Eighteenth-Century Studies

Eighteenth-Century Studies
Volume 37, Number 3, Spring 2004

CONTENTS

Critical Networks

    Cowan, Brian William, 1969-
  • Mr. Spectator and the Coffeehouse Public Sphere
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    Subject Headings:
    • Spectator (London, England : 1711)
    • Tatler (London, England : 1709)
    • Addison, Joseph, 1672-1719.
    • Steele, Richard, Sir, 1672-1729.
    • Mass media and publicity -- England -- London -- History -- 18th century.
    • England -- Intellectual life -- 18th century.
    Abstract:
      Jürgen Habermas used the coffeehouse and the periodical essays of Addison and Steele as prime examples of his concept of an eighteenth-century "public sphere." This article revisits Addison's and Steele's attitudes toward the coffeehouse and argues that their understanding of public political life must be read within the context of Whig political fortunes in the later years of Queen Anne's reign. Their purpose was not to celebrate the emergence of a public sphere, but rather to shift the grounds of political debate away from the contentious issues of war and religion that threatened the security of Whig politics after the trial of Sacheverell and the collapse of the junto ministry in 1710.
    Trolander, Paul.
    Tenger, Zeynep.
  • Katherine Philips and Coterie Critical Practices
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    Subject Headings:
    • Philips, Katherine, 1631-1664 -- Correspondence.
    • Cotterell, Charles, Sir, d. 1701 -- Correspondence.
    • Criticism -- Great Britain -- History -- 17th century.
    Abstract:
      Jürgen Habermas used the coffeehouse and the periodical essays of Addison and Steele as prime examples of his concept of an eighteenth-century "public sphere." This article revisits Addison's and Steele's attitudes toward the coffeehouse and argues that their understanding of public political life must be read within the context of Whig political fortunes in the later years of Queen Anne's reign. Their purpose was not to celebrate the emergence of a public sphere, but rather to shift the grounds of political debate away from the contentious issues of war and religion that threatened the security of Whig politics after the trial of Sacheverell and the collapse of the junto ministry in 1710.
    Sama, Catherine M.
  • Liberty, Equality, Frivolity!: An Italian Critique of Fashion Periodicals
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    Subject Headings:
    • Caminer Turra, Elisabetta, 1751-1796.
    • Nuovo giornale enciclopedico d'Italia.
    • Women's clothing -- Italy -- Periodicals -- History -- 18th century.
    • Women -- Italy -- Veneto -- Intellectual life -- 18th century.
    • Fashion -- Italy -- French influences.
    Abstract:
      Elisabetta Caminer Turra (1751-96) was one of Italy's first female journalists. Her periodical, the Giornale enciclopedico (later Nuovo giornale enciclopedico, and Nuovo giornale enciclopedico d'Italia), offered reviews, extracts, and announcements of the latest literary, scientific, philosophical, and historical works published across Europe. Under Caminer's direction, the periodical became the most progressive Enlightenment influence in the Veneto region of Italy. While not opposed to the fashion industry—which she viewed as useful to commerce—Caminer became an adamant critic of the new fashion periodicals for women. In a series of reviews published between 1777 and 1786, she critiqued her compatriots' willingness to ape French fashions, inveighed against the claims of fashion periodicals to provide an education for women, and warned her female readers that choosing the toilette over the writing table allowed men to retain their superior position in the gender hierarchy and made women complicit in their own subjugation.
    Waters, Mary A.
  • "The First of a New Genus": Mary Wollstonecraft as a Literary Critic and Mentor to Mary Hays
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wollstonecraft, Mary, 1759-1797 -- Influence.
    • Hays, Mary, 1759 or 60-1843.
    • Women authors, English -- History -- 18th century.
    • Women and literature -- Great Britain -- History --18th century.
    Abstract:
      Mary Wollstonecraft's work for Joseph Johnson's Analytical Review stands as a landmark in the changing occupations available to women writers during the late eighteenth century. Study of this work facilitates a clearer understanding of both Wollstonecraft's intellectual development and the material and social circumstances that facilitated her access to the sorts of literary work that had been mostly the province of men. As she developed broader areas of reviewing competence, Wollstonecraft also took on wider responsibilities with the Analytical Review and possibly Johnson's bookselling business as well. When she found herself in a position to offer professional mentoring to Mary Hays, Wollstonecraft provided Hays with opportunities for literary work and advised her on the credible public presentation of herself as a woman author. While this assistance did not lead to permanent literary employment for Hays, it did offer a significant boost to her literary career.
    Sorensen, Janet.
  • Vulgar Tongues: Canting Dicionaries and the Language of the People in Eighteenth-Century Britain
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    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Slang -- Dictionaries -- Early works to 1800.
    • English language -- Social aspects -- Great Britain -- History -- 18th century.
    • Popular culture -- Great Britain -- History -- 18th century.
    Abstract:
      This essay traces the changing status of cant and vulgar languages in eighteenth-century Britain. Earlier in the century, collections of cant and slang language drew from seventeenth-century predecessors, using substandard language as a means of marking off a criminal class from laboring people. By the end of the century, particularly in the work of Francis Grose, cant language is re-named as vulgar language and comes to be seen as a sign of the freedom of Britons. Print collections revaluing these substandard languages as popular culture become one means of making a rhetorical space for "the people" within British national discourse. This "language of the people," however, is haunted by earlier criminal associations, the actual criminalization of many customary labor and property relations throughout the eighteenth century, and the exclusion of women from cross-class male communities trading in newly fashionable vulgar language.

Exhibition Reviews

    Schroder, Anne L.
  • The Age of Watteau, Chardin, and Fragonard: Masterpieces of French Genre Painting, and: Colorful Impressions: The Printmaking Revolution in Eighteenth-Century France (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • National Gallery of Canada. Age of Watteau, Chardin, and Fragonard: masterpieces of French genre painting [exhibition]
    • Bailey, Colin B., ed. Age of Watteau, Chardin, and Fragonard: masterpieces of French genre painting.
    • Conisbee, Philip, ed.
    • Gaehtgens, Thomas W., 1940-, ed.
    • National Gallery of Art (U.S.) Colorful impressions: the printmaking revolution in eighteenth-century France [exhibition]
    • Grasselli, Margaret Morgan, 1951- Colorful impressions : the printmaking revolution in eighteenth-century France.
    • Genre painting, French -- 18th century -- Exhibitions.
    • Color prints, French -- 18th century -- Exhibitions.
    Cohen, Sarah R., 1957-
  • The Drawings of François Boucher (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Frick Collection. Drawings of François Boucher [exhibition]
    • Laing, Alastair. Drawings of François Boucher.
    • Boucher, François, 1703-1770 -- Exhibitions.

Book Reviews

    Hayes, Julie Candler, 1955-
  • Sade's Material/ Material Sade
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schaeffer, Neil, 1940- Marquis de Sade: a life.
    • Sclippa, Norbert, 1944- Jeu de la sphinge: Sade et la philosophie des Lumières.
    • Warman, Caroline. Sade: from materialism to pornography.
    • Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814.
    • Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814 -- Philosophy.
    Schürer, Norbert.
  • British Erotica Before and After 1700
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wilkes, John, 1727-1797. Essay on woman by John Wilkes and Thomas Potter: a reconstruction of a lost book.
    • Potter, Thomas, 1718-1759.
    • Cash, Arthur H. (Arthur Hill), 1922-
    • Pettit, Alexander, 1958-, ed. Eighteenth-century British erotica.
    • Spedding, Patrick, ed.
    • Turner, James, 1947- Libertines and radicals in early modern London: sexuality, politics, and literary culture, 1630-1685.
    • Women -- Poetry.
    • Erotic literature, English.
    Roworth, Wendy Wassyng.
  • Documenting Angelica Kauffman's Life and Art
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kauffmann, Angelica, 1741-1807. "Memoria delle piture" di Angelica Kauffman.
    • Knight, Carlo, ed.
    • Kauffmann, Angelica, 1741-1807. "Mir träumte vor ein paar Nächten, ich hätte Briefe von Ihnen empfangen" gesammelte Briefe in den Originalsprachen.
    • Maierhofer, Waltraud, 1959-, ed.
    • Kauffmann, Angelica, 1741-1807. Memorie istoriche di Maria Angelica Kauffmann Zucchi riguardanti l'arte della pittura da lei professata scritte da G.C.Z. (Giuseppe Carlo Zucchi), Venezia MDCCLXXXVIII.
    • Zucchi, Giuseppe Carlo.
    • Swozilek, Helmut, ed.
    • Kauffmann, Angelica, 1741-1807 -- Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc.
    • Kauffmann, Angelica, 1741-1807 -- Correspondence.
    Popkin, Jeremy D., 1948-
  • The Eighteenth-Century French Periodical Press
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    Subject Headings:
    • Angelike, Karin, 1964- Louis-François Mettra: ein französischer Zeitungsverleger in Köln, 1770-1800.
    • Rétat, Pierre, ed. Gazette d'Amsterdam: miroir de l'Europe au XVIIIe siècle.
    • Mettra, Louis-François, 1738?-1804.
    • Gazette d'Amsterdam.
    High, Jeffrey L.
  • Two Reception Histories of Schiller's Dramatic Works
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pugh, David, 1952- Schiller's early dramas: a critical history.
    • Saranpa, Kathy J. (Kathy Jo), 1955- Schiller's Wallenstein, Maria Stuart, and Die Jungfrau von Orleans: the critical legacy.
    • Schiller, Friedrich, 1759-1805 -- Criticism and interpretation.
    • Schiller, Friedrich, 1759-1805 -- Knowledge -- History.
    Peck, Jason Michael.
  • Recent Kant Scholarship
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    Subject Headings:
    • Förster, Eckart. Kant's final synthesis: an essay on the Opus postumum.
    • Jacobs, Brian (Brian Wallace), ed. Essays on Kant's anthropology.
    • Kain, Patrick, ed.
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804. Critique of practical reason.
    • Pluhar, Werner S., 1940-, tr.
    • Martyn, David, 1959- Sublime failures: the ethics of Kant and Sade.
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804. Opus postumum.
    • Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804 -- Contributions in philosophical anthropology.
    Roche, Christian.
  • Music in the Age of Encyclopedism: Two Recent Studies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cernuschi, Alain. Penser la musique dans l'Encyclopédie.
    • Dauphin, Claude, 1949- Musique au temps des encyclopédistes.
    • Musicology -- France -- History -- 18th century.
    • Music -- 18th century -- History and criticism.
    Muller, Markus.
  • In Honor of ...: Festschrifts for Anne-Marie Chouillet and Raymond Trousson
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aron, Paul. Vérité et littérature au XVIIIe siècle: mélanges rassemblés en l'honneur de Raymond Trousson.
    • Kölving, Ulla, ed. Sciences, musiques, lumières: mélanges offerts à Anne-Marie Chouillet.
    • Passeron, Irène, ed.
    • French literature -- 18th century.
    • Enlightenment -- France.
    Laursen, John Christian.
  • Bayle the Man, Bayle the Political Animal
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Political writings.
    • Jenkinson, Sally (Sally L.), ed.
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Correspondance de Pierre Bayle.
    • Labrousse, Elisabeth, ed.
    • Political science -- Early works to 1800.
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706 -- Correspondence.
    Jenkinson, Sally (Sally L.)
  • In his Own Words: Recent Publications of Bayle's Writing
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Témoin et conscience de son temps: un choix d'articles du Dictionnaire historique et critique.
    • McKenna, Antony, ed.
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Various thoughts on the occasion of a comet.
    • Bartlett, Robert C., 1964-, tr.
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706. Dictionnaire historique et critique. Selections.
    • Comets -- Miscellanea.
    Paganini, Gianni.
  • Towards a "Critical" Bayle: Three Recent Studies
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brogi, Stefano. Teologia senza verità: Bayle contro i "rationaux."
    • Lennon, Thomas M. (Thomas Michael), 1942- Reading Bayle.
    • Mori, Gianluca. Bayle philosophe.
    • Bayle, Pierre, 1647-1706.

Books Received




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