Journal of American Folklore

Journal of American Folklore
Volume 116, Number 461, Summer 2003


Contents

Articles

    Flueckiger, Joyce Burkhalter.
  • Narrative Voices and Repertoire at a Healing Crossroads in South India
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women healers -- India -- Hyderabad.
    • Muslim women -- India -- Hyderabad.
    • Healing -- India -- Hyderabad.
    • Healing -- Religious aspects -- Islam.
    Abstract:
      This article examines the strategic performance of narratives in the healing room of a Muslim female healer in south India. Narrative performances by the healer Amma, her husband (and Sufi pir), Abba, and Amma's patients both establish and distinguish the authorities of Amma and Abba and order and heal the lives of those who come to this healing crossroads. The strategic choices of narrative performance became poignantly clear after Abba's death, when the nature of Amma's narratives changed dramatically.
    Dianteill, Erwan.
    Swearingen, Martha.
  • From Hierography to Ethnography and Back: Lydia Cabrera's Texts and the Written Tradition in Afro-Cuban Religions
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cabrera, Lydia.
    • Blacks -- Cuba -- Religion.
    • Ethnology -- Cuba.
    Abstract:
      Two common assumptions about Lydia Cabrera's ethnographic work are that it is exclusively the result of fieldwork and that Afro-Cuban religions are based on oral tradition. Evidence is provided in this paper to show that 1) Cabrera also made use of early religious texts as a primary source, and 2) that her work has served as an influence on the texts used in modern Afro-Cuban religious practices, such as the anonymous book Manual del Santero (1990). An analysis is provided of the way in which Cabrera included vernacular written sources in her work, and how her work in turn has become a main source for Santería "hierography"—the writing about sacred things.
    Haring, Lee.
  • Mr. Elizabeth, Island Storyteller: Symbol and Creolization in Indian Ocean Folktales
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    Subject Headings:
    • Folklore -- Réunion.
    Abstract:
      In the island of Réunion, European folktales are told by the poor white population. Two examples of specific tales are examined here: the first, a version of an internationally known tale type, "The Smith Outwits the Devil" (AT 330), narrated by Mr. Elizabeth as "The Cardplayer," illustrates local meanings, which arise from the teller's social position, as well as the region's processes of cultural creolization; the second narrated tale, "Four Rose Blossoms," also known as "The Three Golden Sons" (AT 707), yields similar regional insights. Although folklore research in Réunion has been sporadic, this article demonstrates the rich potential for tale type research there.
    Sacks, Howard L.
  • From the Barn to the Bowery and Back Again: Musical Routes in Rural Ohio,18001929 [Phillips Barry Lecture, October 2000]
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    Subject Headings:
    • Musicians -- Ohio -- Knox County -- History.
    • Music -- Ohio -- Knox County -- History.
    • Emmett, Daniel Decatur, 1815-1904.
    • Snowden, Thomas, d. 1856.
    • Snowden, Ellen Cooper.
    • Baltzell, John.
    Abstract:
      Drawing on a community study of musicians from Mount Vernon, Ohio, I examine the interpenetration of regional and national musical cultures by examining the repertoires and life histories of Dan Emmett, founder of the first professional blackface minstrel troupe in 1843; the Snowden Family Band, African American stringband musicians who performed in the 1850s through 1920; and John Baltzell, a champion fiddler of the 1920s. Instead of viewing national trends as destructive of regionality, I propose that artists are (and were) selective, active participants in the process of forming repertoire and style. Community-based musicians respond to a variety of national musical influences while maintaining a continuing attachment to locality.
    Goldberg, Christine.
  • "The Dwarf and the Giant" (AT 327B) in Africa and the Middle East
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    Subject Headings:
    • Folklore -- Africa.
    • Folklore -- Middle East.
    • Dwarfs -- Folklore.
    • Ghouls and ogres -- Folklore.
    Abstract:
      In Europe, AT 327B, "The Dwarf and the Giant," is distinguished by its ogre tale framework (children go to the ogre's house, trick the ogre, and return home) and by the motif of the switched bed places (nightcaps, etc.) that cause the ogre to kill his own children instead of the visitors. In Africa and in the Middle East, the motif of the switched bed places is less important, although it is still part of the tale type. Instead, or in addition, one child keeps the ogre(ss) busy all night with complaints about noisy animals and a request for water carried in a sieve.
    Winick, Stephen D.
  • Compiling the Tradition: Topic Records' The Voice of the People
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hall, Reg, ed. Voice of the people [sound recording]
    • Folk songs, English -- British Isles.
    Neulander, Judith S.
  • The Hebrew Folktale: History, Genre and Meaning (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Yassif, Eli, 1946- Hebrew folktale: history, genre and meaning.
    • Teitelbaum, Jacqueline S., tr.
    • Folk literature, Hebrew -- History and criticism.
    Goertzen, Chris.
  • If You Don't Go, Don't Hinder Me: The African American Song Tradition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reagon, Bernice Johnson, 1942- If you don't go, don't hinder me: the African American song tradition.
    • Gospel music -- History and criticism.
    Anderson, Richard W.
  • Myths and Legends from Korea: An Annotated Compendium of Ancient and Modern Materials (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grayson, James Huntley. Myths and legends from Korea: an annotated compendium of ancient and modern materials.
    • Legends -- Korea.
    Callahan, Richard J.
  • Yankee Moderns: Folk Regional Identity in the Sawmill Valley of Western Massachusetts, 1890-1920 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hoberman, Michael. Yankee moderns: folk regional identity in the Sawmill Valley of western Massachusetts, 1890-1920.
    • Oral tradition -- Massachusetts -- Sawmill River Valley.



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