Anthropological Quarterly

Anthropological Quarterly
Volume 78, Number 1, Winter 2005

CONTENTS

Articles

Bringing the Past Into the Present: Family Narratives of Holocaust, Exile, and Diaspora

    Rylko-Bauer, Barbara.
  • Introduction: Bringing the Past into the Present: Family Narratives of Holocaust, Exile, and Diaspora
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    Subject Headings:
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Personal narratives.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Refugees.
    Rylko-Bauer, Barbara.
  • Lessons about Humanity and Survival from My Mother and from the Holocaust
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rylko, Jadwiga Lenartowicz.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Poland -- Personal narratives.
    • Holocaust survivors -- United States -- Biography.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    Abstract:
      This essay centers on a story from the Holocaust, situated in the context of history, identity, and political economy, a story with lessons that have continued relevance for our understanding of violence, suffering, survival, and their aftermath. My mother was an aspiring physician in pre-war Poland, whose career was cut short when she was arrested by the Gestapo in 1944. As a Polish Catholic caught in the Holocaust, her story raises issues concerning the blurred boundaries of concepts such as survivor and collective memory, and provides the opportunity to apply "the focusing power of the Holocaust," by underscoring the key, pervasive role that forces such as dehumanization continue to play in the production and reproduction of violence, be it physical, political, symbolic, or structural.
    Keywords:
      Holocaust, Ravensbrück, Poland, dehumanization, violence, survivor, autoethnography
    Waterston, Alisse, 1951-
  • The Story of My Story: An Anthropology of Violence, Dispossession, and Diaspora
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    Subject Headings:
    • Waserstein, Miguel.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Poland -- Jedwabne -- Personal narratives.
    • Holocaust survivors -- United States -- Biography.
    • Humility -- Religious aspects -- Judaism.
    Abstract:
      This is a story of an old man whose travels through the 20th century were marked by sorrow, humor, tragedy, and transformation. The author follows in anthropology's tradition of writing an individual's biography, locating one man's life in space and time. It is also an experiment in autoethnography since this anthropologist is the old man's daughter. The personal, intimate narrative recounts a father's history (child in Jedwabne, Poland, young man in Havana, old man in San Juan, Puerto Rico) which is also a story about peasantry, fascism, patriarchy, dictatorship, migration, transnationalism, revolution, and diaspora. In the strands of this tale, we see processes of structural violence and social suffering. Memory, interpretation and narrative can take us towards destruction, ethnocentrism, the worst of nationalism and war, or towards understanding, empathy, justice. My hope is that this experiment in autoethnography be a means towards becoming mindful, towards awakening—a necessary but insufficient condition in preventing genocidal violence. [autoethnography, structural violence, diaspora, Jedwabne Poland, Cuba, memory]
    Keywords:
      autoethnography, structural violence, diaspora, Jedwabne Poland, Cuba, memory
    Bourguignon, Erika, 1924-
  • Memory in an Amnesic World: Holocaust, Exile, and the Return of the Suppressed
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    Subject Headings:
    • Memory -- Religious aspects -- Judaism.
    • Holocaust survivors.
    Abstract:
      In recent years, much first hand material has been collected by various institutions documenting the experience of Holocaust survivors. A constant stream of new primary documents and secondary analyses is being published. These accounts show some common themes, yet no two experiences are alike. In spite of this major effort at keeping memory alive, there is an equal push toward forgetting and/or suppressing knowledge of the Holocaust. For a number of years, the subject of the Holocaust was virtually taboo. As anthropologists, we can learn from other peoples (Haitians, Andean Indians) about how they have turned memory into mythic history.
    Keywords:
      Holocaust, collective memory, oblivion, oral history, mythic history
    Bourgois, Philippe I., 1956-
  • Missing the Holocaust: My Father's Account of Auschwitz from August 1943 to June 1944
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bourgois, Pierre.
    • Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Personal narratives.
    • World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscript labor -- Poland -- Oswiecim.
    • Holocaust survivors -- United States -- Biography.
    Abstract:
      Conversations with my father over many years reveal how genocides unfold invisibly in front of ethical witnesses. In August 1943, he was deported as a forced laborer by the French Vichy regime to work in the construction of the IG Farben petrochemical factory at Auschwitz, where he was recruited into a resistance group. His precise recollection of exactly what he knew or did not know, and what resistance acts he and his companions undertook demonstrates how terror can make uncertainty a strategy for survival as well as resistance. My father dissects multiple contradictory interpretations of ethical motivations for everyday acts of kindness and betrayal. He refuses to identify clear heroes or villains, ultimately condemning only those in power, especially Allied leaders who had the knowledge and logistical capacity to intervene, but instead allowed the trains to run on time. Primo Levi's concept of the Grey Zone alerts us to how institutionalized brutality overwhelms the possibility of human solidarity. What genocides and Grey Zones are we missing today
    Keywords:
      Jewish Holocaust, Nazis, World War II, Service du Travail Obligatoire, Auschwitz, Grey Zone, genocide, French history, IG Farben, ethics

Social Thought & Commentary

    Colwell-Chanthaphonh, Chip.
  • Portraits of a Storied Land: An Experiment in Writing the Landscapes of History
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    Subject Headings:
    • Heisey, Adriel -- Travel -- Southwestern States.
    • Landscape -- Southwestern States.
    • Nature and civilization -- Southwestern States.
    Tatar, Bradley.
  • Emergence of Nationalist Identity in Armed Insurrections: A Comparison of Iraq and Nicaragua
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    Subject Headings:
    • Nicaragua -- History -- Revolution, 1979.
    • Insurgency -- Iraq -- History -- 2003-
    • Nationalism -- Nicaragua -- History -- Revolution, 1979.
    • Nationalism -- Iraq -- History -- 2003-

Development in Theory

    Feldman, Gregory.
  • Essential Crises: A Performative Approach to Migrants, Minorities, and the European Nation-state
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    Subject Headings:
    • European Union countries -- Emigration and immigration -- Government policy.
    • Minorities -- Civil rights -- European Union countries.
    • Citizenship -- European Union countries.
    • Nationalism -- European Union countries.
    Olson, Julia.
  • Re-Placing the Space of Community: A Story of Cultural Politics, Policies, and Fisheries Management
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fishery policy -- United States.
    • Fishery management -- United States -- Citizen participation.

New Release

    Hornblower, Simon.
    Stewart, Charles, 1947-
  • No History Without Culture
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sahlins, Marshall David, 1930- Apologies to Thucydides: understanding history as culture and vice versa.
    • Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War.

Book Reviews

    Johnston, Susan.
  • Marketing Heritage: Archaeology and the Consumption of the Past (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Rowan, Yorke M., ed. Marketing heritage: archaeology and the consumption of the past.
    • Baram, Uzi, 1964-, ed.
    • Cultural property -- Protection.
    Rudnyckyj, Daromir.
  • Civilizing the Margins: Southeast Asian Government Policies for the Development of Minorities (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Duncan, Christopher R., ed. Civilizing the margins: Southeast Asian government policies for the development of minorities.
    • Indigenous peoples -- Asia, Southeastern -- Government relations.
    Lyon, Stephen M.
  • Imagined Diasporas among Manchester Muslims: The Public Performance of Pakistani Transnational Identity Politics (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Werbner, Pnina. Imagined diasporas among Manchester Muslims: the public performance of Pakistani transnational identity politics.
    • Pakistanis -- England -- Manchester -- Politics and government.



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