The Contemporary Pacific

The Contemporary Pacific 12.2, Fall 2000

Contents

Articles and Dialogue

    Nero, Karen L.
    Brel Murray, Fermina.
    Burton, Michael L.
  • The Meanings of Work in Contemporary Palau: Policy Implications of Globalization in the Pacific
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    Subject Headings:
    • Labor -- Palau.
    • Labor supply-- Palau.
    • Occupations -- Palau.
    Abstract:
      Economic and political changes in Palau in the last two decades have led to a rapid increase in the numbers of foreign workers. At current levels of growth, Palauans could become a minority in their own country. We examine the global processes that have produced this phenomenon and discuss their social and cultural impacts on Palau. In doing so we examine ways the meanings of work in Palau are understood, and how these are changing. We conclude that a new distinctly Palauan system of occupations is emerging that is neither traditional nor purely western and that is widely shared between Palauans and non-Palauans.
    Keywords:
      foreign labor, globalization, occupations, Palau, work
    Alegado, Dean.
    Finin, Gerard A.
  • Exporting People: The Philippines and Contract Labor in Palau
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    Subject Headings:
    • Contract labor -- Palau.
    • Filipinos -- Employment -- Palau.
    • Labor supply-- Palau.
    Goss, Jon.
    Lindquist, Bruce.
  • Placing Movers: An Overview of the Asian-Pacific Migration System
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    Subject Headings:
    • Asia -- Emigration and immigration.
    • Oceania -- Emigration and immigration.
    Abstract:
      Conventional wisdom seems to have it that the world has entered a "new age of migration" in which the international movement of labor is qualitatively and quantitatively distinct from the past. The dominant paradigm links labor movement to economic development, particularly for Asian migration, explaining migration in terms of differentials in labor demand and wages, while Pacific scholars have generally resorted to the particularities of Polynesian, Melanesian, and Micronesian cultures and island societies. This paper rejects these assumptions. We first describe the history of the Asia-Pacific migration system in three phases--the Age of Indenture, the Period of the Guest Worker, and the Era of Contract Labor Migration--establishing the scale and duration of flows and examining some of the mechanisms. We then review competing explanations of international migration, arguing that a key factor that economistic and essentialist explanations overlook is networks and institutions. We show how these are both reproduced and recreated in similar forms, and that transnational communities are almost inevitably the result.
    Keywords:
      Asian migration, indenture, international labor migration, migration networks, migration systems, overseas contract workers, Pacific Islands
    Carlile, Lonny E.
  • Niche or Mass Market? The Regional Context of Tourism in Palau
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tourism -- Economic aspects -- Palau.
    • Tourism -- Economic aspects -- Japan.
    • Tourism -- Economic aspects -- Oceania.
    Yamashita, Shinji.
  • The Japanese Encounter with the South: Japanese Tourists in Palau
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tourism -- Social aspects -- Palau.
    • Tourists -- Palau.
    • Japanese -- Recreation -- Palau.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines some sociocultural implications of Palauan tourism through the lens of Japanese tourists. In 1997, Palau had some seventy thousand international visitors, of whom more than twenty thousand were Japanese, second only to the Taiwanese, whose visits have been increasing rapidly in recent years. After discussing the general characteristics of tourism in Palau, I investigate the Japanese way of encountering Palau, not only through contemporary tourism, but also in its historical context. Tracing the history of Japanese colonial expansion to the South, the paper pays special attention to the Japanese type of orientalism, in which Japan needed to orientalize the South as a backward and undeveloped place in order to de-orientalize Japan as an advanced and modernized country. The paper also argues that this Japanese orientalism is at work in contemporary postcolonial Pacific tourism. Analyzing the interregional interaction of Japan and Palau in this way, I explore how the Pacific is situated in the larger modern world system.
    Keywords:
      colonialism, cultural identity, Japanese orientalism, Palau, sustainable development, tourism
    Harwit, Eric, 1962-
  • Taiwan's Foreign Economic Relations with Developing Nations: A Case Study of Its Ties with Palau
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    Subject Headings:
    • Taiwan -- Foreign economic relations -- Palau.
    • Palau -- Foreign economic relations -- Taiwan.
    Ueki, Minoru F.
  • Eco-consciousness and Development in Palau
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    Subject Headings:
    • Palau -- Economic conditions.
    • Palau -- Economic policy.
    • Economic development -- Environmental aspects -- Palau.

Resources

    Barnwell, Jane.
  • A Selected Bibliography of Economic Development in the Republic of Palau
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    Subject Headings:
    • Palau -- Economic conditions -- Bibliography.
    • Palau -- Economic policy -- Bibliography.
    • Economic development -- Environmental aspects -- Palau -- Bibliography.

Political Reviews

Book and Median Reviews

    Marcus, George E.
  • Queen Salote of Tonga: The Story of an Era 1900-1965 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wood-Ellem, Elizabeth. Queen Salote of Tonga: the story of an era 1900-1965.
    • Salote Tupou III, Queen of Tonga, 1900-1965.
    Lieber, Michael D.
  • American Anthropology in Micronesia: An Assessment (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kiste, Robert C., 1936-, ed. American anthropology in Micronesia: an assessment.
    • Marshall, Mac, ed.
    • Ethnology -- Micronesia -- Congresses.
    Bayliss-Smith, Tim.
  • The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rapaport, Moshe, ed. Pacific islands: environment and society.
    • Islands of the Pacific -- Social life and customs.
    Robertson, Robbie.
  • Fiji in Transition, and: Fiji and the World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lal, Brij V., ed. Fiji in transition.
    • Vakatora, Tomasi R., ed.
    • Lal, Brij V., ed. Fiji and the world.
    • Vakatora, Tomasi R., ed.
    • Fiji -- Politics and government.
    • Minorities -- Legal status, laws, etc.
    Johnson, Helen.
  • An Introduction to the Anthropology of Melanesia: Culture and Tradition (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sillitoe, Paul. Introduction to the anthropology of Melanesia: culture and tradition.
    • Melanesians -- Social life and customs.
    Fajans, Jane.
  • The Magical Body: Power, Fame, and Meaning in a Melanesian Society (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Eves, Richard. Magical body: power, fame, and meaning in a Melanesian society.
    • Mandak (Papua New Guinea people) -- Rites and ceremonies.
    Robbins, Joel, 1961-
  • Cultures of Secrecy: Reinventing Race in Bush Kaliai Cargo Cults (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lattas, Andrew, 1956- Cultures of secrecy: reinventing race in bush Kaliai cargo cults.
    • Cargo cults -- Papua New Guinea -- West New Britain Province.
    Maxwell, Ian.
  • Music at the Borders: Not Drowning, Waving and Their Engagement with Papua New Guinean Culture (1986-96), and: Sound Alliances: Indigenous Peoples, Cultural Politics, and Popular Music in the Pacific (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hayward, Philip. Music at the borders: Not Drowning, Waving and their engagement with Papua New Guinean culture (1986-96)
    • Hayward, Philip, ed. Sound alliances: indigenous peoples, cultural politics, and popular music in the Pacific.
    • Not Drowning, Waving (Musical group)
    • Popular music -- Pacific Area -- History and criticism.
    Beechert, Edward D.
  • To Labour with the State: The Fiji Public Service Association (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leckie, Jacqueline. To labour with the state: the Fiji Public Service Association.
    • Fiji Public Service Association.
    Ballard, Chris.
  • Perspectives on the Bird's Head of Irian, Jaya, Indonesia: Proceedings of the Conference, Leiden, 13-17 October 1997 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miedema, Jelle, 1946-, ed. Perspectives on the Bird's Head of Irian, Jaya, Indonesia: proceedings of the conference, Leiden, 13-17 October 1997.
    • Odé, Cecilia, ed.
    • Dam, Rien A. C., ed.
    • Doberai Peninsula (Indonesia) -- Congresses.
    Bullard, Alice.
  • Across the Great Divide: Journeys in History and Anthropology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Douglas, Bronwen. Across the great divide: journeys in history and anthropology.
    • Ethnology -- Melanesia.
    Marsh, Selina Tusitala.
  • O Tamaiti (The children), and: Velvet Dreams (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Urale, Sima, dir. Tamaiti [film]
    • Urale, Sima, dir. Velvet dreams [film]
    • Short films.
    • Women in art.



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