Canadian Historical Review

The Canadian Historical Review
Volume 85, Number 4, December 2004

CONTENTS

    Reid, John G., 1948-
  • Pax Britannica or Pax Indigena? Planter Nova Scotia (1760-1782) and Competing Strategies of Pacification
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    Subject Headings:
    • Indians of North America -- Nova Scotia -- Government relations.
    • Land settlement -- Nova Scotia -- History -- 18th century.
    • New Englanders -- Nova Scotia -- History -- 18th century.
    • Farmers -- Nova Scotia -- History -- 18th century.
    Abstract:
      With regard to Planter Nova Scotia (1760­82), historians have frequently been content to assume that, following the defeat of the French at Louisbourg in 1758, Aboriginal relations had little further significance for the non-Native settlement history of that part of northeastern North America. This essay argues that such a view is mistaken and offers a reexamination of certain key elements of the evidence on the Aboriginal role vis-à-vis New England and the British imperial authorities in Nova Scotia. Far from accomplishing a pacification of Nova Scotia under British rule, the events of the 1750s and early 1760s ­ the expulsion of the Acadians, the British military victories of 1758–60, and the treaties of 1760–61 ­ set the stage for a ten-year era during which Aboriginal and British pacification strategies competed, followed by a partial reconciliation, which was finally swept away by the Loyalist migration.

      These developments highlight the importance of recognizing eighteenth-century Nova Scotia as contested territory, with Aboriginal history retaining crucial importance far beyond the chronological point at which the region has been conventionally seen as a colonial entity and Aboriginal inhabitants as peripheral figures. More generally, this study contributes to the breakdown of the long-established consensus that the eighteenth century in northeastern North America represented the latter part of a 'colonial period,' and that the American Revolution then established a new and dramatic demarcation between British North America and the United States. Rather, a more complex series of patterns can be identified, in which the history of colonial settlement is just one part of a historiographical triumvirate along with imperial history and Aboriginal history.

    Resume:
      En ce qui a trait à la Nouvelle-Écosse des « Planters » (1760-1782), les historiens se sont souvent contentés de supposer qu'après la défaite de la France à Louisbourg en 1758, les relations avec les Autochtones n'ont eu que peu d'importance dans l'histoire de la colonisation non autochtone de cette partie du nord-est de l'Amérique du Nord. Cet essai défend la thèse que cette perception est erronée et il présente un ré-examen de certains éléments clés qui confirment la réalité du rôle des Autochtones face aux autorités de la Nouvelle-Angleterre et de l'Empire britannique en Nouvelle-Écosse. Loin de déboucher sur une pacification de cette dernière sous la férule britannique, les événements de la décennie de 1750 et du début des années 1760­ soit l'expulsion des Acadiens, les victoires remportées par l'armée britannique de 1758 à 1760 et les traités de 1760-1761­ ont pavé la voie à une décennie au cours de laquelle les stratégies de pacification autochtones et britanniques étaient en compétition, suivie par une réconciliation partielle, que vint annihiler la migration des Loyalistes.

      Ces éléments soulignent l'importance de reconnaître la Nouvelle-Écosse du XVIIIe siècle comme un territoire contesté, où l'histoire autochtone conserve une importance cruciale bien au-delà du moment chronologique auquel la région a été perçue de façon conventionnelle comme une entité coloniale et ses habitants autochtones comme des figures marginales. De façon plus générale, cette étude contribue à déstabiliser le consensus bien ancré à l'effet que le XVIIIe siècle dans le nord-est de l'Amérique du Nord représentait la partie finale d'une « période coloniale » et que la Révolution américaine avait alors établi une nouvelle démarcation très nette entre l'Amérique du Nord britannique et les États-Unis. On pourrait plutôt dégager une série plus complexe de tendances, dans lesquelles l'histoire du peuplement colonial ne constitue qu'un des éléments d'un triumvirat historiographique, composé également de l'histoire impériale et de l'histoire autochtone.

    Cook, Tim, 1971-
  • The Madman and the Butcher: Sir Sam Hughes, Sir Arthur Currie, and their War of Reputations
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hughes, Samuel, Sir, 1853-1921.
    • Currie, Arthur, Sir, 1875-1933.
    • World War, 1914-1918 -- Canada -- Historiography.
    • Canada -- History, Military -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      Canadian Corps commander Sir Arthur Currie is regarded as one of the finest generals of the Great War. Sir Sam Hughes, minister of militia and defence, 1911–1916, is often portrayed as little more than a scheming madman. Both were key figures in the Canadian war effort.

      Currie made his reputation by successfully commanding and leading the Canadian Corps in battle from June 1917 to the end of the war. He was a meticulous planner, morally courageous, and willing to question orders within the rigid hierarchy of the army if it meant saving his soldiers' lives. He deserved his reputation as one of the war's finest generals. Yet during and after the war, Currie was labelled a butcher by a number of Canadian soldiers. While these accusations created an undercurrent of mistrust and anger within the Canadian Corps, a series of high-profile public attacks by Sir Sam Hughes further savaged Currie's reputation. Although Hughes was driven by jealousy and anger, his denunciations seemed to explain the horrendous casualty figures during the war.

      The conflict between these two powerful figures and their supporters provides some insight into the war or reputations that occurred during and after the Great War. The blurring between truth and reality was intertwined with the manipulation of images, the spreading of reputation-damaging rumours, and the construction of postwar memory.

    Resume:
      Sir Arthur Currie, commandant du Corps d'armée canadien, est considéré comme étant l'un des meilleurs généraux de la Grande Guerre. En revanche, Sir Sam Hughes, qui occupa le poste de ministre de la Milice et de la Défense de 1911 à 1916, est souvent dépeint comme à peine mieux qu'un fou se livrant à toutes sortes de machinations. Ces hommes ont néanmoins tous deux été des figures marquantes de l'effort de guerre canadien.

      Currie acquit sa réputation en dirigeant le Corps d'armée canadien durant l'offensive, de juin 1917 à la fin de la guerre. C'était un planificateur méticuleux, faisant preuve de beaucoup de force morale, prêt à contester des ordres venant des échelons militaires supérieurs si cela pouvait sauver la vie de ses soldats. Sa réputation, qui faisait de lui un des meilleurs généraux de la guerre, était bien méritée. Pourtant, durant le conflit et par la suite, il fut traité de « boucher » par plusieurs soldats canadiens. Si ces accusations générèrent un courant sous-jacent de méfiance et de colère au sein du Corps d'armée canadien, ce fut une série d'attaques directes menées sur la place publique par Sir Sam Hughes qui vinrent saper davantage la réputation de Currie. Bien que Hughes fût motivé par la jalousie et le ressentiment, ses dénonciations semblaient expliquer le nombre effroyable de pertes encourues durant le conflit.

      Les frictions entre ces deux fortes personnalités et leurs partisans permettent de mieux comprendre la guerre des réputations qui eut cours durant la Grande Guerre et par la suite. Venaient se mêler à la confusion entre vérité et réalité, la manipulation des images, la dissémination de rumeurs qui entachaient les réputations, ainsi que la constitution de la mémoire de l'après-guerre.

    Varty, John F.
  • On Protein, Prairie Wheat, and Good Bread: Rationalizing Technologies and the Canadian State, 1912-1935
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    Subject Headings:
    • Wheat -- Grading -- Canada -- History -- 20th century.
    • Agriculture and state -- Canada -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      Canada's little-known protein-grading debate serves here as a narrative platform on which significant, but long overlooked, conjunctures of western Canadian history ­ environmental, biochemical, political, and cultural ­ are assembled. By enabling this assemblage, the protein-grading debate discloses the necessity of integrating 'materialist' (including environmental) and 'idealist' readings of Prairie history. Read under the integrative light cast by the protein debate, a few basic themes of Western history, concerning, for instance, the federal state's rationalized 'vision' of the West and its natural avails, earn some nuance, while certain others, such as the concept of aridity, might be cast entirely anew.
    Resume:
      Le débat canadien peu connu du classement protéique sert ici de plate-forme narrative sur laquelle sont regroupés des événements appartenant à l'histoire du Canada de l'Ouest ­ englobant l'environnement, la biochimie, la politique et la culture, événements longtemps ignorés malgré leur importance. En permettant ce rapprochement, le débat sur le classement protéique révèle la nécessité d'intégrer des aperçus « matérialistes » (y compris environnementaux) et « idéalistes » à l'histoire des Prairies. Vus dans cette optique plus globale, proposée par le débat sur le classement protéique, quelques thèmes fondamentaux de l'histoire de l'Ouest ­ par exemple la « vision » rationalisée de l'État fédéral de l'Ouest et de ce qu'il offre ­ gagnent en nuances, tandis que d'autres, comme le concept d'aridité, peuvent être présentés de façon totalement différente.
    Lambertson, Ross.
  • The Black, Brown, White, and Red Blues: The Beating of Clarence Clemons
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    Subject Headings:
    • Clemons, Clarence, d. 1952.
    • Police brutality -- British Columbia -- Vancouver -- History -- 20th century.
    • Blacks -- Violence against -- British Columbia -- Vancouver -- History -- 20th century.
    • Human rights movements -- British Columbia -- Vancouver -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      A number of recent works have dealt with 'human rights history,' concentrating upon the efforts of groups to improve protection for human rights in the immediate postwar period. This paper deals with one aspect of this history. However, while earlier publications have often examined developments in Ontario and at the national level, this paper investigates human rights history in British Columbia, although also demonstrating that the Vancouver human rights community had close ties to Ontario groups and national human rights organizations. To do this, the paper presents a case study— the beating (by the police) and subsequent death of a black longshoreman in 1952. The case was, for awhile, a minor cause célèbre in Vancouver, but it is difficult to conclude that justice was served by the efforts of the human rights community, for local activists were badly fragmented by racial, class, and ideological divisions, as well as by the reluctance of most 'respectable' Vancouverites to admit that racism was a serious issue. If Canada since the war has been transformed by a 'rights revolution,' in the early fifties the process had just begun.
    Resume:
      Plusieurs travaux récents ont traité de l'« histoire des droits de la personne », en se concentrant sur les efforts de groupes qui cherchaient à améliorer la protection des droits de la personne durant la période de l'après-guerre. L'article s'attache à un aspect de cette histoire. Si des publications antérieures en ont souvent examiné l'évolution en Ontario et au niveau national, le présent article étudie toutefois l'histoire des droits de la personne en Colombie-Britannique, tout en démontrant aussi que la communauté œuvrant pour les droits de la personne entretenait des liens étroits avec des groupes ontariens et des organismes nationaux des droits de la personne. L'article présente à cette fin une étude de cas celui d'un débardeur noir qui mourut après s'être fait tabasser (par la police) en 1952. Pendant un certain temps, cette affaire fut une cause célèbre, mais il est difficile de conclure que c'est grâce aux efforts des défenseurs des droits de la personne que la justice fut rendue, car la race, la classe et les divergences idéologiques, ainsi que le refus de la plupart des Vancouverois « de la bonne société » de reconnaître l'importance du problème du racisme, séparaient les militants locaux. Si, depuis la guerre, le Canada a été transformé par « une révolution des droits », au début des années 50, le processus n'avait fait que commencer.

Book Reviews

    Dickin, Janice.
  • Heroines and History: Representations of Madeleine de Vercheres and Laura Secord (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Coates, Colin MacMillan, 1960- Heroines and history: representations of Madeleine de Vercheres and Laura Secord.
    • Morgan, Cecilia Louise, 1958-
    • Women heroes -- Canada -- Biography.
    Groulx, Patrice.
  • Founding Fathers: The Celebration of Champlain and Laval in the Streets of Quebec, 1878-1908 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rudin, Ronald. Founding fathers: the celebration of Champlain and Laval in the streets of Quebec, 1878-1908.
    • Québec (Québec) -- Anniversaries, etc.
    Brandão, José António, 1957-
  • Empire et métissages: Indiens et Français dans le Pays d'en Haut, 1660-1715 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harvard, Gilles, 1967- Empire et métissages: Indiens et français dans le Pays d'en Haut, 1660-1715.
    • Indians of North America -- Canada -- History -- 17th century.
    Dépatie, Sylvie, 1955-
  • La Nouvelle-France par les textes: Les cadres de vie (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Trudel, Marcel. Nouvelle-France par les textes: les cadres de vie.
    • Canada -- History -- To 1763 (New France) -- Sources.
    Loewen, Royden, 1954-
  • The Great Land Rush and the Making of the Modern World, 1650-1900 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Weaver, John C. Great land rush and the making of the modern world, 1650-1900.
    • Colonization -- History.
    Coates, Kenneth, 1956-
  • Muskox Land: Ellesmere Island in the Age of Contact (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dick, Lyle. Muskox land: Ellesmere Island in the age of contact.
    • Ellesmere Island (Nunavut) -- History.
    Wickberg, Edgar.
  • The Oriental Question: Consolidating a White Man's Province, 1914-1941 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Roy, Patricia, 1939- Oriental question: consolidating a white man's province, 1914-1941.
    • Chinese -- British Columbia -- History.
    Stadfeld, Bruce.
  • A Fatherly Eye: Indian Agents, Government Power and Aboriginal Resistance in Ontario, 1918-1939 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brownlie, Robin, 1963- Fatherly eye: Indian agents, government power and Aboriginal resistance in Ontario, 1918-1939.
    • Indians of North America -- Ontario -- History -- 20th century.
    Fabian, Ann.
  • At Odds: Gambling and Canadians 1919-1969 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Morton, Suzanne, 1961- At odds: gambling and Canadians 1919-1969.
    • Gambling -- Canada -- History -- 20th century.
    Tennyson, Brian Douglas.
  • The Gothic Line: Canada's Month of Hell in World War II Italy, and: Paras Versus the Reich: Canada's Paratroopers at War, 1942-1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Zuehlke, Mark, 1955- Gothic line: Canada's month of hell in World War II Italy.
    • Horn, Bernd, 1959- Paras versus the Reich: Canada's paratroopers at war, 1942-1945.
    • Wyczynski, Michel, 1953-
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Campaigns -- Italy.
    • Canada. Canadian Army. Canadian Parachute Battalion, 1st.
    Allison, William, 1966-
  • A War of Patrols: Canadian Army Operations in Korea (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Johnston, William Cameron, 1956- War of patrols: Canadian Army operations in Korea.
    • Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Participation, Canadian.
    Pentland, David H.
  • American Languages in New France: Extracts from the Jesuit Relations (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Salvucci, Claudio R., ed. American languages in New France: extracts from The Jesuit relations.
    • Indians of North America -- New France -- Languages -- History -- Sources.
    Standen, Dale, 1942-
  • Ft. Pontchartrain at Detroit: A Guide to the Daily Lives of Fur Trade and Military Personnel, Settlers, and Missionaries at French Posts (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kent, Timothy J. Ft. Pontchartrain at Detroit: a guide to the daily lives of fur trade and military personnel, settlers, and missionaries at French posts.
    • Fort Detroit (Detroit, Mich.)
    Sutherland, David Alexander, 1942-
  • Halifax's Northwest Arm: An Illustrated History, and: The Artists' Halifax: Portraits of the Town and Harbour through 250 Years (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Watts, Heather, 1936- Halifax's Northwest Arm: an illustrated history.
    • Raymond, Michele.
    • O'Neill, Mora Dianne, 1944- Artists' Halifax: portraits of the town and harbour through 250 years.
    • Northwest Arm (Halifax Harbour, N.S.) -- History -- Pictorial works.
    • Halifax (N.S.) -- In art -- Catalogs.
    Churchill, Jason L.
  • Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956, and: Hope Restored: The American Revolution and the Founding of New Brunswick (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sarty, Roger F. (Roger Flynn), 1952- Saint John fortifications, 1630-1956.
    • Knight, Doug, 1943-
    • Dallison, Robert L., 1935- Hope restored: the American Revolution and the founding of New Brunswick.
    • Fortification -- New Brunswick -- Saint John -- History.
    • New Brunswick -- History -- 18th century.
    Pryke, Kenneth G., 1932-
  • Merchant Princes: Halifax's First Family of Finance, Ships, and Steel (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Frost, James Douglas, 1953- Merchant princes: Halifax's first family of finance, ships, and steel.
    • Stair family.
    Carlson, Roy L., 1930-
  • Emerging from the Mist: Studies in Northwest Coast Culture History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Matson, R. G. (Richard Ghia), 1944-, ed. Emerging from the mist: studies in Northwest Coast culture history.
    • Coupland, Gary Graham, 1953-, ed.
    • Mackie, Quentin, 1962-, ed.
    • Indians of North America -- Northwest Coast of North America -- Antiquities.
    Clayton, Jenny.
  • Q'sapi: A History of Okanagan People as Told by Okanagan Families (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Louis, Shirley, 1946-, ed. Q'sapi: a history of Okanagan people as told by Okanagan families.
    • Okanagan Indians -- Biography.
    Raibmon, Paige Sylvia, 1971-
  • Living on the Edge: Nuu-Chah-Nulth History from an Ahousaht Chief's Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • George, Earl Maquinna, 1926- Living on the edge: Nuu-chah-nulth history from an Ahousaht chief's perspective.
    • George, Earl Maquinna, 1926-
    Cameron, Laura, 1966-
  • Diary of a Lake: An Intimate Description of the Natural History of Glacier Lake and the Cirque of the Unclimbables, in the Words of Scientists Who Were Among the Area's First Pioneers (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harris, John, ed. Diary of a lake: an intimate description of the natural history of Glacier Lake and the Cirque of the Unclimbables, in the words of scientists who were among the area's first pioneers.
    • Lougheed, Vivien, ed.
    • Geology -- Northwest Territories -- Mackenzie.
    Sheppard, George.
  • A Very Brilliant Affair: The Battle of Queenston Heights, 1812 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Malcomson, Robert. Very brilliant affair: the Battle of Queenston Heights, 1812.
    • Queenston Heights, Battle of, Ont., 1812.
    Marquis, Greg.
  • Dixie and the Dominion: Canada, the Confederacy, and the War for the Union (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mayers, Adam. Dixie and the Dominion: Canada, the Confederacy, and the war for the Union.
    • Confederate States of America -- Foreign relations -- Canada.
    Holland, Patrick, 1943-
  • The False Traitor: Louis Riel in Canadian Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Braz, Albert Raimundo, 1957- False traitor: Louis Riel in Canadian culture.
    • Riel, Louis, 1844-1885 -- In literature.
    Carstairs, Catherine.
  • Canada, 1900-1950: Un pays prend sa place / A country comes of age (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bernier, Serge, ed. Canada, 1900-1950: un pays prend sa place.
    • MacFarlane, John, 1963-, ed.
    • Canada -- Civilization -- 20th century -- Congresses.
    MacFarlane, John.
  • Canada's Little War: Fighting for the British Empire in Southern Africa, 1899-1902 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miller, Carman, 1940- Canada's little war: fighting for the British Empire in Southern Africa, 1899-1902.
    • South African War, 1899-1902 -- Participation, Canadian.
    Tremblay, Yves.
  • Déserteurs et insoumis. Les Canadiens français et la justice militaire (1914-1918) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bouvier, Patrick. Déserteurs et insoumis: les canadiens français et la justice militaire (1914-1918)
    • World War, 1914-1918 -- Draft resisters -- Canada -- Québec (Province)
    Farkas, Maryann.
  • Dans la tourmente: Deux hopitaux militaires canadiens-français dans la France en guerre (1915-1919) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Litalien, Michel, 1964- Dans la tourmente: deux hopitaux militaires canadiens-français dans la France en guerre (1915-1919)
    • World War, 1914-1918 -- Hospitals -- France.
    Stephen, Jennifer.
  • Canada's Greatest Wartime Muddle: National Selective Service and the Mobilization of Human Resources during World War II (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stevenson, Michael D., 1967- Canada's greatest wartime muddle: national selective service and the mobilization of human resources during World War II.
    • Canada. National Selective Service.
    Nicholas, Jane.
  • Sun in Winter: A Toronto Wartime Journal, 1942-1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lambton, Gunda, 1914- Sun in winter: a Toronto wartime journal, 1942-1945.
    • Lambton, Gunda, 1914- -- Diaries.
    Beaudreau, Sylvie.
  • La pensée nationaliste de Lionel Groulx (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boily, Frédéric, 1965- Pensée nationaliste de Lionel Groulx.
    • Groulx, Lionel, 1878-1967 -- Political and social views.
    Gauvreau, Michael, 1956-
  • Quand la jeunesse entre en scène: l'Action catholique avant la Revolution tranquille (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bienvenue, Louise, 1969- Quand la jeunesse entre en scène: l'Action catholique avant la Revolution tranquille.
    • Catholic youth -- Québec (Province) -- History -- 20th century.
    Marshall, Dominique.
  • Naître rien: Des orphelins de Duplessis, de la crèche à l'asile (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dufour, Rose, 1943- Naître rien: des orphelins de Duplessis, de la crèche à l'asile.
    • Orphans -- Québec (Province) -- Case studies.
    Emsley, Clive.
  • People and Place: Historical Influences on Legal Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Swainger, Jonathan Scott, 1962-, ed. People and place: historical influences on legal culture.
    • Backhouse, Constance, 1952-, ed.
    • Culture and law.
    Ramos, Sandy.
  • Punishment in Disguise: Penal Governance and Federal Imprisonment of Women in Canada (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hannah-Moffat, Kelly, 1967- Punishment in disguise: penal governance and federal imprisonment of women in Canada.
    • Reformatories for women -- Canada -- History.
    Gogan, Tanya.
  • The Labrador Memoir of Dr. Harry Paddon, 1912-1938 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Paddon, Harry, 1881-1939. Labrador memoir of Dr. Harry Paddon, 1912-1938.
    • Rompkey, Ronald, ed.
    • Paddon, Harry, 1881-1939.
    Dickin, Janice.
  • A Prairie Memoir: The Life and Times of James Clinkskill (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Clinkskill, James, 1853-1936. Prairie memoir: the life and times of James Clinkskill.
    • Hanson, Stan, ed.
    • Clinkskill, James, 1853-1936.
    Tester, Frank J.
  • In Quest of Fur: The Travel Journal of William O.K. Ross, 1909 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ross, William O. K. (William Oliver Kennedy), 1864-1942. In quest of fur: the travel journal of William O.K. Ross, 1909.
    • Smith, Philip E. L., 1927-, ed.
    • Ross, William O. K. (William Oliver Kennedy), 1864-1942 -- Travel -- Québec (Province) -- Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-Saint-Laurent.
    Johnson, Gregory A., 1955-
  • Plateaus of Freedom: Nationality, Culture, and State Security in Canada, 1940-1960 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kristmanson, Mark, 1960- Plateaus of freedom: nationality, culture, and state security in Canada, 1940-1960.
    • Politics and culture -- Canada -- History -- 20th century.
    Frank, David, 1949-
  • Canada's Best Features: Critical Essays on 15 Canadian Films (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Walz, Eugene P., ed. Canada's best features: critical essays on 15 Canadian films.
    • Motion pictures -- Canada -- History.
    Smith, Allan (Allan C. L.)
  • The Border: Canada, the US and Despatches from the 49th Parallel (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Laxer, James. Border: Canada, the US and despatches from the 49th parallel.
    • United States -- Relations -- Canada.
    Normand, France, 1963-
  • Under Tow: A Canadian History of Tugs and Towing, and: The Canadian Coast Guard 1962-2002 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baird, Donal. Under tow: a Canadian history of tugs and towing.
    • Maginley, Charles D. (Charles Douglas), 1929- Canadian Coast Guard 1962-2002.
    • Tugboats -- Canada -- History.
    • Canadian Coast Guard -- History.
    Varty, John F.
  • The Institute of Man and Resources: An Environmental Fable (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • MacEachern, Alan Andrew, 1966- Institute of Man and Resources: an environmental fable.
    • Institute of Man and Resources -- History.
    Evans, Clinton L. (Clinton Lorne), 1960-
  • Farm Communities at the Crossroads: Challenge and Resistance (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Diaz, Harry P., ed. Farm communities at the crossroads: challenge and resistance.
    • Jaffe, JoAnn M., 1954-, ed.
    • Stirling, Robert M., 1940-, ed.
    • Sociology, Rural -- Congresses.

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