Ethnohistory

Ethnohistory 48.3, Summer 2001

Articles

    Oakdale, Suzanne.
  • History and Forgetting in an Indigenous Amazonian Community
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kayabi Indians -- Funeral customs and rites -- Brazil.
    • Kayabi Indians -- Brazil -- Music.
    Abstract:
      This article explores a mode of historical consciousness constructed through mortuary rituals among a Brazilian Amazonian people. Paradoxically, the process of forgetting is argued to be crucial for this type of historical consciousness. The dual focus on historical consciousness and mortuary ritual shows how culturally specific notions of personhood, particularly those relating to life, death, and agency, are crucial for an adequate “ethno-ethnohistorical” understanding.
    Doesburg, Bas van.
  • The Codex Porfirio Díaz and the Map of Tutepetongo: The Curious Relationship Between Pictography and Glosses in Oaxacan Screenfolds
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    Subject Headings:
    • Codex Porfirio Díaz.
    • Tutepetongo (Mexico) -- Maps, Pictorial.
    • Cuicatec Indians -- Mexico -- Oaxaca (State)
    • Picture-writing -- Mexico -- Oaxaca (State)
    Abstract:
      This article analyzes the complex and sometimes deceiving relationship that might exist between the pictographic text and toponymic glosses in Oaxacan screenfolds from the sixteenth century. The case of the Codex Porfirio Díaz shows that these glosses represent not only boundaries of the cacicazgo of Tutepetongo but also lands and subject settlements within the cacicazgo. Despite their apparent relationship to the glyphs, the glosses do not translate the pictographic text. On the contrary, they reflect important changes in the indigenous conception of the cacicazgo.
    Nurse, Andrew.
  • "But Now Things Have Changed": Marius Barbeau and the Politics of Amerindian Identity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barbeau, Marius, 1883-1969.
    • Wyandot Indians -- Canada -- Ethnic identity.
    • Ethnology -- Political aspects -- Canada.
    Abstract:
      This essay examines Marius Barbeau’s early-twentieth-century Huron-Wyandot ethnography as a case study in the history of Canadian anthropology and in Canadian cultural history. It examines how Barbeau’s ethnographic research became part of a broader, inherently political process, through which an Amerindian identity was remade as part of the ethnographic project. Barbeau, a noted Canadian anthropologist, studied and collected Huron-Wyandot culture from 1911 until 1914. Working within the salvage paradigm, he rejected the idea that historic-era cultural adaptions could constitute part of an “authentic” Huron-Wyandot culture. For Barbeau cultural adaptations or developments signified only cultural decay. By representing Huron-Wyandot culture in this fashion, Barbeau not only challenged Huron and Wyandot conceptions of their culture but created a standard of cultural authenticity to which the existing Huron and Wyandot cultures could not conform. This led Barbeau to conclude that the Huron had been assimilated into white society: the Huron nation, in effect, no longer existed. The Canadian state readily agreed with this conclusion, using Barbeau’s research to bolster its own plan to disestablish a Huron reserve and forcibly enfranchise its population, thereby unilaterally abolishing their Amerindian status. Barbeau’s Huron-Wyandot ethnography illustrates, this essay concludes, how anthropology became a point of intercultural contact and conflict and a component of aboriginal-white relations in Canada in the first decades of the twentieth century.
    Davis, Dave D.
  • A Case of Identity: Ethnogenesis of the New Houma Indians
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    Subject Headings:
    • Houma Indians -- Louisiana -- History.
    • Racially mixed people -- Louisiana -- Ethnic identity.
    Abstract:
      Throughout the twentieth century, anthropologists and historians have regarded the Houma Indians of southern Louisiana as the descendants of the Houma Indians encountered along the Mississippi River by French explorers and settlers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Oral history of the contemporary Houma traces the group’s origin to Native Americans of the Houma and other tribes who moved into the bayou country of southeastern Louisiana during the late eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries. However, anthropologists and historians from the Bureau of Indian Affairs have concluded that there is no documentary evidence of any cultural or genealogical link between the modern Houma and the Houma of the French colonial period. Available documentary sources indicate that the modern Houma originated in the nineteenth century as a multiethnic group that included Europeans, African Americans, and some Native Americans, none of whom are known to have been Houmas. The genesis of the modern group’s identity as Houma Indians can be understood as a response to legally sanctioned racial classifications and race discrimination in Louisiana from the late nineteenth century on.
    Miller, Jay, 1947-
  • Keres: Endgendered Key to the Pueblo Puzzle
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    Subject Headings:
    • Keresan Indians -- New Mexico -- Chaco Canyon.
    • Pueblo Indians -- New Mexico -- Chaco Canyon.
    Abstract:
      Almost a thousand years separate the flourishing of Chaco Canyon from the Keresan Pueblos of today, yet their distinctive and regionally overwhelming native priesthoods provide a direct link between these people and their place, as still confirmed by their neighbors. The carefully preplanned construction of Chacoan towns in the open—away from cliffs, walls, caverns, and pinnacles—further emphasizes their human-defined shapes as D or O quadrants linked by roads, beacons, and pilgrimages. After a long “engendering” development during the Archaic period, these priesthoods became enshrined by the building of more than a dozen greathouses at Chaco, with others in outlying “clan” districts, that continue to benefit all of the Pueblos to this day.

Book Reviews

    Johnson, Thomas H.
  • People of the Wind River: The Eastern Shoshones 1825-1900 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stamm, Henry E. (Henry Edwin), 1948- People of the Wind River: the Eastern Shoshones 1825-1900.
    • Shoshoni Indians -- History.
    Shoemaker, Nancy Shoemaker, 1939-
  • The Coming of the Spirit of Pestilence: Introduced Infectious Diseases and Population Decline among Northwest Coast Indians, 1774-1874 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boyd, Robert T. (Robert Thomas), 1945- Coming of the spirit of pestilence: introduced infectious diseases and population decline among Northwest Coast Indians, 1774-1874.
    • Epidemiology -- Northwest, Pacific -- History -- 18th century.
    Ishii, Izumi.
  • George Washington Grayson and the Creek Nation, 1843-1920 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Warde, Mary Jane, 1944- George Washington Grayson and the Creek nation, 1843-1920.
    • Grayson, G. W. (George Washington), 1843-1920.
    Gleach, Frederic W. (Frederic Wright), 1960-
  • Cahokia and the Archaeology of Power (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Emerson, Thomas E., 1945- Cahokia and the archaeology of power.
    • Cahokia Mounds State Historic Park (Ill.)
    Lipsett-Rivera, Sonya, 1961-
  • Intimate Frontiers: Sex, Gender, and Culture in Old California (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hurtado, Albert L., 1946- Intimate frontiers: sex, gender, and culture in old California.
    • California -- Social life and customs -- 18th century.
    Whitehead, Neil L.
  • Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca: His Account, His Life, and the Expedition of Pánfilo de Narváez (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Adorno, Rolena. Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca: his account, his life, and the expedition of Pánfilo de Narváez.
    • Pautz, Patrick Charles.
    • Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar, 16th cent.
    Houston, Stephen D.
  • Mesoamerican Architecture as a Cultural Symbol (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kowalski, Jeff Karl, 1951-, ed. Mesoamerican architecture as a cultural symbol.
    • Indian architecture -- Mexico.
    Cohen, Jeffrey H. (Jeffrey Harris)
  • Ancient Oaxaca, and: The Shadow of Monte Alban: Politics and Historiography in Postclassic Oaxaca, Mexico (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Blanton, Richard E., ed. Ancient Oaxaca.
    • Jansen, Maarten E. R. G. N. (Maarten Evert Reinoud Gerard Nicolaas), 1952-, ed. Shadow of Monte Alban: politics and historiography in postclassic Oaxaca, Mexico.
    • Oudijk, Michel R., ed.
    • Kröfges, Peter, ed.
    • Indians of Mexico -- Mexico -- Oaxaca Valley -- Antiquities.
    • Oaxaca (Mexico) -- Historiography.
    Grimes, Kimberly M., 1961-
  • Cooperation and Community: Economy and Society in Oaxaca (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cohen, Jeffrey H. (Jeffrey Harris) Cooperation and community: economy and society in Oaxaca.
    • Zapotec Indians -- Social conditions.
    Sandstrom, Alan R.
  • The Bear and His Sons: Masculinity in Spanish and Mexican Folktales (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Taggart, James M., 1941- Bear and his sons: masculinity in Spanish and Mexican folktales.
    • Tales -- Mexico.
    Boyer, Richard E.
  • Crime and Punishment in Late Colonial Mexico City, 1692-1810 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Haslip-Viera, Gabriel. Crime and punishment in late colonial Mexico City, 1692-1810.
    • Crime -- Mexico -- Mexico City -- History.
    Little, Walter E.
  • Voices from Exile: Violence and Survival in Modern Maya History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Montejo, Victor, 1951- Voices from exile: violence and survival in modern Maya history.
    • Mayas -- Wars -- Guatemala.
    Carey, David.
  • The Highland Maya in Fact and Legend: Francisco Ximénez, Fernando Alva de Ixtlilxóchitl, and Other Commentators on Indian Origins and Deeds (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Peterson, Marshall N., ed. Highland Maya in fact and legend: Francisco Ximénez, Fernando Alva de Ixtlilxóchitl, and other commentators on Indian origins and deeds.
    • Mayas -- Guatemala -- Early works to 1800.
    Ramírez, Susan E., 1946-
  • Colonial Habits: Convents and the Spiritual Economy of Cuzco, Peru (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Burns, Kathryn, 1959- Colonial habits: convents and the spiritual economy of Cuzco, Peru.
    • Cuzco (Peru) -- Social life and customs.
    Lane, Kris E., 1967-
  • Inka Bodies and the Body of Christ: Corpus Christi in Colonial Cuzco, Peru (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dean, Carolyn, 1957- Inka bodies and the body of Christ: Corpus Christi in colonial Cuzco, Peru.
    • Corpus Christi Festival -- Peru -- Cuzco.
    Langfur, Hal.
  • An Account of the Antiquities of the Indians, and: The Discoverie of the Large, Rich, and Bewtiful Empyre of Guiana (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pané, Ramón, d. 1571. Account of the antiquities of the Indians.
    • Arrom, José Juan, 1910-, ed.
    • Raleigh, Walter, Sir, 1552?-1618. Discoverie of the large, rich, and bewtiful Empyre of Guiana.
    • Whitehead, Neil L.. ed.
    • Indians of the West Indies -- Hispaniola -- History -- Sources.
    • America -- Discovery and exploration -- British.
    Redmond, Elsa M.
  • War in the Tribal Zone: Expanding States and Indigenous Warfare (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ferguson, R. Brian, ed. War in the tribal zone: expanding states and indigenous warfare.
    • Whitehead, Neil L., ed.
    • War and society -- Cross-cultural studies.
    Campbell, Lyle.
    Wurtzburg, Susan.
  • New World Babel: Languages and Nations in Early America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gray, Edward G., 1964- New World Babel: languages and nations in early America.
    • North America -- Languages -- History.
    Burkhart, Louise M., 1958-
    Ladd, Brian, 1957-
  • Envisioning Power: Ideologies of Dominance and Crisis, and: Reading the Holocaust (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wolf, Eric R., 1923- Envisioning power: ideologies of dominance and crisis.
    • Clendinnen, Inga. Reading the Holocaust.
    • Power (Social sciences)
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Historiography.



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