St. Peter Martyr was a thirteenth-century preacher and inquisitor who achieved rapid canonization and attained a worldwide cult. Less well known was his assassin, Carino of Balsamo. Hired as a cutthroat thug to murder Peter of Verona, Carino escaped, repented, and lived out his life as a humble Dominican penitent. After his death, a local cult developed around him. Although the story of the famous Inquisitor and the humble penitent were inextricably intertwined, their cults hardly ever intersected. This article lays out Carino's biography and his cultic afterlife, and sheds light on early Dominican practice, on the continuing importance of local cults in Italy, and on the Christian ideal of conversion.
The struggle to secure equal citizenship for women involved the collective efforts of countless suffragists. Their resolve was unflinching and helped to create a history that has been vividly told by English historians. My purpose is not to retell this history, but to draw attention to a generally forgotten segment of the suffrage movement, one that included a small but influential group of Catholic priests and laymen who believed the political arena must become more inclusive. Mindful of religious bias, they developed a common strategy for political action, encouraging fellow Catholics to participate in every aspect of democratic political life.
Antebellum Catholic colleges reflected what Herbert Spencer called an "indefinite homogeneity" in that they were less clearly differentiated from other aspects of the life of the Church than they are today, and their internal composition was amorphous in that they combined a mixture of functions later embodied in separate and distinct institutions. The discussion consists of four parts: (1) college-founding from the 1790s to the 1850s, (2) the ways in which colleges were immersed in the overall life of the Church, (3) the "mixed" quality of their internal make-up, and (4) changes noticeable by midcentury that moved them toward a more restricted role in the life of the Church and promoted their eventual development into recognizably "modern" institutions of higher education.