Canadian Journal of Sociology

The Canadian Journal of Sociology
Volume 30, Number 4, Fall 2005

CONTENTS

Author Index/Index des auteurs

Special Readers

Articles

    Fuller, Sylvia.
  • Public Sector Employment and Gender Wage Inequalities in British Columbia: Assessing the Effects of a Shrinking Public Sector
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    Subject Headings:
    • Women -- Employment -- British Columbia.
    • British Columbia -- Officials and employees.
    • Women -- British Columbia -- Economic conditions.
    Abstract:
      The public sector is an important employer of women in Canada, particularly at the provincial level. As a result, recent initiatives to cut employment in this sector have the potential to impact broader gender inequalities in the labour market. This study uses data from the Labour Force Survey to estimate provincial-level public and private sector wage differentials in British Columbia for men and women, and to assess the degree to which declines in public sector employment in B.C. may affect the overall gender wage gap. Results confirm that provincial public sector employment is both relatively more prevalent and advantageous for women than for men. Substantial declines in employment in this sector therefore have the potential to noticeably increase the gender wage gap.
    Résumé:
      Leur public est un employeur important de femmes dans le Canada, particulièrement au niveau provincial. Par conséquent, les initiatives récentes pour couper l' emploi dans ce secteur a le potentiel pour influer les inégalités de sexe plus larges dans le marché travailliste. Cette étude utilise des données de L'enqute Sur La Population Active pour estimer le public provincial-égal et les écarts de salaire de secteur privé dans Colombie Britannique pour les hommes et les femmes, et évaluer le degré á qui déclinent dans l' emploi de secteur public dans Colombie Britannique peut affecter l' écart de salaire de sexe général. Les résultats confirment cet emploi de secteur public provincial est les deux relativement plus courant et avantageux pour les femmes que pour les hommes. Les déclins substantiels dans l' emploi dans ce secteur ont donc le potentiel perceptiblement pour augmenter l' écart de salaire de sexe.
    Wanner, Richard A.
  • Twentieth-Century Trends in Occupational Attainment in Canada
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    Subject Headings:
    • Occupational mobility -- Canada -- History -- 20th century.
    • Educational attainment -- Social aspects -- Canada -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      Has the increase in educational attainment in Canada over the course of the twentieth century served to loosen the ascriptive links between status of family of origin and their own occupational status among Canadian men and women? Using data from the 1973 Canadian Mobility Study and the 1986 and 1994 Statistics Canada General Social Surveys, I address this question by applying two complementary methods, one applying OLS regression and the other a multinomial conditional logit (MCL) model. The regression results indicate that for men the effect of socioeconomic origins declined considerably in Canada during the twentieth century, as did the effect of language for both men and women. However, the effect of education on occupational status was unchanged for both men and women. Findings from the MCL models are generally consistent with the regression results, but show that the decline in the effect of father's occupation among men is largely the result of an increased flow between occupational categories rather than a decline in immobility..
    Résumé:
      Résumé. Est-ce l'augmentation de l'éducation obtenue au Canada pendant le vingtième siècle a servi de relâcher, parmi les hommes et les femmes canadiens, des liens entre le statut de famille d'origine et le statut professionnel de l'individu ? En utilisant des données du Canadian Mobility Survey de 1973 et des Enquêtes sociales générales du Canada de 1986 et de1994 (éffectués par Statistique Canada), je m'adresse à cette question en mettant en application deux méthodes complémentaires, une en appliquant la régression MCO et l'autre en appliquant un modèle logit conditionnel multinomial (LCM). Les résultats de la régression signalent que, pour les hommes, l'effet des origines socio-économiques pendant le vingtième siècle a diminué substantiellement au Canada. Neanmoins, pour les hommes et les femmes tous les deux, l'effet de l'éducation sur le statut professionnel restait inchangé. Les résultats en provenance des modèles LCM correspondent, en gros, aux résultats en provenance de la régression, mais ces-premiers montrent que la diminution de l'effet de la profession du père est, en grande partie, le résultat d'une augmentation du mouvement entre les catégories professionnelles plutôt qu'une diminution de la mobilité.

Note on the Discipline/Note sociologique

    House, J. D. (John Douglas), 1944-
  • Change from Within the Corridors of Power: A Reflective Essay of a Sociologist in Government
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sociologists -- Newfoundland and Labrador -- Political activity.
    • Power (Social sciences) -- Newfoundland and Labrador.
    • Political sociology.

Comments

    Baer, Douglas Edward, 1951-
  • On the Crisis in Canadian Sociology: Comment on McLaughlin
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    Subject Headings:
    • McLaughlin, Neil. Canada's impossible science: historical and institutional origins of the coming crisis in Anglo-Canadian sociology.
    • Sociology -- Canada.
    • Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association -- Membership.
    Curtis, Bruce, 1950-
    Weir, Lorna, 1952-
  • Crisis Talks: Comments on McLaughlin's 'Canada's Impossible Science'
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    Subject Headings:
    • McLaughlin, Neil. Canada's impossible science: historical and institutional origins of the coming crisis in Anglo-Canadian sociology.
    • Sociology -- Canada.
    Johnston, Josée.
  • The "Second Shift" of Canadian Sociology: Setting Sociological Standards in a Global Era: A response to “Canada’s Impossible Science: Historical and Institutional Origins of the Coming Crisis in Ango-Canadian Sociology, by Neil McLaughlin
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    Subject Headings:
    • McLaughlin, Neil. Canada's impossible science: historical and institutional origins of the coming crisis in Anglo-Canadian sociology.
    • Sociology -- Canada.
    Murphy, Raymond, 1943-
  • Prejudice and Pride: A Commentary on "Canada's Impossible Science"
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    Subject Headings:
    • McLaughlin, Neil. Canada's impossible science: historical and institutional origins of the coming crisis in Anglo-Canadian sociology.
    • Sociology -- Canada.
    Sydie, R. A. (Rosalind Ann), 1940-
  • Response to Neil McLaughlin's "Canada's Impossible Science: Historical and Institutional Origins of the Coming Crisis in Anglo-Canadian Sociology," Canadian Journal of Sociology, 30(1), 2005, pp. 1-40
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    Subject Headings:
    • McLaughlin, Neil. Canada's impossible science: historical and institutional origins of the coming crisis in Anglo-Canadian sociology.
    • Sociology -- Canada.
    White, Melanie.
  • On the Recent Apocalyptic Tone Adopted in Canadian Sociology
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    Subject Headings:
    • McLaughlin, Neil. Canada's impossible science: historical and institutional origins of the coming crisis in Anglo-Canadian sociology.
    • Sociology -- Canada.

Book Reviews/Comptes rendus

    Murphy, Raymond, 1943-
  • Society & Nature: Changing Our Environment, Changing Ourselves (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dickens, Peter, 1940- Society & nature: changing our environment, changing ourselves.
    • Social change -- Environmental aspects.
    Ogmundson, Richard L.
  • Understanding Social Inequality: Intersections of Class, Age, Gender, Ethnicity and Race in Canada (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McMullin, Julie Ann, 1965- Understanding social inequality: intersections of class, age, gender, ethnicity and race in Canada.
    • Equality -- Canada -- Textbooks.
    Simpson, John H.
  • Evangelicals and the Continental Divide: The Conservative Protestant Subculture in Canada and the United States (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Reimer, Sam. Evangelicals and the continental divide: the conservative protestant subculture in Canada and the United States.
    • Evangelicalism -- United States.

Books Received/Livres reçus




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