life -- 20th century.
    Gilman, Nils, 1971-
  • From Warfare to Welfare: Defense Intellectuals and Urban Problems in Cold War America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Light, Jennifer S., 1971- From warfare to welfare: defense intellectuals and urban problems in Cold War America.
    • Urban policy -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Peng, Tao.
  • Economic Cold War: America's Embargo against China and the Sino-Soviet Alliance, 1949-1963 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zhang, Shu Guang, 1956 Oct. 31- Economic Cold War: America's embargo against China and the Sino-Soviet alliance, 1949-1963.
    • Economic sanctions, American -- China.
    Bearden, Milt.
  • A Bitter Harvest: U.S. Foreign Policy and Afghanistan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lansford, Tom. Bitter harvest: US foreign policy and Afghanistan.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Afghanistan.
    Haynes, John Earl.
  • Red Spy Queen: A Biography of Elizabeth Bentley, and: Clever Girl: Elizabeth Bentley’s Life in and Out of Espionage (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Olmsted, Kathryn S. Red spy queen: a biography of Elizabeth Bentley.
    • Kessler, Lauren. Clever girl: Elizabeth Bentley's life in and out of espionage.
    • Bentley, Elizabeth.
    Storm, Carl.
  • Artists on the Left: American Artists and the Communist Movement 1926-1956 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hemingway, Andrew. Artists on the left: American artists and the Communist movement, 1926-1956.
    • Art -- Political aspects -- United States.
    Aronson, Arnold.
  • American Theatre in the Culture of the Cold War: Producing and Contesting Containment, 1947-1962 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McConachie, Bruce A. American theater in the culture of the Cold War: producing and contesting containment, 1947-1962.
    • Theater -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Kisatsky, Deborah.
  • Partners at the Creation: The Men behind Postwar Germany's Defense and Intelligence Establishments (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Critchfield, James H., b. 1917. Partners at the creation: the men behind postwar Germany's defense and intelligence establishments.
    • Germany. Bundesnachrichtendienst -- History.
    Clodfelter, Mark.
  • To Destroy a City: Strategic Bombing and Its Human Consequences in World War II (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Knell, Hermann. To destroy a city: strategic bombing and its human consequences in World War II.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Germany -- Würzburg.
    Nuenlist, Christian.
  • Kennedy, die Berliner Mauer und die Kubakrise: Die westliche Allianz in der Zerreissprobe, 1961-63 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Muenger, Christof. Kennedy, die Berliner Mauer und die Kubakrise: die westliche Allianz in der Zerreissprobe 1961-63.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1961-1963.
    Bange, Oliver.
  • Kennedy, Macmillan and the Cold War: The Irony of Interdependence (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ashton, Nigel John. Kennedy, Macmillan, and the Cold War: the irony of interdependence.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain.
    Ceadel, Martin.
  • The British Political Elite and the Soviet Union 1937-1939 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shaw, Louise Grace, 1976- British political elite and the Soviet Union, 1937-1939.
    • Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union.
    Jonas, Manfred.
  • Vom Zusammenwachsen des Bündnisses: Die Funktionsweise der NATO in ausgewählten Krisenfällen 1951-1956 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Heinemann, Winfried. Vom Zusammenwachsen des Bündnisses: die Funktionsweise der NATO in ausgewählten Krisenfällen 1951-1956.
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- History.
    Salmon, Patrick, 1952-
  • Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945-54: Understanding Neutrality (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aunesluoma, Juhana. Britain, Sweden, and the cold war, 1945-54: understanding neutrality.
    • Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Sweden.
    Ross, George, 1940-
  • The Uniting of Europe: From Consolidation to Enlargement (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Henig, Stanley. Uniting of Europe: from consolidation to enlargement.
    • European Union -- History.
    Milward, Alan S.
  • The American Century in Europe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moore, R. Laurence (Robert Laurence), 1940-, ed. American century in Europe.
    • Vaudagna, Maurizio, ed.
    • United States -- Relations -- Europe.
    Moran, Daniel.
  • The Battle of the Casbah: Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Algeria, 1955-1957 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aussaresses, Paul. Battle of the Casbah: terrorism and counter-terrorism in Algeria, 1955-1957.
    • Miller, Robert L. (Robert Lawrence), 1945-, tr.
    • Aussaresses, Paul.
    Holub, Renate, 1946-
  • Apostles and Agitators: Italy's Marxist Revolutionary Tradition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Drake, Richard, 1942- Apostles and agitators: Italy's Marxist revolutionary tradition.
    • Socialism -- Italy -- History.
    Dennis, Peter, 1945-
  • No Gun Ri: A Military History of the Korean War Incident (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bateman, Robert L. No Gun Ri: a military history of the Korean War incident.
    • Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Atrocities.
    Thayer, Carlyle A.
  • A World Transformed: The Politics of Culture in Revolutionary Vietnam, 1945-1965 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ninh, Kim Ngoc Bao. World transformed: the politics of culture in revolutionary Vietnam, 1945-1965.
    • Vietnam -- Politics and government -- 1945-1975.

Contributors




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