United States -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union.
Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- United States.
United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1989.
Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1991.
The fragile détente that dawned after the Cuban missile crisis of October 1962 was a necessary but not sufficient condition to ensure the conclusion of the Limited Test Ban Treaty eight months later. Nikita Khrushchev's political weakness after his Cuban fiasco was the main obstacle. New evidence from the Soviet side shows that by April 1963—three months before John F. Kennedy's conciliatory speech at American University that is usually regarded as the turning point—the Soviet leader became committed to the treaty in principle. Discord within the Communist world inhibited him from pursuing it actively until efforts to mend the rift with China collapsed, underscoring the value of a successful agreement with the West. Once the treaty was signed, however, the two sides failed to build on their common accomplishment and got bogged down by political issues that divided them. The opportunity for a deeper détente and a comprehensive test ban were lost.
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Evacuation of civilians -- China.
Emergency management -- China -- History -- 20th century.
National security -- China -- History -- 20th century.
This article traces the origins, development, and demise of the Third-Line Defense project in the People's Republic of China (PRC) from 1964 to 1966. Responding to the U.S. escalation of the Vietnam War, Chinese leaders decided to transfer strategic military and civilian assets from the vulnerable coastal and border provinces to the country's interior. Following the dispatch of U.S. Marines to Vietnam in March 1965, the PRC proceeded with the construction of provincial Third-Line Defense projects. In the end, the Third-Line Defense project fell victim to Mao Zedong's ideological radicalization in the lead-up to the Cultural Revolution. The article uses documentary evidence from Chinese provincial archives as well as published collections of Chinese documents.
On 27 January 1964, France and the People's Republic of China (PRC) officially established diplomatic relations. This was the first time since 1950 that a major power had recognized the PRC. The French initiative caused an international uproar and generated extensive debate about the motivations of French President General Charles de Gaulle. This article uses new archival materials to look closely at de Gaulle's decision and to show how the new links with Communist China fit into France's larger strategy in the Cold War. Although domestic political considerations helped to spur de Gaulle's action, the new documentary evidence makes clear that de Gaulle also was determined to establish France as a major actor on the world scene that could forge a middle path between the United States and the Soviet Union.
The study of Cold War international history in China has made major strides in the past two decades. By using newly available Chinese sources, augmented by sources from American, British, Russian, and East European archives, Chinese scholars have produced important works on Cold War history. As the latest publications in China show, Chinese scholars have been gradually adopting a more evenhanded approach in their writings about the Cold War. They have also expanded international cooperation by conducting joint research projects and engaging in meaningful academic dialogues with foreign scholars. This article offers a review of the field, including a survey of new Chinese sources, the leading Chinese scholars, and their main research interests and contributions. The article also points out the challenges, obstacles, and opportunities of the field in China.
Krenn, Michael L., 1957- Fall-out shelters for the human spirit: American art and the Cold War.
Art and state -- United States.
Shaw, Tony, 1965-
Britain, America and Anti-Communist Propaganda 1945–53: The Information Research Department, and: The Failure of American and British Propaganda in the Middle East, 1945–1957: Unconquerable Minds (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Defty, Andrew, 1970- Britain, America, and anti-communist propaganda, 1945-53: the Information Research Department.
Vaughan, James R. Failure of American and British propaganda in the Arab Middle East, 1945-57: unconquerable minds.
Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1964.
Middle East -- Foreign relations -- United States.