Bulletin of the History of Medicine

Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 75.2, Summer 2001

Contents

Articles

    Siena, Kevin P.
  • The "Foul Disease" and Privacy: The Effects of Venereal Disease and Patient Demand on the Medical Marketplace in Early Modern London
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sexually transmitted diseases -- England -- London -- History.
    • Physician and patient -- England -- London -- History.
    • Advertising -- Medicine -- England -- London -- History.
    Summary:
      This article examines medical advertisements for venereal disease treatment from late Stuart London. It explores how privacy issues influenced the services provided by early modern venereologists. It shows that practitioners who sought to get ahead in the competitive field of venereology began to offer private treatment at a time when other physicians seem not to have provided that service. Therefore, market forces such as patient demand had an innovatory effect on early modern medical ethics. The same dynamic that caused venereal patients to seek privacy also led them to demand a practitioner of their own sex. Infected women clearly wished to be treated by a female practitioner. Many male practitioners forged partnerships with women in order to attract female clientele. These partnerships were frequently based on familial connections, most often between husband and wife. The presence of widespread VD in London helped sustain a sizable number of female practitioners who specialized in venereology.
    Keywords:
      venereal disease, syphilis, gonorrhea, pox, medical ethics, medical confidentiality, empirics, medical advertisements, handbills, female practitioners, Foul Disease, French Disease, doctor-patient relationship
    Jacyna, L. S.
  • "A Host of Experienced Microscopists": The Establishment of Histology in Nineteenth-Century Edinburgh
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    Subject Headings:
    • Histology -- Study and teaching -- Scotland -- Edinburgh -- History -- 19th century.
    • Medical microscopy -- Study and teaching -- Scotland -- Edinburgh -- History -- 19th century.
    • Bennett, John Hughes, 1812-1875.
    Summary:
      Edinburgh was the foremost center in Britain for the introduction of microscopic anatomy into medical training. It therefore offers an instructive case study of the way in which what was initially an obscure and exotic technology eventually became a regular part of medical education. The paper explores the process by which skills that were originally the preserve of a small number of pioneers in histology came to be transmitted to a wider population. It focuses, in particular, on the transition from an authoritarian style of pedagogy, best exemplified by the histological teaching of John Hughes Bennett, to the more collegial styles of interaction between microscopists that came to be embodied in the Edinburgh Physiological Society.
    Keywords:
      microscope, histology, pedagogy, medical education, Edinburgh
    Aldrich, Mark.
  • Train Wrecks to Typhoid Fever: The Development of Railroad Medicine Organizations, 1850-World War I
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    Subject Headings:
    • Railroads -- Employees -- Medical care -- United States -- History.
    • Medicine -- United States -- Societies, etc.
    • Railroads -- Cars -- Sanitation -- United States -- History.
    Summary:
      From their beginning American railroads developed medical arrangements to care for the large number of workers and passengers they killed or injured. After the Civil War, both labor unrest and liability concerns led them to expand and formalize these arrangements, and three forms of organization arose. Western roads, facing an almost complete lack of medical facilities, developed employee-funded hospital organizations. In the east, companies created medical organizations under a salaried chief surgeon and contracted with local physicians to provide care. A third model, pioneered by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad in the 1880s, devised a beneficial society that provided medical care and compensation for injured workers. Although these organizations involved both contract practice and group hospitalization, the AMA seems to have ignored them. In the 1880s railroad physicians developed their own organizations, including the National Association of Railway Surgeons, in which they discussed problems of professionalization and such medical matters as "railway spine." Concern with costs and labor turnover also led the carriers into preventive medicine. Some roads provided smallpox and typhoid vaccinations, campaigned against malaria, improved passenger-car sanitation, required physical examinations of their employees, and trained them in first aid. By World War I, railroad medical organizations provided care to nearly two million employees and employment to about 10 percent of all physicians.
    Keywords:
      railroad, professionalization, hospitals, preventive medicine, group practice, vaccination, first aid, public health, accidents, injuries, American Medical Association
    Front, Dov.
  • The Expurgation of Medical Books in Sixteenth-Century Spain
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    Subject Headings:
    • Amato, Lusitano, 1511-1568. Amati Lusitani, medici physici praestantissimi, Curationum medicinalium, centuriae duae: tertia et quarta.
    • Medical literature -- Censorship -- Spain -- History -- 16th century.
    • Expurgated books -- Spain -- History -- 16th century.
    Summary:
      Medical books figured prominently on lists of scientific books censured or expurgated by ecclesiastic authorities in the second half of the sixteenth century. A systematic examination of this censorship is still wanting. The following study, which describes and explains the mechanism of expurgation of centuria iv in Amatus Lusitanus's description of medical cases (Lyons edition, 1580), is an example of the sort of questions and information that can be drawn from such an examination. In particular, the expurgation of Amatus's discussion of false conception suffered by a nun is analyzed. Amatus did not rule out the possibility of natural virginal pregnancy, and in doing so he relied on medical authorities (Averroes) as well as on a Hebrew rabbinical source (Alphabet of Ben Sira).
    Keywords:
      censorship, indices of prohibited books, Amatus Lusitanus, sixteenth-century Spain, virginal pregnancy, false conception, bathtub insemination, Jewish-Christian relationship

Book Reviews

    Unschuld, Paul U. (Paul Ulrich).
  • The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and Chinese Medicine (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kuriyama, Shigehisa, 1954- Expressiveness of the body and the divergence of Greek and Chinese medicine.
    • Medicine, Chinese -- Philosophy.
    Sharpe, William D. (William Donald).
  • Mummies, Disease, and Ancient Cultures (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cockburn, Aidan, ed. Mummies, disease, and ancient cultures.
    • Cockburn, Eve, ed.
    • Reyman, Theodore A. (Theodore Allen), 1931-, ed.
    • Mummies.
    Sweet, Victoria.
  • Wisse die Wege: Leben und Werk Hildegards von Bingen: Eine Monographie zu ihrem 900. Geburtstag (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bäumer-Schleinkofer, Änne, 1957- Wisse die Wege: Leben und Werk Hildegards von Bingen: eine Monographie zu ihrem 900. Geburtstag.
    • Hildegard, Saint, 1098-1179.
    Demaitre, Luke E.
  • Death and Dying in the Middle Ages (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • DuBruck, Edelgard E., ed. Death and dying in the Middle Ages.
    • Gusick, Barbara I., ed.
    • Death -- Social aspects -- History.
    Lawlor, Clark.
  • Death in England: An Illustrated History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jupp, Peter C., ed. Death in England: an illustrated history.
    • Gittings, Clare, ed.
    • Death -- Social aspects -- England.
    O'Neill, Ynez Violé.
  • Dissection and Vivisection in the European Renaissance (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • French, R. K. (Roger Kenneth) Dissection and vivisection in the European Renaissance.
    • Human dissection -- Europe -- History.
    Fee, Elizabeth.
  • Medicine, Disease and the State in Ireland, 1650-1940 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jones, Greta, ed. Medicine, disease and the State in Ireland, 1650-1940.
    • Malcolm, Elizabeth, ed.
    • Medicine -- Ireland -- History.
    Lawrence, Christopher.
  • English Hospitals, 1660-1948: A Survey of Their Architecture and Design (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Richardson, Harriet, ed. English hospitals, 1660-1948: a survey of their architecture and design.
    • Hospital architecture -- England -- History.
    McGregor, Deborah Kuhn.
  • The Midwives of Seventeenth-Century London (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Evenden, Doreen. Midwives of seventeenth-century London.
    • Midwives -- England -- London -- History -- 17th century.
    Wilson, Renate.
  • Arzneimittelversorgung im 18. Jahrhundert: Die Stadt Braunschweig und die ländlichen Distrikte im Herzogtum Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Beisswanger, Gabriele. Arzneimittelversorgung im 18. Jahrhundert: die Stadt Braunschweig und die ländlichen Distrikte im Herzogtum Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel.
    • Pharmacy -- Germany -- History -- 18th century.
    La Berge, Ann Elizabeth Fowler.
  • Contagion: Disease, Government, and the "Social Question" in Nineteenth-Century France (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aisenberg, Andrew Robert. Contagion: disease, government, and the "social question" in nineteenth-century France.
    • Communicable diseases -- Social aspects -- France -- History -- 19th century.
    Wright, David.
  • "They're in the Trade ... of Lunacy, They 'Cannot Interfere'--They Say": The Scottish Lunacy Commissioners and Lunacy Reform in Nineteenth-Century Scotland (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Andrews, Jonathan, 1961- "They're in the trade ... of lunacy, they 'cannot interfere'--they say": the Scottish Lunacy Commissioners and lunacy reform in nineteenth-century Scotland.
    • Psychiatry -- Scotland -- History.
    Nie, Jing-Bao.
  • Medicine and the Law: Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine--East and West, September 4-10, 1994, Susono-shi, Shizuoka, Japan (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Otsuka, Yasuo, 1930-, ed. Medicine and the law: proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on the Comparative History of Medicine--East and West, September 4-10, 1994, Susono-shi, Shizuoka, Japan.
    • Sakai, Shizu, 1935-, ed.
    • Medical laws and legislation -- Congresses.
    Ferry, Susan.
  • Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-Moral Politics in England since 1830 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mort, Frank. Dangerous sexualities: medico-moral politics in England since 1830.
    • Sexual ethics -- England -- History.
    Kenen, Stephanie Hope.
  • Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dreger, Alice Domurat. Hermaphrodites and the medical invention of sex.
    • Hermaphroditism -- Treatment -- France -- History -- 19th century.
    Russett, Cynthia Eagle.
  • Sexology in Culture: Labelling Bodies and Desires, and: Sexology Uncensored: The Documents of Sexual Science (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bland, Lucy, ed. Sexology in culture: labelling bodies and desires.
    • Doan, Laura L., 1951-, ed.
    • Bland, Lucy, ed. Sexology uncensored: the documents of sexual science.
    • Doan, Laura L., 1951-, ed.
    • Sexology -- History.
    • Sexoloy -- History -- Sources.
    Lieberman, E. James.
  • Changing Minds: The History of Psychotherapy as an Answer to Human Suffering (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tallis, Frank. Changing minds: the history of psychotherapy as an answer to human suffering.
    • Psychotherapy -- History.
    Braslow, Joel T.
  • Care of the Psyche: A History of Psychological Healing (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jackson, Stanley W., 1920- Care of the psyche: a history of psychological healing.
    • Counseling -- History.
    Greenblatt, Samuel H.
  • Minds behind the Brain: A History of the Pioneers and Their Discoveries (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Finger, Stanley. Minds behind the brain: a history of the pioneers and their discoveries.
    • Neurosciences -- History.
    Schiller, Francis.
  • Die Geschichte der genetisch orientierten Hirnforschung von Cécile und Oskar Vogt (1875-1962, 1870-1959) in der Zeit von 1895 bis ca. 1927 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Satzinger, Helga. Geschichte der genetisch orientierten Hirnforschung von Cécile und Oskar Vogt (1875-1962, 1870-1959) in der Zeit von 1895 bis ca. 1927.
    • Vogt, Oskar, 1870-1959.
    Tighe, Janet A.
  • Not Just Any Medical School: The Science, Practice, and Teaching of Medicine at the University of Michigan, 1850-1941 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Davenport, Horace Willard, 1912- Not just any medical school: the science, practice, and teaching of medicine at the University of Michigan, 1850-1941.
    • University of Michigan. Medical School -- History.
    Mitchinson, Wendy.
  • Restoring the Balance: Women Physicians and the Profession of Medicine, 1850-1995 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • More, Ellen Singer, 1946- Restoring the balance: women physicians and the profession of medicine, 1850-1995.
    • Women physicians -- United States -- History -- 19th century.
    Watts, S. J. (Sheldon J.)
  • The New Cambridge History of India. Vol. 3, part 5: Science, Technology, and Medicine in Colonial India (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Arnold, David, 1946- Science, technology, and medicine in Colonial India.
    • Science -- India -- History.
    Kiple, Kenneth F..
  • The Physician and the Slave Trade: John Kirk, the Livingstone Expeditions, and the Crusade against Slavery in East Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Liebowitz, Daniel, 1921- Physician and the slave trade: John Kirk, the Livingstone expeditions, and the crusade against slavery in East Africa.
    • Kirk, John, Sir, 1832-1922 -- Journeys -- Africa, East.
    Prüll, Cay-Rüdiger.
  • Zwischen Klinik und Kaserne: Die Geschichte der Militärpsychiatrie in Deutschland und der Schweiz, 1870-1914 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lengwiler, Martin. Zwischen Klinik und Kaserne: die Geschichte der Militärpsychiatrie in Deutschland und der Schweiz, 1870-1914.
    • Military psychiatry -- Germany -- History.
    Chiasson, Patrick M.
  • Sir Charles Tupper: Fighting Doctor to Father of Confederation (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Murray, Jock, 1938- Sir Charles Tupper: fighting doctor to Father of Confederation.
    • Murray, Janet, 1937-
    • Tupper, Charles, Sir, 1821-1915.
    Roland, Charles G.
  • Manitoba Medicine: A Brief History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carr, Ian, MD, Ph D, FRC Path, FRCPC. Manitoba medicine: a brief history.
    • Beamish, Robert E.
    • Medicine -- Manitoba -- History.
    Edelson, Paul J.
  • Flu: The Story of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kolata, Gina Bari, 1948- Flu: the story of the great influenza pandemic of 1918 and the search for the virus that caused it.
    • Influenza -- History -- 20th century.
    Nestle, Marion.
  • Beriberi, White Rice, and Vitamin B: A Disease, a Cause, and a Cure (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Carpenter, Kenneth J. (Kenneth John), 1923- Beriberi, white rice, and vitamin B: a disease, a cause, and a cure.
    • Beri-beri -- History.
    Cantor, David.
  • Rheumatic Fever in America and Britain: A Biological, Epidemiological, and Medical History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • English, Peter C. Rheumatic fever in America and Britain: a biological, epidemiological, and medical history.
    • Rheumatic fever -- America -- History.
    Gott, Vincent L.
  • King of Hearts: The True Story of the Maverick Who Pioneered Open Heart Surgery (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Miller, G. Wayne. King of hearts: the true story of the maverick who pioneered open heart surgery.
    • Lillehei, C. Walton, 1918-
    Kushner, Howard I.
  • Concepts of Alzheimer Disease: Biological, Clinical, and Cultural Perspectives (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Whitehouse, Peter J., ed. Concepts of Alzheimer disease: biological, clinical, and cultural perspectives.
    • Maurer, Konrad, 1943-, ed.
    • Ballenger, Jesse F., ed.
    • Alzheimer's disease.
    Pols, Hans.
  • Constructing Scientific Psychology: Karl Lashley's Mind-Brain Debates (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Weidman, Nadine M., 1966- Constructing scientific psychology: Karl Lashley's mind-brain debates.
    • Lashley, Karl S. (Karl Spencer), 1890-1958.
    Houck, Judith A.
  • In the Blood: Sickle Cell Anemia and the Politics of Race (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tapper, Melbourne. In the blood: sickle cell anemia and the politics of race.
    • Sickle cell anemia -- Social aspects -- United States.
    Sohn, Anton P. (Anton Phillip)
  • The Price of a Gift: A Lakota Healer's Story (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mohatt, Gerald Vincent. Price of a gift: a Lakota healer's story.
    • Eagle Elk, Joseph, 1931-1991.
    • Eagle Elk, Joseph, 1931-1991.
    Packard, Randall M.
  • A Colonial Lexicon of Birth Ritual, Medicalization, and Mobility in the Congo (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hunt, Nancy Rose. Colonial lexicon of birth ritual, medicalization, and mobility in the Congo.
    • Birth customs -- Congo (Democratic Republic)
    Kiple, Kenneth F.
  • The River: A Journey to the Source of HIV and AIDS (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hooper, Edward (Edward Jonathan) River: a journey to the source of HIV and AIDS.
    • AIDS (Disease) -- Epidemiology.
    Perlman, Robert L.
  • Medicine from Art to Science: The Role of Complexity and Evolution (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Azzone, G. F. Medicine from art to science: the role of complexity and evolution.
    • Medicine -- Philosophy.
    Hudson, Robert P.
  • The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Porter, Roy, 1946- Greatest benefit to mankind: a medical history of humanity.
    • Medicine -- History.



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