Ethnohistory

Ethnohistory 49.2, Spring 2002

The Caribbean Basin

Contents

Articles

    Bateman, Rebecca, 1942-
  • Naming Patterns in Black Seminole Ethnogenesis
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    Subject Headings:
    • Names, Seminole.
    • Black Seminoles -- Ethnic identity.
    Abstract:
      This article examines naming patterns in relation to the origins of the Black Seminoles, or Seminole Maroons. It argues that the data on Black Seminole naming represent substantial evidence for the existence of African-derived naming practices with features similar to those of a Kongo-Angolan system. The discussion contributes to the growing body of literature on African-American naming patterns among slave, maroon, and free communities, and it sheds light on the cultural backgrounds of the former slaves who came together in Florida to become the Black Seminoles.
    Curet, L. Antonio.
  • The Chief Is Dead, Long Live ... Who? Descent and Succession in the Protohistoric Chiefdoms of the Greater Antilles
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chiefdoms -- Antilles, Greater -- History.
    • Taino Indians -- Antilles, Greater -- Kings and rulers -- Succession -- History.
    • Customary law -- Antilles, Greater -- History.
    Abstract:
      The rules of succession described in the early Spanish chronicles for Caribbean chiefdoms have been used by many scholars to reconstruct a Taino kinship system. This article argues that these conclusions were reached by using unfounded assumptions, especially confusing rules of succession with rules of descent. Furthermore, it is suggested here that Taino rules of succession were not simply about the right to govern through descent but were a form of customary law that was manipulated by chiefs to consolidate and stabilize power. Thus the vagueness present in the rules of succession could have been an integral part of the transmission system of the position of high office among the protohistoric chiefdoms of the Greater Antilles.
    Gallup-Diaz, Ignacio, 1963-
  • The Spanish Attempt to Tribalize the Darién, 1739-50
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    Subject Headings:
    • Spain -- Colonies -- America -- Administration.
    • Chiefdoms -- Darien (Panama and Colombia) -- History -- 18th century.
    • Cuna Indians -- Politics and government -- 18th century.
    • Christianity and politics -- Darien (Panama and Colombia)
    Abstract:
      Spanish officials in eastern Panamá believed that Christianized Indians would serve as surrogates for Spanish settlers or troops, and their attempts to administer the region were grounded upon establishing alliances with selected Indian leaders. At the same time, pirates and other intruders also saw the need for alliances with Indian men in order for their endeavors to succeed. Through a process in which Europeans and Indians played an equal part, the early modern period saw the creation of several new indigenous leaders. The chieftains who interacted with outsiders were forced to create new ways of ruling on the ground as they navigated through an evolving colonial world in the Darién. This world was clearly built upon indigenous models, though it was not exactly indigenous. And though it drew upon European administrative forms and symbols for a good portion of its legitimacy, it was not recognizably European either.
    Offen, Karl H.
  • The Sambo and Tawira Miskitu: The Colonial Origins and Geography of Intra-Miskitu Differentiation in Eastern Nicaragua and Honduras
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miskito Indians -- Ethnic identity.
    • Nicaragua -- Politics and government -- To 1838.
    • Honduras -- Politics and government -- To 1838.
    Abstract:
      Identity differentiation between the Sambo and Tawira Miskitu in eastern Nicaragua and northeastern Honduras is examined with respect to African integration, settlement geography, differential relations with British settlers and Spanish officials, neighboring Indians, and market economies for the period 1620 to 1790. Research draws from sixteen months of fieldwork in the Mosquitia from 1994–7 and documentary research among British, Spanish, Moravian church, Nicaraguan, and U.S. archival sources. Findings suggest that a salient yet paradoxically overlooked dynamic of Miskitu ethnohistory was the geographically circumscribed animosity between the Sambo and Tawira Miskitu.
    Browne, Katherine E.
  • Creole Economics and the Débrouillard: From Slave-Based Adaptations to the Informal Economy in Martinique
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    Subject Headings:
    • Martinique -- Economic conditions.
    • Slavery -- Martinique -- History.
    • Creoles -- Martinique -- History.
    • Caribbean Area -- Civilization -- African influences.
    Abstract:
      This article introduces the concept of creole economics, a culturally informed view of the informal economy in Martinique, French West Indies. Local actors engaged in this economic practice are commonly known as débrouillards. Drawing on studies of French slavery and folklore, literary works by Caribbean authors, archival materials from Martinique, and the author's own ethnographic fieldwork, this argument suggests that cultural history and creole identities play a significant role in shaping local patterns of illicit earning. By extending the notion of creole adaptations to the economic domain, this work builds on the efforts of Caribbean scholars who have clarified the influence of creole adaptations in other areas, such as language, performance aesthetics, and belief systems.

Book Reviews

    Hudson, Charles M.
  • Searching for the Bright Path: The Mississippi Choctaws from Prehistory to Removal (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carson, James Taylor, 1968- Searching for the bright path: the Mississippi Choctaws from prehistory to removal.
    • Choctaw Indians -- History -- Sources.
    Carson, James Taylor, 1968-
  • Coosa: The Rise and Fall of a Southeastern Mississippian Chiefdom (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smith, Marvin T. Coosa: the rise and fall of a Southeastern Mississippian chiefdom.
    • Coosa Indians -- History.
    Nesper, Larry, 1951-
  • A Gathering of Rivers: Indians, Métis, and Mining in the Western Great Lakes, 1737-1832 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Murphy, Lucy Eldersveld, 1953- Gathering of rivers: Indians, Métis, and mining in the western Great Lakes, 1737-1832.
    • Winnebago Indians -- Economic conditions -- 18th century.
    Ellis, Clyde, 1958-
  • The Kiowas and the Legend of Kicking Bird, with Three Kiowa Tales by Col. W.S. Nye (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hoig, Stan. Kiowas and the legend of Kicking Bird, with three Kiowa tales by Col. W.S. Nye.
    • Nye, Wilbur Sturtevant, 1898-1970.
    • Kicking Bird, d. 1875.
    Rushforth, Brett.
  • Spirit Wars: Native North American Religions in the Age of Nation Building, and: Native Religions and Cultures of North America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Niezen, Ronald. Spirit Wars: Native North American religions in the age of nation building.
    • Burgess, Kim.
    • Sullivan, Lawrence Eugene, 1949-, ed. Native religions and cultures of North America.
    • Indians of North America -- Canada -- Religion.
    • Indians of North America -- Religion.
    Fischer, Edward F., 1966-
  • Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians. Volume Six: Ethnology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Monaghan, John, ed. Ethnology.
    • Edmonson, Barbara, ed.
    • Indians of Central America.
    Deeds, Susan M.
  • History of the Triumphs of Our Holy Faith Amongst the Most Barbarous and Fierce Peoples of the New World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pérez de Ribas, Andrés, 1576-1655. History of the triumphs of our holy faith amongst the most barbarous and fierce peoples of the New World.
    • Reff, Daniel T., 1949-, tr.
    • Ahern, Maureen, tr.
    • Danford, Richard K., tr.
    • Jesuits -- Mexico -- History -- 17th century.
    Kray, Christine A.
  • The Book of Chilam Balam of Na: Facsimile, Translation, and Edited Text (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gubler, Ruth, ed. Book of Chilam Balam of Na: facsimile, translation, and edited text.
    • Bolles, David, ed.
    • Mayas -- Medicine.
    Chance, John K.
  • Of Things of the Indies: Essays Old and New in Early Latin American History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lockhart, James. Of things of the Indies: essays old and new in early Latin American history.
    • Latin America -- History -- To 1830.
    Sullivan, Paul.
  • Interculturalidad e Identidad Indígena: Preguntas Abiertas a la Globalización en México (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Koechert, Andreas, ed. Interculturalidad e identidad indígena: preguntas abiertas a la globalización en México.
    • Pfeiler, Barbara, ed.
    • Indians of Mexico.
    Schroeder, Susan.
  • Aztecs, Moors, and Christians: Festivals of Reconquest in Mexico and Spain (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harris, Max, 1949- Aztecs, Moors, and Christians: festivals of reconquest in Mexico and Spain.
    • Moros y Cristianos Festival -- Mexico.
    Rappaport, Joanne.
  • The Social Life of Numbers: A Quechua Ontology of Numbers and Philosophy of Arithmetic (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Urton, Gary, 1946- Social life of numbers: a Quechua ontology of numbers and philosophy of arithmetic.
    • Nina Llanos, Primitivo.
    • Quechua Indians -- Mathematics.
    Garfield, Seth, 1967-
  • Race, Place, and Medicine: The Idea of the Tropics in Nineteenth-Century Brazilian Medicine, and: The Spectacle of the Races: Scientists, Institutions, and the Race Question in Brazil, 1870-1930 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Peard, Julyan G. Race, place, and medicine: the idea of the tropics in nineteenth-century Brazilian medicine.
    • Schwarcz, Lilia Moritz. Spectacle of the races: scientists, institutions, and the race question in Brazil, 1870-1930.
    • Guyer, Leland, tr.
    • Escola Tropicalista Bahiana -- History -- 19th century.
    • Brazil -- Race relations.
    Hannibal-Paci, Chris.
  • Un/settled Multiculturalisms: Diasporas, Entanglements, Transruptions (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hesse, Barnor, ed. Un/settled multiculturalisms: diasporas, entanglements, transruptions.
    • Great Britain -- Ethnic relations.
    Bucko, Raymond A., 1954-
  • The Price of a Gift: A Lakota Healer's Story (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mohatt, Gerald Vincent. Price of a gift: a Lakota healer's story.
    • Eagle Elk, Joseph, 1931-1991.
    • Eagle Elk, Joseph, 1931-1991.
    Castile, George Pierre.
  • Indian Treaty-Making Policy in the United States and Canada, 1867-1877 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • St. Germain, Jill, 1962- Indian treaty-making policy in the United States and Canada, 1867-1877.
    • Indians of North America -- Treaties -- History.
    Davies, Wade, 1969-
  • A History of the Navajos: The Reservation Years (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bailey, Garrick Alan. History of the Navajos: the reservation years.
    • Bailey, Roberta Glenn.
    • Navajo Indians -- History.
    Coleman, Jon T.
  • The Destruction of the Bison: An Environmental History, 1750-1920 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Isenberg, Andrew C. (Andrew Christian) Destruction of the bison: an environmental history, 1750-1920.
    • American bison.
    Kellogg, Susan.
  • Gender and Power in Prehispanic Mesoamerica (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Joyce, Rosemary A., 1956- Gender and power in Prehispanic Mesoamerica.
    • Indians of Central America -- Social life and customs.
    Smith, Michael Ernest, 1953-
  • The Tenochca Empire of Ancient Mexico: The Triple Alliance of Tenochtitlan, Tetzcoco, and Tlacopan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carrasco Pizana, pedro, 1921- Tenochca Empire of ancient Mexico: the triple alliance of Tenochtitlan, Tetzcoco, and Tlacopan.
    • Aztecs -- Politics and government.
    Masson, Marilyn A.
  • Royal Courts of the Ancient Maya, Volume 1: Theory, Comparison, and Synthesis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Inomata, Takeshi, Ph. D., ed. Royal courts of the ancient Maya.
    • Houston, Stephen D., ed.
    • Mayas -- Kings and rulers.
    Inomata, Takeshi, Ph. D.
  • In the Realm of Nachan Kan: Postclassic Maya Archaeology at Laguna de On, Belize (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Masson, Marilyn A. In the realm of Nachan Kan: Postclassic Maya archaeology at Laguna de On, Belize.
    • Laguna de On Site (Belize)
    Cortez, Constance, 1958-
  • From Moon Goddesses to Virgins: The Colonization of Yucatecan Maya Sexual Desire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sigal, Peter Herman, 1964- From moon goddesses to virgins: the colonization of Yucatecan Maya sexual desire.
    • Mayas -- Mexico -- Yucatán (State) -- Religion.
    Schwaller, John Frederick.
  • Sahagún and the Transition to Modernity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Browne, Walden, 1964- Sahagún and the transition to modernity.
    • Sahagún, Bernardino de, d. 1590 -- Philosophy.
    Goulet, Rick.
  • Harvest of Souls: The Jesuit Missions and Colonialism in North America, 1632-1650, and: The Chaco Mission Frontier: The Guaycuruan Experience (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Blackburn, Carole, 1963- Harvest of souls: the Jesuit missions and colonialism in North America, 1632-1650.
    • Saeger, James Schofield. Chaco Mission Frontier: the Guaycuruan experience.
    • Jesuits -- Missions -- Québec (Province) -- History -- 17th century.
    • Guaycuruan Indians -- Missions.
    Lovell, W. George (William George), 1951-
  • Numbers from Nowhere: The American Indian Contact Population Debate (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Henige, David P. Numbers from nowhere: the American Indian contact population debate.
    • Indians -- Population.
    Evans, Susan Toby, 1945-
  • Delivering Views: Distant Cultures in Early Postcards (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Geary, Christraud M., ed. Delivering views: distant cultures in early postcards.
    • Webb, Virginia-Lee, ed.
    • Postcards -- History -- 19th century -- Themes, motives.



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