Jewish ghettos -- Transnistria (Ukraine : Territory under German and Romanian occupation, 1941-1944)
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscript labor -- Transnistria (Ukraine : Territory under German and Romanian occupation, 1941-1944)
Despite the appalling conditions in the ghettos and labor camp in the town of Golta, Transnistria, most of the Jews who arrived there in late spring 1942 (after having escaped the December 1941 massacres in the Bogdanovka area by the Romanian authorities) survived their ordeal. This article describes and analyzes the conditions in two ghettos and a labor camp, concluding that the experience of the Jews in Golta was a microcosm of ghetto experience in Transnistria as a whole from summer 1942 to the Romanian withdrawal in March 1944.
Diamonds, Industrial -- Political aspects -- Germany -- History -- 1933-1945.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Economic aspects -- Germany.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Confiscations and contributions -- Germany.
Jewish property -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
Prior to World War II, the German government established mechanisms toseize the assets of German Jewry, a practice that its agencies later adapted to the occupied territories of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. The importance of industrial diamonds to wartime production led the Germans to focus on bartering or selling confiscated valuables to procure these stones. This article pays particular attention to the mechanisms used to convert stolen property into forms useful for the Reich, with emphasis on the handling of intact pieces of jewelry. Also discussed are purchases made by German agents in Switzerland involving industrial diamonds.
Lumet, Sidney, 1924-, dir. Pawnbroker (Motion picture)
Phillips, Caryl. Higher ground.
Phillips, Caryl. Nature of blood.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), in literature.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), in motion pictures.
Slavery in literature.
What is to be gained by drawing literary comparisons between the African Diaspora experience of slavery and the Jewish experience of the Holocaust? Can such comparisons be made without distorting the historical record? This article critiques the juxtaposition of tragedy found in The Pawnbroker--both the novel and the film version--and offers a reading of Cynthia Ozick's The Shawl as a polemical response to The Pawnbroker. Two Holocaust-related novels by the West Indian writer Caryl Phillips are then examined as models of how a literary text can enact a "facing" of black and Jewish experience through the postmodern technique of narrative fragmentation and juxtaposition.
Combining engineering, computer, and photographic techniques with historical sources, this research note discusses the gas chambers attached to crematoriums at Auschwitz I and the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. Among other things, the authors identify the locations of several of the holes in the roofs through which Zyklon B was introduced: five in Crematorium I and three of the four in the badly damaged Crematorium II. The authors began their project before David Irving's libel suit against Penguin Books and Deborah Lipstadt, proceeding simultaneously with, but independently of, the trial. The defense presented the first version of the authors' report during Irving's subsequent application to appeal. Irving's application was rejected by the court.