Ethnohistory

Ethnohistory 49.3, Summer 2002

Articles

    Salomon, Frank.
  • Unethnic Ethnohistory: On Peruvian Peasant Historiography and Ideas of Autochthony
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ethnohistory -- Peru -- Huarochirí (Province) -- Historiography.
    • Peasantry -- Peru -- Huarochirí (Province) -- Historiography.
    • Indians of South America -- Land tenure -- Peru -- Huarochirí (Province)
    • Indians of South America -- Peru -- Huarochirí (Province) -- Ethnic identity.
    Abstract
      This article is an exercise in relocating academic ethnohistory vis-á-vis vernacular ethnohistorical thinking in two respects. First, it questions whether the metahistorical native versus white opposition, which forms an all-but-unquestioned premise of most ethnohistorical paradigms, at all matches local paradigms. Second, it compares academia's "own" way of getting at colonial and postcolonial historical problems with the unofficial paleography (and archaeology) through which villagers explore the same. In Huarochirí Province (Peru), popular ethnohistory serves not to reify the concept of the autochthonous but to relativize it and detach it from the dominant national paradigm of racialized ethnicity. Its vocation is to explain how villagers can be "authentic" heirs of the land and yet not incur the racially unacceptable category of the "Indian." Collaboration with a folk paleographer shows how the colonial experience is construed—via a legend of collective "Indian" suicide—as the transcendence of racial categories.
    Santos-Granero, Fernando, 1955-
  • Saint Christopher in the Amazon: Child Sorcery, Colonialism, and Violence among the Southern Arawak
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    Subject Headings:
    • Witchcraft -- Peru -- History -- 19th century.
    • Diseases -- Peru -- Religious aspects -- Christianity -- History -- 19th century.
    • Children and violence -- Peru -- History -- 19th century.
    • Arawak Indians -- Peru -- Religion.
    • Christopher, Saint -- Legends.
    Abstract
      The killing of alleged children sorcerers has been widely reported among the Arawak of eastern Peru. Accusations of child sorcery multiplied at junctures of increased outside pressures marked by violence, displacement, and epidemics. Mythical foundations for this belief are found in the legend of Saint Christopher and the Child Christ. Appropriated through mimetic image in colonial times, the tale of this "plague saint" was transformed into the myth of a cannibalistic giant and his evil infant son. The notion that children could become potent witches was reinforced in postcolonial times by epidemics affecting mostly adults. An example of mimesis gone wrong, the belief in child sorcery is one of those unforeseen and tragic products of the colonial encounter.
    Kohn, Eduardo.
  • Infidels, Virgins, and the Black-Robed Priest: A Backwoods History of Ecuador's Montaña Region
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    Subject Headings:
    • Quechua Indians -- Ecuador -- Oyacachi -- Social life and customs.
    • Quechua Indians -- Ecuador -- Oyacachi -- Religion.
    • Christianity and other religions -- Ecuador -- Oyacachi -- History.
    Abstract:
      In this article I compare the Quichua oral history of Oyacachi—one of the last autochthonous settlements of the cloud forest of Amazonian Ecuador—with written and iconographic ecclesiastical traditions regarding colonial-era events. This offers a unique opportunity to understand momentous political, economic, and religious change and how it is experienced locally. It also reveals the ways in which different histories are constructed out of shared memories, events, and spaces. Rather than viewing native histories as present-day constructions, I try to see how oral traditions make history meaningful in ways that do not necessarily obviate their fundamental connection to the past.
    Goodale, Mark.
  • Legal Ethnohistory in Rural Bolivia: Documentary Culture and Social History in the norte de Potosí
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ethnological jurisprudence -- Bolivia -- Potosí (Dept.)
    • Potosí (Bolivia : Dept.) -- Historiography.
    Abstract
      This article explores the intersection between documentary culture and social history through an analysis of legal archival theory and practice in rural Bolivia. The guiding theoretical premise is that legal archival research in rural Bolivia involves, to different degrees, both methodological and nonmethodological problems. The ethnohistorical researcher should identify, and distinguish between, the two in order to develop and pursue an effective project. Although fraught with uncertainties, ethnohistorical research projects involving rural legal archives can yield insights into local social history in ways not possible through other means.
    Cahill, David Patrick.
  • The Virgin and the Inca: An Incaic Procession in the City of Cuzco in 1692
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    Subject Headings:
    • Incas -- Peru -- Cuzco -- Religion.
    • Processions, Religious -- Christianity -- Peru -- Cuzco -- History -- 17th century.
    • Mary, Blessed Virgin, Saint -- Cult -- Peru -- Cuzco -- History -- 17th century.
    • Incas -- Peru -- Cuzco -- Social life and customs -- 17th century.
    • Nobility -- Peru -- Cuzco -- History -- 17th century.
    Abstract
      The article analyzes a religious procession held in the city of Cuzco in 1692. It was remarkable for its Incaic symbolism, for the presence of representatives of all the lineage groups of the colonial Inca nobility, and for the insight it provides into the composition of, and tensions within, that nobility. The procession was held under the aegis of Our Lady of Loreto, and the article seeks to explain the significance of this representation of the Virgin for colonial Inca nobles and postconquest Inca culture. It was formed by the "descendants of Gran Tocay Capac Inga," a composite myth-historical Inca ruler cum culture hero and warrior chieftain, and the analysis seeks to bring this shadowy personage into clearer focus.
    Restall, Matthew, 1964-
    Chuchiak, John F.
  • A Reevaluation of the Authenticity of Fray Diego de Landa's Relacion de las cosas de Yucatán
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    Subject Headings:
    • Landa, Diego de, 1524-1579. Relación de las cosas de Yucatán.
    • Landa, Diego de, 1524-1579 -- Authorship.
    Abstract
      This article analyzes the appearance and content of the surviving archival manuscript of the Relación de las cosas de Yucatán, ascribed to Fray Diego de Landa (1524–79), the most prominent of the first generation of Franciscan friars in the Spanish colony of Yucatán. This analysis is placed in the context of the way in which published editions of the work have been treated and used since the manuscript's rediscovery in the 1860s. The authors argue that such treatment has been based on a misconception of the nature of the Relación, suggesting that this important manuscript be viewed very differently by scholars.

Book Reviews

    Beaver, Dan.
  • Flesh or Fantasy: Cannibalism and the Meanings of Violence
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barker, Francis, 1952-, ed. Cannibalism and the colonial world.
    • Hulme, Peter, ed.
    • Iversen, Margaret, ed.
    • Goldman, Laurence, ed. Anthropology of cannibalism.
    • Taylor, Christopher C. (Christopher Charles) Sacrifice as terror: the Rwandan genocide of 1994.
    • Telban, Borut. Dancing through time: a Sepik cosmology.
    • Cannibalism.
    • Genocide -- Rwanda.
    Rappaport, Joanne.
  • Imagining Andean Colonial Culture
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    Subject Headings:
    • Abercrombie, Thomas Alan, 1951- Pathways of memory and power: ethnography and history among an Andean people.
    • Larson, Brooke. Cochabamba, 1550-1900: colonialism and agrarian transformation in Bolivia.
    • Mills, Kenneth (Kenneth R.) Idolatry and its enemies: colonial Andean religion and extirpation, 1640-1750.
    • Thurner, Mark. From two republics to one divided: contradictions of postcolonial nationmaking in Andean Peru.
    • Aymara Indians -- History.
    • Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Bolivia -- Cochabamba Region -- History.
    Wright, Robin.
  • Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on the Formation of Cultural Identity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ribeiro, Darcy. Brazilian people: the formation and meaning of Brazil.
    • Rabassa, Gregory, tr.
    • Higgins, Kathleen J., 1956- "Licentious liberty" in a Brazilian gold-mining region: slavery, gender, and social control in eighteenth-century Sabará, Minas Gerais.
    • Harding, Rachel E., 1962- Refuge in thunder: Candomblé and alternative spaces of blackness.
    • Lesser, Jeff. Negotiating national identity: immigrants, minorities, and the struggle for ethnicity in Brazil.
    • Rebhun, Linda-Anne. Heart is unknown country: love in the changing economy of northeast Brazil.
    • Overing, Joanna, ed. Anthropology of love and anger: the aesthetics of conviviality in Native Amazonia.
    • Passes, Alan, 1943-, ed.
    • Brazil -- Civilization.
    • Slavery -- Brazil -- Sabará -- History -- 18th century.

Book Review Forum

    Ellis, Clyde, 1958-
  • Paradise Lost: Dismantling the Trope of Nature's Children
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    Subject Headings:
    • Krech, Shepard, 1944- Ecological Indian: myth and history.
    • Indian philosophy -- North America.



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