Anthropological Quarterly

Anthropological Quarterly
Volume 77, Number 2, Spring 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Hemment, Julie.
  • The Riddle of the Third Sector: Civil Society, International Aid, and NGOs in Russia
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    Subject Headings:
    • Non-governmental organizations -- Russia (Federation)
    • Civil society -- Russia (Federation)
    • Women -- Russia (Federation) -- Social conditions -- 1991-
    Abstract:
      This article examines the forms and logic of political activism encouraged by international development agencies in Russia by focusing on the project to promote civil society development. The version of civil society that has been brought into being by western design—the third sector—is far from what Russian activists desired and what donor agencies promised. Despite its claims to allow a grassroots to flourish, the third sector is a professionalized realm of NGOs, inaccessible to most local groups and compromised by its links to a neoliberal vision of development. The article pushes beyond some of the recent polarized discussions of NGOs (where they are regarded as either "good" or "bad") to show that despite its ambivalent effects, the idea of the third sector remains compelling to local actors. Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork with provincial women's groups, this article examines local responses to the third sector and considers its unexpected signifying possibilities.
    Keywords:
      Postsocialism, civil society, third sector, gender
    Tooker, Deborah E.
  • Modular Modern: Shifting Forms of Collective Identity among the Akha of Northern Thailand
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    Subject Headings:
    • Akha (Asian people) -- Thailand, Northern -- Ethnic identity -- History -- 20th century.
    • Akha (Asian people) -- Thailand, Northern -- Social life and customs -- 20th century.
    • Akha (Asian people) -- Thailand, Northern -- Social conditions -- 20th century.
    Abstract:
      In this article, I demonstrate that notions of collective identity among the Akha of Northern Thailand have shifted in recent history from a comprehensive, holistic form to a compartmentalized form. I contrast forms of collective (Akha) identity during the period of my initial fieldwork (1982-1985) with forms emerging post-1985 through 1998, a time period characterized by increasing nation-state and capitalist penetration. This recent shift is placed within a broader, long-term historical context of the shifting politics of identity in upland/lowland relations. A comprehensive, holistic form of collective identity was historically developed by the Akha as a protective and organizational complex under conditions of dispersion, orality, local autonomy and unequal power relations with outside, lowland (especially Tai) groups. Thus recent critiques of holistic, bounded approaches to culture need to take into account the fact that such forms may be produced by native actors, both as concepts and as lived realities. This form, which was defined as permeating multiple dimensions of everyday life, is being replaced by a form in which it is acceptable to compartmentalize Akha identity as an "ethnic" component that is relegated to special occasions and social domains. These two different forms of identity have different implications for the way the Akha construct and relate to others (non-Akha). Such a change raises comparative questions concerning the creative formation of and limits on modern forms of collective identity. Both new tensions and new accommodative potential between ethnic groups arise under these new conditions.
    Keywords:
      Akha, Thailand, collective identity, ethnicity, social transformations

Social Thought and Commentary

    Caldararo, Niccolo.
  • War, Mead and Nature of Criticism in Anthropology
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    Subject Headings:
    • Roscoe, Paul Bernard, 1948- Margaret Mead, Reo Fortune, and mountain Arapesh warfare.
    • Mead, Margaret, 1901-1978.
    • Anthropology -- Methodology.
    • War and society.
    Hoffman, Danny.
  • The Submerged Promise: Strategies for Ethnographic Writing in a Time of War
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ethnology -- Authorship.
    • War and society -- Authorship.
    • Ethnology -- Research.
    Tejani, Riaz.
  • Liberalism Repatriated: Prospects of an Anthropology of Antiracism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Povinelli, Elizabeth A.
    • Multiculturalism -- Australia.
    • Liberalism -- Moral and ethical aspects -- Australia.
    • Racism -- Moral and ethical aspects -- Australia.

New Releases

    Smith-Hefner, Nancy Joan.
  • Cambodians and the New American Citizenship
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ong, Aihwa. Buddha is hiding: refugees, citizenship, the new America.
    • Cambodian Americans -- California -- Oakland -- Social conditions.
    Redfield, Peter, 1965-
  • A Few of His Favorite Things
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    Subject Headings:
    • Taussig, Michael T. My cocaine museum.
    • Indians of South America -- Colombia -- Santa María (Cauca) -- Social conditions.

Book Reviews

    Newell, Gillian E., 1975-
  • Driving the State: Families and Public Policy in Central Mexico (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Byrnes, Dolores M., 1958- Driving the state: families and public policy in central Mexico.
    • Mi Comunidad (Program)
    Lawless, Robert.
  • Behind the Smile: The Working Lives of Caribbean Tourism (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gmelch, George. Behind the smile: the working lives of Caribbean tourism.
    • Tourism -- Caribbean Area -- Anecdotes.
    Peters, Pauline.
  • At the Risk of Being Heard: Identity, Indigenous Rights, and Postcolonial States (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Dean, Bartholomew, 1963-, ed. At the risk of being heard: identity, indigenous rights, and postcolonial states.
    • Levi, Jerome M., 1957-, ed.
    • Indigenous peoples -- Civil rights.
    Terrio, Susan J. (Susan Jane), 1950-
  • The End of the Soul: Scientific Modernity, Atheism, and Anthropology in France (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hecht, Jennifer Michael, 1965- End of the soul: scientific modernity, atheism, and anthropology in France.
    • Atheism -- France -- History.
    Bénéï, Véronique.
  • India Abroad: Diasporic Cultures of Postwar America and England (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shukla, Sandhya Rajendra. India abroad: diasporic cultures of postwar America and England.
    • East Indians -- United States.
    Buckner, Margaret.
  • Performing the Nation: Swahili Music and Cultural Politics in Tanzania (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Askew, Kelly Michelle. Performing the nation: Swahili music and cultural politics in Tanzania.
    • Swahili-speaking peoples -- Tanzania -- Music -- History and criticism.



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