Volume 43, Number 1, Spring 2004
Remembering Donn Bayard
Hutterer, Karl L.
Donn Bayard (1940-2002): Outstanding Southeast Asian Archaeologist and Much More [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Bayard, Donn T.
Han, Xiaorong, 1963-
Who Invented the Bronze Drum? Nationalism, Politics, and a Sino-Vietnamese Archaeological Debate of the 1970s and 1980s [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Archaeology and state -- China -- History -- 20th century.
Archaeology and state -- Vietnam -- History -- 20th century.
Bronze drum -- China -- History.
Bronze drum -- Vietnam -- History.
This paper reviews the Sino-Vietnamese archaeological debate of the 1970s and
1980s pertaining to the origins of the bronze drum, specifically analyzing how nationalism
and international politics had an impact on both the questions posed by
archaeologists as well as the answers they provided to these questions. Based on a
reading of the major works on the bronze drum published in Viet Nam and China
since the 1950s, particularly those published in the 1970s and 1980s, this paper
argues that the debate between Chinese and Vietnamese archaeologists on the origins
of the bronze drum in general, and the dating, classification, and interpretations
of the decorations of the bronze drum in particular, had many of its origins in the
political and military conflicts between the two countries, to the extent that an
individual archaeologist's views of certain issues were largely determined by his nationality.
Hunter-Gatherers and the Archaeology of Discard Behavior: An Analysis of Surface Stone Artifacts from Sturt National Park, Western New South Wales, Australia [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Hunting and gathering societies -- Australia -- New South Wales.
New South Wales -- Antiquities.
Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric -- Australia -- New South Wales.
Ethnoarchaeology -- Australia -- New South Wales.
An analysis of surface scatters of stone artifacts from late Holocene contexts at Stud
Creek, Sturt National Park in the northwest of New South Wales, Australia, is
reported. A sedimentological and archaeological chronology for Stud Creek shows
archaeological remains are no older than 2000 years and Stud Creek saw repeated
occupation during the last two millennia. Methods are proposed whereby conflated
stone artifact assemblages from different locations within the Stud Creek catchment
can be analyzed to understand how use of the catchment differed from place to
place. We propose "place use history," as a more useful concept than "settlement
system" for understanding surface artifact assemblages.
arid Australia, hunter-gatherers, late Holocene, lithics.
Quartzite and Vein Quartz as Lithic Raw Materials Reconsidered: A View from the Korean Paleolithic [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Chongong-ni (Kyonggi-do, Korea) -- Antiquities.
Stone implements -- Korea -- Chongong-ni (Kyonggi-do)
Paleolithic period -- Korea -- Chongong-ni (Kyonggi-do)
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Korea -- Chongong-ni (Kyonggi-do)
The present study challenges the widespread notion of an unchanging crude technology
of quartzite and vein quartz assemblages in the Korean Paleolithic. Though
mostly coarse and tough, the raw materials vary in texture, homogeneity, and thus
quality in lithic manufacture, which in turn is the main reason why there is significant variability in the lithic technology. In contrast to the common impressionistic
assumption, these materials produce not only large tools but also small flake tools.
The examination of Paleolithic assemblages from the middle Korean Peninsula
shows differences in raw material use in making artifacts of various form and size.
Using the local raw materials, which allowed for hard and sharp edges when flaked,
was a very effective strategy in lithic technology.
Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric -- Russia (Federation) -- Sakhalin (Sakhalinskaia oblast)
Land settlement patterns, Prehistoric -- Russia (Federation) -- Kuril Islands.
This article presents analyses of lithic and zooarchaeological data from the Kuril
Islands and Sakhalin Island in the Russian Far East to better understand the effects of
island isolation and biodiversity on human settlement and subsistence. Using the
theory of island biogeography, we examine predictions about lithic raw material
use, trade, mobility, and foraging behavior for different island groups. This study
finds convincing evidence that insularity imposed significant constraints on prehistoric
maritime hunter-gatherer access to lithic raw materials and foraging targets in
this part of the North Pacific. We find that lithic raw materials are constrained in
their distribution and conserved in more insular areas, while zooarchaeological taxonomic
composition and richness data pattern according to expectations from optimal
foraging theory applied across islands of variable biogeographic diversity. While
based on limited samples, the results of these analyses provide support for a biogeographical
approach to the prehistory of islands and add to our understanding of
human adaptation in the Sea of Okhotsk.
island biogeography, Kuril Islands, lithic analysis, maritime hunter-gatherers, North Pacific Rim, Sakhalin, Sea
of Okhotsk, zooarchaeology.
Kanungo, Alok Kumar.
Glass Beads in Ancient India and Furnace-Wound Beads at Purdalpur: An Ethnoarchaeological Approach [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Beads -- India.
Iron age -- India.
Ethnoarchaeology -- India.
Today glass beads are a major product of India from at least three different locations,
using altogether different techniques. Each production process leaves behind debitage
unique to its individual manufacturing process.
Archaeologically, it is imperative to identify and record the production techniques
of glass bead manufacture and to identify the various specific waste products
rather than merely speaking of beads and production centers on the basis of statistics.
There have been a number of studies on Indo-Pacific bead production, but few
on other methods. An ancient and important technique of bead manufacture, used
even today, is the "furnace-winding" technique. Beads produced by this technique
have been found in large numbers at various archaeological sites. This paper discusses the details of beads and bead waste produced by the furnace-winding technique
and the specific criteria of production. It also uses the results of a detailed
ethnographic analysis at a manufacturing village, Purdalpur, to understand the production
and dispersal mechanisms. An understanding of these mechanisms allows us
to formulate certain criteria that can be used to draw better inferences about archaeological
sites in which bead debitage has been found.
Banaras Beads Limited, debitage, furnace-wound beads, India, Purdalpur.
State Formation in Korea: Historical and Archaeological Perspectives (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Barnes, Gina Lee. State formation in Korea: historical and archaeological perspectives.
Archaeology and history -- Korea.
The Prehistory of Buka: A Stepping Stone Island in the Northern Solomons (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Wickler, Stephen. Prehistory of Buka: a stepping stone island in the northern Solomons.
Lapita culture -- Papua New Guinea -- Buka island.
Anderson, Atholl, ed. Histories of old ages: essays in honour of Rhys Jones.
Lilley, Ian, ed.
O'Connor, Sue, ed.
Jones, Rhys (Rhys M.)
Hunter-Anderson, Rosalind L.
On the Margins of Sustainability, Prehistoric Settlement or Utrok Atoll, Northern Marshall Islands (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Weisler, Marshall I. On the margins of sustainability, prehistoric settlement or Utrok Atoll, Northern Marshall Islands.
Utrok Atoll (Marshall Islands) -- Antiquities.
Ban Chiang, A Prehistoric Village Site in Northeast Thailand I: The Human Skeletal Remains (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Pietrusewsky, Michael. Ban Chiang, a prehistoric village site in northeast Thailand I: The human skeletal remains.
Douglas, Michele T. (Michele Toomay)
Prehistoric peoples -- Thailand -- Ban Chiang (Udon Thani)
Miksic, John N.
Southeast Asian Archaeology 1998: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Berlin, 31 August-4 September 1998 (review) [Access article in PDF] Subject Headings:
Lobo, Wibke, ed. Southeast Asian archaeology 1998: proceedings of the 7th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Berlin, 31 August-4 September 1998.