Anthropological Quarterly

Anthropological Quarterly
Volume 77, Number 4, Fall 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Park, So Jin.
    Abelmann, Nancy.
  • Class and Cosmopolitan Striving: Mothers' Management of English Education in South Korea
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    Subject Headings:
    • English language -- Social aspects -- Korea (South)
    • English language -- Study and teaching -- Korea (South)
    • Cosmopolitanism -- Korea (South)
    • Social classes -- Korea (South)
    Abstract:
      This article considers the practical and symbolic value of English in South Korea. We argue that English works as an index of South Korea's and South Koreans' cosmopolitan striving in the global order. We assert, however, that the values of English diverge across the class spectrum. We thus examine the life of English and cosmopolitanism through the narratives of three mothers with distinct class positions on their management of their children's English after-school education. We consider the mothers' interest in and commitment to their children's— and in some cases their own—English education as an inter-generational gendered project. We examine the ways in which mothers' management of this after-school English education speaks to their own class mobility (or maintenance) and cosmopolitan strivings. The article asserts that English works simultaneously as both a local and global sign, and that nationalism and cosmopolitanism are not contradictory.
    Keywords:
      South Korea, class, mobility, English language, education, cosmopolitanism
    Hjorleifur Jonsson.
  • Mien Alter-Natives in Thai Modernity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Yao (Southeast Asian people) -- Thailand.
    Abstract:
      This article discusses the repeated framing of Mien ethnic minority highland people as unmodern in relation to projects of modernity and modernization in Thailand. As upland livelihood has become increasingly precarious and entangled with state regulation, Mien people are engaging with national modernity and modernization through public displays that variously highlight their tradition or modernity or creatively combine the two. In this national space, modernization has hegemonic force and serves as the anchor to varied projects of self-fashioning in relation to modernity, including those of tradition. Articulations of tradition are one aspect of modernity, and the notion of ethnic groups as the carriers of tradition may be equally specific to modernity's conceptual schemes.
    Keywords:
      modernity, modernization, culture, identity, Mien, Thailand
    Brennan, Denise, 1964-
  • Women Work, Men Sponge, and Everyone Gossips: Macho Men and Stigmatized/ing Women in a Sex Tourist Town
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    Subject Headings:
    • Sex tourism -- Social aspects -- Dominican Republic -- Sosúa.
    • Sex role -- Dominican Republic -- Sosúa.
    • Women -- Employment -- Dominican Republic -- Sosúa.
    • Gossip -- Dominican Republic -- Sosúa.
    Abstract:
      This article focuses on gossip about Dominican womens sexual labor as an entry point into documenting shifting gender relations and ideologies in Sosúa, a sex tourist destination frequented primarily by German tourists. In Sosúas sexscape, new meanings of masculinity have emerged alongside womens earning capacity. While sex workers must temper their displays of monetary gains so as to not compromise their reputations as mothers sacrificing for their children, men openly enjoy freedom from gender ideologies that make demands on them to appear as hard working and sacrificing fathers. In this sexual economy, men even can flaunt their unemployment. Their laziness and/or dependency are recast as macho. Here is one industry where poor Dominican women have the opportunity to make significant earnings and to jump out of poverty, yet their labor strategies do not necessarily ensure a reconfiguration of gender roles and ideologies that works in their favor. Rather, migrant men in Sosúa enjoy such a reworking that lowers expectations for them, while women are caught in a set of increased expectations.
    Keywords:
      masculinity, gossip, sex tourism, womens labor and globalization

Social Thought & Commentary

New Releases

    Armbrust, Walter.
  • The Ethnography of Media
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    Subject Headings:
    • Abu-Lughod, Lila. Dramas of nationhood: the politics of television in Egypt.
    • Television broadcasting -- Social aspects -- Egypt.
    Scher, Philip W., 1965-
  • Race and Religion in the Caribbean
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    Subject Headings:
    • Khan, Aisha, 1955- Callaloo nation: metaphors of race and religious identity among South Asians in Trinidad.
    • South Asians -- Trinidad and Tobago -- Ethnic identity.
    Fernando, Mayanthi L.
  • The Avowal and Disavowal of Difference France
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    Subject Headings:
    • Silverstein, Paul A., 1970- Algeria in France: transpolitics, race, nation.
    • Algerians -- France -- History.

Book Reviews

    Mazzarella, William, 1969-
  • The Marketing Era: From Professional Practice to Global Provisioning (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Applbaum, Kalman. Marketing era: from professional practice to global provisioning.
    • Marketing.
    Napier, David.
  • Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fischer, Michael M. J., 1946- Emergent forms of life and the anthropological voice.
    • Anthropology -- Philosophy.
    Seymour, Susan C. (Susan Christine), 1940-
  • Birth on the Threshold: Childbirth and Modernity in South India (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Van Hollen, Cecilia Coale. Birth on the threshold: childbirth and modernity in South India.
    • Childbirth -- India, South.
    Cartwright, A. L.
  • The Vanishing Hectare: Property and Value in Postsocialist Transylvania (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Verdery, Katherine. Vanishing hectare: property and value in postsocialist Transylvania.
    • Land reform -- Romania -- Transylvania.
    Moos, Felix, 1929-
  • Anthropology and the United States Military: Coming of Age in the Twenty-first Century (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Frese, Pamela R., ed. Anthropology and the United States military: coming of age in the twenty-first century.
    • Harrell, Margaret C., ed.
    • Sociology, Military -- United States.



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