Anthropological Quarterly

Anthropological Quarterly
Volume 77, Number 1, Winter 2004

CONTENTS

Articles

    Besnier, Niko.
  • Consumption and Cosmopolitanism: Practicing Modernity at the Second-Hand Marketplace in Nuku'alofa, Tonga
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    Subject Headings:
    • Consumption (Economics) -- Tonga -- Nukualofa.
    • Secondhand trade -- Tonga -- Nukualofa.
    • Cosmopolitanism -- Tonga -- Nukualofa.
    Abstract:
      At the second-hand marketplace in Nuku'alofa, the capital of Tonga, Tongans buy and sell objects that their diasporic relatives send them instead of remittances. While selling objects goes against the grain of a traditional moral order, the marketplace is immensely popular but dominated by local Others. It enables participants to articulate and practice consumption and, more generally, a modern but locally relevant self, while at the same time quietly challenge the generally accepted assumption that high-ranking or wealthy elites control modernity.
    Keywords:
      [modernity, consumption, cosmopolitanism, flea markets, second-hand trade, remittances, Tonga]
    Perry, Donna L.
  • Muslim Child Disciples, Global Civil Society, and Children's Rights in Senegal: The Discourses of Strategic Structuralism
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    Subject Headings:
    • Muslim children -- Religious life -- Senegal.
    • Children, Wolof -- Senegal -- Social conditions.
    • Children's rights -- Senegal.
    Abstract:
      This paper examines Muslim child-disciples (talibés) who beg on the streets in urban Senegal. It interprets, from the perspective of Wolof farmers, why parents send their sons to live with marabouts (Muslim sages). It then contrasts Wolof understandings of talibés with the discourses produced by children's rights advocates. It argues that while indigenous rights advocates employ "strategic essentialism" to promote minority groups' claims, advocates of women's and children's rights programs minimize discussion of "culture" and offer, instead, a meta-narrative of large-scale structural forces such as poverty, structural adjustment, and population growth—a discourse termed "strategic structuralism." Politically expedient, such rhetoric nevertheless forces narratives about controversial cultural practices into a generic form that is as reductionist as strategic essentialism.
    Keywords:
      [Islam, children, human rights, Wolof, Senegal, global civil society]
    Reed-Danahay, Deborah.
  • Tristes Paysans: Bourdieu's Early Ethnography in Béarn and Kabylia
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bourdieu, Pierre -- Views on country life.
    • Country life -- France -- Béarn.
    • Country life -- Algeria -- Kabylia.
    • Anthropology -- Mediterranean Region.
    Abstract:
      Pierre Bourdieu conducted ethnographic research in his native region of Béarn and in Algeria during the late 1950s and early 1960s. He rarely drew explicit comparisons between the two sites, despite striking parallels in themes such as notions of honor in Mediterranean peasant ethos, the habitus as internalized dispositions, and peasant malaise in the face of socioeconomic change. Bourdieu called his Béarn ethnography an inversion of Lévi-Strauss' Tristes Tropiques, as a way to "objectify" the familiar. I suggest that constructions of traditional and modern that informed Bourdieu's early research in both sites led to a nostalgic view of "tristes paysans."
    Keywords:
      Bourdieu, habitus, Mediterranean, ethnography, rural France, Algeria

Social Thought and Commentary

    Feldman, Jeffrey D.
  • The Jewish Roots and Routes of Anthropology
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jews -- United States -- Identity.
    • Anthropology -- Methodology.
    Abstract:
      Does anthropology have "a Jewish problem"? Let us not be deceived by the fact that Mary Douglas's "The Abominations of Leviticus" is part of the contemporary canon of mainstream anthropology, or that Barbara Myerhoff's work has inspired and moved innovative scholars in anthropological folklore. Large numbers of American anthropologists come from Jewish families, yet very few have done any research or writing on Jews (Dominguez 1993:621-622).

Book Review Essays

    Rajagopal, Arvind.
  • Comparative Studies in South Asian Culture and Society
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    Subject Headings:
    • Kemper, Steven, 1944- Buying and believing: Sri Lankan advertising and consumers in a transnational world.
    • Liechty, Mark, 1960- Suitably modern: making middle-class culture in a new consumer society.
    • Mazzarella, William, 1969- Shoveling smoke: advertising and globalization in contemporary India.
    • Advertising -- Sri Lanka.
    • Kathmandu (Nepal) -- Social conditions.
    Battaglia, Debbora.
  • Religion and Media Across the Great Divide of Essentialist and Situated Knowledge
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vries, Hent de, ed. Religion and media.
    • Weber, Samuel M., ed.
    • Mass media -- Religious aspects.

New Releases

    Razsa, Maple.
  • Regionalism, Memory and Belonging at the Frontiers of the Nation-State
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ballinger, Pamela, 1968- History in exile: memory and identity at the borders of the Balkans.
    • Italians -- Istria (Croatia and Slovenia) -- Ethnic identity.
    Toren, Christina, 1947-
  • Do Babies Have Culture?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gottlieb, Alma. Afterlife is where we come from: the culture of infancy in West Africa.
    • Beng (African people) -- Social conditions.

Book Reviews

    Fischer, Michael.
  • Modernity and Technology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Misa, Thomas J., ed. Modernity and technology.
    • Brey, Philip, ed.
    • Feenberg, Andrew, ed.
    • Technology -- Social aspects.
    Fujii, Lee Ann.
  • Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hinton, Alexander Laban, ed. Annihilating difference: the anthropology of genocide.
    • Genocide.
    Gil, Vladimir.
  • Lines in the Water: Nature and Culture at Lake Titicaca (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Orlove, Benjamin S. Lines in the water: nature and culture at Lake Titicaca.
    • Titicaca Lake Region (Peru and Bolivia) -- Description and travel.
    McCallum, Cecilia.
  • Remaking Life and Death: Towards an Anthropology of the Biosciences (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Franklin, Sarah, 1960-, ed. Remaking life and death: towards an anthropology of the biosciences.
    • Lock, Margaret M., ed.
    • Life (Biology) -- Social aspects.
    McCallum, Cecilia.
  • Virtually Virgins: Sexual Strategies and Cervical Cancer in Recife, Brazil (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gregg, Jessica L. Virtually virgins: sexual strategies and cervical cancer in Recife, Brazil.
    • Cervix uteri -- Cancer -- Brazil -- Recife.



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