Bulletin of the History of Medicine

Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Volume 78, Number 3, Fall 2004

CONTENTS

Editor's Note

    Bylebyl, Jerome J.
  • A New Agreement between the American Association for the History of Medicine and the Bulletin of the History of Medicine
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    Subject Headings:
    • American Association for the History of Medicine.
    • Bulletin of the history of medicine.

Articles

    Kopperman, Paul E.
  • "Venerate the Lancet": Benjamin Rush's Yellow Fever Therapy in Context
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813.
    • Yellow fever -- Treatment -- United States -- History.
    • Phlebotomy.
    Abstract:
      In 1793, during a yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia, Benjamin Rush adopted a therapy that centered on rapid depletion through purgation and bleeding. His method, especially his reliance on copious bloodletting, was at first widely condemned, but many American practitioners eventually adopted it. Although the therapy struck many observers as being radical, in large part it grew from premises that had substantial support. Rush was convinced that it worked and that heroic methods were the key to conquering disease. In particular, massive bleeding became central to his therapeutics.
    Keywords:
      Benjamin Rush, yellow fever, bloodletting, therapeutics
    Hackett, F. J. Paul (Frederick John Paul), 1961-
  • Averting Disaster: The Hudson's Bay Company and Smallpox in Western Canada during the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smallpox -- Treatment -- Canada, Western -- History.
    • Smallpox -- Canada, Western -- Prevention -- History.
    • Hudson's Bay Company -- History.
    • Indians of North America -- Health and hygiene -- Canada, Western -- History.
    • Public health -- Canada, Western -- History.
    Abstract:
      During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries the Hudson's Bay Company served as a de facto public health agency across western Canada. Among its biggest challenges was combating the smallpox epidemics that periodically threatened the Aboriginal people of the region. Initially, the Company's employees turned to quarantine over variolation in order to prevent the spread of the disease to Hudson Bay in the summer of 1782. Although well thought-out, ultimately this policy proved unsuccessful. Within thirty years the HBC had turned to the newly discovered vaccination, a strategy that was to prove far more effective in fighting the disease. By the late 1830s the Company was able to mount an effective vaccination campaign that covered much of western Canada.
    Keywords:
      smallpox; quarantine; vaccination; Aboriginal people; Indians; epidemic; fur trade; Hudson's Bay Company; public health; western Canada
    Appel, Jacob M.
  • A Duty to Kill? A Duty to Die? Rethinking the Euthanasia Controversy of 1906
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    Subject Headings:
    • Euthanasia -- United States -- History.
    • Euthanasia -- Law and legislation -- Ohio -- History -- 20th century.
    • Euthanasia -- Law and legislation -- Iowa -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      This essay seeks to chronicle the controversy surrounding euthanasia that came to a head in the United States around 1906, and to situate that debate in a meaningful historical context. An extensive examination of newspaper coverage of the legislative proposals to legalize the practice in Ohio and Iowa reveals that (1) the discourse occurred in a context in which both supporters and opponents of euthanasia generally agreed that the practice already occurred with frequency; (2) the discussion was heavily influenced by a simultaneous controversy surrounding eugenics; and (3) most of the opponents of legalization relied upon practical rather than religious or moral arguments to further their cause.
    Keywords:
      euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, mercy killing, eugenics, Anna S. Hall, Dr. Walter Kempster, Iowa public health legislation, Ohio public health legislation, Charles Eliot Norton
    Levene, Alysa.
    Powell, Martin A.
    Stewart, John.
  • Patterns of Municipal Health Expenditure in Interwar England and Wales
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    Subject Headings:
    • Great Britain -- Appropriations and expenditures -- History -- 20th century.
    • Medical economics -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      This article aims to fill a gap in the history of medical services in England and Wales in the interwar period by focusing on the historiographically neglected municipal sector—a relative neglect that is particularly unjustified given that this sector provided an increasingly wide array of medical services over the period. Focusing on the highly urbanized county boroughs, this article investigates whether and how expenditure on municipal health services changed over the interwar period, and whether these patterns were replicated by boroughs across England and Wales. It is found that many of the largest personal health services were experiencing a common pattern of growing investment over the period, but that county boroughs did not act uniformly in their spending decisions. Considered regionally, the Northeast and the West Midlands were found to perform poorly in expenditure terms compared to the data set as a whole, while the large conurbations of Leeds, Manchester, and Liverpool raised the average performance of the Northwest and Yorkshire. Regional patterns are found to be less consistent in the south of the country, where voluntary provision and demands arising from the boroughs' geographical position (for example, seaside resorts) may have exerted significant influences over levels of expenditure on health.
    Keywords:
      municipal, health services, county borough, expenditure, Local Government Act
    Savitt, Todd Lee,
  • American Association for the History of Medicine: Report of the Seventy-seventh Annual Meeting
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    Subject Headings:
    • American Association for the History of Medicine. Meeting (77th : 2004 : Madison, Wis.)
    • Medicine -- History -- Congresses.

News and Events

Book Reviews

    Kiple, Kenneth F.
  • Demography and Nutrition: Evidence from Historical and Contemporary Populations (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Scott, Susan, 1953- Demography and nutrition: evidence from historical and contemporary populations.
    • Duncan, C. J. (Christopher John)
    • Nutritional anthropology.
    Teaford, Mark Franklyn.
  • Skeletons in Our Closet: Revealing Our Past through Bioarchaeology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Larsen, Clark Spencer. Skeletons in our closet: revealing our past through bioarchaeology.
    • Human remains (Archaeology)
    Warden, P. Gregory.
  • Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa: The Story of an Etruscan Noblewoman (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Swaddling, Judith, ed. Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa: the story of an Etruscan noblewoman.
    • Prag, John, ed.
    • Human remains (Archaeology) -- Italy -- Chiusi.
    Touwaide, Alain.
  • Medicinal Substances in Jerusalem from Early Times to the Present Day (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lev, Efraim. Medicinal substances in Jerusalem from early times to the present day.
    • Toueg, Rebecca, tr.
    • Medicine -- Jerusalem -- History.
    Jankrift, Kay Peter.
  • Mélanges d'histoire de la médecine hébraïque: Études choisies de la "Revue d'histoire de la médecine hébraïque" (1948-1985) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Freudenthal, Gad, ed. Mélanges d'histoire de la médecine hébraïque: études choisies de la "Revue d'histoire de la médecine hébraïque" (1948-1985)
    • Kottek, Samuel S., ed.
    • Medicine -- Religious aspects -- Judaism.
    Manzoni, Tullio.
  • Galen on the Brain: Anatomical Knowledge and Physiological Speculation in the Second Century A.D. (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rocca, Julius, 1956- Galen on the brain: anatomical knowledge and physiological speculation in the second century A.D.
    • Galen.
    Conrad, Lawrence I.
  • Wörterbuch zu den griechisch-arabischen Übersetzungen des 9. Jahrhunderts (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ullmann, Manfred. Wörterbuch zu den griechisch-arabischen Übersetzungen des 9. Jahrhunderts.
    • Greek language -- Translating into Arabic.
    Touwaide, Alain.
  • The Small Dispensatory (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sabur ibn Sahl, d. 869. Small dispensatory.
    • Kahl, Oliver, tr.
    • Medicine, Arab -- Formulae, recipes, prescriptions -- Early works to 1800.
    Green, Monica Helen.
  • Religion and Medicine in the Middle Ages (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Biller, Peter, ed. Religion and medicine in the Middle Ages.
    • Ziegler, Joseph, 1959-, ed.
    • Health -- Religious aspects -- Catholic Church.
    O'Neill, Ynez Violé.
  • On the Fabric of the Human Body. Book III, The Veins and Arteries. Book IV, The Nerves (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vesalius, Andreas, 1514-1564. On the fabric of the human body. Book III, The veins and arteries. Book IV, The nerves.
    • Richardson, William Frank, tr.
    • Carman, John Burd, tr.
    • Blood-vessels -- Anatomy -- Early works to 1800.
    Crowther-Heyck, Kathleen.
  • Traumatologie und Feldchirurgie an der Wende vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit: Exemplarisch Dargestellt anhand der "Grossen Chirurgie" des Walther Hermann Ryff (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vollmuth, Ralf. Traumatologie und Feldchirurgie an der Wende vom Mittelalter zur Neuzeit: exemplarisch dargestellt anhand der "Grossen Chirurgie" des Walther Hermann Ryff.
    • Ryff, Walther Hermann, d. 1548.
    Azzolini, Monica.
  • Doctors, Ambassadors, and Secretaries: Humanism and Professions in Renaissance Italy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Biow, Douglas. Doctors, ambassadors, and secretaries: humanism and professions in Renaissance Italy.
    • Humanism -- Italy.
    Giglioni, Guido.
  • Jean Fernel: Médecine et philosophie (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fernel, Jean, 1497-1558. Jean Fernel: Médecine et philosophie.
    • Kany-Turpin, José, ed.
    • Medicine -- Early works to 1800.
    Kiple, Kenneth F.
  • Limeys: The True Story of One Man's War against Ignorance, the Establishment, and the Deadly Scurvy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Harvie, David I. Limeys: the true story of one man's war against ignorance, the establishment, and the deadly scurvy.
    • Lind, James, 1716-1794.
    Wilson, Philip K. (Philip Kevin)
  • For Fear of Pain: British Surgery, 1790-1850 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stanley, Peter, 1956- For fear of pain: British surgery, 1790-1850.
    • Surgery -- Great Britain -- History -- 19th century.
    Ludmerer, Kenneth M.
  • Medical Education at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 1123-1995 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Waddington, Keir, 1970- Medical education at St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 1123-1995.
    • St. Bartholomew's Hospital (London, England) -- History.
    Lawrence, Christopher.
  • St. Mary's: The History of a London Teaching Hospital (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Heaman, Elsbeth, 1964- St. Mary's: the history of a London teaching hospital.
    • St. Mary's Hospital (London, England) -- History.
    Hepler, Allison L.
  • The Home Office and the Dangerous Trades: Regulating Occupational Disease in Victorian and Edwardian Britain (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bartrip, P. W. J. (Peter W. J.) Home Office and the dangerous trades: regulating occupational disease in Victorian and Edwardian Britain.
    • Industrial hygiene -- Great Britain -- History.
    Lawlor, Clark.
  • Physiology and the Literary Imagination: Romantic to Modern (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gordon, John, 1945- Physiology and the literary imagination: romantic to modern.
    • English literature -- 19th century -- History and criticism.
    Ruiter, Hans-Peter de.
  • The Rise of Mental Health Nursing: A History of Psychiatric Care in Dutch Asylums, 1890-1920 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Boschma, Geertje. Rise of mental health nursing: a history of psychiatric care in Dutch asylums, 1890-1920.
    • Psychiatric nursing -- Netherlands -- History -- 19th century.
    Ballenger, Jesse F.
  • Alzheimer: The Life of a Physician and the Career of a Disease (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Maurer, Konrad, 1943- Alzheimer: the life of a physician and the career of a disease.
    • Maurer, Ulrike, 1942-
    • Levi, Neil, tr.
    • Alzheimer, Alois.
    Shorter, Edward.
  • European Psychiatry on the Eve of War: Aubrey Lewis, the Maudsley Hospital and the Rockefeller Foundation in the 1930s (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Angel, Katherine, ed. European psychiatry on the eve of war: Aubrey Lewis, the Maudsley Hospital and the Rockefeller Foundation in the 1930s.
    • Jones, Edgar, 1953-, ed.
    • Neve, Michael, ed.
    • Lewis, Aubrey Julian, Sir, 1900-
    Wright, David.
  • The Invisible Plague: The Rise of Mental Illness from 1750 to the Present (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Torrey, E. Fuller (Edwin Fuller), 1937- Invisible plague: the rise of mental illness from 1750 to the present.
    • Miller, Judy, 1949-
    • Psychiatric epidemiology.
    Gilman, Sander L.
  • The Cult of Health and Beauty in Germany: A Social History, 1890-1930 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hau, Michael. Cult of health and beauty in Germany: a social history, 1890-1930.
    • Social medicine -- Germany.
    Sufian, Sandra M. (Sandra Marlene)
  • The Workers' Health Fund in Eretz Israel: Kupat Holim, 1911-1937 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shvarts, Shifra. Workers' health fund in Eretz Israel: Kupat Holim, 1911-1937.
    • Medicine -- Israel -- History.
    Krementsov, N. L.
  • Curative Powers: Medicine and Empire in Stalin's Central Asia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Michaels, Paula A., 1966- Curative powers: medicine and empire in Stalin's Central Asia.
    • Social medicine -- Kazakhstan.
    Rigau-Pérez, José Gabriel.
  • Disease in the History of Modern Latin America: From Malaria to AIDS (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Armus, Diego, ed. Disease in the history of modern Latin America: from malaria to AIDS.
    • Social medicine -- Latin America.
    Headrick, Daniel R.
  • Missions for Science: U.S. Technology and Medicine in America's African World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McBride, David, 1949- Missions for science: U.S. technology and medicine in America's African world.
    • Technology transfer -- Southern States.
    Kass, Amalie M.
  • Reproductive Health, Reproductive Rights: Reformers and the Politics of Maternal Welfare, 1917-1940 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rosen, Robyn L. Reproductive health, reproductive rights: reformers and the politics of maternal welfare, 1917-1940.
    • Maternal and infant welfare -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
    Fields, Jill.
  • Dubious Equalities and Embodied Differences: Cultural Studies on Cosmetic Surgery (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Davis, Kathy, 1949- Dubious equalities and embodied differences: cultural studies on cosmetic surgery.
    • Surgery, Plastic -- Social aspects.
    Wilson, Leonard G. (Leonard Gilchrist).
  • Transplant: From Myth to Reality (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tilney, Nicholas L. Transplant: from myth to reality.
    • Transplantation of organs, tissues, etc. -- History.
    Wilson, Leonard G. (Leonard Gilchrist).
  • Saving Lives, Training Caregivers, Making Discoveries: A Centennial History of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Burns, Chester R. Saving lives, training caregivers, making discoveries: a centennial history of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.
    • University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston -- History.
    Tauber, Alfred I.
  • Science as Autobiography: The Troubled Life of Niels Jerne (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Söderqvist, Thomas. Science as autobiography: the troubled life of Niels Jerne.
    • Paul, David Mel, tr.
    • Jerne, Niels Kaj.
    Culliton, Barbara J.
  • How to Win the Nobel Prize: An Unexpected Life in Science (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bishop, J. Michael, 1936- How to win the Nobel Prize: an unexpected life in science.
    • Bishop, J. Michael, 1936-
    Wilkinson, Lise.
  • Experimenting with Humans and Animals: From Galen to Animal Rights (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Guerrini, Anita, 1953- Experimenting with humans and animals: from Galen to animal rights.
    • Vivisection -- History.

Book Notes

    Packard, Randall M.
    Bylebyl, Jerome J.
  • Book Notes
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    Subject Headings:
    • Principe, Lawrence. Transmutations: alchemy in art: selected works from the Eddleman and Fisher collections at the Chemical Heritage Foundation.
    • DeWitt, Lloyd.
    • Booth, Christopher C. (Christopher Charles), 1924- Physician reflects: Herman Boerhaave and other essays.
    • Fiks, Arsen P. Self-experimenters: sources for study.
    • Buelow, Paul A., ed.
    • Inglis, J. R. (John R.), ed. Inspiring science: Jim Watson and the age of DNA.
    • Sambrook, Joseph, ed.
    • Witkowski, J. A. (Jan Anthony), 1947-, ed.

Books Recieved

Contributors




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