The Journal of Cold War Studies

Journal of Cold War Studies
Volume 7, Number 3, Summer 2005

CONTENTS

    Iatrides, John O.
  • Revolution or Self-Defense? Communist Goals, Strategy, and Tactics in the Greek Civil War
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Greece -- History -- Civil War, 1944-1949.
    • Kommounistikon Komma tes Hellados.
    • Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- Greece.
    • Greece -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union.
    Abstract:
      At the end of World War II the Greek Communist party (KKE) claimed that it would seek an accommodation with its domestic opponents, but the party soon launched a full-scale insurrection on its own initiative in the expectation of receiving decisive support from the Soviet Union. With civil war under way, the head of the KKE, Nikos Zahariadis, repeatedly told Soviet officials that victory was certain if the Greek Communists could obtain funding, weapons, and other equipment from the USSR and its allies. Although Soviet leaders were concerned that the KKE's aggressiveness would provoke a U.S. reaction, they permitted the clandestine shipment of large quantities of supplies that delayed but could not avert the insurgents' defeat. U.S. officials at the time largely misperceived the causes of the insurrection, but they correctly sensed that the KKE's dependence on Soviet-bloc assistance would ensure that a Communist victory would bring Greece into Moscow's orbit.
    Burr, William.
  • The Nixon Administration, the "Horror Strategy," and the Search for Limited Nuclear Options, 1969-1972: Prelude to the Schlesinger Doctrine
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Nuclear weapons -- Government policy -- United States.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union.
    • Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- United States.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1969-1974.
    Abstract:
      In early 1969 President Richard Nixon and his national security adviser, Henry Kissinger, received a briefing on the U.S. nuclear war plan, the Single Integrated Operational Plan (SIOP). Appalled by the catastrophic scale of the SIOP, Nixon and Kissinger sought military options that were more credible than massive nuclear strikes. Participants in the Air Force Nuclear Options project also supported more flexible nuclear war plans. Although Kissinger repeatedly asked Defense Department officials to construct limited options, they were skeptical that it would be possible to control nuclear escalation or to introduce greater flexibility without weakening the SIOP. Interagency studies presented a mixed verdict about the desirability of limited options; nevertheless, continued White House pressure encouraged Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird to sponsor a major review of nuclear targeting. In 1972 the Foster panel developed concepts of limited, selective, and regional nuclear options that were responsive to Kissinger's interest in credible nuclear threats. The Foster panel's report led to the controversial "Schlesinger Doctrine" and further efforts to revise the SIOP, but serious questions endured about the whole concept of controlled nuclear warfare.
    Marsh, Steve, 1967-
  • Continuity and Change: Reinterpreting the Policies of the Truman and Eisenhower Administrations toward Iran, 1950-1954
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1953.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1953-1961.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Iran.
    • Iran -- Foreign relations -- United States.
    Abstract:
      It has long been argued that the Eisenhower administration pursued a more assertive policy toward Iran than the Truman administration did. This interpretative consensus, though, has recently come under challenge. In the Journal of Cold War Studies in 1999, Francis Gavin argued that U.S. policy toward Iran in 1950-1953 became progressively more assertive in response to a gradual shift in the global U.S.-USSR balance of power. This article shares, and develops further, Gavin's revisionist theme of policy continuity, but it explains the continuity by showing that Truman and Eisenhower had the same principal objectives and made the same basic assumptions when devising policy. The more assertive policy was primarily the result of the failure of U.S. policy by early 1952. The Truman administration subsequently adopted a more forceful policy, which Eisenhower simply continued until all perceived options for saving Iran from Communism were foreclosed other than that of instigating a coup to bring about a more pliable government.
    Goodman, Michael S.
  • Who Is Trying to Keep What Secret from Whom and Why? MI5-FBI Relations and the Klaus Fuchs Case
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Fuchs, Klaus Emil Julius, 1911-
    • Espionage, Soviet -- History.
    • Great Britain. MI5.
    • United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
    Abstract:
      Klaus Fuchs was one of the most infamous spies of the Cold War, whose espionage feats altered the nature of the early postwar period. Drawing on newly released archival documents and witness testimony, this article considers the events surrounding his arrest and conviction. These sources reveal that even before Fuchs was arrested, he was used as a pawn. Because of his supreme importance to the British nuclear weapons program, some British officials initially believed that he should remain in his position, despite his admission of guilt. Until the matter was resolved, Fuchs was used unwittingly as a wedge between the British and U.S. intelligence services. Moreover, when the United States criticized British security standards, the Fuchs case was used by MI5 to cajole and mislead Parliament and the public.

Book Reviews

    Alker, Hayward R.
  • Progress in International Relations Theory: Appraising the Field (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Elman, Colin, ed. Progress in international relations theory: appraising the field.
    • Elman, Miriam Fendius, ed.
    • International relations -- Methodology.
    Kagan, Donald.
  • The Dawn of Universal History: Selected Essays from a Witness to the Twentieth Century (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Aron, Raymond, 1905- Dawn of universal history: selected essays from a witness to the twentieth century.
    • Reiner, Yair, ed.
    • Bray, Barbara, tr.
    • History, Modern -- 20th century.
    Widmaier, Wesley W.
  • Gold, Dollars, and Power: The Politics of International Monetary Relations 1958-1971 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Gavin, Francis J. Gold, dollars, and power: the politics of international monetary relations 1958-1971.
    • International finance -- History.
    Fink, Carole, 1940-
  • Power and Protest: Global Revolution and the Rise of Détente (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Suri, Jeremi. Power and protest: global revolution and the rise of détente.
    • Detente.
    Sbardellati, John.
  • Power to Destroy: The Political Uses of the IRS from Kennedy to Nixon (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Andrew, John A. Power to destroy: the political uses of the IRS from Kennedy to Nixon.
    • United States. Internal Revenue Service -- History.
    Toft, Monica Duffy, 1965-
  • War and Reconciliation: Reason and Emotion in Conflict Resolution (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Long, William J., 1956- War and reconciliation: reason and emotion in conflict resolution.
    • Brecke, Peter.
    • Reconciliation.
    Johnson, Robert David, 1967-
  • Foreign Policy and Congress: An International Relations Perspective (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Henehan, Marie T. Foreign policy and Congress: an international relations perspective.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 20th century.
    Norris, Robert S. (Robert Stan)
  • Hanford Site Historic District: History of the Plutonium Production Facilities, 1943-1990, and: Hanford: A Conversation about Nuclear Waste and Cleanup (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hanford Cultural and Historic Resources Program. Hanford Site historic district: history of the plutonium production facilities, 1943-1990.
    • Gephart, R. E. Hanford: a conversation about nuclear waste and cleanup.
    • Nuclear facilities -- Washington (State) -- Richland -- History.
    • Hanford Site (Wash.)
    Alonso, Harriet Hyman.
  • Cold War Women: The International Activities of American Women's Organizations (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Laville, Helen. Cold War women: the international activities of American women's organizations.
    • Women -- United States -- Societies and clubs -- History -- 20th century.
    Gavin, Francis J.
  • Architects of Globalism: Building a New World Order during World War II (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hearden, Patrick J., 1942- Architects of globalism: building a new world order during World War II.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1953.
    Greenstein, Fred I.
  • An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Dallek, Robert. Unfinished life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963.
    • Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963.
    Schwartz, Thomas Alan, 1954-
  • The Ambivalent Alliance: Konrad Adenauer, The CDU/CSU and the West, 1949-1966 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Granieri, Ronald J. Ambivalent alliance: Konrad Adenauer, the CDU/CSU and the West, 1949-1966.
    • Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967.
    Lawrence, Mark Atwood.
  • A Bitter Peace: Washington, Hanoi, and the Making of the Paris Agreement, and: A Companion to the Vietnam War (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Asselin, Pierre. Bitter Peace: Washington, Hanoi, and the making of the Paris agreement.
    • Young, Marilyn Blatt, ed. Companion to the Vietnam War.
    • Buzzanco, Robert, ed.
    • Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- Peace.
    • Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- United States.
    Polonsky, Antony.
  • Contested Memories: Poles and Jews during the Holocaust and Its Aftermath (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Zimmerman, Joshua D., ed. Contested memories: Poles and Jews during the Holocaust and its aftermath.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Poland.
    Balogh, Anna.
  • Carrying a Secret in My Heart: Children of the Victims of the Reprisals after the Hungarian Revolution in 1956--An Oral History (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Korösi, Zsuzsanna. Carrying a secret in my heart: children of the victims of the reprisals after the Hungarian Revolution in 1956--an oral history.
    • Molnár, Adrienne.
    • Hungary -- History -- Revolution, 1956 -- Personal narratives.
    Dijk, Ruud van.
  • Die Stalin-Note vom 10. März 1952: Neue Quellen und Analysen (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Zarusky, Jürgen, ed. Stalin-Note vom 10. März 1952: neue Quellen und Analysen.
    • German reunification question (1949-1990)
    Gorenburg, Dmitry P., 1970-
  • Resistance and Rebellion: Lessons of Eastern Europe, and: Understanding Ethnic Violence: Fear, Hatred, and Resentment in Twentieth-Century Eastern Europe (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Petersen, Roger Dale, 1959- Resistance and rebellion: lessons of Eastern Europe.
    • Petersen, Roger Dale, 1959- Understanding ethnic violence: fear, hatred, and resentment in twentieth-century Eastern Europe.
    • Lithuania -- History -- Autonomy and independence movements.
    • Ethnic conflict -- Europe, Eastern -- History -- 20th century.
    Domber, Gregory F.
  • The Rise and Fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet Foreign Policy (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Ouimet, Matthew J. Rise and fall of the Brezhnev Doctrine in Soviet foreign policy.
    • Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- Europe, Eastern.
    Vaillant, Janet G.
  • The Teachers of Stalinism: Policy, Practice and Power in Soviet Schools of the 1930s (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Ewing, E. Thomas, 1965- Teachers of Stalinism: policy, practice and power in Soviet schools of the 1930s.
    • Education -- Soviet Union.
    Krikorian, Robert O.
  • Russia's Carnival: The Smells, Sights, and Sounds of Transition (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Neidhart, Christoph, 1954- Russia's carnival: the smells, sights, and sounds of transition.
    • Russia (Federation) -- Social conditions -- 1991-
    Kurilla, I. I. (Ivan Ivanovich)
  • The First Cold War: The Legacy of Woodrow Wilson in U.S.-Soviet Relations (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Davis, Donald E. First Cold War: the legacy of Woodrow Wilson in U.S.-Soviet relations.
    • Trani, Eugene P.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union.
    Brandenberger, David.
  • Stalin's Holy War: Religion, Nationalism, and Alliance Politics, 1941-1945 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Miner, Steven Merritt, 1956- Stalin's holy war: religion, nationalism, and alliance politics, 1941-1945.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Religious aspects.
    Gill, Graeme J.
  • Subverting the System: Gorbachev's Reform of the Party's Apparat, 1986-1991 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Harris, Jonathan, 1935- Subverting the system: Gorbachev's reform of the party's apparat, 1986-1991.
    • Kommunisticheskaia partiia Sovetskogo Soiuza -- Reorganization.

Contributors




[Project MUSE] [Search Page] [Journals] [Journal Directory] [Top]