African Studies Review

African Studies Review
Volume 49, Number 1, April 2006

CONTENTS

    Berman, Bruce, 1942-
  • The Ordeal of Modernity in an Age of Terror
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    Subject Headings:
    • Civilization, Modern.
    • Africa -- Social conditions.
    • Africa -- Economic conditions.
    • Capitalism -- Africa.
    Busia, Abena P. A.
  • What Is Africa to Me? Knowledge Possession, Knowledge Production, and the Health of Our Bodies Politic in Africa and the Africa Diaspora
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    Subject Headings:
    • Busia, K. A. (Kofi Abrefa) -- Death and burial.
    • Funeral rites and ceremonies -- Social aspects -- Africa.
    • Memory -- Social aspects -- Africa.
    • African diaspora.
    Arthur, Peter.
  • The State, Private Sector Development, and Ghana's "Golden Age of Business"
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    Subject Headings:
    • Ghana -- Economic policy.
    • Ghana -- Economic conditions -- 1979-
    • Ghana -- Politics and government -- 2001-
    Abstract:
      The promotion of the private sector has become an integral part of Ghana's economic development strategy since it embarked on its structural adjustment program (SAP) in 1983. Private sector development, which involves the improvement of the investment climate and the enhancing of basic service delivery, is considered one of the necessary factors for sustaining and expanding businesses, stimulating economic growth, and reducing poverty. This article examines the policies of Ghana's New Patriotic Party (NPP) government and its strategies for making the private sector the bedrock of economic development and for achieving what it calls the "Golden Age of Business." It argues that while the policies and initiatives being pursued have the potential to help in the development of the private sector in Ghana, the government has to play a more central role in this process, not only by creating the enabling environment for private businesses, but also by providing business with support and protection. While the "Golden Age of Business" is a neoliberal concept, its effective implementation requires a robust statist input.
    Résumé:
      La promotion du secteur privé est devenue une part intégrale de la stratégie du développement économique du Ghana depuis que le pays s'est embarqué dans l'application de son programme d'ajustement structurel (PAS) en 1983. La raison en est que le développement du secteur privé, qui implique l'amélioration des conditions du climat d'investissement et de la qualité de service, est considéré comme l'un des facteurs nécessaires pour le maintien et l'expansion du secteur commercial, le fleurissement économique, et la diminution de la pauvreté. Cet article examine la politique du Nouveau Parti Patriotique du Ghana, le NPP, et ses stratégies pour faire du secteur privé la pierre d'angle du développement économique et pour achever ce qu'il appelle l' "Âge d'or économique." Il défend l'idée que même si les réglementations et initiatives présentement en place ont le pouvoir d'aider le développement du secteur privé au Ghana, le gouvernement doit jouer un rôle plus central dans ce processus, non seulement en créant les conditions propices pour le commerce privé, mais aussi en lui apportant son soutien et sa protection. Alors même que l'"Âge d'or économique" est un concept néolibéral, son implémentation concrète nécessite une intervention vigoureuse de l'état.
    Giles-Vernick, Tamara, 1962-
    Rupp, Stephanie Karin.
  • Visions of Apes, Reflections on Change: Telling Tales of Great Apes in Equatorial Africa
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    Subject Headings:
    • Apes -- Folklore.
    • Folklore -- Africa, Central.
    • Apes -- Symbolic aspects -- Africa, Central.
    Abstract:
      This article explores stories that some central Africans in the middle Sangha River basin and in northern Gabon have told about gorillas and chimpanzees. Such tales have provided opportunities for Africans to debate the consequences of their engagements with outside people, resources, and processes. But their meanings have proliferated in different social, cultural, and historical contexts. Central Africans have used such stories to make claims about access to and control over human productive and reproductive labor, forest resources and spaces, and other forms of wealth; racial and ethnic relations; and human existence and death. These stories provide critical insights into the reasons people hunt or protect great apes, and they illuminate the complex social and political tensions generated by conservation interventions. Great ape tales thus offer conservationists insights into the challenges and promise of managing an important game population, as well as the potential social consequences of their interventions.
    Résumé:
      Cet article explore des récits racontés par des africains dans le bassin du milieu de la rivière Sangha et dans le Gabon du nord sur les gorilles et les chimpanzés. Ces types de récits ont permit aux africains de débattre des questions de leur contact avec des populations, des ressources et des modes de fonctionnement venant de l'extérieur. Cependant, les significations de ces récits se sont disséminés dans différents contextes sociaux, culturels et historiques. Les africains du centre ont utilisé ces récits pour renforcer leurs vision de l'accés et du contrôle de la production et reproduction humaines, des resources et espaces forestiers, d'autres formes de richesse, des relations ethniques et raciales, de la vie et de la mort. Ces histoires fournissent des aperçus significatifs sur les raisons pour lesquelles les gens chassent ou protègent les grands singes, et elles mettent en lumière les tensions complexes sociales et politiques générées par les initiatives de conservation. Les récits sur les grands singes offrent ainsi des vues conservatrices sur les défis et les promesses de la gestion d'une population importante de gibier, en même temps que sur les conséquences sociales possibles de leurs propres initiatives.
    Kifleyesus, Abebe, 1951-
  • Cosmologies in Collision: Pentecostal Conversion and Christian Cults in Asmara
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    Subject Headings:
    • Pentecostalism -- Eritrea -- Asmara.
    • Conversion -- Pentecostals.
    • Religion and sociology -- Eritrea -- Asmara.
    Abstract:
      This article aims to contribute to a better understanding of the popularity of Pentecostalism and the formation of religious identity in an Eritrean city. Examining the penetration of Pentecostal Protestantism into longstanding Christian churches in Asmara during a time of rapid socioeconomic change in Eritrea, it looks at how Pentecostalism discontinues its relation with the past, conceptualizes the present, and generates an autonomous image of itself in the highly competitive religious marketplace of an Eritrean urban space. The article discusses how and why this movement increasingly favors Bible reading and networks of religious meetings as the principal mediums of transmission of its teachings and the expansion of its denomination, breaking deliberately from traditional Christian churches and using local forces and resources.
    Résumé:
      Cet article a pour objectif de contribuer à une meilleure compréhension de la popularité de l'église de pentecôte et de la formation d'une identité religieuse dans une ville Érythréenne. En examinant la pénétration du protestantisme de pentecôte dans les églises chrétiennes bien établies in Asmara pendant une période de changement socio-économique rapide en Erythrée, il envisage la manière dont l'église de la pentecôte rompt ses liens avec le passé, conceptualise le présent, et génère une image autonome d'elle-même sur le marché religieux hautement compétitif dans un espace urbain Érythréen. L'article aborde les questions du comment et du pourquoi ce mouvement favorise de plus en plus la lecture de la bible et les réseaux de rassemblements religieux comme moyens principaux de transmission de ses enseignements et de l'expansion de sa réputation, se détachant délibérément des églises chrétiennes traditionnelles et utilisant des pouvoirs et ressources locaux.

Review Essays

    Schneider, Leander.
  • Colonial Legacies and Postcolonial Authoritarianism in Tanzania: Connects and Disconnects
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    Subject Headings:
    • Tanzania -- Politics and government -- 20th century.
    • Ujamaa villages -- Tanzania -- History.
    • Tanzania -- Colonial influence.
    • Authoritarianism -- Tanzania -- History -- 20th century.
    • Mamdani, Mahmood, 1946- Citizen and subject: contemporary Africa and the legacy of late colonialism.
    Abstract:
      Through an examination of the Tanzanian experience, this article takes up a challenge forcefully posed by Mahmood Mamdani's Citizen and Subject to examine connections between late colonial and postindependence state power on the African continent. The discussion is critical of Mamdani's argument that postindependence authoritarianism in Africa can be understood as an institutional legacy of late colonialism. However, connections to colonial times did exist in the frames of legitimation that underpinned the frequently authoritarian actions of the postindependence Tanzanian state. One such connection was the persistent paternalism vis-à-vis their "subjects" that characterized the political imagination of state elites; another was the fact that "the colonial past" served as an important reference point in the construction of a deeply Manichean discourse and practice of politics after independence.
    Résumé:
      A travers une étude de l'expérience tanzanienne, cet article aborde le défi posé par l'œuvre de Mahmood Mamdani, Citizen and Subject, afin d'examiner les similarités entre le pouvoir de l'état à la fin de la période coloniale et après l'indépendance sur le continent africain. La discussion est une critique de l'argument de Mamdani indiquant que l'autoritarisme post-indépendance en Afrique peut être envisagé comme un héritage institutionnel de la fin de la période coloniale. Cependant, il faut considérer les réminiscences de la période coloniale dans les tentatives de légitimation sous-jacentes aux fréquentes actions autoritaristes du gouvernement tanzanien après l'indépendance. Un exemple d'une telle réminiscence est le paternalisme persistent de l'imaginaire politique des élites du gouvernement vis-à-vis de leurs "sujets"; on trouve un autre exemple dans le fait que le "passé colonial" a servi de point de référence important dans la construction d'un discours et d'une pratique politique profondément manichéens après l'indépendance.

Book Reviews

Anthropology & Sociology

    Richards, Paul, 1945 May 14-
  • Rebels and Intellectuals in Sierra Leone's Civil War
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    Subject Headings:
    • Abdullah, Ibrahim, ed. Between democracy and terror: the Sierra Leone civil war.
    • Sierra Leone -- History -- Civil War, 1991-
    Dale, Richard.
  • Namibia Liberata
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    Subject Headings:
    • O'Linn, Bryan. Namibia: the sacred trust of civilization: ideal and reality.
    • Thornberry, Cedric. Nation is born: the inside story of Namibia's independence.
    • Leys, Colin. Histories of Namibia: living through the liberation struggle: life histories told to Colin Leys and Susan Brown.
    • Brown, Susan.
    • Becker, Barbara. Speaking out: Namibians share their perspectives on independence.
    • National liberation movements -- Namibia -- History.
    • United Nations Transition Assistance Group.
    Ritsema, Mieka.
  • Reasonable Radicals and Citizenship in Botswana: The Public Anthropology of Kalanga Elites (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Werbner, Richard P. Reasonable radicals and citizenship in Botswana: the public anthropology of Kalanga elites.
    • Kalanga (African people) -- Botswana -- Politics and government.
    Shantz, Jeff.
  • Reconsidering Informality: Perspectives from Urban Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Hansen, Karen Tranberg, ed. Reconsidering informality: perspectives from urban Africa.
    • Vaa, Mariken, ed.
    • Cities and towns -- Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Congresses.
    Campbell, Bolaji.
  • The Pan-African Nation: Oil and the Spectacle of Culture in Nigeria (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Apter, Andrew H. (Andrew Herman) Pan-African nation: oil and the spectacle of culture in Nigeria.
    • Petroleum industry and trade -- Nigeria.
    Graeber, David.
  • The Weight of the Past: Living with History in Mahajanga, Madagascar (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Lambek, Michael. Weight of the past: living with history in Mahajanga, Madagascar.
    • Sakalava (Malagasy people) -- Religion.
    Coffman, Jennifer E.
  • As Pastoralists Settle: Social, Health, and Economic Consequences of the Pastoral Sedentarization in Marsabit District, Kenya (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Fratkin, Elliot M., ed. As pastoralists settle: social, health, and economic consequences of the pastoral sedentarization in Marsabit District, Kenya.
    • Roth, Eric Abella, ed.
    • Nomads -- Kenya -- Marsabit District -- Sedentarisation.
    Haynes, Jonathan.
  • Boundaries of Self and Other in Ghanaian Popular Culture (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Adjaye, Joseph K., 1940- Boundaries of self and other in Ghanaian popular culture.
    • Popular culture -- Ghana.

Archaeology

    Saul, Mahir, 1951-
  • Shea Butter Republic: State Power, Global Markets, and the Making of an Indigenous Commodity (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Chalfin, Brenda. Shea butter republic: state power, global markets, and the making of an indigenous commodity.
    • Shea butter industry -- Ghana.

Economics & Development

    Kelly, Kenneth Goodley, 1962-
  • Forgotten Africa: An Introduction to Its Archaeology (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Connah, Graham. Forgotten Africa: an introduction to its archaeology.
    • Excavations (Archaeology) -- Africa.

Education

    Kidane Mengisteab.
  • African Voices on Structural Adjustment (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mkandawire, P. Thandika, ed. African voices on structural adjustment: a companion to our continent, our future.
    • Soludo, Charles Chukwuma, ed.
    • Structural adjustment (Economic policy)

Geography & Environment

    Vavrus, Frances Katherine.
  • Education in Exile: SOMAFCO, the ANC School in Tanzania, 1978 to 1992 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Morrow, Sean. Education in exile: SOMAFCO, the African National Congress school in Tanzania, 1978 to 1992.
    • Maaba, Brown.
    • Pulumani, Loyiso.
    • Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College -- History.

Health & Disease

    Unruh, Jon Darrel.
  • Beyond Territory and Scarcity: Exploring Conflicts Over Natural Resource Management (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gausset, Quentin, ed. Beyond territory and scarcity: exploring conflicts over natural resource management.
    • Whyte, Michael Anthony, ed.
    • Birch-Thomsen, Torben, ed.
    • Natural resources -- Management -- Philosophy.

History

    Sheridan, Michael J.
  • The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Land Rights: Case Studies from Kenya (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Aliber, Michael. Impact of HIV/AIDS on land rights: case studies from Kenya.
    • AIDS (Disease) -- Economic aspects -- Kenya.
    Bingen, Jim.
  • Maize and Grace: Africa's Encounter with a New World Crop, 1500-2000 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • McCann, James, 1950- Maize and grace: Africa's encounter with a New World crop, 1500-2000.
    • Corn -- Africa -- History.
    Luna, Kathryn de.
  • How Societies Are Born: Governance in West Central Africa before 1600 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Vansina, Jan. How societies are born: governance in West Central Africa before 1600.
    • Africa, Sub-Saharan -- Politics and government.
    Mason, Kenneth, 1949-
  • Race, Resistance, and the Boy Scout Movement in British Colonial Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Parsons, Timothy, 1962- Race, resistance, and the Boy Scout movement in British Colonial Africa.
    • Scouts and scouting -- Great Britain -- Colonies -- Africa.
    Cheeseboro, Anthony.
  • Reversing Sail: A History of the African Diaspora (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Gomez, Michael Angelo, 1955- Reversing sail: a history of the African diaspora.
    • African diaspora -- History.
    Kramer, Robert S., 1956-
  • Islam, Sectarianism and Politics in Sudan since the Mahdiyya (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Warburg, Gabriel. Islam, sectarianism, and politics in Sudan since the Mahdiyya.
    • Sudan -- History -- 19th century.
    Jackson, Kennell A.
  • The Risks of Knowledge: Investigations into the Death of the Hon. Minister John Robert Ouko in Kenya, 1990 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cohen, David William. Risks of knowledge: investigations into the death of the Hon. Minister John Robert Ouko in Kenya, 1990.
    • Atieno Odhiambo, E. S., 1946-
    • Ouko, Robert John, 1932-1990 -- Death and burial.

Literature & The Arts

    Pemberton, John, 1928-
  • Beads of Life: Eastern and Southern African Beadwork from Canadian Collections (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Labelle, Marie-Louise. Beads of life: Eastern and Southern African beadwork from Canadian collections.
    • Beadwork -- Africa, Eastern.
    Petty, Sheila.
  • Modernity and the African Cinema: A Study in Colonialist Discourse, Postcoloniality, and Modern African Identities (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Shaka, Femi Okiremuete. Modernity and the African cinema.
    • Motion pictures -- Africa.
    Ignatowski, Clare A.
  • Muslim Women Sing: Hausa Popular Song (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Mack, Beverly B. (Beverly Blow), 1952- Muslim women sing: Hausa popular song.
    • Popular music -- Nigeria -- History and criticism.

Law & Human Rights

    Okafor, Obiora Chinedu.
  • Human Rights in Africa: From the OAU to the African Union (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Murray, Rachel, Dr. Human rights in Africa: from the OAU to the African Union.
    • Human rights -- Africa.

Politics

    Desrosiers, Marie-Eve.
  • Ethnicity and Democracy in Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Berman, Bruce, 1942-, ed. Ethnicity & democracy in Africa.
    • Eyoh, Dickson, 1954-, ed.
    • Kymlicka, Will, ed.
    • Political anthropology -- Africa.
    Carryer, Bonni.
  • Os Outros: Um historiador em Moçambique, 1994 (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Cahen, Michel. Outros: um historiador em Moçambique, 1994.
    • Mozambique -- History -- Independence and Civil War, 1975-1994.
    Martin, Guy, 1945-
  • What Went Wrong with Africa?: A Contemporary History (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Veen, Roel van der, 1957- What went wrong with Africa: a contemporary history.
    • Africa -- History -- 1960-
    Edozie, Rita Kiki.
  • Nigeria's Struggle for Democracy and Good Governance: A Festschrift for Oyeleye Oyediran (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Agbaje, Adigun A. B., 1957-, ed. Nigeria's struggle for democracy and good governance: a festschrift for Oyeleye Oyediran.
    • Diamond, Larry Jay, ed.
    • Onwudiwe, Ebere, 1952-, ed.
    • Democracy -- Nigeria.
    Azindow, Yakubu M.
  • Nigeria in the Twenty-First Century: Strategies for Political Stability and Peaceful Coexistence (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Udogu, Emmanuel Ike, ed. Nigeria in the twenty-first century: strategies for political stability and peaceful coexistence.
    • Nigeria -- Politics and government -- 21st century.
    Salih, Mohamed Abdel Rahim M. (Mohamed Abdel Rahim Mohamed)
  • Unfinished Business: Ethiopia and Eritrea at War (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Jacquin-Berdal, Dominique, ed. Unfinished business: Eritrea and Ethiopia at war.
    • Plaut, Martin, ed.
    • Eritrean-Ethiopian War, 1998-
    Vickers, Michael.
  • Civil Society and Ethnic Conflict Management in Nigeria (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Imobighe, Thomas A., ed. Civil society and ethnic conflict management in Nigeria.
    • Civil society -- Nigeria.
    Dunn, D. Elwood.
  • Clausewitz and African Wars: Politics and Strategy in Liberia and Somalia (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Duyvesteyn, Isabelle, 1972- Clausewitz and African war: politics and strategy in Liberia and Somalia.
    • Clausewitz, Carl von, 1780-1831. Vom Kriege.
    Moodie, T. Dunbar.
  • Transition from Below: Forging Trade Unionism and Workplace Change in South Africa (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Von Holdt, K. (Karl) Transition from below: forging trade unionism and workplace change in South Africa.
    • Labor union democracy -- South Africa.

Religion

    Gleason, Judith Illsley.
  • Santería Enthroned: Art, Ritual, and Innovation in an Afro-Cuban Religion (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Brown, David H., Ph.D. Santería enthroned: art, ritual, and innovation in an Afro-Cuban religion.
    • Santeria -- History.
    Kramer, Robert S., 1956-
  • The Sultan's Jew: Morocco and the Sephardi World (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Schroeter, Daniel J. Sultan's Jew: Morocco and the Sephardi world.
    • Jews -- Morocco -- Essaouira -- History -- 18th century.
    Shetler, Jan Bender.
  • Missions, Nationalism, and the End of Empire (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Stanley, Brian, 1953-, ed. Missions, nationalism, and the end of empire.
    • Missions -- History -- 20th century -- Congresses.

Women and Gender

    Aspaas, Helen Ruth.
  • Voices of African Women: Women's Rights in Ghana, Uganda, and Tanzania (review)
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    Subject Headings:
    • Bond, Johanna, ed. Voices of African women: women's rights in Ghana, Uganda, and Tanzania.
    • Women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Ghana.

Books Received




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