Ethnohistory 47.2, Spring 2000



    Michaud, Jean.
  • The Montagnards and the State in Northern Vietnam from 1802 to 1975: A Historical Overview
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    Subject Headings:
    • Montagnards (Vietnamese people) -- Government relations -- History.
    • Minorities -- Vietnam, Northern -- History.
    • Vietnam, Northern -- Ethnic relations -- History.
      This article provides an overview of the recent interactions between the highlanders of northern Vietnam and the successive powers that controlled the state between 1802 and 1975: Imperial Vietnam until 1883, the French colonial state until 1954, and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam after that date. Ignored for a long time, courted during wartime, subject to strong acculturation policy since the independence of the North, these highland societies are facing a constant challenge to their cultural survival.
    Armstrong, Douglas V.
    Kelly, Kenneth Goodley, 1962-
  • Settlement Patterns and the Origins of African Jamaican Society: Seville Plantation, St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica
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    Subject Headings:
    • Plantations -- Social aspects -- Jamaica -- Saint Ann's Bay -- History.
    • Africans -- Jamaica -- Saint Ann's Bay -- Social conditions.
    • Land settlement patterns -- Social aspects -- Jamaica -- Saint Ann's Bay -- History.
      Archaeological and historical research at Seville Plantation, Jamaica, are used to explain changes in settlement patterns within the estate’s African Jamaican community between 1670 and the late nineteenth century. Sugar plantations, such as Seville, are marked by well-defined spatial order based upon economic and power relations that was imposed upon enslaved communities by planters and managers. Archaeological evidence is used to explore how enslaved Africans modified this imposed order and redefined boundaries in ways that correspond with the development of a distinct African Jamaican society. The rigidly defined linear housing arrangements initially established by the planter, and their relations to the Great House, sugar works, and fields, were reinterpreted by the enslaved residents of the village to create a degree of autonomy and freedom from constant surveillance that was at odds with the motives of the planter class. These changes occurred within the spatial parameters established by the planter, yet they reflect dynamic and creative social processes that resulted in the emergence of an African Jamaican community.
    Balée, William L., 1954-
  • Antiquity of Traditional Ethnobiological Knowledge in Amazonia: The Tupí-Guaraní Family and Time
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ethnobiology -- Amazon River Region.
    • Tupi languages -- Etymology.
    • Guarani languages -- Etymology.
      Traditional ethnobiological knowledge (TEK) in Amazonia can be elucidated by comparative study within a language family. Some of this TEK has been more resistant to change than certain elements from other cultural domains, such as kinship and politics. Although much TEK has been nevertheless eroded over time, the Tupí-Guaraní language family shows evidence for retention of TEK concerning not only many domesticated and semidomesticated plants but also certain wild resources. In particular, that language family has evidently retained complexes of traits that (1) associate tortoises with the human female reproductive cycle; (2) associate Pachycondyla commutata ants with menarche and female initiation rites; and (3) prescribe the stings of Pseudomyrmex spp. ants as therapy for fever and inflammatory conditions. Such knowledge, however unequally shared in modern languages and cultures, appears to be very old.
    Sleeper-Smith, Susan.
  • Women, Kin, and Catholicism: New Perspectives on the Fur Trade
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    Subject Headings:
    • Indian women -- Great Lakes Region -- Family relationships.
    • Catholic women -- Great Lakes Region -- Family relationships.
    • Fur trade -- Social aspects -- Great Lakes Region -- History.
      This article focuses on four Native women who were Christian converts and married French fur traders. As “cultural mediators” and “negotiators of change” they mediated the face-to-face exchange of goods for peltry in the western Great Lakes through Catholic kin networks that paralleled and extended those of indigenous society. Their reliance on kinship and Catholicism suggests new ways to study women’s involvement in the trade and to reassess how trade and religion affected Indian communities.


Review Essays

    Hoxie, Frederick E., 1947-
  • What's Your Problem?: New Work in Twentieth-Century Native American Ethnohistory
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    Subject Headings:
    • Child, Brenda J., 1959- Boarding school seasons: American Indian families, 1900-1940.
    • Trafzer, Clifford E. Death stalks the Yakama: epidemiological transitions and mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964.
    • Fixico, Donald Lee, 1951- Invasion of Indian country in the twentieth century: American capitalism and tribal natural resources.
    • Blaine, Martha Royce, 1923- Some things are not forgotten: a Pawnee family remembers.
    • Osburn, Katherine. Southern Ute women: autonomy and assimilation on the reservation, 1887-1934.
    • Trennert, Robert A. White man's medicine: government doctors and the Navajo, 1863-1955.
    • Ojibwa youth -- Education.
    • Yakama Indians -- Mortality -- Statistics.
    Abler, Thomas S. (Thomas Struthers), 1941-
  • Iroquois Policy and Iroquois Culture: Two Histories and an Anthropological Ethnohistory
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aquila, Richard, 1946- Iroquois restoration: Iroquois diplomacy on the colonial frontier, 1701-1754.
    • Brandão, José António, 1957- Your fyre shall burn no more: Iroquois policy toward new France and its native allies to 1701.
    • Fenton, William Nelson, 1908- Great Law and the Longhouse: a political history of the Iroquois Confederacy.
    • Iroquois Indians -- Government relations.
    • Iroquois Indians -- History -- 17th century.

Book Reviews

    Fisher, Andrew H.
  • Beyond the Reservation: Indians, Settlers, and the Law in Washington Territory, 1853-1889, and: Indians in the Making: Ethnic Relations and Indian Identities around Puget Sound (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Asher, Brad, 1963- Beyond the reservation: Indians, settlers, and the law in Washington Territory, 1853-1889.
    • Harmon, Alexandra, 1945- Indians in the making: ethnic relations and Indian identities around Puget Sound.
    • Indians of North America -- Washington (State) -- History -- 19th century.
    • Indians of North America -- Washington (State) -- Puget Sound -- History.
    Reedy-Maschner, Katherine.
  • Colonizing Bodies: Aboriginal Health and Healing in British Columbia, 1900-50, and: Ways of Knowing: Experience, Knowledge, and Power among the Dene Tha (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kelm, Mary-Ellen, 1964- Colonizing bodies: aboriginal health and healing in British Columbia, 1900-50.
    • Goulet, Jean-Guy. Ways of knowing: experience, knowledge, and power among the Dene Tha.
    • Indians of North America -- Colonization -- British Columbia.
    • Dene Thá Indians -- Social conditions.
    Perttula, Timothy K.
  • The Caddo Chiefdoms: Caddo Economics and Politics, 700-1835 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • La Vere, David. Caddo chiefdoms: Caddo economics and politics, 700-1835.
    • Caddo Indians -- History.
    Milner, George R., 1953-
  • Chiefdoms and Chieftaincy in the Americas (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Redmond, Elsa M., ed. Chiefdoms and chieftaincy in the Americas.
    • Indians -- Kings and rulers.
    Herrera, Robinson A.
  • Born to Die: Disease and New World Conquest, 1492-1650 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cook, Noble David. Born to die: disease and New World conquest, 1492-1650.
    • Indians -- Diseases.
    Trexler, Richard C., 1932-
  • Sex, Sexuality, and the Anthropologist (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Markowitz, Fran, ed. Sex, sexuality, and the anthropologist.
    • Ashkenazi, Michael, ed.
    • Ethnology -- Field work.
    Kray, Christine.
  • Infelicities: Representations of the Exotic (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mason, Peter, 1952- Infelicities: representations of the exotic.
    • Europe -- Civilization -- Foreign influences.

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