Despite differences in subject matter, plot construction, and character, the two Heracles plays may have a similarity in the conception of divine action (divine determinism) and in their formal structure. The hero suffers from an internal/internalized conflict between divine and human spheres. The unity of these coexistent spheres is broken by an outburst of the hero's own bestiality, which leads to the (temporary or permanent) reduction of his status. Nevertheless, his fall entails a personal victory which involves the painful realization of human limits.
This paper offers a reading of Catullus 38 that focuses on the figures named in it, Cornificius and Simonides, rather than the undefined distress of the poet. By focusing on these two poets, I suggest that the poem is not a request for consolatory verses from Cornificius in the vein of Simonides, but for some verses from his Glaucus, an epyllion. I argue that the so-called new Simonides reveals Simonides' appropriateness as a model for epic-like verses and suggest that the poetic endeavors of these poets overlap within the tradition of epyllion.
In Roman authors like Cicero and Quintilian language itself may be described as having an odor. In its synaesthetic blending of senses, this image defies "linguistic" expectations but confirms the observation of sensorial anthropology that sense-perception varies across cultures. The image is thus interpretable as an example of how Romans could use all sense-perceptual data, including natural odors and artificial scents, to determine one's origins and position in a social hierarchy. In addition to complicating the definition of "language" in Roman antiquity, the image thus suggests understanding odors as "osmetic" or "osmemic," depending on their meaningfulness in a given cultural context.
Some recent scholarship has argued that ancient Roman historians inevitably cast foreigners as inferior and thereby justified Roman imperialism and colonialism. This paper questions this position's validity through an examination of the Boudica orations in Tacitus (Ann. 14.35.1–2) and Cassius Dio (62.3–6). It argues that both authors present complex portrayals of Boudica and seem at least partially capable of valorizing her complaints against Roman misrule.
Female gladiators were a definite presence in Rome whose participation paralleled that of men, though the scale of this presence in frequency and number is unknown. Senatus consultum decrees from a.d. 11 and 19 confidently mark the first appearance of this phenomenon. Later literary sources (including Martial, Cassius Dio, and Juvenal) expand the evidence, but often consist of mere sentences, giving little detail. The concentration of literary mentions in the Neronian and Flavian periods is explained by two factors: one, the intent to mark a games as splendid and lavish, and two, the intent to use this luxury context to comment on past emperors and moralize on Roman society.
Fritz, Kurt von, 1900-1985 -- Exile -- New York (State) -- New York.
Kapp, Ernst, 1888-1978 -- Exile -- New York (State) -- New York.
Columbia University -- Faculty.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees -- New York (State) -- New York.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees -- Germany.
Classicists -- Employment -- New York (State) -- New York.
This paper presents two outstanding classical scholars who were
forced to leave Germany after Hitler’s seizure of power: Kurt von Fritz’s
dismissal took place in 1935, Ernst Kapp lost his position in 1937. At this
time, von Fritz already was appointed as Associate Professor at Columbia
University. The focus of the paper will be a detailed reconstruction of Kapp’s
desperate efforts to get a position in the U.S. Apart from his dependency on
relief organizations’ financial aid, he fortunately could rely on the support of
his former student and friend von Fritz, who helped him tirelessly to secure
tenure and full professorship at Columbia in 1948.