Hypatia

Hypatia
Volume 21, Number 4, Fall 2006

CONTENTS

    Gibson, Joan.
  • The Logic of Chastity: Women, Sex, and the History of Philosophy in the Early Modern Period
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women -- Conduct of life -- History.
    • Chastity.
    • Sigea, Luisa, 1530?-1560? Duarum virginum colloquium de vita aulica et privata.
    • Juana Inés de la Cruz, Sister, 1651-1695. Respuesta a sor Filotea de la Cruz.
    • Aragona, Tullia d', ca. 1510-1556. Dialogo della infinità d'amore.
    • Philosophy -- History.
    Abstract:
      Before women could become visible as philosophers, they had first to become visible as rational autonomous thinkers. A social and ethical position holding that chastity was the most important virtue for women, and that rationality and chastity were incompatible, was a significant impediment to accepting women's capacity for philosophical thought. Thus one of the first tasks for women was to confront this belief and argue for their rationality in the face of a self-referential dilemma.
    Sander-Staudt, Maureen.
  • The Unhappy Marriage of Care Ethics and Virtue Ethics
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    Subject Headings:
    • Caring -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Virtue.
    Abstract:
      The proposal that care ethic(s) (CE) be subsumed under the framework of virtue ethic(s) (VE) is both promising and problematic for feminists. Although some attempts to construe care as a virtue are more commendable than others, they cannot duplicate a freestanding feminist CE. Sander-Staudt recommends a model of theoretical collaboration between VE and CE that retains their comprehensiveness, allows CE to enhance VE as well as be enhanced by it, and leaves CE open to other collaborations.
    Cassidy, Lisa.
  • That Many of Us Should Not Parent
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parenthood -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    Abstract:
      In liberal societies (where birth control is generally accepted and available), many people decide whether or not they wish to become parents. One key question in making this decision is, What kind of parent will I be? Parenting competence can be ranked from excellent to competent to poor. Cassidy argues that those who can foresee being poor parents, or even merely competent ones, should opt not to parent.
    Davion, Victoria, 1960-
  • Coming Down to Earth on Cloning: An Ecofeminist Analysis of Homophobia in the Current Debate
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    Subject Headings:
    • Human cloning -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Homophobia.
    • Ecofeminism.
    Abstract:
      In this essay, Davion argues that many arguments appealing to an "intuition" that reproductive cloning is morally wrong because it is "unnatural" rely upon an underlying moral assumption that only heterosexuality is "natural," an assumption that grounds extreme homophobia in America. Therefore, critics of cloning who are in favor of gay and lesbian equality have reasons to avoid prescriptive appeals to the so-called "natural" in making their arguments. Davion then suggests anticloning arguments that do not make such appeals
    Mikkola, Mari.
  • Elizabeth Spelman, Gender Realism, and Women
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    Subject Headings:
    • Spelman, Elizabeth V. Inessential woman: problems of exclusion in feminist thought.
    • Feminist theory.
    Abstract:
      Elizabeth Spelman has famously argued against gender realism (the view that women have some feature in common that makes them women). By and large, feminist philosophers have embraced Spelman's arguments and deemed gender realist positions counterproductive. To the contrary, Mikkola shows that Spelman's arguments do not in actual fact give good reason to reject gender realism in general. She then suggests a way to understand gender realism that does not have the adverse consequences feminist philosophers commonly think gender realist positions have.
    Porter, Elisabeth J.
  • Can Politics Practice Compassion?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Politics, Practical.
    • Compassion.
    Abstract:
      On realist terms, politics is about power, security, and order, and the question of whether politics can practice compassion is irrelevant. The author argues that a politics of compassion is possible and necessary in order to address human security needs. She extend debates on care ethics to develop a politics of compassion, using the example of asylum seekers to demonstrate that politics can practice compassion with (1) attentiveness to the needs of vulnerable people who are suffering, (2) an active listening to the voices of the vulnerable, and (3) open, compassionate, and appropriate responses to particular needs.
    Bianchi, Emanuela.
  • Receptacle/Chōra: Figuring the Errant Feminine in Plato's Timaeus
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    Subject Headings:
    • Plato. Timaeus.
    • Chōra (The Greek word)
    Abstract:
      This essay undertakes a reexamination of the notion of the receptacle/chōra in Plato's Timaeus, asking what its value may be to feminists seeking to understand the topology of the feminine in Western philosophy. As the source of cosmic motion as well as a restless figurality, labile and polyvocal, the receptacle/chōra offers a fecund zone of destabilization that allows for an immanent critique of ancient metaphysics. Engaging with Derridean, Irigarayan, and Kristevan analyses, Bianchi explores whether receptacle/chōra can exceed its reduction to the maternal-feminine, and remain answerable to contemporary theoretical concerns.
    Mann, Bonnie.
  • How America Justifies Its War: A Modern/Postmodern Aesthetics of Masculinity and Sovereignty
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    Subject Headings:
    • Iraq War, 2003- -- Moral and ethical aspects -- United States.
    • Masculinity.
    • Sovereignty.
    Abstract:
      The lies about the reasons for the U.S. war against Iraq provoked no mass public outcry in the United States against the war. What is the process of justification for this war, a process that seems to need no reasons? Mann argues that the process of justification is not a process of rational deliberation but one of aesthetic self-constitution, of rebuilding a masculine national identity. Included is a feminist reading of the National Defense University document Shock and Awe.
    Midttun, Birgitte Huitfeldt.
    Kristeva, Julia, 1941-
  • Crossing the Borders: An Interview with Julia Kristeva
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kristeva, Julia, 1941- -- Interviews.
    Abstract:
      In this June 2004 interview, Julia Kristeva takes us through her long and extraordinary career as a writer, an intellectual, and an academic. She speaks of her early years as a radical poststructuralist, postmodern feminist, and discusses how her scope has broadened with the addition of psychoanalytical theory and practice. She answers questions about her work on the abject, melancholy, motherhood, and love, and reveals how personal experiences, like the death of her father, have shaped parts of her literary output.

Symposium on Nancy J. Hirschmann's
The Subject of Liberty: Toward a Feminist Theory of Freedom

    Friedman, Marilyn, 1945-
  • Nancy J. Hirschmann on the Social Construction of Women's Freedom
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hirschmann, Nancy J. Subject of liberty: toward a feminist theory of freedom.
    • Liberty.
    • Women -- Social conditions.
    Abstract:
      Nancy J. Hirschmann presents a feminist, social constructionist account of women's freedom. Friedman's discussion of Hirschmann's account deals with (1) some conceptual problems facing a thoroughgoing social constructionism; (2) three ways to modify social constructionism to avoid those problems; and (3) an assessment of Hirschmann's version of social constructionism in light of the previous discussion.
    Brison, Susan J.
  • Contentious Freedom: Sex Work and Social Construction
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hirschmann, Nancy J. Subject of liberty: toward a feminist theory of freedom.
    • Liberty.
    • Sex-oriented businesses.
    Abstract:
      In this article, Brison extends the analysis of freedom developed in Nancy J Hirschmann's book, The Subject of Liberty: Toward a Feminist Theory of Freedom, to an area of controversy among feminist theorists: that of sex work, including prostitution and participation in the production of pornography. This topic raises some of the same issues concerning choice and consent as the three topics Hirschmann discusses in her book—domestic violence, the current welfare system in the United States, and Islamic veiling—but it also raises some distinct ones concerning the social construction of sexuality and possible conflicts between the freedom of some women (who may choose to engage in sex work) and the freedom of others (who may be harmed by the contribution of such work to the social construction of categories such as "women" and "sex").
    Hirschmann, Nancy J.
  • Response to Friedman and Brison
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    Subject Headings:
    • Friedman, Marilyn, 1945- Nancy J. Hirschmann on the social construction of women's freedom.
    • Brison, Susan J. Contentious freedom: sex work and social construction.
    • Liberty.
    • Women -- Social conditions.

Book Reviews

    Olkowski, Dorothea.
  • The Nick of Time: Politics, Evolution, and the Untimely, and: Time Travels: Feminism, Nature, Power (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grosz, E. A. (Elizabeth A.) Nick of time: politics, evolution, and the untimely.
    • Grosz, E. A. (Elizabeth A.) Time travels: feminism, nature, power.
    • Time.
    Perpich, Diane.
  • Connected Lives: Human Nature and an Ethics of Care (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Groenhout, Ruth E., 1962- Connected lives: human nature and an ethics of care.
    • Feminist ethics.

Book Notes

  • Book Notes
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tong, Rosemarie, ed. Linking visions: feminist bioethics, human rights, and the developing world.
    • Donchin, Anne, ed.
    • Dodds, Susan, 1962-, ed.
    • Baehr, Amy R., ed. Varieties of feminist liberalism.
    • Haslanger, Sally Anne, ed. Adoption matters: philosophical and feminist essays.
    • Witt, Charlotte, 1951-, ed.
    • Keating, AnaLouise, 1961-, ed. Entre mundos/among worlds: new perspectives on Gloria E. Anzaldúa.
    • Valls, Andrew, 1966-, ed. Race and racism in modern philosophy.
    • Andrew, Barbara S., 1965-, ed. Feminist interventions in ethics and politics: feminist ethics and social theory.
    • Keller, Jean Clare, 1965-, ed.
    • Schwartzman, Lisa H., 1969-, ed.
    • Bamforth, Nicholas, ed. Sex rights: the Oxford Amnesty lectures 2002.

Musings

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