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African American Review

Vol. 43 (2009) through current issue

African American Review is a scholarly aggregation of insightful essays on African American literature, theatre, film, the visual arts, and culture; interviews; poetry; fiction; and book reviews. The Review has featured renowned writers and cultural critics including Trudier Harris, Arnold Rampersad, Hortense Spillers, Amiri Baraka, Cyrus Cassells, Rita Dove, Charles Johnson, Toni Morrison, and Ishmael Reed. The official publication of the Modern Language Association's Divison on Black American Literature and Culture, African American Review fosters a vigorous conversation on African American literature and culture among writers and scholars in the arts, humanities, and social sciences.

Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press


E-ISSN: 1945-6182
Print ISSN: 1062-4783

Editorial Board

Volume 48, Numbers 1-2, Spring/Summer 2015

Editor

Nathan L. Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.

Keith Byerman

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

Terry Rowden

Poetry & Fiction Editor

Tyehimba Jess

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews

Michael Awkward

Herman Beavers

Bernard W. Bell

Camille Billops

Joanne M. Braxton

Robert James Butler

John F. Callahan

James Coleman

Daryl Dance

Thadious M. Davis

Alice Deck

Manthia Diawara

Michele Elam

Frances Smith Foster

Robert E. Fox

Donald B. Gibson

William Gleason

Farah Jasmine Griffin

William J. Harris

James V. Hatch

Karla F. C. Holloway

Dolan Hubbard

Abdul JanMohamed

Ketu Katrak

David Krasner

Missy D. Kubitschek

Edward Margolies

Deborah E. McDowell

Reginald McKnight

E. Ethelbert Miller

R. Baxter Miller

Joycelyn Moody

Sterling Plumpp

Sw. Anand Prahlad

Arnold Rampersad

Sandra Richards

Valerie A. Smith

Miriam Thaggert

Cheryl A. Wall

Jerry W. Ward, Jr.

Joe Weixlmann

Richard Yarborough

Volume 47, Number 4, Winter 2014



Editor

Nathan L. Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.

Keith Byerman

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

Terry Rowden

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews

Michael Awkward

Herman Beavers

Bernard W. Bell

Camille Billops

Joanne M. Braxton

Robert James Butler

John F. Callahan

James Coleman

Daryl Dance

Thadious M. Davis

Alice Deck

Manthia Diawara

Michele Elam

Frances Smith Foster

Robert E. Fox

Donald B. Gibson

William Gleason

Farah Jasmine Griffin

William J. Harris

James V. Hatch

Karla F. C. Holloway

Dolan Hubbard

Abdul JanMohamed

Ketu Katrak

David Krasner

Missy D. Kubitschek

Edward Margolies

Deborah E. McDowell

Reginald McKnight

E. Ethelbert Miller

R. Baxter Miller

Joycelyn Moody

Sterling Plumpp

Sw. Anand Prahlad

Arnold Rampersad

Sandra Richards

Valerie A. Smith

Miriam Thaggert

Cheryl A. Wall

Jerry W. Ward, Jr.

Joe Weixlmann

Richard Yarborough

Volume 47, Numbers 2-3, Summer/Fall 2014



Editor

Nathan L. Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.

Keith Byerman

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

Terry Rowden

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews

Michael Awkward

Herman Beavers

Bernard W. Bell

Camille Billops

Joanne M. Braxton

Robert James Butler

John F. Callahan

James Coleman

Daryl Dance

Thadious M. Davis

Alice Deck

Manthia Diawara

Michele Elam

Frances Smith Foster

Robert E. Fox

Donald B. Gibson

William Gleason

Farah Jasmine Griffin

William J. Harris

James V. Hatch

Karla F. C. Holloway

Dolan Hubbard

Abdul JanMohamed

Ketu Katrak

David Krasner

Missy D. Kubitschek

Edward Margolies

Deborah E. McDowell

Reginald McKnight

E. Ethelbert Miller

R. Baxter Miller

Joycelyn Moody

Sterling Plumpp

Sw. Anand Prahlad

Arnold Rampersad

Sandra Richards

Valerie A. Smith

Miriam Thaggert

Cheryl A. Wall

Jerry W. Ward, Jr.

Joe Weixlmann

Richard Yarborough

Volume 47, Number 1, Spring 2014



Editor

Nathan L. Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.

Keith Byerman

Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

Terry Rowden

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews

Michael Awkward

Herman Beavers

Bernard W. Bell

Camille Billops

Joanne M. Braxton

Robert James Butler

John F. Callahan

James Coleman

Daryl Dance

Thadious M. Davis

Alice Deck

Manthia Diawara

Michele Elam

Frances Smith Foster

Robert E. Fox

Donald B. Gibson

William Gleason

Farah Jasmine Griffin

William J. Harris

James V. Hatch

Karla F. C. Holloway

Dolan Hubbard

Abdul JanMohamed

Ketu Katrak

David Krasner

Missy D. Kubitschek

Edward Margolies

Deborah E. McDowell

Reginald McKnight

E. Ethelbert Miller

R. Baxter Miller

Joycelyn Moody

Sterling Plumpp

Sw. Anand Prahlad

Arnold Rampersad

Sandra Richards

Valerie A. Smith

Miriam Thaggert

Cheryl A. Wall

Jerry W. Ward, Jr.

Joe Weixlmann

Richard Yarborough

Volume 46, Number 4, Winter 2013



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

Terry Rowden

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan
James Coleman
Daryl Dance
Thadious M. Davis
Alice Deck
Manthia Diawara
Michele Elam
Frances Smith Foster
Robert E. Fox
Donald B. Gibson
William Gleason
Farah Jasmine Griffin
William J. Harris
James V. Hatch
Karla F. C. Holloway
Dolan Hubbard
Abdul JanMohamed
Ketu Katrak
David Krasner
Missy D. Kubitschek
Edward Margolies
Deborah E. McDowell
Reginald McKnight
E. Ethelbert Miller
R. Baxter Miller
Joycelyn Moody
Sterling Plumpp
Sw. Anand Prahlad
Arnold Rampersad
Sandra Richards
Valerie A. Smith
Miriam Thaggert
Cheryl A. Wall
Jerry W. Ward, Jr.
Joe Weixlmann
Richard Yarborough

Voluume 46, Numbers 2-3, Summer/Fall 2013



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan
James Coleman
Wanda Coleman
Daryl Dance
Thadious M. Davis
Alice Deck
Manthia Diawara
Michele Elam
Frances Smith Foster
Robert E. Fox
Donald B. Gibson
William Gleason
Farah Jasmine Griffin
William J. Harris
James V. Hatch
Karla F. C. Holloway
Dolan Hubbard
Abdul JanMohamed
Ketu Katrak
David Krasner
Missy D. Kubitschek
Edward Margolies
Deborah E. McDowell
Reginald McKnight
E. Ethelbert Miller
R. Baxter Miller
Joycelyn Moody
Sterling Plumpp
Sw. Anand Prahlad
Arnold Rampersad
Sandra Richards
Valerie A. Smith
Miriam Thaggert
Cheryl A. Wall
Jerry W. Ward, Jr.
Joe Weixlmann
Richard Yarborough

Volume 46, Number 1, Spring 2013



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan
James Coleman
Wanda Coleman
Daryl Dance
Thadious M. Davis
Alice Deck
Manthia Diawara
Michele Elam
Frances Smith Foster
Robert E. Fox
Donald B. Gibson
William Gleason
Farah Jasmine Griffin
William J. Harris
James V. Hatch
Karla F. C. Holloway
Dolan Hubbard
Abdul JanMohamed
Ketu Katrak
David Krasner
Missy D. Kubitschek
Edward Margolies
Deborah E. McDowell
Reginald McKnight
E. Ethelbert Miller
R. Baxter Miller
Joycelyn Moody
Sterling Plumpp
Sw. Anand Prahlad
Arnold Rampersad
Sandra Richards
Valerie A. Smith
Miriam Thaggert
Cheryl A. Wall
Jerry W. Ward, Jr.
Joe Weixlmann
Richard Yarborough

Volume 45, Number 4, Winter 2012



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan
James Coleman
Wanda Coleman
Daryl Dance
Thadious M. Davis
Alice Deck
Manthia Diawara
Michele Elam
Frances Smith Foster
Robert E. Fox
Donald B. Gibson
William Gleason
Farah Jasmine Griffin
William J. Harris
James V. Hatch
Karla F. C. Holloway
Dolan Hubbard
Abdul JanMohamed
Ketu Katrak
David Krasner
Missy D. Kubitschek
Edward Margolies
Deborah E. McDowell
Reginald McKnight
E. Ethelbert Miller
R. Baxter Miller
Joycelyn Moody
Sterling Plumpp
Sw. Anand Prahlad
Arnold Rampersad
Sandra Richards
Valerie A. Smith
Miriam Thaggert
Cheryl A. Wall
Jerry W. Ward, Jr.
Joe Weixlmann
Richard Yarborough

Volume 45, Number 3, Fall 2012



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan
James Coleman
Wanda Coleman
Daryl Dance
Thadious M. Davis
Alice Deck
Manthia Diawara
Michele Elam
Frances Smith Foster
Robert E. Fox
Donald B. Gibson
William Gleason
Farah Jasmine Griffin
William J. Harris
James V. Hatch
Karla F. C. Holloway
Dolan Hubbard
Abdul JanMohamed
Ketu Katrak
David Krasner
Missy D. Kubitschek
Edward Margolies
Deborah E. McDowell
Reginald McKnight
E. Ethelbert Miller
R. Baxter Miller
Joycelyn Moody
Sterling Plumpp
Sw. Anand Prahlad
Arnold Rampersad
Sandra Richards
Valerie A. Smith
Miriam Thaggert
Cheryl A. Wall
Jerry W. Ward, Jr.
Joe Weixlmann
Richard Yarborough

Volume 45, Numbers 1-2, Spring/Summer 2012



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan

Volume 44, Number 4, Winter 2011



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

William J. Maxwell

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan

Volume 44, Number 3, Fall 2011



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

William J. Maxwell

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan

Volume 44, Numbers 1-2, Spring/Summer 2011



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

William J. Maxwell

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan

Volume 43, Number 4, Winter 2009



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

William J. Maxwell

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan

Volume 43, Number 2-3, Summer/Fall 2009



Editor

Nathan Grant

Associate Editors

Houston A. Baker, Jr.
Keith Byerman
Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

William J. Maxwell

Advisory Editors

William L. Andrews
Michael Awkward
Herman Beavers
Bernard W. Bell
Camille Billops
Joanne M. Braxton
Robert James Butler
John F. Callahan

Volume 43, Number 1, Spring 2009



Editor

Nathan Grant

Managing Editor

Aileen M. Keenan

Book Review Editor

William J. Maxwell