The Journal of Cold War Studies

Journal of Cold War Studies 2.3, Fall 2000

Contents

Article

    Moravcsik, Andrew.
  • De Gaulle Between Grain and Grandeur: The Political Economy of French EC Policy, 1958-1970 (Part 2)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    • France -- Economic policy -- 1945-
    • France -- Foreign relations -- 1958-1969.
    • European Economic Community.
    Abstract:
      The concluding segment of this two-part article explores two key episodes in French foreign policy under President Charles de Gaulle: (1) France's veto of British membership in the European Economic Community (EEC), and (2) de Gaulle's decisions to provoke and then resolve the "empty chair" crisis of 1965­1966. These two cases, like the two examined in Part 1 of this article, demonstrate the fundamental importance of economic considerations in de Gaulle's policy toward the EEC. De Gaulle was a democratic politician first and a geopolitical visionary second. His experience tells us a great deal about the limits imposed by modern democratic politics on any leader who might hope to make statecraft serve an idiosyncratic political vision. The article concludes with an analysis of possible counterarguments and a discussion of the proper use of historical evidence.

Responses

    The responses to Andrew Moravcsik's article discuss the main substantive and methodological points raised in it. Although most of the respondents agree that Moravcsik has properly highlighted the importance of commercial concerns for de Gaulle's policy on European integration, they question the validity of his sharp separation between de Gaulle's political and economic goals for France. Several commentators argue that political and commercial concerns (including agricultural concerns) were closely intertwined in de Gaulle's vision of French grandeur. John Keeler brings up another crucial question: Was French agriculture really an obstacle to France's position in Europe? He argues that de Gaulle successfully supported and modernized French agriculture because he was convinced that this would contribute to France's geopolitical position in Europe and the Western world. In two longer commentaries, Jeffrey Vanke and Marc Trachtenberg raise questions about Moravcsik's methodology and use of sources. Both agree that Moravcsik draws on an impressive array of available materials concerning de Gaulle. But they both wonder whether a definitive account of de Gaulle's policies can be written when the documentary record is still incomplete, a point raised by the other commentators as well. Moreover, both Vanke and Trachtenberg point out that, in using the available material, Moravcsik sometimes omits crucial evidence that contradicts his thesis. Vanke brings up the question of determinism in Moravcsik's view of the influence of commercial interests on de Gaulle's policies, and Trachtenberg concludes with reflections on the nature and limits of historical understanding.
    Hoffmann, Stanley.
  • Comment on Moravcsik
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moravcsik, Andrew. De Gaulle between grain and grandeur: the political economy of French EC policy, 1958-1970.
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    • France -- Economic policy -- 1945-
    Keeler, John T. S.
  • A Response to Andrew Moravcsik
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moravcsik, Andrew. De Gaulle between grain and grandeur: the political economy of French EC policy, 1958-1970.
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    • Agriculture and state -- France -- History -- 1958-
    Milward, Alan S.
  • A Comment on the Article by Andrew Moravcsik
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moravcsik, Andrew. De Gaulle between grain and grandeur: the political economy of French EC policy, 1958-1970.
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    • France -- Foreign relations -- 1958-1969.
    Gillingham, John, 1943-
  • A Test Case of Moravcsik's "Liberal Intergovernmentalist" Approach to European Integration
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moravcsik, Andrew. De Gaulle between grain and grandeur: the political economy of French EC policy, 1958-1970.
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    • France -- Foreign relations -- 1958-1969.
    Vanke, Jeffrey.
  • Reconstructing De Gaulle
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moravcsik, Andrew. De Gaulle between grain and grandeur: the political economy of French EC policy, 1958-1970.
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    • France -- Economic policy -- 1945-
    • France -- Foreign relations -- 1958-1969.
    Trachtenberg, Marc, 1946-
  • De Gaulle, Moravcsik, and Europe
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moravcsik, Andrew. De Gaulle between grain and grandeur: the political economy of French EC policy, 1958-1970.
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    • France -- Foreign relations -- 1958-1969.

Rejoinder

    Moravcsik, Andrew.
  • Beyond Grain and Grandeur: An Answer to Critics and an Agenda for Future Research
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hoffmann, Stanley. Comment on Moravcsik.
    • Keeler, John T. S. Response to Andrew Moravcsik.
    • Milward, Alan S. Comment on the article by Andrew Moravcsik.
    • Gillingham, John, 1943- Test case of Moravcsik's "liberal intergovernmentalist" approach to European integration.
    • Vanke, Jeffrey. Reconstructing De Gaulle.
    • Trachtenberg, Marc, 1946- De Gaulle, Moravcsik, and Europe.
    • Gaulle, Charles de, 1890-1970.
    Abstract:
      Moravcsik's reply to the six commentaries deals with sources omitted from the original article, the use of evidence in his analysis of the Fouchet Plan and the "empty chair" crisis, and broader critiques of (and proposed alternatives to) the commercial interpretation of French policy on European integration during the presidency of Charles de Gaulle. Moravcsik concedes some of the points raised by the critics and offers a more qualified and nuanced restatement of his argument, but he sticks to his basic contention that "commercial interests were a dominant and sufficient motivation for French policy in Europe."

Book Reviews

    Schoenfeld, Gabriel.
  • The Road to Terror: Stalin and the Self-Destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932-1939 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Getty, J. Arch (John Arch), 1950- Road to terror: Stalin and the self-destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932-1939.
    • Naumov, Oleg V.
    • Political purges -- Soviet Union -- History -- Sources.
    Husain, Aiyaz.
  • Cold War in the High Himalayas: The USA, China, and South Asia in the 1950s (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ali, S. Mahmud, 1952- Cold war in the high Himalayas: the USA, China, and South Asia in the 1950s.
    • Himalaya Mountains Region -- Politics and government.
    Stafford, David.
  • Britain's Secret Propaganda War (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lashmar, Paul. Britain's secret propaganda war.
    • Oliver, James, 1970-
    • Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- 1945-



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