Holocaust and Genocide Studies

Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Volume 18, Number 2, Fall 2004

CONTENTS

    Lazar, Alon.
    Chaitin, Julia.
    Gross, Tamar.
    Bar-On, Dan, 1938-
  • Jewish Israeli Teenagers, National Identity, and the Lessons of the Holocaust
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jewish teenagers -- Israel -- Attitudes.
    • Grandchildren of Holocaust survivors -- Israel -- Attitudes.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Influence.
    • Jewish nationalism -- Israel.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Study and teaching -- Israel.
    Abstract:
      This article examines the attitudes of a group of Jewish Israeli adolescents who participated in a Holocaust seminar that included an optional trip to related sites in Poland. The authors sought to determine whether youth who participate in such a seminar still consider Jewish Israeli identity important, which lessons of the Holocaust they value, and whether belonging to a survivor's family makes a difference when considering these lessons. The results show that, regardless of participation in the trip and affiliation with Holocaust survivors, the youth hold a strong sense of Jewish Israeli national identity and tend to support Jewish and Zionist lessons more than universalistic ones, although a complex interplay exists between identity and those lessons. Adolescents whose family members included survivors connected a more "power-oriented" interpretation of the Holocaust to a strong sense of national identity; participants not related to survivors developed a more complex frame of reference that combined both power-oriented and humanistic lessons of the Holocaust.
    Golbert, Rebecca L.
  • Holocaust Sites in Ukraine: Pechora and the Politics of Memorialization
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    Subject Headings:
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Ukraine -- Transnistria (Territory under German and Romanian occupation, 1941-1944)
    • Pechora (Concentration camp)
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Ukraine -- Transnistria (Territory under German and Romanian occupation, 1941-1944) -- Historiography.
    • Holocaust survivors -- Ukraine -- Attitudes.
    Abstract:
      This study of the Pechora camp, in Transnistria, examines the contributions of contemporary testimonies to our understanding of the Holocaust experience and the ways survivors and witnesses perceive and recount that experience over time. In the case of Transnistria, the testimonies of living witnesses may at times provide the only significant historical and social record of the ghetto and camp experience. While existing scholarship on the Holocaust in Romania and Transnistria has emerged primarily out of the Romanian Jewish experience of the war, this article highlights the wartime experiences and postwar memories of Ukrainian Jewish survivors, whose perspectives on Transnistria have until recently been overlooked. The author also offers a distinctly ethnographic dimension to the study of the Holocaust by examining memory and identity processes and by revealing substantial fissures in the way the Holocaust is remembered and memorialized.
    Williams, Paul.
  • Witnessing Genocide: Vigilance and Remembrance at Tuol Sleng and Choeung Ek
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    Subject Headings:
    • Musée du crime génocide Tuol-sleng.
    • Choeung Ek Genoicidal Center.
    • Cambodia -- History -- 1975-1979.
    • Memorialization -- Cambodia.
    Abstract:
      Tuol Sleng and Choeung Ek are the two principal memorials to the victims of the Cambodian genocide (1975-79). This article analyzes their effectiveness as vehicles for commemoration. Since both memorials borrow elements from the more familiar model of Euro-American Holocaust memorials, their examination adds to a larger discussion about the political uses of genocide memorials, and their ability to facilitate national reconciliation. The unforgiving, visceral nature of Tuol Sleng and Choeung Ek makes them an uneasy experience for the international tourists who visit. For the Cambodian people, these memorials play an uncertain political role, given that little in the way of formal justice or a public culture of remembrance has been achieved so far.

Research Note

    Zuccotti, Susan, 1940-
  • Pope Pius XII and the Rescue of Jews in Italy: Evidence of a Papal Directive?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pius XII, Pope, 1876-1958 -- Relations with Jews.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Jews -- Rescue -- Italy.
    • Catholic Church -- Relations -- Judaism.
    • Judaism -- Relations -- Catholic Church.
    Abstract:
      Little evidence supports the notion that Pius XII delivered a directive to members of the Catholic Church to help Jews during the German occupation of Italy, argues the author of this article. That many such men and women did open their doors is well known, and several thousand Jews in Italy were saved as a result. The pope and his advisers knew that many Jews, along with many more non-Jewish fugitives from the Nazis and Fascists, were hiding in religious institutions outside Vatican City, and being sheltered individually in prelates' residences in Vatican City itself. However, they seem not to have been aware of the full extent of the rescue effort, nor to have ordered it initially.

Review Essay

    Patterson, David, 1948-
  • Through the Eyes of Those Who Were There
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brostoff, Anita, ed. Flares of memory: stories of childhood during the Holocaust.
    • Chamovitz, Sheila, ed.
    • Hillesum, Etty, 1914-1943. Etty: the letters and diaries of Etty Hillesum, 1941-1943.
    • Smelik, K. A. D., 1950-, ed.
    • Pomerans, Arnold, tr.
    • Kruk, Herman, 1897-1944. Last days of the Jerusalem of Lithuania: chronicles from the Vilna ghetto and the camps, 1939-1944.
    • Harshav, Benjamin, 1928-, ed.
    • Harshav, Barbara, 1940-, tr.
    • Rosenfeld, Oskar, 1884-1944. In the beginning was the ghetto: notebooks from Lódz.
    • Loewy, Hanno, 1961-, ed.
    • Goldstein, Brigitte, tr.
    • Rozenberg, Lena Jedwab, 1924- Girl with two landscapes: the wartime diary of Lena Jedwab, 1941-1945.
    • Beinfeld, Solon, 1934-, tr.
    • Salton, George Lucius. 23rd Psalm: a Holocaust memoir.
    • Zapruder, Alexandra, ed. Salvaged pages: young writers' diaries of the Holocaust.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Personal narratives.
    • Hillesum, Etty, 1914-1943.

Book Reviews

    Krondorfer, Björn.
  • After Such Knowledge: Memory, History, and the Legacy of the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hoffman, Eva, 1945- After such knowledge: memory, history, and the legacy of the Holocaust.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Historiography.
    Niven, William John, 1956-
  • Adenauer's Germany and the Nazi Past: The Politics of Amnesty and Integration (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Frei, Norbert. Adenauer's Germany and the Nazi past: the politics of amnesty and integration.
    • Golb, Joel, tr.
    • Germany (West) -- Politics and government.
    Crowe, David.
  • Germany and Its Gypsies: A Post-Auschwitz Ordeal, and: Shared Sorrows: A Gypsy Family Remembers the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Margalit, Gilad. Germany and its gypsies: a post-Auschwitz ordeal.
    • Sonneman, Toby F., 1949- Shared sorrows: a gypsy family remembers the Holocaust.
    • Romanies -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
    • Romanies -- Nazi persecution.
    Hochberg, Severin.
  • Safe Among the Germans: Liberated Jews After World War II, and: A Letter to My Children: From the Edge of the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gay, Ruth. Safe among the Germans: liberated Jews after World War II.
    • Klausner, Abraham J. Letter to my children: from the edge of the Holocaust.
    • Jews -- Germany -- History -- 1945-
    • Holocaust survivors -- Germany -- Social conditions.
    Berger, Ronald J.
  • Memory Perceived: Recalling the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kraft, Robert Nathaniel. Memory perceived: recalling the Holocaust.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Personal narratives.
    Bolkosky, Sidney M.
  • Holocaust Education: Issues and Approaches (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Totten, Samuel. Holocaust education: issues and approaches.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Study and teaching.
    Bartrop, Paul R. (Paul Robert), 1955-
  • Holocaust Remembrance in Australian Jewish Communities, 1945-2000 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berman, Judith E. Holocaust remembrance in Australian Jewish communities, 1945-2000.
    • Jews -- Australia -- Social life and customs.
    Shapiro, Carla Rose.
  • Jewish Artists in New York: The Holocaust Years (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baigell, Matthew. Jewish artists in New York: the Holocaust years.
    • Jewish artists -- New York (State) -- New York.
    LaCapra, Dominick, 1939-
  • The Subject of Violence: Arendtean Exercises in Understanding (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bar On, Bat-Ami, 1948- Subject of violence: Arendtean exercises in understanding.
    • Violence.
    Geller, Jay Howard.
  • The Butcher’s Tale: Murder and Anti-Semitism in a German Town, and: Exclusionary Violence: Antisemitic Riots in Modern German History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smith, Helmut Walser, 1962- Butcher's tale: murder and anti-semitism in a German town.
    • Hoffmann, Christhard, 1952-, ed. Exclusionary violence: antisemitic riots in modern German history.
    • Bergmann, Werner, 1950-, ed.
    • Smith, Helmut Walser, 1962-, ed.
    • Antisemitism -- Germany -- Case studies.
    • Antisemitism -- Germany.
    Muller, Jerry Z., 1954-
  • Beyond the Conceivable: Studies on Germany, Nazism, and the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Diner, Dan, 1946- Beyond the conceivable: studies on Germany, Nazism, and the Holocaust.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Historiography.
    Wollenberg, Jörg.
  • Zwischen Menschenhandel und "Endlösung": Das Konzentrationslager Bergen-Belsen (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wenck, Alexandra-Eileen, 1966- Zwischen Menschenhandel und "Endlösung": das Konzentrationslager Bergen-Belsen.
    • Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp)
    Fogelman, Eva.
  • Philosemitism: Admiration and Support in the English-Speaking World for Jews, 1840-1939 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rubinstein, W. D. Philosemitism: admiration and support in the English-speaking world for Jews, 1840-1939.
    • Rubinstein, Hilary L.
    • Philosemitism -- English-speaking countries -- History -- 19th century.
    Alvarez, Alex.
  • Anti-Genocide: Building an American Movement to Prevent Genocide (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hirsch, Herbert, 1941- Anti-genocide: building an American movement to prevent genocide.
    • Genocide -- Prevention.
    Reinhartz, Dennis.
  • Slobodan Milosevic and the Destruction of Yugoslavia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sell, Louis, 1947- Slobodan Milosevic and the destruction of Yugoslavia.
    • Milosevic, Slobodan, 1941-

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