Journal of American Folklore

Journal of American Folklore
Volume 116, Number 459, Winter 2003
Special Issue: Creolization
Special Editors: Robert Baron and Ana C. Cara
This issue of the Journal of American Folkore is dedicated to the memory of Daniel J. Crowley (1921-1998).


Contents

Articles

    Szwed, John F., 1936-
  • Metaphors of Incommensurability
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Acculturation.
    • Creole dialects.
    Abstract:
      The idea of creolization as a creative cultural process following the meeting of unrelated cultures is a centuries-old folk concept, one developed and fought over primarily in the arena of African and European contact in the Americas. Renewed interest in the idea among social scientists and various art movements suggests that it may also be useful in a broader cultural arena, and one in which the role of folklorists may be central.
    Haring, Lee.
  • Techniques of Creolization
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Acculturation -- Islands of the Indian Ocean.
    • Storytelling -- Islands of the Indian Ocean.
    • Folklore -- Performance -- Islands of the Indian Ocean.
    Abstract:
      Language- and genre-mixing, framing, quotation, and other narrative techniques are practiced both by storytellers in creole societies of Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles, and the Comoros and by their collectors, who elaborate and simulate oral texts. Creole folklore, built on creole linguistics, offers a model wherewith to understand the cultural convergences of the postmodern world.
    Cara, Ana C.
  • The Poetics of Creole Talk: Toward an Aesthetic of Argentine Verbal Art
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Creoles -- Argentina -- Communication.
    • Oral communication -- Social aspects -- Argentina.
    Abstract:
      Creole talk in Argentina offers a key to creole poetics, defies noncreole authority, and provides a model for creole power strategies. Such talk, not exclusive to creole languages or to oral transmission, makes deliberate use of artifice to mask and reveal native (creole) truths. Whether playful, subversive, or combative, these Argentine examples share characteristics with the folk and literary artistic discourse of other creole cultures, suggesting a common aesthetic across geographical, economic, ethnic and other differences.
    Spitzer, Nicholas R.
  • Monde Créole: The Cultural World of French Louisiana Creoles and the Creolization of World Cultures
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Creoles -- Louisiana -- Social life and customs.
    • Zydeco music -- Louisiana.
    • Acculturation.
    Abstract:
      The analogy of linguistic creolization to cultural creolization is examined with reference to the evolution, form, style, and performance of zydeco music and related community aesthetic expressions among rural African-French Louisiana Creoles. The expressive culture demonstrates African, European, and Native sources both conserved and transformed in this New World setting where Creole is a local group identity. The processes observed in this particular creole culture are extended and applied to other aspects of folk and vernacular culture in America and worldwide—with the implication that cultural creolization is the central process in the maintenance and evolution of culture and cultures globally. Originally presented as a keynote address framed and punctuated by musical examples, this essay is offered in a manner that attempts to maintain its oral character. Discussion of the musical examples is augmented with selections on the web at www.americanroutes. org under the heading "Deep Routes."
    Abrahams, Roger D.
  • Questions of Criolian Contagion
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Creoles -- Caribbean Area -- Social life and customs.
    • Plantations -- Caribbean Area.
    • Markets -- Social aspects -- Caribbean Area.
    Abstract:
      This essay explores the plantation system as it operated in the Greater Caribbean in the formation of creole communities. Special focus is given to the two kinds of markets found in such communities, and to the ways in which African approaches to work and play entered into the rich mix of cultural forms growing out of the plantation experiment.
    Baron, Robert, 1951-
  • Amalgams and Mosaics, Syncretisms and Reinterpretations: Reading Herskovits and Contemporary Creolists for Metaphors of Creolization
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963.
    • Acculturation.
    • Ethnology.
    Abstract:
      Creolists employ metaphor from a variety of semantic domains to render the processes through which cultures combine and to characterize new forms that emerge from their contact. Melville J. Herskovits, viewed as a proto-creolist, explored the retention and transformation of African cultural elements in the Americas. He used both metaphor and schematic, social-scientific explanations to create a conceptual framework for the study of acculturation and cultural change. Syncretism and reinterpretation, two key Herskovitsian terms of significance for creolization studies, refer to the reconciliation of cultural elements and beliefs from different cultures in contact, and to processes that give old meanings to new forms and retain old forms with new meanings.

Book Reviews

    Gray, Judith.
  • Benjamin Lloyd's Hymn Book: A Primitive Baptist Song Tradition (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Cauthen, Joyce H., 1944-, ed. Benjamin Lloyd's hymn book: a primitive Baptist song tradition.
    • Lloyd, Benjamin, 1804-1860. Primitive hymns, spiritual songs, and sacred poems.
    Borland, Katherine.
  • To Die in This Way: Nicaraguan Indians and the Myth of Mestizaje, 1880-1965 (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Gould, Jeffrey L. To die in this way: Nicaraguan Indians and the myth of mestizaje, 1880-1965.
    • Indians of Central America -- Nicaragua -- Cultural assimilation.
    Burton, Diana.
  • The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Mayor, Adrienne, 1946- First fossil hunters: paleontology in Greek and Roman times.
    • Paleontology -- Greece -- History.
    Koven, Mikel J.
  • Metal, Rock, and Jazz: Perception and the Phenomenology of Musical Experience (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Berger, Harris M., 1966- Metal, rock, and jazz: perception and the phenomenology of musical experience.
    • Musical perception.
    Opland, Jeff, 1943-
  • The Powers of Genre: Interpreting Haya Oral Literature (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Seitel, Peter. Powers of genre: interpreting Haya oral literature.
    • Haya (African people) -- Folklore.
    Bendix, Regina.
  • The Sound of Music zwischen Mythos und Marketing, and: Walt Disney and Europe: European Influences on the Animated Feature Films of Walt Disney (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Kammerhofer-Aggermann, Ulrike, ed. Sound of Music zwischen Mythos und Marketing.
    • Keul, Alexander G., 1954-, ed.
    • Allan, Robin, 1934- Walt Disney and Europe: European influences on the animated feature films of Walt Disney.
    • Sound of music (Motion picture)
    • Walt Disney Company.
    Young, Katharine Galloway.
  • Gesture in Naples and Gesture in Classical Antiquity (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Jorio, Andrea de, 1769-1851. Gesture in Naples and gesture in classical antiquity.
    • Kendon, Adam, tr.
    • Gesture.
    Thursby, Jacqueline S., 1940-
  • Brer Rabbit, Uncle Remus, and the "Cornfield Journalist": The Tale of Joel Chandler Harris (review)
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Brasch, Walter M., 1945- Brer Rabbit, Uncle Remus, and the "Cornfield Journalist": the tale of Joel Chandler Harris.
    • Harris, Joel Chandler, 1848-1908.



[Project MUSE] [Search Page] [Journals] [Journal Directory] [Top]