Eighteenth-Century Studies

Eighteenth-Century Studies
Volume 37, Number 2, Winter 2004
Special Issue: Spaces of Enlightenment


    Brewer, Daniel.
  • Lights in Space
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    Subject Headings:
    • Space and time -- History -- 18th century.
    • Eighteenth century -- Historiography.
      Recent disciplinary reconfigurations have shifted focus from a temporal-historical explanation of social life to one designed to investigate the latter's spatial dimension. This article examines the development of various spaces in the eighteenth century—physical, social, colonized, epistemological, and esthetic—and proposes a mode of cultural analysis and of historical understanding relating to the eighteenth century that takes account of these disicplinary shifts.
    Kwass, Michael.
  • Consumption and the World of Ideas: Consumer Revolution and the Moral Economy of the Marquis de Mirabeau
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mirabeau, Victor de Riquetti, marquis de, 1715-1789. Ami des hommes.
    • Consumption (Economics) -- France -- History -- 18th century.
      This article explores the intellectual transformations that accompanied the rise of consumption in eighteenth-century France by examining a best-seller, L'Ami des hommes (1756), by the marquis de Mirabeau. The most popular work of political economy of its time, L'Ami des hommes made a particularly important intervention in the luxury debate. Straddling two seemingly contradictory strains of eighteenth-century political and social thought—a classical republicanism that looked backward to ancient civic virtue and an economic liberalism that looked forward to material progress—the book offered readers the best of both worlds: a moral economy of prosperity. This article analyzes Mirabeau's pathology of consumption and places his moral economy of prosperity in the broader context of Enlightenment thought.
    Loveland, Jeff.
  • Panckoucke and the Circle Squarers
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    Subject Headings:
    • Panckoucke, Charles Joseph, 1736-1798 -- Contributions in mathematics.
    • Mathematics -- History -- 18th century.
    • Circle-squaring.
    • Publishers and publishing -- France -- History -- 18th century.
      This article chronicles the mathematical career of the publisher Charles-Joseph Panckoucke and contextualizes his only published work of non-commercial mathematics, a "Mémoire" proving the impossibility of squaring the circle, first published in 1765. Panckoucke's "Mémoire" illuminates several of the cultures he participated in—the minor eighteenth-century sub-cultures of popular mathematics and circle-squaring, as well as the more familiar ones of early modern patronage and the French Enlightenment. The "Mémoire" also points to ambivalence in two of the eighteenth century's defining intellectual struggles—the philosophes' campaign against superstition and ignorance, and the late-century skirmishes between the Académie Royale des Sciences and practitioners of unsanctioned sciences.
    Gabbard, D. Christopher.
  • The Dutch Wives' Good Husbandry: Defoe's Roxana and Financial Literacy
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    Subject Headings:
    • Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731. Fortunate mistress.
    • Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731 -- Characters -- Roxana.
    • Finance in literature.
      This article argues the supposed economic mastery displayed by Defoe's heroine Roxana is the product of financial self-fashioning. Bookkeeping and Dutchness, deployed as metaphors for economic competence, belie Roxana's pretensions. In the English imagination of the period, Dutch wives were reputed to possess commercial wisdom. Roxana's financial illiteracy and inability to heed her Dutch husband's request to do "as the Wives do in Holland" undermine the assumption that she manipulates the forces of emerging capitalism. Her inability to keep books correlates with her poor literary accounting; these interrelated failings suggest that Defoe's novel should be read as an inversion of the spiritual autobiography.
    Santesso, Aaron, 1972-
  • The Conscious Swain: Political Pastoral in Pope's Epic
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744 -- Political and social views.
    • Pastoral poetry, English -- 18th century.
    • Homer. Iliad.
    • Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744, tr.
      The pastoral passages of Pope's Iliad have been attacked as "pretentious" and inaccurate. I suggest that Pope self-consciously translated (or, to use a contemporary term, "transfused") the Iliad into a pastoral vessel in order to facilitate a political argument: the pastoral world comes to represent traditional Tory England; the epic world, the aggressive new Whig order. Over the course of the translation, "swains" are introduced as "conscious" witnesses to the transition from pastoral to epic society. These swains, with whom Pope gradually associates himself, ultimately succumb to this new, politically contentious age, thereby confirming Pope's Tory philosophy of historical decay.

Exhibition Review

    Weinshenker, Anne Betty.
  • Jean-Antoine Houdon: Man of Many Faces
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    Subject Headings:
    • National Gallery of Art (U.S.) Jean-Antoine Houdon, sculptor of the Enlightenment [exhibition]
    • Poulet, Anne L. Jean-Antoine Houdon, sculptor of the Enlightenment.
    • Houdon, Jean Antoine, 1741-1828 -- Exhibitions.
    • Portrait sculpture, French -- Exhibitions.

Book Reviews

    Douthwaite, Julia V.
  • In Search of a New Paradigm: Recent Work in Revolutionary History, Literature, and Art
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    Subject Headings:
    • Garrioch, David. Making of revolutionary Paris.
    • Landes, Joan B., 1946- Visualizing the nation: gender, representation, and revolution in eighteenth-century France.
    • Livesey, James. Making democracy in the French Revolution.
    • Négrel, Eric, ed. Expérience rhétorique: l'éloquence de la Révolution.
    • Sermain, Jean-Paul, ed.
    • Paris (France) -- History -- 1715-1789.
    • France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799 -- Art and the revolution.
    Kent-Drury, Roxanne.
  • Law, Narrative, and Performance
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    Subject Headings:
    • Andrew, Donna T., 1945- Perreaus and Mrs. Rudd: forgery and betrayal eighteenth-century London.
    • McGowen, Randall, 1948-
    • Beattie, J. M. Policing and punishment in London 1660-1750: urban crime and the limits of terror.
    • Gladfelder, Hal. Criminality and narrative in eighteenth-century England: beyond the law.
    • Grossman, Jonathan H. Art of alibi: English law courts and the novel.
    • Perreau, Daniel, d. 1776 -- Trials, litigation, etc.
    • Law enforcement -- England -- London -- History -- 17th century.
    Quinlan, Sean M.
  • Sensibility and Human Science in the Enlightenment
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    Subject Headings:
    • Denby, David J. Sentimental narrative and the social order in France, 1760-1820.
    • Motooka, Wendy, 1964- Age of reasons: quixotism, sentimentalism and political economy in eighteenth-century Britain.
    • Rey, Roselyne. Naissance et développement du vitalisme en France, de la deuxième moitié du 18e siècle à la fin du Premier Empire.
    • Skinner, Gillian. Sensibility and economics in the novel, 1740-1800: the price of a tear.
    • French literature -- 18th century -- History and criticism.
    • English fiction -- 18th century -- History and criticism.
    Mizelle, Brett.
  • Cultural Production in the Early American Republic
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    Subject Headings:
    • Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827. Selected papers of Charles Willson Peale and his family.
    • Miller, Lillian B., ed.
    • Hart, Sidney, ed.
    • Rigal, Laura, 1958- American manufactory: art, labor, and the world of things in the early republic.
    • Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827 -- Archives.
    • Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Intellectual life -- 18th century.
    McKenzie, Alan T.
  • Reinventing the Sphere: Reading One's Way Into, Within, and Out of Öffentlicheit
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bate, Jonathan. Song of the earth.
    • Blanning, T. C. W. Culture of power and the power of culture: old regime Europe 1660-1789.
    • Justice, George. Manufacturers of literature: writing and the literary marketplace in eighteenth-century England.
    • Sill, Geoffrey M., 1944- Cure of the passions and the origins of the English novel.
    • English poetry -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    • Europe -- Intellectual life -- 18th century.
    Tantillo, Astrida Orle.
  • Northern Dreams of the South: Imagining Italy in the Eighteenth Century
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hachmeister, Gretchen L., 1964- Italy in the German literary imagination: Goethe's Italian journey and its reception by Eichendorff, Platen, and Heine.
    • West, Shearer, ed. Italian culture in northern Europe in the eighteenth century.
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832. Italienische Reise.
    • Europe -- History -- 18th century.
    Richardson, Leslie.
  • The Perils of Prolixity: New Work on Reading and Writing Clarissa
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    Subject Headings:
    • Barchas, Janine G. Annotations in Lady Bradshaigh's copy of Clarissa.
    • Flynn, Carol Houlihan, 1945-, ed. Clarissa and her readers: new essays for the Clarissa Project.
    • Copeland, Edward, ed.
    • Karpuk, Susan Price. Samuel Richardson's Clarissa: an index.
    • Richardson, Samuel, 1689-1761. Samuel Richardson's published commentary on Clarissa 1747-65.
    • Keymer, Tom, ed.
    • Brack, O M, ed.
    • Richardson, Samuel, 1689-1761. Clarissa.
    Lu, Jin.
  • Beyond Laclos and Sade: Constructing Eighteenth-Century Libertinage
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    Subject Headings:
    • Delon, Michel. Savoir-vivre libertin.
    • Bernier, Marc André, 1964- Libertinage et figure du savoir: rhétorique et roman libertin dans la France des Lumières (1734-1751)
    • French literature -- 18th century -- History and criticism.
    • French fiction -- 18th century -- History and criticism.
    Turnovsky, Geoffrey.
  • What is an Early Modern Author? Literary Practice, Publication, and Elite Sociability in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century France
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brown, Gregory S. (Gregory Stephen) Field of honor: writers, court culture and public theater in French literary life from Racine to the Revolution.
    • Denis, Delphine. Parnasse galant: institution d'une catégorie littéraire au XVIIe siècle.
    • Jouhaud, Christian, ed. De la publication: entre Renaissance et Lumières.
    • Viala, Alain, ed.
    • Dramatists, French -- 18th century.
    • French literature -- 17th century -- History and criticism.
    Whisenhunt, William Benton.
  • Peter the Great and Europe
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bushkovitch, Paul. Peter the Great: the struggle for power, 1671-1725.
    • Hughes, Lindsey, 1949-, ed. Peter the Great and the West: new perspectives.
    • Peter I, Emperor of Russia, 1672-1725.
    • Russia -- History -- Peter I, 1689-1725.
    Wilputte, Earla Arden, 1959-
  • Shaking the Spheres: Public and Private Lives of Women
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    Subject Headings:
    • Eger, Elizabeth, ed. Women, writing and the public sphere, 1700-1830.
    • Troost, Linda, 1957-, ed. Eighteenth-century women: studies in their lives, work and culture.
    • Women in public life -- Great Britain -- History.
    • Women -- History -- 18th century.

Books Received

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