Bulletin of the History of Medicine

Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Volume 79, Number 1, Spring 2005

CONTENTS

Editors' Note

Articles

    Kisacky, Jeanne Susan.
  • Restructuring Isolation: Hospital Architecture, Medicine, and Disease Prevention
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hospital architecture -- New York (State) -- New York -- History.
    • New York Hospital -- History.
    • Isolation (Hospital care) -- New York (State) -- New York -- History.
    • Erysipelas -- Treatment -- New York (State) -- New York -- History.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines changing strategies of isolation in the New York Hospital between 1771 and 1930 by correlating the facilities available for isolation with changing reactions to internal disease incidence, changing medical rules and regulations, and shifting ward categories. To prevent internal "epidemics" of telltale diseases such as erysipelas, pyemia, and "hospital gangrene," what (or who) was isolated from what, and how that isolation was achieved, altered drastically. Traditional strategies of increasing the air space and flow around each patient gave way to Florence Nightingale's sanitary nursing, Joseph Lister's antisepsis, Joseph Grancher's barrier system of nursing, D. L. Richardson's aseptic nursing, and Charles Chapin's advocacy of individual cubicles. The larger social and medical transformations of the hospital colored all of these shifts. But the changing isolation strategies also reveal a transformation of the underlying understanding of the role that hospital architecture played in disease incidence.
    Keywords:
      isolation, nineteenth- and twentieth-century hospital architecture, erysipelas, New York
    Rasmussen, Nicolas.
  • The Drug Industry and Clinical Research in Interwar America: Three Types of Physician Collaborator
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pharmaceutical industry -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Academic-industrial collaboration -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Medical innovations -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      This essay describes collaborations between American pharmaceutical companies and clinical investigators, mainly in academic medical centers and other research institutions, during the interwar period. I argue that efforts on the part of early twentieth-century "scientific medicine" reformers to impose higher standards on the testing and promotion of pharmaceuticals led both to the intended disciplining of the drug industry and also, as a reciprocal but unintended consequence, to a deep involvement with industry among medical scientists. Three basic patterns of collaboration between clinical trialists and sponsoring drugs firms are described. These patterns may help illuminate the mutual accommodation between ethical drug firms and academic clinical researchers (and institutions) that still prevails today.
    Keywords:
      academic-industrial collaboration; amphetamines; clinical trials; efficients; free-lancers; friendly experts; Myerson, Abraham; pharmaceutical industry; Weiss, Soma
    Kline, Wendy
  • "Please Include This in Your Book": Readers Respond to Our Bodies, Ourselves
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boston Women's Health Book Collective. Our bodies, ourselves: a book by and for women.
    • Women -- Books and reading -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Women -- Health and hygiene -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    • Feminism -- United States -- History.
    Abstract:
      This paper focuses on those ordinary women who responded to editions of Our Bodies, Ourselves in the 1970s and 1980s, illustrating how readers played a crucial role in the development and articulation of health feminism. By analyzing the exchange between writers and readers of the most popular and influential women's health text of this era, it reveals the process by which feminists translated and interpreted medical information about women's bodies. The personal stories of readers challenge us to consider the role of ordinary women in shaping the development of the women's health movement.
    Keywords:
      women's health movement, feminism, sexuality, Our Bodies, Ourselves
    Asúa, Miguel de.
  • Henry Sigerist and the History of Medicine in Latin America: His Correspondence with Juan R. Beltrán
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sigerist, Henry E. (Henry Ernest), 1891-1957 -- Correspondence.
    • Beltrán, Juan Ramón, 1894- -- Correspondence.
    • Medicine -- Latin America -- History -- 20th century.
    • American Association for the History of Medicine -- History.
    Abstract:
      During the years of World War II, the American Association for the History of Medicine fostered a Pan-American policy aimed at establishing relationships with Latin American historians of medicine. Juan R. Beltrán, professor of history of medicine at the University of Buenos Aires, also pursued an energetic program of academic diplomacy. The correspondence between Henry Sigerist and Beltrán makes manifest that by 1941 good channels of communication were established between Baltimore and Buenos Aires, but the friendly links did not last long. The motives for this can be found in the competing aims of the AAHM and Beltrán, and the pattern of international relationships during the war years.
    Keywords:
      Sigerist, American Association for the History of Medicine, Beltrán, Latin America, Argentina

News and Events

Book Reviews

    Demaitre, Luke E.
  • Los pronósticos médicos en la medicina medieval: El "Tractatus de Crisi et de Diebus Creticis" de Bernardo de Gordonio (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Alonso Guardo, Alberto. Pronósticos médicos en la medicina medieval: el "Tractatus de crisi et de diebus creticis" de Bernardo de Gordonio.
    • Bernard, de Gordon, ca. 1260-ca. 1318. Tractatus de crisi et de diebus creticis.
    Reeds, Karen.
  • Die Kräuterbuchhandschrift des Leonhart Fuchs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Baumann, Brigitte, 1956-, ed. Kräuterbuchhandschrift des Leonhart Fuchs.
    • Baumann, Helmut, ed.
    • Baumann-Schleihauf, Susanne, ed.
    • Fuchs, Leonhart, 1501-1566.
    Schleiner, Winfried.
  • Die Behandlung der Franzosenkrankheit in der Frühen Neuzeit am Beispiel Augsburgs (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stein, Claudia. Behandlung der Franzosenkrankheit in der Frühen Neuzeit am Beispiel Augsburgs.
    • Syphilis -- Germany -- History.
    Bickel, Marcel H.
  • Bâtir, gérer, soigner: Histoire des établissements hospitaliers de Suisse romande (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Donzé, Pierre-Yves. Bâtir, gérer, soigner: histoire des établissements hospitaliers de Suisse romande.
    • Hospitals -- Switzerland -- History.
    Fissell, Mary Elizabeth.
  • Midwiving Subjects in Shakespeare's England (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bicks, Caroline, 1966- Midwiving subjects in Shakespeare's England.
    • Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 -- Characters -- Midwives.
    Fissell, Mary Elizabeth.
  • Publishing and Medicine in Early Modern England (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Furdell, Elizabeth Lane. Publishing and medicine in early modern England.
    • Medicine -- England -- History -- 16th century.
    Carter, K. Codell (Kay Codell)
  • Lectures on the Historical Development of the Field of Bacteriology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Löffler, Friedrich, 1852-1915. Lectures on the historical development of the field of bacteriology.
    • Howard, Dexter H., 1927-, tr.
    • Bacteriology -- History.
    Hayward, Rhodri.
  • Framing and Imagining Disease in Cultural History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rousseau, G. S. (George Sebastian, ed. Framing and imagining disease in cultural history.
    • Gill, Miranda, ed.
    • Haycock, David Boyd, 1968-, ed.
    • Medicine -- Philosophy -- History.
    Gasman, Daniel.
  • A Science for the Soul: Occultism and the Genesis of the German Modern (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Treitel, Corinna. Science for the soul: occultism and the genesis of the German modern.
    • Occultism -- Germany -- History.
    Pérez-Rincón, Héctor.
  • En ningún lugar, en parte alguna: Estudios sobre la historia del magnetismo animal y del hipnotismo (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Montiel, Luis, 1953-, ed. En ningún lugar, en parte alguna: estudios sobre la historia del magnetismo animal y del hipnotismo.
    • González de Pablo, Ángel, ed.
    • Animal magnetism -- History.
    Cueto, Marcos.
  • Monuments of Progress: Modernization and Public Health in Mexico City, 1876-1910 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agostoni, Claudia. Monuments of progress: modernization and public health in Mexico City, 1876-1910.
    • Sanitary engineering -- Mexico -- Mexico City -- History.
    Socolow, Susan Migden
  • Modernity in the Flesh: Medicine, Law, and Society in Turn-of-the-Century Argentina (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ruggiero, Kristin. Modernity in the flesh: medicine, law, and society in turn-of-the-century Argentina.
    • Crime -- Argentina -- Buenos Aires -- History -- 19th century -- Case studies.
    Bartrip, P. W. J. (Peter W. J.)
  • Women's Bodies and Dangerous Trades in England, 1880-1914 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Malone, Carolyn, 1961- Women's bodies and dangerous trades in England, 1880-1914.
    • Women employees -- Health and hygiene -- England -- History -- 19th century.
    De Vries, Raymond G.
  • Public Bodies, Private Lives: The Historical Construction of Life Insurance, Health Risks, and Citizenship in the Netherlands, 1880-1920 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Horstman, Klasien, 1959- Public bodies, private lives: the historical construction of life insurance, health risks, and citizenship in the Netherlands, 1880-1920.
    • Brouwers, Ton, tr.
    • Insurance, Life -- Netherlands -- History.
    Kraut, Alan M.
  • Be Well! Jewish Immigrant Health and Welfare in Glasgow, 1860-1914 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Collins, Kenneth E. Be well! Jewish immigrant health and welfare in Glasgow, 1860-1914.
    • Jews -- Health and hygiene -- Scotland -- Glasgow.
    Barondess, Jeremiah A.
  • "Dearest G ... yours WO": William Osler's Letters from Egypt to Grace Revere Osler (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919. "Dearest G ... yours WO": William Osler's letters from Egypt to Grace Revere Osler.
    • Osler, Grace Revere Gross, Lady.
    • Longo, Lawrence D., ed.
    • Teigen, Philip M., ed.
    • Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919 -- Correspondence.
    Swan, Patricia.
  • Goldberger's War: The Life and Work of a Public Health Crusader (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kraut, Alan M. Goldberger's war: the life and work of a public health crusader.
    • Goldberger, Joseph, 1874-1929.
    Bartlett, Peter.
  • Mental Health Care in Modern England: The Norfolk Lunatic Asylum/ St. Andrew's Hospital, 1810-1998 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cherry, Steven. Mental health care in modern England: the Norfolk Lunatic Asylum/ St. Andrew's Hospital, 1810-1998.
    • Norfolk Lunatic Asylum (Norfolk, England) -- History.
    Reznick, Jeffrey S. (Jeffrey Stephen)
  • Shell Shock: Traumatic Neurosis and the British Soldiers of the First World War (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Leese, Peter. Shell shock: traumatic neurosis and the British soldiers of the First World War.
    • War neuroses -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    Sappol, Michael.
  • Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Prothero, Stephen R. Purified by fire: a history of cremation in America.
    • Cremation -- United States -- History.
    Verbrugge, Martha H.
  • Looking Good: College Women and Body Image, 1875-1930 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lowe, Margaret A., 1961- Looking good: college women and body image, 1875-1930.
    • Feminine beauty (Aesthetics) -- United States.
    Allen, Garland E.
  • Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality, and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kline, Wendy, 1968- Building a better race: gender, sexuality, and eugenics from the turn of the century to the baby boom.
    • Eugenics -- United States -- History.
    Reagan, Leslie J.
  • Purity and Hygiene: Women, Prostitution, and the "American Plan," 1900-1930 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pivar, David J., 1933- Purity and hygiene: women, prostitution, and the "American plan," 1900-1930.
    • Prostitution -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Kater, Michael H.
  • Der "Völkskörper" im Krieg: Gesundheitspolitik, Gesundheitsverhältnisse und Krankenmord im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland, 1939-1945 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Süss, Winfried. "Völkskörper" im Krieg: Gesundheitspolitik, Gesundheitsverhältnisse und Krankenmord im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland, 1939-1945.
    • Medical policy -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
    Stevens, Rosemary, 1935-
  • Robert Ball and the Politics of Social Security (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berkowitz, Edward D. Robert Ball and the politics of Social Security.
    • Ball, Robert M.
    Ankeny, Rachel A.
  • Designs for Life: Molecular Biology after World War II (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chadarevian, Soraya de. Designs for life: molecular biology after World War II.
    • Molecular biology -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    Calicott, Randy W.
  • "This Is No Humbug!": Reminiscences of the Department of Anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hospital, A History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kitz, Richard J. (Richard John), 1929-, ed. "This is no humbug!": reminiscences of the Department of Anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hospital, a history.
    • Massachusetts General Hospital. Dept. of Anesthesia.
    Greenblatt, Samuel H.
  • History of the Treatment of Spinal Injuries (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Silver, John R. (John Russell) History of the treatment of spinal injuries.
    • Spinal cord -- Wounds and injuries -- Treatment -- History.
    Crellin, J. K.
  • Hospital Infection: From Miasmas to MRSA (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ayliffe, G. A. J. Hospital infection: from Miasmas to MRSA.
    • English, Mary P.
    • Nosocomial infections -- History.
    Smith-Nonini, Sandra C.
  • Return of the White Plague: Global Poverty and the "New" Tuberculosis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gandy, Matthew, ed. Return of the white plague: global poverty and the "new" tuberculosis.
    • Zumla, Alimuddin, ed.
    • Tuberculosis.
    Hodges, Sarah.
  • Birth on the Threshold: Childbirth and Modernity in South India (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Van Hollen, Cecilia Coale. Birth on the threshold: childbirth and modernity in South India.
    • Childbirth -- India, South.
    Kiple, Kenneth F.
  • World Epidemics: A Cultural Chronology of Disease from Prehistory to the Era of SARS (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. World epidemics: a cultural chronology of disease from prehistory to the era of SARS.
    • Epidemics -- History.
    Duffin, Jacalyn.
  • The Body in the Library: A Literary Anthology of Modern Medicine (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bamforth, Iain, ed. Body in the library: a literary anthology of modern medicine.
    • Medicine -- Literary collections.
    Mifflin, Jeffrey.
  • Medicine and Literature: The Doctor's Companion to the Classics, and: Doctors and Patients: An Anthology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Salinsky, John. Medicine and literature: the doctor's companion to the classics.
    • Helman, Cecil, 1944-, ed. Doctors and patients: an anthology.
    • Diseases in literature.
    • Physician and patient -- Literary collections.

Book Notes

    Packard, Randall M.
    Brieger, Gert H.
    Bylebyl, Jerome J.
    Abrams, Susan L.
    Risse, Guenter B., 1932-
  • Book Notes
    [Access article in HTML] [Access article in PDF]
    Subject Headings:
    • Didi-Huberman, Georges. Invention of hysteria: Charcot and the photographic iconography of the Salpêtrière.
    • Hartz, Alisa, tr.
    • Seidler, Eduard. Geschichte der Medizin und der Krankenpflege.
    • Leven, Karl-Heinz.
    • Gevitz, Norman. D.O.'s: osteopathic medicine in America.
    • Feldberg, Georgina D., 1956-, ed. Women, health, and nation: Canada and the United States since 1945.

Books Received

Contributors




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