Enterprise and Society

Enterprise & Society
Volume 6, Number 1, March 2005

CONTENTS

Articles

    Engel, Jeffrey A.
  • The Surly Bonds: American Cold War Constraints on British Aviation
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aircraft industry -- Political aspects -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    • Great Britain -- Foreign economic relations -- China.
    • China -- Foreign economic relations -- Great Britain.
    • Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- United States.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain.
    • United States -- Foreign relations -- 1945-1989.
    Abstract:
      The battle for dominance of the global aviation marketplace after 1945 was largely an Anglo-American competition, yet to date historians have overlooked the important role diplomacy played in shaping its outcome. Divisions over the proper regulation of strategically vital aircraft and aviation technology seriously impeded aircraft manufacturers, British producers especially. This article traces the impact of Anglo-American diplomacy upon British aviation manufacturers during the first half of the Cold War, from 1946 until the Sino-American rapprochement of the early 1970s. It explores three periods in particular: the initial postwar years, highlighted by disputed British jet engine sales to the Soviet Union; the early 1950s, when British jetliner exports seemed a genuine strategic threat in Washington; and the early 1960s, when Whitehall authorized covert transfers of American-licensed aviation equipment to complete the first British aircraft sales to the People's Republic of China. These examples demonstrate not only the effect of strategic balancing by governments on the marketplace, but also diplomacy's impact on business.
    Stebenne, David.
  • Thomas J. Watson and the Business-Government Relationship, 1933-1956
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    Subject Headings:
    • Watson, Thomas John, 1874-1956.
    • International Business Machines Corporation -- History.
    • Computer industry -- Government policy -- United States -- History.
    Abstract:
      The precise nature of the relationship between the American business community and the New Deal has been a lively topic of debate in recent years. This article looks at an important figure and firm in that relationship (Thomas J. Watson of IBM) to increase our understanding of it. This article focuses chronologically on the period from the early 1930s through the mid-1950s, when New-Deal-era public policy innovations were most influential. The overall picture that emerges from this study of the U.S. business-government relationship during those years is one of business accommodation of major changes in social conditions and public policies rather than a view of business as the primary leader of change.
    Delanghe, Henri.
  • Postwar Japanese Cotton Textile Investment in Brazil, 1955-1980
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cotton textile industry -- Technological innovations -- Brazil -- History -- 20th century.
    • Technology transfer -- Japan -- History -- 20th century.
    • Technology transfer -- Brazil -- History -- 20th century.
    • Investments, Japanese -- Brazil -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      The literature suggests that cotton textiles should be unattractive for foreign direct investment (FDI). The product is largely undifferentiated; sellers need an intimate knowledge of local markets; and textiles use process technology, which multinational firms cannot monopolize. Indeed, since the 1970s, cotton textiles has been one of the few industries in Brazil in which local capital dominates, joint ventures prevail, and American firms are almost completely absent. Yet, between 1955 and the mid-1970s, Brazil saw significant foreign direct investment in textiles from Japanese firms. There were two successive waves of Japanese investment in the Brazilian cotton textile industry. The first ran from the mid-1950s to the early 1960s. The second took place from the late 1960s to the mid-1970s. Four Japanese textile firms participated in the first wave—Kanebo, Toyobo, Tsuzuki, and Unitika. Four more—Daiwa, Kurabo, Nisshinbo, and Omi—participated in the second wave.
    Webster, Tony.
  • An Early Global Business in a Colonial Context: The Strategies, Management, and Failure of John Palmer and Company of Calcutta, 1780-1830
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    Subject Headings:
    • Palmer, John, 1767-1836.
    • John Palmer and Company -- History.
    • Calcutta (India) -- Commerce -- History -- 19th century.
    • Business enterprises -- India -- Calcutta -- History -- 19th century.
    Abstract:
      This article explores the business and managerial strategies of Palmer and Company, a Calcutta agency house, as it strove to develop its global business in an era of limited communications technology. The article considers the reasons for the eventual demise of the firm and the consequences for business in India. It examines the principles that governed the operations of the business and considers the extent to which these contributed to the demise of the firm. More generally, it considers the factors that contributed not only to the failure of Palmer and Company but also to the collapse of all the agency houses by 1833 .

Communications

    Chandler, Alfred Dupont.
  • Response to the Symposium: Framing Business History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Langlois, Richard N. Chandler in a larger frame: markets, transaction costs, and organizational form in history.
    • Lamoreaux, Naomi R. Against whig history.
    • Raff, Daniel M. G.
    • Temin, Peter.
    • Sabel, Charles F. Neither modularity nor relational contracting: inter-firm collaboration in the new economy.
    • Zeitlin, Jonathan.
    • Industrial organization -- United States -- History.
    • Business enterprises -- United States -- History.
    • International Business Machines Corporation -- History.
    Chandler, Alfred Dupont.
  • Preface to the Paperback Edition of Inventing the Electronic Century
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chandler, Alfred Dupont. Inventing the electronic century : the epic story of the consumer electronics and computer industries.
    • Electronic industries -- United States -- History.
    • International Business Machines Corporation.

Reviews

    Riello, Giorgio.
  • The Cambridge History of Western Textiles, Volumes I and II (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jenkins, D. T., ed. Cambridge history of western textiles.
    • Textile fabrics -- History.
    Pearson, Robin, 1955-
  • Finance, Intermediaries, and Economic Development (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Engerman, Stanley L., ed. Finance, intermediaries, and economic development.
    • Financial institutions -- Congresses.
    Selva, Simone.
  • Gold, Dollars, and Power: The Politics of International Monetary Relations, 1958-1971 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gavin, Francis J. Gold, dollars, and power: the politics of international monetary relations, 1958-1971.
    • International finance -- History.
    Smith, George David.
  • The Equity Culture: The Story of the Global Stock Market (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smith, B. Mark, 1953- Equity culture: the story of the global stock market.
    • Stock exchanges.
    Rao, Nagendra.
  • India and the World Economy, 1850-1950 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Balachandran, G. (Gopalan), 1959-, ed. India and the world economy, 1850-1950.
    • India -- History -- British occupation, 1765-1947.
    Morgan, Stephen L.
  • Trust in Troubled Times: Money, Banks, and State-Society Relations in Republican Tianjin (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sheehan, Brett, 1960- Trust in troubled times: money, banks, and state-society relations in republican Tianjin.
    • Banks and banking -- China -- Tianjin -- History.
    Holten, Birgitte.
  • Slavery and the Economy of São Paulo, 1750-1850 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Luna, Francisco Vidal. Slavery and the economy of São Paulo, 1750-1850.
    • Klein, Herbert S.
    • São Paulo (Brazil : State) -- Economic conditions.
    Eakin, Marshall C. (Marshall Craig), 1952-
  • Sugar Baron: Manuel Rionda and the Fortunes of Pre-Castro Cuba (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McAvoy, Muriel, 1919- Sugar baron: Manuel Rionda and the fortunes of pre-Castro Cuba.
    • Rionda y Polledo, Manuel.
    Demers, Maurice.
  • Yankee Don't Go Home!: Mexican Nationalism, American Business Culture, and the Shaping of Modern Mexico, 1920-1950 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Moreno, Julio, 1970- Yankee don't go home!: Mexican nationalism, American business culture, and the shaping of modern Mexico, 1920-1950.
    • Industrial policy -- Mexico -- History -- 20th century.
    Read, Ian.
  • Banana Wars: Power, Production, and History in the Americas (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Striffler, Steve, 1967-, ed. Banana wars: power, production, and history in the Americas.
    • Moberg, Mark, 1959-, ed.
    • Banana trade -- South America -- History.
    Veenendaal, A. J.
  • Ford, 1903-2003: The European History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bonin, Hubert, ed. Ford, 1903-2003: the European history.
    • Lung, Yannick, ed.
    • Tolliday, Steven, ed.
    • Ford Motor Company -- History -- Congresses.
    Kirby, M. W.
  • The Government Machine: A Revolutionary History of the Computer (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agar, Jon. Government machine: a revolutionary history of the computer.
    • Computers -- Government policy -- Great Britain -- History.
    Mau, Mark.
  • The Information Society and the Welfare State: The Finnish Model (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Castells, Manuel. Information society and the welfare state: the Finnish model.
    • Himanen, Pekka.
    • Welfare state -- Finland.
    Adams, Sean P.
  • The Roots of American Industrialization (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Meyer, David R. Roots of American industrialization.
    • Industrialization -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
    Flesher, Dale L.
  • Mutually Beneficial: The Guardian and Life Insurance in America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wright, Robert E. (Robert Eric), 1969- Mutually beneficial: the Guardian and Life Insurance in America.
    • Smith, George David.
    • Guardian Life Insurance Company -- History.
    Laird, Pamela Walker, 1947-
  • Rising Tide: Lessons from 165 Years of Brand Building at Procter & Gamble (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dyer, Davis. Rising tide: lessons from 165 years of brand building at Procter & Gamble.
    • Dalzell, Frederick.
    • Olegario, Rowena.
    • Procter & Gamble Company -- History.
    Bix, Amy Sue.
  • Freedom from Want: American Liberalism and the Idea of the Consumer (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Donohue, Kathleen G., 1958- Freedom from want: American liberalism and the idea of the consumer.
    • Liberalism -- United States -- History.
    Usselman, Steven W.
  • The Watson Dynasty: The Fiery Reign and Troubled Legacy of IBM's Founding Father and Son, and: The Maverick and His Machine: Thomas Watson, Sr., and the Making of IBM (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tedlow, Richard S. Watson dynasty: the fiery reign and troubled legacy of IBM's founding father and son.
    • Maney, Kevin, 1960- Maverick and his machine: Thomas Watson, Sr., and the making of IBM.
    • International Business Machines Corporation -- History.
    • Computer industry -- United States -- History.
    Weems, Robert E., 1951-
  • Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lanctot, Neil, 1966- Negro league baseball: the rise and ruin of a Black institution.
    • Negro leagues -- History.
    White, W. Thomas (William Thomas), 1948-
  • Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jenkins, Carol, 1944- Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the making of a Black American millionaire.
    • Hines, Elizabeth Gardner.
    • Gaston, A. G. (Arthur George), b. 1892.
    Nelles, H. V.
  • The Political Economy of Institutional Change in the Electricity Supply Industry: Shifting Currents (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rufin, Carlos, 1964- Political economy of institutional change in the electricity supply industry: shifting currents.
    • Electric utilities -- Economic aspects.



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