Bulletin of the History of Medicine

Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Volume 78, Number 2, Summer 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Zuckerman, Arnold.
  • Plague and Contagionism in Eighteenth-Century England: The Role of Richard Mead
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mead, Richard, 1673-1754. Short discourse concerning pestilential contagion, and the methods to be used to prevent it.
    • Plague -- France -- Marseille -- History -- 18th century.
    • Plague -- England -- Prevention.
    • Plague -- Etiology.
    Abstract:
      An epidemic of plague in Marseilles in 1720 and the fear that it would spread to England led to the passing of a new quarantine act. First, however, the government sought medical advice from Dr. Richard Mead (1673-1754), which took the form of A Short Discourse Concerning Pestilential Contagion, and the Methods to Be Used to Prevent It. This tract was a contribution to the contagion concept of disease at a time when it had not yet become part of the medical mainstream as an explanation for certain epidemic diseases. Critical works appeared almost immediately attacking Mead's ideas. The Short Discourse went through nine editions, the last in 1744. In the last two editions there are further elaborations of his earlier views and references to Newton's Optics and the ether theory. Some of Mead's practical recommendations for dealing with the plague, should it enter the country, were relatively new. References to his plague tract appeared in a number of medical and nonmedical works well beyond his lifetime.
    Keywords:
      Mead, Richard; contagion; plague; Marseilles plague of 1720
    Cody, Lisa Forman.
  • Living and Dying in Georgian London's Lying-In Hospitals
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lying-In Hospital for Married Women (London, England)
    • Women's hospitals -- England -- London -- History -- 18th century.
    • Childbirth -- England -- London -- History -- 18th century.
    Abstract:
      This article uses previously untapped archival sources to revise the dominant, negative view of London's eighteenth-century maternity hospitals, by reconstructing daily life at the British Lying-in Hospital. Though the hospital in fact helped to support women's work as midwives, its institutional practices altered the experience of childbirth both negatively and positively, which inspired rumors, criticism, and inflammatory published attacks. The article illuminates how two unrecognized events in 1751—the hospital's first epidemiological crisis, and the arrival of a new man-midwife who used instruments—may have become intertwined in the public imagination and helped to shape the terrible reputation of lying-in hospitals, despite their overall positive eighteenth-century record.
    Keywords:
      childbirth, forceps, lying-in hospitals, man-midwifery, maternal mortality, midwifery, philanthropy, puerperal fever; Nicholls, Frank; Macaulay, George
    Colgrove, James.
  • Between Persuasion and Compulsion: Smallpox Control in Brooklyn and New York, 1894-1902
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    Subject Headings:
    • Smallpox -- Vaccination -- New York (State) -- New York -- History -- 19th century.
    • Smallpox -- Law and legislation -- New York (State) -- History -- 19th century.
    • Public health laws -- New York (State) -- History -- 19th century.
    Abstract:
      Two major outbreaks of smallpox occurred in Brooklyn and New York around the turn of the twentieth century. Health officials moved aggressively to contain the disease, conducting mass vaccinations from house to house and in workplaces. Although these programs were ostensibly voluntary, the manner in which they were conducted was often coercive, giving many people the impression they had no choice but to submit. Officials portrayed their programs as voluntary because they lacked a clear legal basis for their actions and because they believed this was the most effective strategy for gaining public cooperation. This essay examines the events that surrounded a series of legal cases challenging the use of coercive measures to enforce vaccination during and after the smallpox epidemic of 1894, and the repercussions that this litigation had on disease-control efforts and popular attitudes toward vaccination and other measures. The cases described here were part of an extensive body of nineteenth-century jurisprudence on vaccination that was crucial for the evolution of public health police powers in general, and of vaccination policy in particular.
    Keywords:
      vaccination, smallpox, legislation and jurisprudence, New York
    Beier, Lucinda McCray.
  • Expertise and Control: Childbearing in Three Twentieth-Century Working-Class Lancashire Communities
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    Subject Headings:
    • Childbirth -- England -- Lancashire -- History -- 20th century.
    • Working class -- Medical care -- England -- Lancashire -- History -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      This article draws on oral history evidence and annual reports of the Medical Officers of Health for the communities of Barrow, Lancaster, and Preston to document the shift in the place and the managers of childbearing, from working-class homes and traditional midwives in the early twentieth century to hospitals and licensed midwives and physicians after World War II. It explores gender and class aspects of this transition, concluding that the medicalization of childbearing has had negative as well as positive results—not least of which has been the disempowerment of the working-class women who were traditional health authorities in their communities.
    Keywords:
      oral history, public health, pregnancy, childbirth, midwives, England
    Kushner, Howard I.
    Turner, Christena L.
    Bastian, John F.
    Burns, Jane C.
  • The Narratives of Kawasaki Disease
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome.
    Abstract:
      Kawasaki disease is a rash/fever illness of early childhood in which coronary artery aneurysms (CAA), sometimes fatal, may develop in up to 25 percent of untreated children. Because its etiology and pathophysiology are unknown and no diagnostic laboratory test exists, diagnosis is made via a list of clinical signs; however, a significant number of children fail to meet the clinical criteria and go on to develop CAA. We suspected a connection between these missed cases and the continuing difficulty in identifying the etiological agent(s) and mechanisms for CAA. In search of that connection, we launched a historical investigation into the institutionalization of the clinical criteria, and explored how this process influenced the framing of research questions. Our findings suggest that the canonization of the Kawasaki disease case definition was as much due to the enshrinement of the historical narrative as to compelling scientific findings. The Kawasaki disease narrative encompasses interrelated issues of definition, discovery, and naming; these, in turn, have profoundly influenced diagnosis, treatment, and research. "Atypical" cases, despite being at risk for CAA, often fail to receive prompt diagnosis and treatment; consequently, research has been limited to the population that meets the diagnostic criteria for Kawasaki disease, rather than including those who are at risk of CAA. Although clinical concerns prompted this investigation, it nevertheless has important implications for the history of medicine: it provides an illustration of how a historical interrogation of a syndrome's construction can free medical researchers to pursue novel approaches. Equally important, it demonstrates how historians can make unique contributions as collaborators in clinical care and medical research.
    Keywords:
      Kawasaki disease, syndrome classification, diagnostic criteria, coronary artery aneurysms, infantile periarteritis nodosa, pediatric vasculitis

Essay Reviews

    Courtwright, David T.
  • Drug Wars: Policy Hots and Historical Cools
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    Subject Headings:
    • Davenport-Hines, R. P. T. (Richard Peter Treadwell), 1953- Pursuit of oblivion: a global history of narcotics.
    • Acker, Caroline Jean, 1947- Creating the American junkie: addiction research in the classic era of narcotic control.
    • Musto, David F., 1936-, ed. Drugs in America: a documentary history.
    • Drug abuse -- History.
    • Heroin habit -- Social aspects -- United States.
    Fairman, Julie.
  • Not All Nurses Are Good, Not All Doctors Are Bad . . . .
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    Subject Headings:
    • Group, Thetis M. Nursing, physician control, and the medical monopoly: historical perspectives on gendered inequality in roles, rights, and range of practice.
    • Roberts, Joan I.
    • Nurse and physician -- History.

News and Events

Book Reviews

    Demaitre, Luke E.
  • Air, miasmes et contagion: Les épidémies dans l'Antiquité et au Moyen Âge (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bazin-Tacchella, Sylvie, ed. Air, miasmes et contagion: les épidémies dans l'Antiquité et au Moyen Âge.
    • Quéruel, Danielle, ed.
    • Samama, Evelyne, ed.
    • Epidemics -- History.
    Ferngren, Gary B.
  • Healing in the New Testament: Insights from Medical and Mediterranean Anthropology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pilch, John J. Healing in the New Testament: insights from medical and Mediterranean anthropology.
    • Healing in the Bible.
    McVaugh, M. R. (Michael Rogers).
  • Le corps à l'épreuve: Poisons, remèdes et chirurgie: Aspects des pratiques médicales dans l'Antiquité et au Moyen-Âge (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Collard, Franck, ed. Corps à l'épreuve: poisons, remèdes et chirurgie: aspects des pratiques médicales dans l'Antiquité et au Moyen-Âge.
    • Samama, Evelyne, ed.
    • Medicine, Ancient -- History -- Congresses.
    Rousseau, G. S. (George Sebastian)
  • Paracelsian Moments: Science, Medicine, and Astrology in Early Modern Europe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Scholz Williams, Gerhild, ed. Paracelsian moments: science, medicine, and astrology in early modern Europe.
    • Gunnoe, Charles D., 1963-, ed.
    • Paracelsus, 1493-1541.
    Cook, Noble David.
  • A Pest in the Land: New World Epidemics in a Global Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Alchon, Suzanne Austin. Pest in the land: new world epidemics in a global perspective.
    • Medical geography -- Latin America.
    Ziegler, Joseph.
  • Medicine before Science: The Rational and Learned Doctor from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • French, R. K. (Roger Kenneth) Medicine before science: the rational and learned doctor from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment.
    • Physicians -- Europe -- History.
    Cook, Harold John.
  • Nieuw licht op Hendrik van Deventer (1651-1724) (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lieburg, M. J. van. Nieuw licht op Hendrik van Deventer (1651-1724)
    • Deventer, Hendrik van, 1651-1724.
    Albury, W. R.
  • A Cultural History of Medical Vitalism in Enlightenment Montpellier (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Williams, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Ann), 1950- Cultural history of medical vitalism in enlightenment Montpellier.
    • Medicine -- France -- Montpellier -- History.
    Papenfuse, Edward C.
  • Pox Americana: The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-1782 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fenn, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Anne), 1959- Pox Americana: the great smallpox epidemic of 1775-1782.
    • Smallpox -- United States -- History -- 18th century.
    Fenn, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Anne).
  • The Speckled Monster: A Historical Tale of Battling Smallpox (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carrell, Jennifer Lee. Speckled monster: a historical tale of battling smallpox.
    • Smallpox -- History.
    Whorton, James C.
  • Right Living: An Anglo-American Tradition of Self-Help Medicine and Hygiene (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rosenberg, Charles E., ed. Right living: an Anglo-American tradition of self-help medicine and hygiene.
    • Medicine, Popular -- History -- 18th century.
    Lawrence, Christopher.
  • A History of Scottish Medicine: Themes and Influences (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dingwall, Helen M. History of Scottish medicine: themes and influences.
    • Medicine -- Scotland -- History.
    Dupree, Marguerite.
  • The Scalpel and the Sword: The Autobiography of the Father of Army Medicine (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McGrigor, James, Sir, 1771-1858. Scalpel and the sword: the autobiography of the father of army medicine.
    • McGrigor, Mary, ed.
    • McGrigor, James, Sir, 1771-1858.
    Joy, Robert J. T.
  • Wellington's Doctors: The British Army Medical Services in the Napoleonic Wars (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Howard, Martin R. Wellington's doctors: the British Army Medical Services in the Napoleonic wars.
    • Great Britain. Army Medical Services.
    Worboys, Michael.
  • "Captain of All These Men of Death": The History of Tuberculosis in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Ireland (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jones, Greta. "Captain of all these men of death": the history of tuberculosis in nineteenth and twentieth century Ireland.
    • Tuberculosis -- Ireland -- History.
    Blustein, Bonnie Ellen.
  • The Fasting Girl: A True Victorian Medical Mystery (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stacey, Michelle. Fasting girl: a true Victorian medical mystery.
    • Fancher, Mary J., b. 1848.
    Marsh, Margaret S.
  • Articulating Life's Memory: U.S. Medical Rhetoric about Abortion in the Nineteenth Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stormer, Nathan, 1966- Articulating life's memory: U.S. medical rhetoric about abortion in the nineteenth century.
    • Abortion -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
    McGough, Laura.
  • Pox: Genius, Madness, and the Mysteries of Syphilis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hayden, Deborah. Pox: genius, madness, and the mysteries of syphilis.
    • Syphilis -- History.
    Marks, Shula.
  • The Colour of Disease: Syphilis and Racism in South Africa, 1880-1950 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jochelson, Karen, 1963- Colour of disease: syphilis and racism in South Africa, 1880-1950.
    • Syphilis -- Social aspects -- South Africa.
    La Berge, Ann Elizabeth Fowler.
  • Hygiène et médecine: Histoire et actualité des maladies nosocomiales (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Galmiche, Jean-Marie. Hygiène et médecine: histoire et actualité des maladies nosocomiales.
    • Medicine -- France -- History.
    MacDougall, Heather Anne.
  • For Patients of Moderate Means: A Social History of the Voluntary Public General Hospital in Canada, 1890-1950 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gagan, David Paul, 1940- For patients of moderate means: a social history of the voluntary public general hospital in Canada, 1890-1950.
    • Gagan, Rosemary R. (Rosemary Ruth)
    • Public hospitals -- Canada -- History.
    Joravsky, David.
  • Diagnosing Literary Genius: A Cultural History of Psychiatry in Russia, 1880-1930 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sirotkina, Irina. Diagnosing literary genius: a cultural history of psychiatry in Russia, 1880-1930.
    • Psychiatry -- Russia -- History -- 19th century.
    Henderson, Eric.
  • Empty Beds: Indian Student Health at Sherman Institute, 1902-1922 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Keller, Jean A., 1953- Empty beds: Indian student health at Sherman Institute, 1902-1922.
    • Indians of North America -- Health and hygiene -- California -- History.
    Gossel, Patricia Peck.
  • Drama and Discovery: The Story of Histoplasmosis (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Daniel, Thomas M. Drama and discovery: the story of histoplasmosis.
    • Baum, Gerald L.
    • Histoplasmosis -- History.
    Lerner, Barron H.
  • Bittersweet: Diabetes, Insulin, and the Transformation of Illness (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Feudtner, John Christopher. Bittersweet: diabetes, insulin, and the transformation of illness.
    • Diabetes -- History -- 20th century.
    Hruban, Ralph H.
  • History of the Pancreas: Mysteries of a Hidden Organ (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Howard, John M. (John Malone), 1919- History of the pancreas: mysteries of a hidden organ.
    • Hess, Walter, 1918-
    • Pancreas -- History.
    Warren, Christian.
  • Deceit and Denial: The Deadly Politics of Industrial Pollution (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Markowitz, Gerald E. Deceit and denial: the deadly politics of industrial pollution.
    • Rosner, David, 1947-
    • Environmental health.
    Kater, Michael H.
  • Deaf People in Hitler's Europe (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ryan, Donna F., ed. Deaf people in Hitler's Europe.
    • Schuchman, John S., 1938-, ed.
    • Deaf -- Germany -- History -- 20th century.
    Mazumdar, Pauline M. H. (Pauline Margaret Hodgson).
  • Edwin J. Cohn and the Development of Protein Chemistry, with a Detailed Account of His Work on the Fractionation of Blood during and after World War II (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Surgenor, Douglas MacN., 1918- Edwin J. Cohn and the development of protein chemistry, with a detailed account of his work on the fractionation of blood during and after World War II.
    • Cohn, Edwin J. (Edwin Joseph), 1892-1953.
    Harden, Victoria Angela.
  • Noble Conspirator: Florence S. Mahoney and the Rise of the National Institutes of Health (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Robinson, Judith, 1939- Noble conspirator: Florence S. Mahoney and the rise of the National Institutes of Health.
    • Mahoney, Florence S. (Florence Stephenson)
    Goodyear, James.
  • From Popular Medicine to Medical Populism: Doctors, Healers, and Public Power in Costa Rica, 1800-1940 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Palmer, Steven Paul. From popular medicine to medical populism: doctors, healers, and public power in Costa Rica, 1800-1940.
    • Medicine -- Costa Rica -- History.
    Litsios, Socrates.
  • The Politics of the Healthy Life: An International Perspective (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rodríguez Ocaña, Esteban, ed. Politics of the healthy life: an international perspective.
    • Social medicine.
    Stevens, Rosemary.
  • Dead on Arrival: The Politics of Health Care in Twentieth-Century America (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gordon, Colin, 1962- Dead on arrival: the politics of health care in twentieth-century America.
    • Medical policy -- United States.
    Sonnedecker, Glenn.
  • Biographies of Remedies: Drugs, Medicines and Contraceptives in Dutch and Anglo-American Healing Cultures (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gijswijt-Hofstra, Marijke, ed. Biographies of remedies: drugs, medicines and contraceptives in Dutch and Anglo-American healing cultures.
    • Heteren, G. M. van, ed.
    • Tansey, E. M., ed.
    • Drugs -- Netherlands -- History -- Congresses.
    Callahan, Daniel.
  • Heal Thyself: Spirituality, Medicine, and the Distortion of Christianity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shuman, Joel James. Heal thyself: spirituality, medicine, and the distortion of Christianity.
    • Meador, Keith G.
    • Medicine -- Religious aspects -- Christianity -- History of doctrines.
    Vanderpool, Harold Y.
  • "Merciful Release": The History of the British Euthanasia Movement (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kemp, N. D. A. "Merciful release": the history of the British euthanasia movement.
    • Euthanasia -- Great Britain -- History.
    Kleinman, Kim.
  • Plants, Patients, and the Historian: (Re)membering in the Age of Genetic Engineering (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Palladino, Paolo. Plants, patients, and the historian: (re)membering in the age of genetic engineering.
    • Genetic engineering -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century.
    Johnson, Richard T. (Richard Tidball).
  • How the Cows Turned Mad (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schwartz, Maxime, 1940- How the cows turned mad.
    • Schneider, Edward, tr.
    • Prion diseases -- History.

Book Notes

  • Book Notes
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    Subject Headings:
    • Selin, Helaine, 1946-, ed. Medicine across cultures: history and practice of medicine in non-Western cultures.
    • Gruman, Gerald J. (Gerald Joseph), 1926- History of ideas about the prolongation of life.
    • Furst, Lilian R. Idioms of distress: psychosomatic disorders in medical and imaginative literature.
    • Webster, Charles, 1936- National Health Service: a political history.

Books Received

Contributors




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