Looking broadly at the cultural dimensions of political transfers from one European power to another in the early modern Americas from the 1640s to the 1850s, this article attempts to categorize those transfers and to tease out a framework for examining why some established cultures were more resistant to change than others, why some were more open to reformulation or hybridization, and why some superimposed cultures were more or less invasive than others.
This essay investigates the problem of articulating psychological interiority in eighteenth-century American writing by considering Franklin's ideologically divided relationship to the architectural interiors of his 1764 Market Street town house and his rhetorical strategies for managing and representing his upward mobility.
This essay explores how the images, representations, and ideals of the Haitian Revolution and its leader, Toussaint Louverture, have been replicated in the history, music, art, and culture of African American people in the United States over the past two centuries.
abstract This article examines the preoccupation of English colonists with their state of dress during captivity by Indians as reflected in their subsequent narratives. This concern is linked to the conflation of clothing and person, and the anxieties exhibited by the colonists during their imprisonment illustrate how important clothing was to their construction of identity, particularly in the New World, where the fear of degeneration was ever present.
This article argues that the roots of an American national state were forged in the wars with Native Americans for control of the Ohio Valley between 1775 and 1795. It examines how the new national government's use of its fiscal-military powers shifted and accelerated an economic transformation in the region by encouraging commercial husbandry and merchant-based exchange. An expanded commercial economy, in turn, supported the federally funded military. The result was that local western economies and communities became more tightly bound to an expansionist national government.
After the revolution Jefferson envisioned the gradual abolition of slavery, to be achieved by "amelioration." First, the slave trade would be abolished. Second, slaves and slavery would be "improved." Third, slaves would be emancipated and expatriated. But as soon as Jefferson conceded that slavery could be improved—and was a modern, dynamic institution—there seemed no need for it to be abolished.