Journal of American Folklore

Journal of American Folklore
Volume 118, Number 470, Fall 2005

This issue of the Journal of American Folklore is dedicated to the mermory of Alan Dundes (1934-2005)

CONTENTS

    Bronner, Simon J.
  • Contesting Tradition: The Deep Play and Protest of Pigeon Shoots
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Animal rights -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States.
    • Hunting -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States.
    Abstract:
      Pigeon shoots are examples of "contested traditions" that invite comparison with other controversial spectacles of killing animals, such as cockfights and dogfights. In the United States during the late twentieth century, mass protests of America's largest public pigeon shoot occurred in Hegins, Pennsylvania. This article offers a folkloristic perspective on the contested tradition by analyzing how the protest rhetorically served to present tradition as a "problem" in the ethical modernization of society. The clash between animal rights protestors and supporters of the shoot became a moral drama based on a clash of rural and cosmopolitan values in modern America that derives from fundamentally different views of human dominion over the land and its creatures. The interpretation of the event hinges on a semiotic layering that takes into ethnographic consideration the different meanings of symbols for various participants in the event. Compromise became impossible in controversies over pigeon shoots because the sides perceived symbols so differently. For protestors, the shooters represented predatory, phallocentric rapists who promoted violence for its own sake, whereas, for supporters, they symbolized a pioneer and biblical heritage based on human dominion over the bountiful land. For protestors, the process of the ritualized shoot perpetuated cycles of abuse and patriarchy; for protestors, it acted to regenerate the land, confirming the wholesomeness of agrarianism. The pigeons could be symbolized as profane, dirty pests or sacred doves of peace. The widely publicized controversy implied larger questions, and fundamental conflicts in America, about the role of tradition in modernity.
    Wickwire, Wendy C.
  • Stories from the Margins: Toward a More Inclusive British Columbia Historiography
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Robinson, Harry, 1900-
    • Coyote -- Folklore.
    • Indians of North America -- British Columbia -- Folklore.
    • Oral history -- British Columbia.
    • Indians of North America -- British Columbia -- Historiography.
    Abstract:
      Drawing on the oral narratives of Okanagan storyteller Harry Robinson (1900–1990), this article challenges historians, folklorists, and others to consider how the early Boasian ethnographic archive has shaped our understanding of Aboriginal historical consciousness. At every turn, Robinson challenges the archive's fixation on a static Golden Age Past. Robinson's Coyote, for example, is important not for what he represents in the deep past, but for his fluid relationships with non-Aboriginal peoples from the beginning of time to the present. Taking its lead from scholars such as Charles Briggs and Richard Bauman, the article argues for the need to refocus attention on Aboriginal interpretations of the recent past, paying close attention to what ethnographic discourse has excluded and why. It concludes that what we have inherited from the Boasian archive may reveal more about dominant discourses of imperial accommodation and material power than about the living Aboriginal discourses of its times.

Notes

    Valentine, Eugene.
    Valentine, K. B.
  • Healing at the Coast of Death in Spanish Galicia: The Romería to Our Lady's Boat
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint -- Apparitions and miracles -- Spain -- Galicia (Region)
    • Christian pilgrims and pilgrimages -- Spain -- Galicia (Region)
    • Galicia (Spain : Region) -- Religious life and customs.
    • Folklore -- Spain -- Galicia (Region)
    Abstract:
      This note explores a romeria (a pilgrimage to a local site) on the Costa da Morte (the Coast of Death) at Muxía, a small village in the autonomous region of Galicia, in Spain, where thousands of faithful romeros gather every September. As Roman Catholics, many are there simply to enjoy a socioreligious outing on the wind-swept rocky promontory that tips into the Atlantic Ocean, but most are there to participate in activities they believe will heal their bodies and souls—activities that involve their contacting a sacred image of the Virgin, leaving votive offerings in the form of wax simulacra (ex-votos) at the sanctuary church, attending an outdoor Mass, or climbing around and under several huge stones that lie between the sea and a nearby sanctuary dedicated to the Virgin. Oral tradition considers these stones to be the sail, tiller, and overturned hull of the boat Mary used when she sailed to Spain to console the Apostle James, who had become discouraged in his missionary activities. Muxía is one of Galicia's most popular pilgrimage sites, venerated especially by sailors and those suffering from renal illnesses or in general need of succor from the shrine's holy protector.

Obituaries

Book Reviews

    Porter, Gerald, 1946-
  • "I Have a Yong Suster": Popular Song and the Middle English Lyric (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Boklund-Lagopoulou, Karin. "I have a yong suster": popular song and the Middle English lyric.
    • English poetry -- Middle English, 1100-1500 -- History and criticism.
    Eyster, Kevin.
  • Langston Hughes and the Blues (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Tracy, Steven C. (Steven Carl), 1954- Langston Hughes and the blues.
    • Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967 -- Knowledge -- Music.
    Morgan, Winifred, 1938-
  • "The Coon in the Box": A Global Folktale in African-American Tradition (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Minton, John, Ph. D. "Coon in the box": a global folktale in African-American tradition.
    • Evans, David, 1944-
    • African Americans -- Folklore.
    Irwin, Bonnie D.
  • The Places Where Men Pray Together: Cities in Islamic Lands, Seventh through the Tenth Centuries (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Wheatley, Paul. Places where men pray together: cities in Islamic lands, seventh through the tenth centuries.
    • Urbanization -- Islamic countries.
    Prahlad, Anand.
  • Whispers on the Color Line: Rumor and Race in America (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Turner, Patricia A. (Patricia Ann), 1955- Whispers on the color line: rumor and race in America.
    • Fine, Gary Alan.
    • African Americans -- Folklore.
    Meigs, Samantha A., 1958-
  • The Occult Laboratory: Magic, Science and Second Sight in Late 17th-Century Scotland (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Hunter, Michael Cyril William. Occult laboratory: magic, science and second sight in late 17th-century Scotland.
    • Occultism -- Scotland -- Highlands -- History -- 17th century -- Sources.
    Jordan-Smith, Paul.
  • Dancing with the Virgin: Body and Faith in the Fiesta of Tortugas, New Mexico (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Sklar, Deidre. Dancing with the virgin: body and faith in the fiesta of Tortugas, New Mexico.
    • Religious dance, Modern -- New Mexico -- Tortugas.
    Bendix, Regina.
  • "Wolken krachen, Berge zittern, und die ganze Erde weint....": Zur kulturellen Vermittlung von Naturkatastrophen in Deutschland 1755-1855 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Schmidt, Andreas, 1959- "Wolken krachen, Berge zittern, und die ganze Erde weint....": zur kulturellen Vermittlung von Naturkatastrophen in Deutschland 1755-1855.
    • Disasters in literature.
    Shukla, Pravina.
  • Known by the Work of His Hands, and: Graven Images: New England Stonecarving and Its Symbols, 1650-1815, and: The Marble City: A Photographic Tour of Knoxville's Graveyards (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Messimer, Claire. Known by the work of his hands.
    • Ludwig, Allan I. Graven images: New England stonecarving and its symbols, 1650-1815.
    • Neely, Jack. Marble city: a photographic tour of Knoxville's graveyards.
    • Jay, Aaron, 1971-
    • Brownmiller, Joseph, 1807-1895.
    • Sepulchral monuments -- New England.
    Koven, Mikel J.
  • The Shabbat Elevator and Other Sabbath Subterfuges: An Unorthodox Essay on Circumventing Custom and Jewish Character (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Dundes, Alan. Shabbat elevator and other Sabbath subterfuges: an unorthodox essay on circumventing custom and Jewish character.
    • Sabbath (Jewish law)
    Gay, David Elton.
  • Dictionnaire des saints imaginaires et facétieux (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Merceron, Jacques, 1949- Dictionnaire des saints imaginaires et facétieux.
    • Christian saints -- France -- Dictionaries -- French.
    Allred, David A.
  • Re-Situating Folklore: Folk Contexts and Twentieth-Century Literature and Art (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • De Caro, F. A. Re-situating folklore: folk contexts and twentieth-century literature and art.
    • Jordan, R. A. (Rosan A.)
    • American literature -- 20th century -- History and criticism.
    Atkinson, David, 1955 Feb. 23-
  • The English and Scottish Popular Ballads (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Child, Francis James, 1825-1896, ed. English and Scottish popular ballads.
    • Ballads, English -- England -- Texts.
    Bender, Nathan E.
  • Singing the Songs of My Ancestors: The Life and Music of Helma Swan, Makah Elder (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Goodman, Linda, 1943- Singing the songs of my ancestors: the life and music of Helma Swan, Makah elder.
    • Ward, Helma.

Contributors




[Project MUSE] [Search Page] [Journals] [Journal Directory] [Top]