Ethnohistory

Ethnohistory 48.4, Fall 2001

Articles

    Cummings, William.
  • Scripting Islamization: Arabic Texts in Early Modern Makassar
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    Subject Headings:
    • Islam -- Indonesia -- Makassar -- History.
    • Conversion -- Islam.
    • Manuscripts, Arabic -- Indonesia -- Makassar.
    Abstract:
      This article argues for a reconceptualization of the process of religious conversion based on local perceptions rather than assuming that conversion is a matter of replacing old beliefs with new ones. In the case of seventeenth-century Makassar, Indonesia, Islam was perceived as a matter of texts. Not a set of doctrines or beliefs to be adopted, Islam inhered in its language, spoken and written. Uttering Arabic and possessing spiritually potent religious manuscripts were the dominant practices shaping Islam’s spread, reception, and structure in early modern South Sulawesi.
    Bahr, Donald M.
  • Bad News: The Predicament of Native American Mythology
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    Subject Headings:
    • Indian mythology.
    Abstract:
      This article holds that native American communities generally did not produce and maintain stories of white and Indian relations, in other words, the sort of stories that loom large in the writings of ethnohistorians. What the communities traditionally produced instead were myths and mythologies about an ancient Edenic time before normal human procreation and marriage. The article also holds that the main influence on the content of mythologies was neighboring mythologies, such that each people’s telling of ancientness was a parody, but a compassionate one, of its neighbors’ tellings. The commitments to parody and to Edenic content hamper these mythologies in today’s cultural world. The tellings were wonderful, but now they are past.
    Hjorleifur Jonsson.
  • Does the House Hold? History and the Shape of Mien (Yao) Society
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    Subject Headings:
    • Yao (Southeast Asian people) -- Thailand -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
    • Households -- Thailand.
    • Social structure -- Thailand.
    Abstract:
      This article reexamines accounts of Mien (Yao) ethnic minority populations in northern Thailand, in particular generalizations about social structure in terms of household formations. Two ethnographic accounts from the same province of Thailand during the 1960s suggest opposite tendencies in Mien household dynamics, but each makes a case for Mien society. This restudy proposes that the dynamics of the 1960s were largely specific to engagements with the regional political economy and a reworking of social relations, which led to the prominence of the household in social life. These dynamics were in and of the twentieth century, and this article draws on a contrast with the two generations immediately prior to what the ethnographies describe to situate households in relation to the shape of Mien social formations.
    Jenkins, David.
  • A Network Analysis of Inka Roads, Administrative Centers, and Storage Facilities
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    Subject Headings:
    • Incas.
    • Roads -- Andes Region.
    Abstract:
      The purpose of this article is to show how three centrality measures—degree centrality, closeness centrality, and betweenness centrality—can advance the analysis of the Inka road network. It proposes that the Inka built storage facilities and/or administrative centers at regions of high centrality and at regions of low centrality, based on the structural properties of two different exchange networks. These networks were themselves based on staple finance and on wealth finance. The article concludes with a discussion of how network models may prove useful for the analysis of the global properties of exchange relations in the Inka empire.
    Anderson, Jeffrey D.
  • Northern Arapaho Conversion of a Christian Text
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    Subject Headings:
    • Arapaho Indians -- Wyoming -- Wind River Indian Reservation -- Religion.
    • Indian Catholics -- Wyoming -- Wind River Indian Reservation.
    • Lord's prayer. Arapaho.
    Abstract:
      Beginning in the 1880s, the Northern Arapaho appropriated Christianity while maintaining core religious forms and tribal solidarity. Through retranslation of the Arapaho Our Father, it is possible to understand how Arapaho Catholics “converted” this text and other forms to their own theory of ritual practice. Rather than converting to doctrine or the Word, missions were subsumed within a larger strategy of compartmentalizing new religious forms within distinct boundaries and activating them within a hidden subtext of Arapaho ritual movement. Through a unique religious pluralism, which maintained both difference and congruity among traditions, Arapaho Catholics were empowered to control the boundaries between cultures and the flow of knowledge across them. Retranslation of the Our Father, or Lord’s Prayer, through attention to multiple functions, meanings, and uses, offers paths for understanding indigenized texts in their local and specific cultural and historical contexts. This article thus follows an ever-developing effort in ethnohistory to understand the ways that indigenous peoples actively translated Euro-American texts and interpreted Euro-American culture. Through this pursuit, ethnohistory can move toward greater balance and symmetry as text translation is opened to multiple and continually evolving levels, perspectives, and meanings.

Book Review Forum

    Snow, Dean R., 1940-
    Harkin, Michael Eugene, 1958-
    Wurtzburg, Susan J.
    Campbell, Lyle.
  • Skull Wars: Kennewick Man, Archaeology, and the Battle for Native American Identity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thomas, David Hurst. Skull wars: Kennewick Man, archaeology, and the battle for Native American identity.
    • Indians of North America -- Antiquities -- Collection and preservation.

Book Reviews

    Miller, David Reed, 1949-
  • The Lakota Ritual of the Sweat Lodge: History and Contemporary Practice (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bucko, Raymond A., 1954- Lakota ritual of the sweat lodge: history and contemporary practice.
    • Dakota Indians -- Rites and ceremonies.
    Roth, Christopher F.
  • Potlatch at Gitsegukla: William Beynon's 1945 Field Notebooks (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Beynon, William, 1888-1958. Potlatch at Gitsegukla: William Beynon's 1945 field notebooks.
    • Halpin, Marjorie M., 1937-, ed.
    • Anderson, Margaret (Margaret Seguin), ed.
    • Potlatch -- British Columbia.
    Milner, Claire McHale.
  • Grit Tempered: Early Women Archaeologists in the Southeastern United States (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • White, Nancy Marie, ed. Grit tempered: early women archaeologists in the southeastern United States.
    • Sullivan, Lynne P., ed.
    • Marrinan, Rochelle A., ed.
    • Women archaeologists -- Southern States -- Biography.
    Cormier, Loretta.
  • The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lee, Richard B., ed. Cambridge encyclopedia of hunters and gatherers.
    • Daly, Richard Heywood, 1942-, ed.
    • Hunting and gathering societies -- Encyclopedias.
    Hosmer, Brian C., 1960-
  • American Indian Population Recovery in the Twentieth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shoemaker, Nancy, 1958- American Indian population recovery in the twentieth century.
    • Indians of North America -- Population.
    Miller, David Reed, 1949-
  • Indians in the United States and Canada: A Comparative History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nichols, Roger L. Indians in the United States and Canada: a comparative history.
    • Indians of North America -- History.
    Kellogg, Susan.
  • Women in Ancient America, and: The Women of Colonial Latin America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bruhns, Karen Olsen. Women in ancient America.
    • Stothert, Karen E.
    • Socolow, Susan Migden, 1941- Women of colonial Latin America.
    • Indian women.
    • Women -- Latin America -- History.
    Hirth, Kenn.
  • Mesoamerica's Classic Heritage: From Teotihuacan to the Aztecs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carrasco, David, ed. Mesoamerica's classic heritage: from Teotihuacan to the Aztecs.
    • Jones, Lindsay, 1954-, ed.
    • Sessions, Scott, ed.
    • Teotihuacán Site (San Juan Teotihuacán, Mexico)
    Stevens, Donald Fithian, 1953-
  • To Defend Our Water with the Blood of Our Veins: The Struggle for Resources in Colonial Puebla (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lipsett-Rivera, Sonya, 1961- To defend our water with the blood of our veins: the struggle for resources in colonial Puebla.
    • Water-supply -- Political aspects -- Mexico -- Puebla (State) -- History.
    Krippner-Martínez, James, 1962-
  • Michoacán and Eden: Vasco de Quiroga and the Evangelization of Western Mexico (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Verástique, Bernardino. Michoacán and Eden: Vasco de Quiroga and the evangelization of western Mexico.
    • Tarasco Indians -- History -- 16th century.
    Sullivan, Paul R.
  • Die Mayordomías in Tequila: Das Religiöse Ämtersystem Heutiger Nahua in Mexiko (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hülsewiede, Brigitte. Mayordomías in Tequila: das religiöse Ämtersystem heutiger Nahua in Mexiko.
    • Nahuas -- Rites and ceremonies.
    Peniche Rivero, Piedad.
  • Land of the Turkey and the Deer: Recent Research in Yucatan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gubler, Ruth, ed. Land of the turkey and the deer: recent research in Yucatan.
    • Mayas -- Antiquities -- Congresses.
    González, Jorge H.
  • The Blood of Guatemala: The Making of Race and Nation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Grandin, Greg, 1962- Blood of Guatemala: the making of race and nation.
    • Quiché Indians -- Politics and government.
    Sigal, Peter Herman, 1964-
  • The Emperor's Mirror: Understanding Cultures through Primary Sources (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barber, Russell J. Emperor's mirror: understanding cultures through primary sources.
    • Berdan, Frances.
    • Ethnohistory -- Methodology.
    Hall, Gwendolyn Midlo.
  • Disparate Diasporas: Identity and Politics in an African-Nicaraguan Community (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gordon, Edmund Tayloe. Disparate diasporas: identity and politics in an African-Nicaraguan community.
    • Creoles -- Nicaragua -- Bluefields -- Government relations.
    Few, Martha.
  • Public Lives, Private Secrets: Gender, Honor, Sexuality, and Illegitimacy in Colonial Spanish America, and: Liberalism in the Bedroom: Quarreling Spouses in Nineteenth-Century Lima, and: Shaping the Discourse on Space: Charity and Its Wards in Nineteenth-Century San Juan, Puerto Rico (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Twinam, Ann, 1946- Public lives, private secrets: gender, honor, sexuality, and illegitimacy in colonial Spanish America.
    • Hünefeldt, Christine. Liberalism in the bedroom: quarreling spouses in nineteenth-century Lima.
    • Martínez Vergne, Teresita. Shaping the discourse on space: charity and its wards in nineteenth-century San Juan, Puerto Rico.
    • Illegitimacy -- Latin America -- History.
    • Marital conflict -- Peru -- Lima -- History -- 19th century.
    Mills, Kenneth (Kenneth R.)
  • Rituals of Respect: The Secret of Survival in the High Peruvian Andes (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bolin, Inge. Rituals of respect: the secret of survival in the high Peruvian Andes.
    • Quechua Indians -- Rites and ceremonies.
    Julien, Catherine J.
  • The Shape of Inca History: Narrative and Architecture in an Andean Empire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Niles, Susan A. Shape of Inca history: narrative and architecture in an Andean empire.
    • Inca architecture -- Peru -- Yucay Region.



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