Hypatia

Hypatia 16.4, Fall 2001

Special Issue: Feminism an Disability
Editors: Eva Kittay, Anita Silvers, and Susan Wendell
Associate Editor: Alexa Schriempf

Contents

Articles

    Morris, Jenny, 1950-
  • Impairment and Disability: Constructing an Ethics of Care That Promotes Human Rights
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sociology of disability.
    • Women's rights.
    • Medical ethics.
    Abstract:
      The social model of disability gives us the tools not only to challenge the discrimination and prejudice we face, but also to articulate the personal experience of impairment. Recognition of difference is therefore a key part of the assertion of our common humanity and of an ethics of care that promotes our human rights.
    Wendell, Susan.
  • Unhealthy Disabled: Treating Chronic Illnesses as Disabilities
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    Subject Headings:
    • People with disabilities -- Social conditions.
    • Chronic diseases -- Political aspects.
    • Feminist theory.
    Abstract:
      Chronic illness is a major cause of disability, especially in women. Therefore, any adequate feminist understanding of disability must encompass chronic illnesses. I argue that there are important differences between healthy disabled and unhealthy disabled people that are likely to affect such issues as treatment of impairment in disability and feminist politics, accommodation of disability in activism and employment, identification of persons as disabled, disability pride, and prevention and "cure" of disabilities.
    Corker, Mairian.
  • Sensing Disability
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feminist theory.
    • Sociology of disability.
    • Sensitivity (Personality trait)
    Abstract:
      Disability theory privileges masculinist notions of presence, visibility, material "reality," and identity as "given." One effect of this has been the erasure of "sensibility," which, it is argued, inscribes, materializes, and performs the critique of binary thought. Therefore, sensibility must be re-articulated in order to escape the "necessary error" of identity implicit in accounts of cultural diversity, and to dialogue across difference in ways that dislocate disability from its position of dis-value in feminist thought.
    Schriempf, Alexa.
  • (Re)fusing the Amputated Body: An Interactionist Bridge for Feminism and Disability
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feminist theory.
    • Sociology of disability.
    • Sex discrimination against women.
    Abstract:
      Disabled women's issues, experiences, and embodiments have been misunderstood, if not largely ignored, by feminist as well as mainstream disability theorists. The reason for this, I argue, is embedded in the use of materialist and constructivist approaches to bodies that do not recognize the interaction between "sex" and "gender" and "impairment" and "disability" as material-semiotic. Until an interactionist paradigm is taken up, we will not be able to uncover fully the intersection between sexist and ableist biases (among others) that form disabled women's oppressions. Relying on the understanding that sexuality is one such material-semiotic phenomenon, I examine the operation of interwoven biases in two disabled women's narratives.
    Nicki, Andrea.
  • The Abused Mind: Feminist Theory, Psychiatric Disability, and Trauma
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feminist theory.
    • Mental illness -- Public opinion.
    • Psychic trauma -- Social aspects.
    Abstract:
      I show how much psychiatric disability is informed by trauma, marginalization, sexist norms, social inequalities, concepts of irrationality and normalcy, oppositional mind-body dualism, and mainstream moral values. Drawing on feminist discussion of physical disability, I present a feminist theory of psychiatric disability that serves to liberate not only those who are psychiatrically disabled but also the mind and moral consciousness restricted in their ranges of rational possibilities.
    Lindemann, Kate.
  • Persons with Adult-Onset Head Injury: A Crucial Resource for Feminist Philosophers
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feminist theory.
    • Head -- Wounds and injuries.
    • Disability studies.
    Abstract:
      The effects of head injury, even mild traumatic brain injury, are wide-ranging and profound. Persons with adult-onset head injury offer feminist philosophers important perspectives for philosophical methodology and philosophical research concerning personal identity, mind-body theories, and ethics. The needs of persons with head injury require the expansion of typical teaching strategies, and such adaptations appear beneficial to both disabled and non-disabled students.
    Carlson, Licia.
  • Cognitive Ableism and Disability Studies: Feminist Reflections on the History of Mental Retardation
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    Subject Headings:
    • Disability studies.
    • Cognition disorders -- Social aspects.
    • Mental retardation -- Cross-cultural studies.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines five groups of women that were instrumental in the emergence of the category of "feeblemindedness" in the United States. It analyzes the dynamics of oppression and power relations in the following five groups of women: "feebleminded" women, institutional caregivers, mothers, researchers, and reformists. Ultimately, I argue that a feminist analysis of the history of mental retardation is necessary to serve as a guide for future feminist work on cognitive disability.

Book Reviews

    Callahan, Joan C., 1946-
  • Americans with Disabilities: Exploring Implications of the Law for Individuals and Institutions (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Francis, Leslie, 1946-, ed. Americans with disabilities: exploring implications of the law for individuals and institutions.
    • Silvers, Anita, ed.
    • Handicapped -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States.
    Wilkerson, Abby L. (Abby Lynn), 1958-
  • What Her Body Thought: A Journey into the Shadows (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Griffin, Susan. What her body thought: a journey into the shadows.
    • Griffin, Susan -- Health.



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