Ethnohistory

Ethnohistory
Volume 51, Number 1, Winter 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    West, Harry G.
  • Villains, Victims, or Makonde in the Making? Reading the Explorer Henry O'Neill and Listening to the Headman Lishehe
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    Subject Headings:
    • O'Neill, Henry E. -- Travel -- Mozambique -- Mueda District.
    • Makonde (African people) -- First contact with Europeans.
    • Mueda District (Mozambique) -- History -- 19th century -- Sources.
    Abstract:
      Henry O'Neill's narrative of first encounter in 1882 with residents of the plateau south of the Rovuma (in Mozambique) constitutes the earliest contribution to the written record on the area. By his presence among and accounts of these people, O'Neill transformed regional villains into victims awaiting British stewardship. This article portrays those O'Neill met on the plateau as more complex historical subjects who brought to the encounter their own fears, aspirations, and strategic agendas. Whereas the writings of the Subaltern Studies Group provide the author with a useful point of departure, the article critiques Subaltern Studies' excessive focus on textual readings, turning instead to the accounts of contemporary descendants of history's silenced subjects to construct an alternative narrative.
    Kelton, Paul.
  • Avoiding the Smallpox Spirits: Colonial Epidemics and Southeastern Indian Survival
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smallpox -- Southern States -- Prevention -- History -- 19th century.
    • Smallpox -- Religious aspects -- History -- 19th century.
    • Indians of North America -- Medicine -- Southern States -- History -- 19th century.
    Abstract:
      Current scholarship on the impact of epidemics on American Indians is inadequate to explain how Indians survived. Too often Indians are given no credit for being able to combat emergent diseases, and too often epidemics are depicted as completely undermining native religious beliefs. This article, however, examines the response of Southeastern Indians to disease and shows that Native Americans were capable of successfully retarding mortality rates and curtailing the spread of contagions. Through their innovative responses to epidemiological crises, spiritual leaders reinforced tribal customs as well as their leadership position.
    Baker, Emerson W.
  • Finding the Almouchiquois: Native American Families, Territories, and Land Sales in Southern Maine
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    Subject Headings:
    • Indians of North America -- Land tenure -- Maine -- History -- 17th century.
    • Indians of North America -- Maine -- Economic conditions -- 17th century.
    • Indians of North America -- Kinship -- Maine -- History -- 17th century.
    Abstract:
      A close reading of Native American land transactions aids in the identification of the inhabitants of southern Maine in the seventeenth century, a region that traditionally has been an ethnohistorical no-man's-land. Organized at the village level, Native peoples answered to no supreme sachem but had strong ties across the area through alliance and intermarriage. The residents of coastal Maine remained culturally and politically tied to their neighbors in southern New Hampshire and northeastern Massachusetts throughout the seventeenth century. Essentially, all of the people from the Androscoggin River in Maine southward to the north shore of Massachusetts made up the group Champlain called the "Almouchiquois."
    Ogburn, Dennis.
  • Power in Stone: The Long-Distance Movement of Building Blocks in the Inca Empire
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    Subject Headings:
    • Architecture and state -- Ecuador -- Saraguro -- History.
    • Inca architecture -- Ecuador -- Saraguro -- History.
    • Blocks (Building materials) -- Political aspects -- Ecuador -- Saraguro -- History.
    Abstract:
      This article analyzes the objectives and implications of the long-distance transport of building blocks in the Inca Empire. Recent research has demonstrated that the Incas transported building stones from Cuzco, Peru, to Saraguro, Ecuador, much as described by the Spanish chronicler Martín de Murúa. Additional passages from sixteenth- and seventeenth-century chronicles suggest that the Incas carried out a number of such projects to bring stones from Cuzco to the northern part of the empire. These stones embodied the transfer of sanctity and power from the imperial capital to the city of Tomebamba in Ecuador, while their movement was a major public demonstration of state control over labor.
    Furniss, Elizabeth, 1959-
  • Cycles of History in Plateau Sociopolitical Organization: Reflections on the Nature of Indigenous Band Societies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shuswap Indians -- Canada -- Politics and government.
    • Shuswap Indians -- Canada -- Social life and customs -- 19th century.
    Abstract:
      The nature of indigenous band societies is examined through an analysis of the historical dynamics of sociopolitical organization among the Secwepemc of the northern Plateau. Secwepemc history is characterized by recurrent tensions between the autonomy of extended family groups and the solidarity of the band collective. Unlike earlier static, and trait-based models of Plateau culture, this processual and historically grounded model of sociopolitical organization can account for cultural diversity among Plateau groups, can recognize patterned processes of cultural continuity and change through history, and may be applicable to other North American indigenous band societies. By implication, viable and sustainable forms of Aboriginal self-government in Canada must incorporate innovative structures allowing expression of these enduring commitments to different levels of social belonging.

Review Essays

    Bender, Margaret Clelland.
  • The Southeast, Then and Now
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bonney, Rachel A., ed. Anthropologists and Indians in the new South.
    • Paredes, J. Anthony (James Anthony), 1939-, ed.
    • Ethridge, Robbie Franklyn, 1955-, ed. Transformation of the Southeastern Indians, 1540-1760.
    • Hudson, Charles M., ed.
    • Gallay, Alan. Indian slave trade: the rise of the English empire in the American South, 1670-1717.
    • Indians of North America -- Southern States.
    • Indians of North America -- Southern States -- Social conditions -- 16th century -- Congresses.
    Whitehead, Neil L.
  • Power, Culture, and History: The Legacies of Wolf, Sahlins, and Fabian
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wolf, Eric R., 1923- Envisioning power: ideologies of dominance and crisis.
    • Sahlins, Marshall David, 1930- Culture in practice: collected essays.
    • Fabian, Johannes. Anthropology with an attitude: critical essays.
    • Power (Social sciences)
    • Culture.

Reviews

    Hall, Gwendolyn Midlo.
  • Creolization in the Americas (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Buisseret, David, ed. Creolization in the Americas.
    • Reinhardt, Steven G., 1949-, ed.
    • America -- Ethnic relations.
    Nadasdy, Paul.
  • The White Man's Gonna Getcha: The Colonial Challenge to the Crees in Quebec (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Morantz, Toby Elaine, 1943- White man's gonna getcha: the colonial challenge to the Crees in Quebec.
    • Cree Indians -- James Bay Region -- History.
    Straus, Ann Terry.
  • Tribal Sovereignty and the Historical Imagination: Cheyenne-Arapaho Politics (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fowler, Loretta, 1944- Tribal sovereignty and the historical imagination: Cheyenne-Arapaho politics.
    • Arapaho Indians -- Oklahoma -- Politics and government.
    Perrelli, Douglas J.
  • The Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fenton, William Nelson, 1908- Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas.
    • Little Water Medicine Society -- History.
    Sandstrom, Alan R.
  • Eating Landscape: Aztec and European Occupation of Tlalocan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Arnold, Philip P., 1957- Eating landscape: Aztec and European occupation of Tlalocan.
    • Aztecs -- Rites and ceremonies.
    Rockmore, Matthew.
  • Adventures in Photography: Expeditions of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, and: Guide to the Mesoamerican Gallery at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pezzati, Alessandro. Adventures in photography: expeditions of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
    • Danien, Elin C. Guide to the Mesoamerican Gallery at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
    • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology -- Photograph collections.
    • University of Pennsylvania. Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology -- Catalogs.
    Burkhart, Louise M., 1958-
  • Women Who Live Evil Lives: Gender, Religion, and the Politics of Power in Colonial Guatemala, and: Transcending Conquest: Nahua Views of Spanish Colonial Mexico (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Few, Martha, 1964- Women who live evil lives: gender, religion, and the politics of power in colonial Guatemala.
    • Wood, Stephanie Gail, 1954- Transcending conquest: Nahua views of Spanish colonial Mexico.
    • Women -- Guatemala -- Antigua -- Social conditions -- 17th century.
    • Nahuas -- History -- Sources.
    Dakin, Karen.
  • Grammar of the Mexican Language, with an Explanation of Its Adverbs, and: Nahuatl as Written: Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carochi, Horacio, d. 1662. Grammar of the Mexican language, with an explanation of its adverbs.
    • Lockhart, James, tr.
    • Lockhart, James. Nahuatl as written: lessons in older written Nahuatl, with copious examples and texts.
    • Nahuatl language -- Grammar.
    • Nahuatl language -- Writing.
    Aldrich, Robert, 1954-
  • Infamous Desire: Male Homosexuality in Colonial Latin America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sigal, Peter Herman, 1964-, ed. Infamous desire: male homosexuality in colonial Latin America.
    • Gay men -- Latin America -- History.
    Jáuregui, Jesús.
  • Náyari History, Politics, and Violence: From Flowers to Ash (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Coyle, Philip E. (Philip Edward), 1961- Náyari history, politics, and violence: from flowers to ash.
    • Cora Indians -- Rites and ceremonies.
    Carmack, Robert M., 1934-
  • The Fragmented Present: Mesoamerican Societies Facing Modernization (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gubler, Ruth, ed. Fragmented present: Mesoamerican societies facing modernization.
    • Hostettler, Ueli, 1960-, ed.
    • Indians of Mexico -- Social conditions.
    Anna, Timothy E., 1944-
  • Francisco de Miranda: A Transatlantic Life in the Age of Revolution (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Racine, Karen, 1967- Francisco de Miranda: a transatlantic life in the Age of Revolution.
    • Miranda, Francisco de, 1750-1816 -- Travel.



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