American Journal of Bioethics

The American Journal of Bioethics
Volume 3, Number 2, Spring 2003


Contents

Target Article

    Myser, Catherine.
  • Differences from Somewhere: The Normativity of Whiteness in Bioethics in the United States
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    Subject Headings:
    • Normativity (Ethics)
    • Race awareness -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Abstract:
      I argue that there has been inadequate attention to and questioning of the dominance and normativity of whiteness in the cultural construction of bioethics in the United States. Therefore we risk reproducing white privilege and white supremacy in its theory, method, and practices. To make my argument, I define whiteness and trace its broader social and legal history in the United States. I then begin to mark whiteness in U.S. bioethics, recasting Renee Fox's sociological marking of its American-ness as an important initial marking of its whiteness/WASP ethos. Furthermore, I consider the attempts of social scientists to highlight sociocultural diversity as a corrective in U.S. bioethics. I argue that because they fail to problematize white dominance and normativity and the white-other dualism when they describe the standpoints of African-American, Asian-American, and Native-American others, their work merely inoculates difference and creates or maintains minoritized spaces. Accordingly, the dominant white center of mainstream U.S. bioethics must be problematized and displaced for diversity research to make a difference. In conclusion, I give several examples of how we might advance the recommended endeavor of exploring our own ethnicity, class, and other social positioning and norms operating in U.S. bioethics, briefly highlighting "white talk" as one challenge.
    Keywords:
      whiteness, bioethics, white normativity, WASP ethos, white privilege, racial hierarchy, sociocultural difference, United States

Open Peer Commentaries

    Miles, Steven H.
  • Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Bioethics Imagination
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Race awareness -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Baker, Robert, 1937-
  • Balkanizing Bioethics
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Race awareness -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Chambers, Tod.
  • Marking Bioethics
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Race awareness -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Jecker, Nancy Ann Silbergeld.
  • Sources of Normativity: How Multicultural Values Emerge
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Normativity (Ethics)
    • Multiculturalism -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Arekapudi, Swathi.
    Wynia, Mathew K.
  • The Unbearable Whiteness of the Mainstream: Should We Eliminate, or Celebrate, Bias in Bioethics?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Racism -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Kasman, Deborah L.
  • Knowledge as Power: The Impact of Normativity on Epistemology
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Normativity (Ethics)
    • Knowledge, Theory of -- United States.
    Karsjens, Kari L.
    Johnson, JoAnna M.
  • White Normativity and Subsequent Critical Race Deconstruction of Bioethics
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Normativity (Ethics)
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    • Racism -- United States.
    Seiler, Naomi.
  • Identifying Racial Privilege: Lessons from Critical Race Theory and the Law
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Race discrimination -- Law and legislation -- United States.
    • Critical legal studies -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Waldman, Ellen.
  • Mediating Difference: Normative Conflict as Opportunity
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Normativity (Ethics)
    • Medical ethics -- United States.
    Garcia, Sandra Anderson.
  • "Decolonizing" the Minds of Bioethicists: Reflections on Psychosocial Challenges
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Multiculturalism -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Anijar, Karen.
  • Into the Heart of Whiteness
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Race awareness -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Sahin-Hodoglugil, Nuriye Nalan.
  • Theorist as an Authentic Person
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Medical anthropology -- United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.
    Trachtman, Howard.
  • The Berlin Wall
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    Subject Headings:
    • Myser, Catherine. Differences from somewhere: the normativity of whiteness in bioethics in the United States.
    • Bioethics -- United States.

Target Article

    Benatar, Michael.
    Benatar, David.
  • Between Prophylaxis and Child Abuse: The Ethics of Neonatal Male Circumcision
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    Subject Headings:
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Health and hygiene.
    • Child abuse.
    Abstract:
      Opinion about neonatal male circumcision is deeply divided. Some take it to be a prophylactic measure with unequivocal and significant health benefits, while others consider it a form of child abuse. We argue against both these polar views. In doing so, we discuss whether circumcision constitutes bodily mutilation, whether the absence of the child's informed consent makes it wrong, the nature and strength of the evidence regarding medical harms and benefits, and what moral weight cultural considerations have. We conclude that nontherapeutic circumcision of infant boys is a suitable matter for parental discretion.
    Keywords:
      circumcision, child abuse, mutilation, culture, informed consent,

Open Peer Commentaries

    Mullen, Michelle A.
  • Who Speaks for Sons?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Health and hygiene.
    Antommaria, Armand H. Matheny.
  • I Paid Out-of-Pocket for My Son's Circumcision at Happy Valley Tattoo and Piercing: Alternative Framings of the Debate over Routine Neonatal Male Circumcision
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Health and hygiene.
    Svoboda, J. Steven.
  • Circumcision--A Victorian Relic Lacking Ethical, Medical, or Legal Justification
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Children's rights.
    Dresser, Rebecca.
  • Standards for Family Decisions: Replacing Best Interests with Harm Prevention
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Wounds and injuries.
    Waldeck, Sarah E.
  • Social Norm Theory and Male Circumcision: Why Parents Circumcise
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Wounds and injuries.
    Ford, Paul, 1971-
  • Physician Obligation, Cultural Factors, and Neonatal Male Circumcision
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Surgery.
    • Physicians.
    Jones, Caroline McGee.
  • Neonatal Male Circumcision: Ethical Issues and Physician Responsibility
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Surgery.
    • Physicians.
    Sheldon, Mark.
  • Male Circumcision, Religious Preferences, and the Question of Harm
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Religious aspects.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Wounds and injuries.
    Slosar, John Paul.
    O'Brien, Daniel.
  • The Ethics of Neonatal Male Circumcision: A Catholic Perspective
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Surgery.
    Lund-Molfese, Nicholas C.
  • What is Mutilation?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision.
    • Infants (Newborn) -- Surgery.
    • Penis -- Mutilation.
    Webber, Sara.
    Schonfeld, Toby.
  • Cutting History, Cutting Culture: Female Circumcision in the United States
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Female circumcision -- United States -- History.
    • Masturbation -- United States -- History.
    Davis, Dena S., 1947-
  • Cultural Bias in Responses to Male and Female Genital Surgeries
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Female circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Sex discrimination against women.
    Hill, George.
  • Can Anyone Authorize the Nontherapeutic Permanent Alteration of a Child's Body?
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Penis -- Mutilation.
    Cruz, Rio.
    Glick, Leonard B.
    Travis, John W., 1943-
  • Circumcision as Human-rights Violation: Assessing Benatar and Benatar
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    • Children's rights.
    Hampton, Wayne F.
  • Nontherapeutic Circumcision is Ethically Bankrupt
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    Fadel, Petrina.
  • Respect for Bodily Integrity: A Catholic Perspective on Circumcision in Catholic Hospitals
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Religious aspects -- Christianity.
    • Catholic hospitals.
    Batzer, Frances R.
    Hurwitz, Josh.
  • Male Neonatal Circumcision: Ritual or Public-Health Imperative
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    Subject Headings:
    • Benatar, Michael. Between prophylaxis and child abuse: the ethics of neonatal male circumcision.
    • Benatar, David.
    • Circumcision -- Social aspects.
    • Public health.
    Miller, Jessica Prata.
  • Self-Trust and Reproductive Autonomy (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McLeod, Carolyn. Self-trust and reproductive autonomy.
    • Human reproductive technology -- Moral and ethical aspects.
    Nolan, Kathleen.
  • Ethics, Medical Research, and Medicine: Commercialism versus Environmentalism and Social Justice (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Thompson, Andrew, 1932-, ed. Ethics, medical research, and medicine: commercialism versus environmentalism and social justice.
    • Temple, Norman J., ed.
    • Medical ethics.



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