The Journal of Cold War Studies

Journal of Cold War Studies 3.1, Winter 2001

Contents

Article

    Evangelista, Matthew, 1958-
  • Norms, Heresthetics, and the End of the Cold War
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cold War.
    • Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931-
    • Soviet Union -- Politics and government -- 1985-1991.
    Abstract:
      The academic debate about the end of the Cold War has reached an impasse. Realists draw on evidence of economic decline and external pressure to explain the Soviet Union's retrenchment. Constructivists emphasize ideational change and Mikhail Gorbachev's "new thinking" as the source of accommodation. Neither approach sufficiently accounts for the fact that many powerful Soviet institutions did not support Gorbachev's approach from early on, well before his decisions contributed to the disintegration of the country. Even so, Gorbachev persuaded influential people who disagreed with him to accept his policy proposals. William Riker's concept of heresthetics--the use of language to manipulate the political agenda--goes a long way toward explaining Gorbachev's success. Heresthetics could be a way to bridge the gap between realist and constructivist approaches to international relations.
    Jervis, Robert, 1940-
  • Was the Cold War a Security Dilemma?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cold War.
    • Security, International.
    • International relations.
    Abstract:
      Under the security dilemma, tensions and conflicts can arise between states even when they do not intend them. Some analysts have argued that the Cold War was a classic example of a security dilemma. This article disputes that notion. Although the Cold War contained elements of a deep security dilemma, it was not purely a case in which tensions and arms increased as each side defensively reacted to the other. The root of the conflict was a clash of social systems and of ideological preferences for ordering the world. Mutual security in those circumstances was largely unachievable. A true end to the Cold War was impossible until fundamental changes occurred in Soviet foreign policy.
    Lukes, Igor.
  • Changing Patterns of Power in Cold War Politics: The Mysterious Case of Vladimír Komárek
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    Subject Headings:
    • Komárek, Vladimír, 1924-1972.
    • Espionage -- Czechoslovakia.
    • Espionage, American -- Czechoslovakia.
    Abstract:
      The story of the arrest and imprisonment of Vladimír Komárek sheds valuable light on relations between Czechoslovakia and the United States in the 1950s and 1960s. Komárek, who had worked as an intelligence officer against the Czechoslovak Communist regime in the 1950s, was a U.S. citizen traveling to the Soviet Union on business when he was dramatically captured by the Czechoslovak authorities. Pressure from the U.S. government and private individuals, as well as conflicts between the Czechoslovak secret service and other, more liberal, elements in the Czechoslovak government, ultimately led to Komárek's release. Czechoslovakia's eventual willingness to cooperate in the Komárek case signaled a new approach to relations with the West, an approach that would have signiªcant consequences during the Prague Spring of 1968.
    Lankov, A. N. (Andrei Nikolaevich)
  • The Demise of Non-Communist Parties in North Korea (1945-1960)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Political parties -- Korea (North) -- History.
    • Korea (North) -- Politics and government.
    Abstract:
      This article, based on newly declassified material from the Russian archives, deals with the fate of non-Communist parties in North Korea in the 1950s. Like the "people's democracies" in Eastern Europe, North Korea had (and still technically has) a few non-Communist parties. The ruling Communist party included these parties within the framework of a "united front," designed to project the façade of a multiparty state, to control domestic dissent, and to establish links with parties in South Korea. The article traces the history of these parties under Soviet and local Communist control from the mid-1940s to their gradual evisceration in the 1950s.

Book Reviews

    Baylis, John, 1946-
  • Kennedy, Macmillan and Nuclear Weapons (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Murray, Donette, 1973- Kennedy, Macmillan and nuclear weapons.
    • United States -- Military relations -- Great Britain.
    Panofsky, Wolfgang Kurt Hermann, 1919-
  • Atomic Spaces: Living on the Manhattan Project (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hales, Peter B. (Peter Bacon) Atomic spaces: living on the Manhattan Project.
    • Atomic bomb -- United States -- History.
    Elman, Colin.
  • In the Shadow of Power: States and Strategies in International Politics (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Powell, Robert, 1956- In the shadow of power: states and strategies in international politics.
    • International relations.
    Sergi, Bruno S.
  • German Unification and the Union of Europe: The Domestic Politics of Integration Policy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Anderson, Jeffrey J. German unification and the union of Europe: the domestic politics of integration policy.
    • Germany -- History -- Unification, 1990.
    Bruce, Gary.
  • The East German Leadership, 1946-73: Conflict and Crisis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grieder, Peter, 1968- East German leadership, 1946-73: conflict and crisis.
    • Political leadership -- Germany (East)
    Ramet, Sabrina P., 1949-
  • Jazz, Rock, and Rebels: Cold War Politics and American Culture in a Divided Germany (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Poiger, Uta G., 1965- Jazz, rock, and rebels: cold war politics and American culture in a divided Germany.
    • Germany -- Civilization -- American influence.
    Gorenburg, Dmitry P.
  • Massovye Besporiadki v SSSR pri Khrushcheve i Brezhneve (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kozlov, V. A. (Vladimir Aleksandrovich) Massovye besporiadki v SSSR pri Khrushcheve i Brezhneve.
    • Government, Resistance to -- Soviet Union.
    Sepp, Kalev.
  • The U.S. Naval Mission to Haiti, 1959-1963 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Williamson, Charles T., 1927- U.S. Naval mission to Haiti, 1959-1963.
    • United States -- Relations -- Haiti.
    Leary, William M. (William Matthew), 1934-
  • Raiders of the China Coast: CIA Covert Operations During the Korean War (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Holober, Frank, 1924- Raiders of the China coast: CIA covert operations during the Korean War.
    • Korean War,1950-1953 -- Secret service -- United States.
    Gardner, Paul F., 1930-
  • Feet to the Fire: CIA Covert Operations in Indonesia, 1957-1958 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Conboy, Kenneth J. Feet to the fire: CIA covert operations in Indonesia, 1957-1958.
    • Morrison, James.
    • Indonesia -- Politics and government -- 1950-1966.
    Clymer, Kenton J.
  • United States Foreign Policy Towards Cambodia, 1977-92: A Question of Realities (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brady, Christopher, 1947- United States foreign policy towards Cambodia, 1977-92: a question of realities.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Cambodia.



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