Seneca Indians -- New York (State) -- Politics and government -- 19th century.
Scholars investigating Iroquois political institutions have focused on the Confederacy Council (or League), largely ignoring structure at the national (or tribal) level. Data from the Seneca Nation in the 1830s and 1840s, before the replacement of chiefs by an elected council, allows analysis of nonconfederacy "chiefly statuses" relative to population size, clans, and moieties. Contrary to the consensus in the literature, nonconfederacy chiefly status was hereditary within clans. In addition, the principle that balance should be maintained between Seneca moieties led to chiefly statuses being divided equally between the moieties, despite considerable differences in their populations.
Spanish and criollo soldiers in what is now Chile viewed colonial Mapuche and especially male shamans (machi weye) as perverse sodomites engaged in devil worship. I analyze the gender identities of male and female machi in the colonial period by considering ethnic, gender, and power dynamics. I contrast colonial Mapuche (Reche) perceptions of machi as co-gender specialists having alternative sexualities with the discourses of sodomy, sorcery, and effeminacy used by Spanish and criollo soldiers and Jesuit priests. I explore the process by which the categories of the two groups gradually merge and how they shape contemporary Mapuche and Chilean majority discourses about machi as well as machi perceptions about themselves.
Trade routes -- Political aspects -- Pakistan -- Gilgit District -- History.
Gilgit District (Pakistan) -- History.
Between 1846 and 1947, the British colonial state in India forged a region out of the western Karakoram Mountains, which it labeled in 1889 as the Gilgit Agency. Through an analysis of maps, colonial representations, local writings, and oral histories, this article critically examines the importance of routes, the politics of linkages, and the structuring of circulation in producing a regional space and transforming it over time. This article argues that space is constituted through access and patterns of circulation as well as the cartographic project defining borders. The structuring of mobility along particular routes and the emerging state mechanisms to construct and maintain access produced a region and continuously transformed it, integrating the region and the people into the British colonial state.
A recent court case has brought into focus, for the first time in Ontario (Canada), legal and historical questions concerning the rights extending from historic Métis communities in that province. Within this litigation context, research into the nature, extent, and definition of historic Métis in Ontario has remained the purview of applied historians and expert witnesses. This article brings such questions into the academic arena by identifying sources and methods for documenting historic Métis during the fur trade period in Ontario. It also presents an ethnohistorical discussion of social and cultural indicators of the Métis community and ethnogenesis evident in the fur trade records for Ontario.
Iban (Bornean people) -- Indonesia -- Kalimantan Barat -- Government relations -- History.
I present different accounts of two events in the efforts of Dutch and British colonial authorities to pacify the Iban within their respective territories on the island of Borneo; namely, I present both the Dutch and British reports of the punitive expeditions in 1886 and 1902 against rebellious Iban headhunters and the oral historical narratives of the Iban today. In addition to providing historical and cultural background to Iban resistance to pacification, I spell out the Iban conception of the past and fragmentation of related narratives. The weight that the oral accounts place on these two events is discussed in that light, with the Iban viewing their colonial experience as the struggle of spiritual forces allied with both the Iban and the European.
Grewingk, C. (Constantin), 1819-1887. Grewingk's geology of Alaska and the Northwest Coast of America: contributions toward knowledge of the orographic and geognostic condition of the Northwest coast of America, with the adjacent islands.
Falk, Marvin W., ed.
Jaensch, Fritz, tr.
Steller, Georg Wilhelm, 1709-1746. Steller's history of Kamchatka: collected information concerning the history of Kamchatka, its peoples, their manners, names, lifestyle, and various customary practices.
Falk, Marvin W., ed.
Engel, Margritt, tr.
Willmore, Karen E., tr.
Znamenski, Andrei A., 1960- Through orthodox eyes: Russian missionary narratives of travels to the Dena'ina and Ahtna, 1850s-1930s.
Geology -- Alaska.
Kamchadals -- Social life and customs.
Writing Violence on the Northern Frontier: The Historiography of Sixteenth-Century New Mexico and Florida and the Legacy of Conquest, and: Conquest and Catastrophe: Changing Rio Grande Pueblo Settlement Patterns in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (review) [Access article in HTML][Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Rabasa, José, 1948- Writing violence on the northern frontier: the historiography of sixteenth-century New Mexico and Florida and the legacy of conquest.
Barrett, Elinore M. Conquest and catastrophe: changing Rio Grande Pueblo settlement patterns in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Southwest, New -- Discovery and exploration -- Spanish -- Historiography.